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Mr Benn

Mr Benn is a character created by David McKee who appears in several children's books, an animated television series of the same name transmitted by the BBC in 1971 and 1972. Whether in a book, or on television, Mr Benn's adventures take on a similar pattern. Mr Benn, a man wearing a black suit and bowler hat, leaves his house at 52 Festive Road and visits a fancy-dress costume shop where he is invited by the moustachioed, fez-wearing shopkeeper to try on a particular outfit, he leaves the shop through a magic door at the back of the changing room and enters a world appropriate to his costume, where he has an adventure before the shopkeeper reappears to lead him back to the changing room, the story comes to an end. Mr Benn is left with a small souvenir of his magical adventure. Additionally, scenes before and after his adventure have some connection to it, such as the games the children are playing in the street as he passes. David McKee got the inspiration for Mr Benn from Festing Road in Putney.

McKee had the house "next door" at 54 Festing Road, where residents installed an engraved paving slab in his honour on 26 November 2009. McKee says. Mr Benn's adventures are available to buy in book-form: four were published and further books in the 1990s were based on the television series; the original four books were: Mr Benn - Red Knight, Big Game Benn, 123456789 Benn, Big Top Benn. There were six original books planned; the fifth was called Mr Benn Rides Again, the story of, used to make the television episode The Cowboy. The sixth, never completed, was Superbenn, in which the superhero Mr Benn sets out on an environmental adventure. There is one book. 123456789 Benn was published in 1970 and tells the story of Mr Benn as a convict inspiring his jail-mates to brighten up their cells. This was after the BBC – who screened the television series – felt that the story was too mature for a children's series. A new story was published in 2001, the first Mr Benn story that David McKee had written in thirty years, is called Mr Benn - Gladiator.

McKee has indicated. In 2001 Mr Benn's Little Book of Lifewas published by Tess Read, which explores the lessons of Mr Benn's adventures; the only character who appears several times, apart from Mr Benn and the shopkeeper, is Smasher Lagru. Smasher first appears as an inmate in 123456789 Benn, after his release in Big-Top Benn and the new Mr Benn, Gladiator. A'Mr Benn Annual' was published by Polystyle Publications Ltd in 1972, it was illustrated by David McKee. This contained a number of illustrated text stories, three strip-cartoon style adventures and a few puzzle pages. Mr Benn visits: China for a kite festival, a fairytale Arabia and Holland, he becomes a barrow boy in a pearly suit and meets Mr Grubbly and his animal friends in the African jungle. Tate Publishing republished all of the original books in 2010. McKee animated thirteen Mr Benn episodes for the BBC in the early 1970s; these episodes were repeated twice a year for 21 years. The episodes were narrated by Ray Brooks; the music is credited as composed by Don Warren, a pseudonym for Duncan Lamont.

Although Smasher Lagru features in The Gladiator, he does not appear in The Clown as the book in which he made his debut, 123456789Benn, was not adapted for television – thus it would have been strange that he and Mr Benn knew each other. The Hunter was slightly altered. McKee has not benefited financially to the extent he might have: "I signed a contract where I only got a one-off payment and no repeat fees, but I've done quite well from a number of other things and I'm still exhibiting paintings." According to Mr Benn's Little Book of Life little of McKee's original artwork created for the television episodes exists today, as most of it was thrown into a rubbish skip in the 1970s. After over thirty years, a brand new Mr Benn episode was screened for the first time on 1 January 2005, on the United Kingdom channel Noggin; the episode was based on McKee's 2001 book Mr Benn - Gladiator. The series was voted the sixth most popular children's television programme in the 2001 Channel 4 poll 100 Greatest Kids' TV shows.

It was rated number 13 in the 50 Greatest Kids TV Shows which aired on Channel 5 on 8 November 2013. The first six episodes of Mr. Benn were broadcast Thursday afternoons on BBC1 at 1:30pm from 25 February to 1 April 1971; when the final seven episodes aired Friday afternoons on BBC1 at 1:30pm from 21 January to 31 March 1972 the first six were shown again but in a different order. Four of the episodes were billed with alternate titles in Radio Times; the one-off special episode based on the final Mr. Benn book called "Gladiator" was broadcast on The Noggin Channel in 2005. In 1999, it was reported that a feature film was in development and that director Jevon O'Neill's production company, had purchased the film rights to Mr Benn from David McKee; the film was to star John Hannah as Ben Kingsley as the Shopkeeper. However, the film was cancelled in 2001 and, as of 2017, the proje

Bart Layton

Bartholomew Nicholas "Bart" Layton is an English documentary filmmaker. He is the director of the films The Imposter and American Animals. Both of his parents were one a sculptor and the other a painter and theatre director. Early in his life, he considered being a painter, he made his directorial debut in 2012 with the true-crime story The Imposter. It is about a French man who claimed to be a missing Texas teenager. Layton won a BAFTA for Outstanding Debut by a British Writer, Director or Producer for the film at the 2013 EE British Academy Film Awards, he both directed American Animals. It depicts a 2004 book heist, with fictionalized interviews with real people. Among the interviewees are the original criminals behind the heist, he had discovered the story in a magazine. The film was picked up by MoviePass. In May 2018, he signed with the Creative Artists Agency; as of 2018, Layton is the creative director of a British production company. The Imposter American Animals. Bart Layton on IMDb Bart Layton on Twitter

Gershon Ben-Shakhar

Gershon Ben-Shakhar is an Israeli psychologist, a former President of the Open University of Israel. Ben-Shakhar earned a B. A. in Psychology and Statistics, an M. A. in Psychology, a Ph. D. in Psychology from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He was a Post-Doctoral Fellow at Northwestern University in Evanston, from 1975 to 1976. Ben-Shakhar taught in the Department of Psychology at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem from 1981 on as a Professor and for a time as the Chair of the Department and the Dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences. In 2003 he became President of the Open University of Israel. In 2011 he was an EMET Prize Laureate. Along with John J. Furedy he wrote the book Theories and Applications in the Detection of Deception: A psychophysiological and international perspective

National Harbor of Refuge and Delaware Breakwater Harbor Historic District

The National Harbor of Refuge and Delaware Breakwater Historic District encompasses a series of seacoast breakwaters behind Cape Henlopen, built between 1828 and 1898 to establish a shipping haven on a coastline that lacked safe harbors. The Harbor of Refuge is at the mouth of the Delaware Bay estuary where it opens into the Atlantic Ocean, at Lewes; the district is entirely offshore, touching land only at the former United States Coast Guard station. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1989. An 1822 study authorized by the United States Congress investigated the possibility of a haven at Cape Henlopen. Led by General Simon Bernard, Major Joseph Gilbert Totten and Commodore William Bainbridge, the committee recommended that a permanent harbor be created. In 1826, William Strickland began to design the breakwater, which would be the first of its kind in the Western hemisphere and the third in the world, after one in Cherbourg and the Plymouth Breakwater at Plymouth, England.

Work began in 1828 on what is now the inner breakwater, listed in its own right on the National Register as the Delaware Breakwater. These works consisted of a 1,700-foot icebreaker pier. Both were built of granite rubble from New Castle County, with earlier portions using smaller stones from the Hudson Palisades; the breakwaters are 160 feet wide at 20 feet at the top. The project used 835,000 tons of stone. Strickland designed a lighthouse for the harbor, completed the next year; the harbor was a success. During storms as many as 200 ships would seek refuge. Shoaling was a problem. In 1877, a hurricane destroyed several ships in the harbor, others that could not get into the harbor. To improve things, work began in 1883 to close the opening between the icebreaker and main breakwater, using the same stone as the original; this project rendered obsolete the Strickland lighthouse, replaced in 1885 by the present Delaware Breakwater East End Light. The work dragged on for 16 years, during which 70 sailors perished in the Great Blizzard of 1888.

The breakwater closure was completed in 1898. An iron pier was built beginning in 1871 by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers and completed in 1882; the 1,700-foot pier was designed to carry rail traffic directly out to ships in the harbor. The structure used iron screw piles with wood decking; the pier was adapted for use by the U. S. Lifesaving Station and the quarantine station; the iron pier shafts remain visible in a hazard to navigation. In 1896 Congress authorized a new, larger program of the National Harbor of Refuge. Located 6,500 feet to the north of the original breakwater on a shoal known as The Shears, the new breakwater used much larger stone; the dressed and fitted masonry used individual pieces of up to 13 tons. The new breakwater was 8,040 feet long at low water and 40 feet wide. Ten icebreaker piers were built 1,250 feet to the north of dressed stone in a 1,300 feet line. Compared with the earlier effort, steam-powered equipment allowed the use of larger stones and sped construction.

The project cost $2,090,765.82 and was completed in 1901. The first Harbor of Refuge Light was built on this breakwater and began operation in 1908. Damaged in 1920 by storms, it was replaced by the current structure in 1926; this light replaced the 1767 Cape Henlopen Light, abandoned in 1924 and fell into the sea in 1926. The Lewes Coast Guard Station now functions as the Delaware River pilot's station; the station is a 2.5-story balloon-framed building, built in 1938 in Colonial Revival style. The principal facade faces the harbor with an enclosed porch supported by paired Tuscan columns. Shingle siding covers the station. An enclosed observation platform on the roof has a Chinese Chippendale railing, with adapted Palladian windows on all sides

Lincoln (film)

Lincoln is a 2012 historical drama film directed and produced by Steven Spielberg, starring Daniel Day-Lewis as United States President Abraham Lincoln. The film features Sally Field, David Strathairn, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, James Spader, Hal Holbrook, Tommy Lee Jones in supporting roles; the screenplay by Tony Kushner was loosely based on Doris Kearns Goodwin's biography Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln, covers the final four months of Lincoln's life, focusing on his efforts in January 1865 to have the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution passed by the United States House of Representatives. The film was produced by Spielberg and frequent collaborator Kathleen Kennedy, through their respective production companies, Amblin Entertainment and the Kennedy/Marshall Company. Filming began October 17, 2011, ended on December 19, 2011. Lincoln premiered on October 2012 at the New York Film Festival; the film was co-produced by American companies DreamWorks Pictures, 20th Century Fox, Participant Media, with Indian company Reliance Entertainment, released theatrically by Touchstone Pictures in North America on November 9, 2012.

The film was distributed by 20th Century in international territories. Lincoln received significant praise for the acting Day-Lewis's performance, as well as Spielberg's direction, production values. In December 2012, the film was nominated for seven Golden Globe Awards including Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director for Spielberg and winning Best Actor for Day-Lewis. At the 85th Academy Awards, the film was nominated for twelve Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Director; the film was a commercial success, grossing over $275 million at the box office. In January 1865, United States President Abraham Lincoln expects the Civil War to end soon, with the defeat of the Confederate States, he is concerned that his 1863 Emancipation Proclamation may be discarded by the courts after the war, the proposed Thirteenth Amendment will be defeated by the returning slave states. He feels it imperative to pass the amendment beforehand, to remove any possibility that freed slaves might be re-enslaved.

The Radical Republicans fear. The amendment requires the support of several Democratic congressmen to pass. With dozens of Democrats being lame ducks after losing their re-election campaigns in the fall of 1864, some of Lincoln's advisors believe he should wait for a new Republican-heavy Congress. Lincoln remains adamant about having the amendment in place before the war is concluded and the southern states readmitted. Lincoln's hopes rely upon the support of Francis Preston Blair, a founder of the Republican Party whose influence could win over members of the western and border state conservative faction. With Union victory in the Civil War likely, but not yet secured, with two sons serving in the Union Army, Blair is keen to end hostilities before the spring thaw arrives and the armies are able to march again. Therefore, in return for his support, Blair insists that Lincoln allow him to engage the Confederate government in peace negotiations, yet Lincoln knows that significant support for the amendment comes from Radical Republicans, for whom negotiated peace is unacceptable.

Unable to proceed without Blair's support, Lincoln reluctantly authorizes Blair's mission. In the meantime and Secretary of State William Seward work to secure Democratic votes for the amendment. Lincoln suggests they concentrate on the lame duck Democrats, as they will feel freer to vote as they choose, will soon need employment. Though Lincoln and Seward are unwilling to offer monetary bribes to the Democrats, they authorize agents to contact Democratic congressmen with offers of federal jobs in exchange for their support. Meanwhile, Lincoln's son, returns from law school and announces his intention to enlist in the Union Army, hoping to earn a measure of honor and respect outside of his father's shadow before the war's end. Lincoln reluctantly secures an officer's commission for Robert; the First Lady is aghast. She furiously presses her husband to pass the amendment and end the war, promising woe upon him if he should fail. At a key moment in the debate, racial-equality advocate Thaddeus Stevens agrees to moderate his position and argue that the amendment represents only legal equality, not a declaration of actual equality.

Meanwhile, Confederate envoys are ready to meet with Lincoln to discuss terms for peace, but he instructs they be kept out of Washington, as the amendment approaches a vote on the House floor. Rumor of their mission circulates, prompting both Democrats and conservative Republicans to advocate postponing the vote, but in a worded statement, Lincoln denies there are envoys in Washington, the vote proceeds, passing by a margin of just two votes. Black visitors to the gallery celebrate, Stevens returns home to his "housekeeper" and lover, a black woman; when Lincoln meets with the Confederates, he tells them slavery cannot be restored, as the North is united for ratification of the amendment, several of the southern states' reconstructed legislatures would vote to ratify. As a result, the peace negotiations fail and the war continues. On April 3, Lincoln visits the battlefield at Petersburg, where he exchanges a few words with Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. Six days Grant receives General Robert E. Lee's surrender at Appomattox Courthouse.

On April 14, Linc

Waddell Creek (California)

Waddell Creek is the name given to both the creek and the watershed that run through Big Basin Redwoods State Park in Santa Cruz County, California. The Waddell Creek mainstem is formed by the confluence of East and West Waddell Creeks, empties into the Pacific Ocean at Waddell Beach, just south of Año Nuevo Point; the first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolà expedition, passed through the area on its way north, camping for three days at Waddell Creek, October 20–22, 1769, named the creek Cañada de San Luis Beltran. The longer stay was because of heavy rains, fears that the weather would worsen the condition of those in the party who were sick. Instead, as Franciscan missionary Juan Crespi noted in his diary, "it seemed as though God had sent them health with the drenching, for to the surprise of everybody they began to improve, in a short time were recovered, thanks to God, to whom we attributed this special blessing. For this reason the valley was renamed Cañada de la La Salud."William Waddell of Kentucky came to California in 1851.

The first American settler of the area, he built a sawmill on the creek in 1862 above the Waddell Forks and conducted an extensive timber harvesting operation in the area, a lumber-hauling tramway from the mill to the beach, a wharf. Waddell was killed by a grizzly bear in 1875. Western Waddell Creek and Waddell Creek coexist with the 34.5 mi. hiking trail which descends from Sanborn Park at the ridge of the Santa Cruz Mountains, called the Skyline-to-the-Sea Trail. The hike along the creek is popular among hiking enthusiasts; the Waddell Creek mainstem is 2.75 miles long although total distance from headwater source tributaries to the sea is 14 miles. The Waddell Creek watershed drains 26 square miles and consists of many headwater creeks that feed its two tributaries and West Waddell Creeks. West Waddell Creek has its source at 1,800 feet along the border of Santa Cruz and San Mateo Counties, while East Waddell Creek's source is at the confluence of Opal Creek and Blooms Creek at 915 feet just below Big Basin Redwoods State Park headquarters in Santa Cruz County.

Some of the uppermost headwaters streams originate above 2,000 feet. Waddell Creek was home to spawning runs by both steelhead trout and coho salmon. In 1995 a review of coho south of San Francisco Bay found coho restricted to only one remnant population in Waddell Creek, one small naturalized population in Scott Creek and a small hatchery-maintained, non-native run in the San Lorenzo River, all in Santa Cruz County. Coho were found in 50 coastal drainages in San Mateo and Santa Cruz counties, but by the 1960s spawning runs were limited to 11 stream systems; the 1995 combined average annual spawning population of native and naturalized coho salmon in Waddell and Scott Creeks was estimated at only 50-60 adults, comprising only 1.5% of the estimated abundance of coho salmon south of San Francisco Bay in the early 1960s. Coho vanished from Waddell Creek but there is hope of returns from the Kingfisher Flat Hatchery on the Big Creek tributary to nearby Scott Creek where the salmon returned in 2015 due to stocking efforts.

Usable salmonid spawning and rearing habitat is limited by the 2.65 miles distance from Waddell Forks to Slippery Falls (elevation 185 feet on West Waddell Creek and the 1.0 mile from Waddell Forks to the Main Falls on East Waddell Creek (elevation 210 feet. The upper stream banks are in the coast redwood belt of the Santa Cruz Mountains while the lower stream banks are lined by red alder, big-leaf maple, California buckeye, Pacific madrone, California laurel, and, in the lowermost portion, by willows. Encountered are tanoak, box elder, white alder, black cottonwood, California nutmeg, coast Douglas fir. Rivers of California