Ms. is an American liberal feminist magazine co-founded by second-wave feminist and sociopolitical activist Gloria Steinem. Its founding editors were Letty Cottin Pogrebin, Mary Thom, Patricia Carbine, Joanne Edgar, Nina Finkelstein, Mary Peacock, Gloria Steinem. Ms. first appeared in 1971 as an insert in New York magazine. The first stand-alone issue appeared with funding from New York editor Clay Felker. From July 1972 until 1987, it appeared on a monthly basis, it now publishes quarterly. During its heyday in the 1970s, it enjoyed great popularity but was not always able to reconcile its ideological concerns with commercial considerations. Since 2001, the magazine has been published by the Feminist Majority Foundation, based in Los Angeles and Arlington, Virginia; the first preview of Ms. magazine was published in December 1971 by New York magazine. The cover depicts a woman resembling an Indian goddess, with blue skin and eight arms, holding a clock, typewriter, mirror, steering wheel, an iron.
300,000 test copies of the magazine sold out in three days, generated 26,000 subscription orders within the next few weeks. Gloria Steinem and Letty Cottin Pogrebin co-founded Ms. Magazine in 1972, during the Second-Wave feminist movement. At the time Ms. was first published, much of the feminist movement was driven toward fighting against the social and family-life norms expected of women. The magazine was seen as a voice for women by women, a voice, hidden from and left out of mainstream media. Ms. Magazine's first publication as an independent issue included articles about women who had experience with abortions, promoting the removal of sexist wording from the English language, literature focused on helping women realize they could stand up for themselves against social norms. Future issues continued to include articles on the topics brought up by feminists of the early 1970s and later. Co-founder Gloria Steinem has explained the motivation for starting Ms. magazine, stating, "I realized as a journalist that there was nothing for women to read, controlled by women, this caused me along with a number of other women to start Ms. magazine."
Steinem wanted a publication that would address issues that modern women cared about instead of just domestic topics such as fashion and housekeeping. Steinem wanted Ms. to be a newsletter but was convinced to make it into a magazine by her peers. Patricia Carbine thought a magazine was better because of the money from advertisers and that it could reach their audience with its portable, visually pleasing, easy format; as to the origin of the name chosen for the magazine, she has stated, "We were going to call it'Sojourner', after Sojourner Truth, but, perceived as a travel magazine. We were going to call it'Sisters', but, seen as a religious magazine. We settled on'Ms.' because it was symbolic, it was short, good for a logo." The title of Ms. magazine was suggested by a friend of Gloria Steinem who had heard the term in an interview on WBAI radio and suggested it as a title for the new magazine. Modern use of Ms.. Michaels, whose parents were not married to each other, and, not adopted by her stepfather, had long grappled with finding a title that reflected her situation: not being "owned" by a father and not wishing to be "owned" by a husband.
Her efforts to promote its use were ignored in the nascent Women's Movement. Around 1971, during a lull in an interview with "The Feminists" group, Michaels suggested the use of the title "Ms.". In the early 1970s, feminists objected to the marriage-based female honorifics Miss and Mrs. Men had Mr. which gave no indication of their marital status since the formal address term "master" for an unmarried man had fallen into disuse. Some women did not want to be defined by their marital status and, for a growing number of women who kept their last name after marriage, neither Miss nor Mrs. was a correct title in front of that name. From 1972 until 1988, Suzanne Braun Levine was the first editor of Ms. Gloria Steinem placed Wonder Woman on the cover of the first issue of Ms. — Warner Communications, DC Comics' owner, was an investor — which contained an appreciative essay about the character. Steinem was offended. Wonder Woman's powers and traditional costume were restored in issue #204. "The Housewife's Moment of Truth", the first cover story for Ms. Magazine, was written by Jane O'Reilly.
O'Reilly helped Steinem with the foundation of Ms. Magazine, her article highlighted in the first issue spoke for feminist strength and the opposition against the repression of wives in society and the home; the Housewife's Moment of Truth was a revolution of a female who stood up against not only her husband, but all husbands, their demanding push for women to be the proper housewife. The article helped women see that they could take a stand and pushed the idea of revolution and strength for women during the Second-Wave Feminist Movement; the article helped introduce the idea of "click!", or the realization a woman acquires when she realizes the demands being pushed upon her to act and behave in a certain way can be fought against. Ms. Made history in 1972 when it published the names of 53 women admitting to having had abortions when the procedure was still illegal in most of the United States. Notable signatories included Billie Jean King, Judy Collins, Anaïs Nin, Gloria Steinem, Susan Sontag, Nora Ephron.
The petition noted that one in four
Joint Architecture for Unmanned Systems known as Joint Architecture for Unmanned Ground Systems, was an initiative started in 1998 by the United States Department of Defense to develop an open architecture for the domain of unmanned systems. In order to ensure that the component architecture is applicable to the entire domain of current and future unmanned systems, it is built on five principles: vehicle platform independence, mission isolation, computer hardware independence, technology independence, operator use independence; the JAUS Reference Architecture, no longer being maintained, is a component based message passing architecture that defines a data format and methods of communication between computing nodes. The architecture dictates a hierarchical system built up of subsystems and components, contains a defined message set to support interoperability. Significant portions of the architecture, including the definitions for subsystem and component, have been loosely defined in order to accommodate for the five principles on which it is based.
The architecture has migrated from the JAUS Working Group, composed of individuals from the government and academia, to the Society of Automotive Engineers, Aerospace Division, Avionics Systems Division. The AS4, Unmanned Systems Technical Committee now advances the set of standards; the following standards have been migrated from the JAUS Reference Architecture to a services based framework: AS5669, JAUS Transport Standard. Defines packet construction addressing transport concerns including header compression, source/destination addressing, TCP, UDP and Serial links. AS5669 defines the format of a JAUS message as it flows between systems in an Ethernet or serial data link. AS5710, JAUS Core Service Set. Establishes a common set of services for distributed systems communication and coordination; the Core Service Set includes service definitions for transport, access control, time and discovery. AS6009, JAUS Mobility Service Set; this standard migrates the primitive driver and path segment drivers, along with the position/orientation components and messaging to the SAE JAUS set of standards.
Others in draft include: Another standard that evolved from the JAUS efforts is the “JAUS Service Interface Definition Language” or JSIDL. JSIDL standardizes the language for defining JAUS compliant interfaces; the specification is contained in the SAE document AS5684. JAUS was used by the United States Department of Defense in its UGV Interoperability Profile; the IOP specifies rules for the use of standard JAUS messages as well as custom extensions to the standard message set. JAUS Tool Set
Pittwater High School, is a school located in Mona Vale, New South Wales, Australia, on Mona Street and Pittwater Road. It is a co-educational high school operated by the New South Wales Department of Education and Training with students from years 7 to 12; the school was established in 1963. Pittwater High School was established in 1963, it is named after Pittwater, the body of water extending south from Broken Bay parallel to the coast. The waterway was surveyed by crew members of HMS Sirius in 1788, named "Pitt Water" after British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger. Due to its location the school has a rich sporting history, producing many Olympians in both swimming and sailing, for many years had its own yacht, "Kalori", built and sailed by students and staff; the school has a strong musical tradition, with internationally renowned jazz musician James Morrison and his brother John Morrison both students at the school in the 1970s, along with the children of Australian rock singer Johnny O'Keefe and Keith Potger of the Seekers.
The school has been involved in the Rock Eisteddfod Challenge since its inception in the early 1980s, winning the 1987 Sydney challenge, despite a disastrous school fire the night before the final. PHS joined the Peninsula Community of Schools in 2008; the uniform is used on the Seven Network TV show Home and Away. PHS is the sister school of New Trier High School in America. Kirk Baxter – film editor Colin Beashel – member of the crew of Australia II, 8 times Olympian Tom Burlinson – actor and singer Tom Carroll – twice Professional World Surfing champion Rodney Clarke – senior Australian ice dance champion and Olympian Tess Haubrich – actress and model Andrew Lloyd – Olympic runner and Commonwealth Games gold medallist James Morrison – musician John Morrison – musician Georgina Parkes – Olympic swimmer and Commonwealth Games gold medallist Kerryn Phelps – former AMA President, professor Peter Phelps – actor Courtney Barnett - musician Linda Gough – former Executive Vice President at BT Financial Group and Author James Spithill – yachtsman and twice America's Cup winning skipper Rebecca Lacey – actress Tom Trbojevic – professional rugby league player for the Manly-Warringah Sea Eagles Shane Fitzsimmons – Commissioner of the New South Wales Rural Fire Service Michael Stead – Bishop of South Sydney, Anglican Church Diocese of Sydney Anne Honey – senior lecturer, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney Jason Waterhouse – sailor, Australian Sailing Team: Mixed Multihull – Nacra 17 – Rio Olympics 2016 List of Government schools in New South Wales Electoral district of Pittwater Division of Mackellar Pittwater Council Pittwater High School website New South Wales Department of Education and Training – Pittwater High School