Wales is a country, part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain. It is bordered by England to the east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, the Bristol Channel to the south, it had a population in 2011 of 3,063,456 and has a total area of 20,779 km2. Wales has over 1,680 miles of coastline and is mountainous, with its higher peaks in the north and central areas, including Snowdon, its highest summit; the country has a changeable, maritime climate. Welsh national identity emerged among the Britons after the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, Wales is regarded as one of the modern Celtic nations. Llywelyn ap Gruffudd's death in 1282 marked the completion of Edward I of England's conquest of Wales, though Owain Glyndŵr restored independence to Wales in the early 15th century; the whole of Wales was annexed by England and incorporated within the English legal system under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535 and 1542. Distinctive Welsh politics developed in the 19th century. Welsh liberalism, exemplified in the early 20th century by Lloyd George, was displaced by the growth of socialism and the Labour Party.
Welsh national feeling grew over the century. Established under the Government of Wales Act 1998, the National Assembly for Wales holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters. At the dawn of the Industrial Revolution, development of the mining and metallurgical industries transformed the country from an agricultural society into an industrial nation. Two-thirds of the population live in South Wales, including Cardiff, Swansea and the nearby valleys. Now that the country's traditional extractive and heavy industries have gone or are in decline, Wales' economy depends on the public sector and service industries and tourism. Although Wales shares its political and social history with the rest of Great Britain, a majority of the population in most areas speaks English as a first language, the country has retained a distinct cultural identity and is bilingual. Over 560,000 Welsh language speakers live in Wales, the language is spoken by a majority of the population in parts of the north and west.
From the late 19th century onwards, Wales acquired its popular image as the "land of song", in part due to the eisteddfod tradition. At many international sporting events, such as the FIFA World Cup, Rugby World Cup and the Commonwealth Games, Wales has its own national teams, though at the Olympic Games, Welsh athletes compete as part of a Great Britain team. Rugby union is seen as an expression of national consciousness; the English words "Wales" and "Welsh" derive from the same Germanic root, itself derived from the name of the Gaulish people known to the Romans as Volcae and which came to refer indiscriminately to all non-Germanic peoples. The Old English-speaking Anglo-Saxons came to use the term Wælisc when referring to the Britons in particular, Wēalas when referring to their lands; the modern names for some Continental European lands and peoples have a similar etymology. In Britain, the words were not restricted to modern Wales or to the Welsh but were used to refer to anything that the Anglo-Saxons associated with the Britons, including other non-Germanic territories in Britain and places in Anglo-Saxon territory associated with Britons, as well as items associated with non-Germanic Europeans, such as the walnut.
The modern Welsh name for themselves is Cymry, Cymru is the Welsh name for Wales. These words are descended from the Brythonic word combrogi, meaning "fellow-countrymen"; the use of the word Cymry as a self-designation derives from the location in the post-Roman Era of the Welsh people in modern Wales as well as in northern England and southern Scotland. It emphasised that the Welsh in modern Wales and in the Hen Ogledd were one people, different from other peoples. In particular, the term was not applied to the Cornish or the Breton peoples, who are of similar heritage and language to the Welsh; the word came into use as a self-description before the 7th century. It is attested in a praise poem to Cadwallon ap Cadfan c. 633. In Welsh literature, the word Cymry was used throughout the Middle Ages to describe the Welsh, though the older, more generic term Brythoniaid continued to be used to describe any of the Britonnic peoples and was the more common literary term until c. 1200. Thereafter Cymry prevailed as a reference to the Welsh.
Until c. 1560 the word was spelt Kymry or Cymry, regardless of whether it referred to the people or their homeland. The Latinised forms of these names, Cambrian and Cambria, survive as lesser-used alternative names for Wales and the Welsh people. Examples include the Cambrian Mountains, the newspaper Cambrian News, the organisations Cambrian Airways, Cambrian Railways, Cambrian Archaeological Association and the Royal Cambrian Academy of Art. Outside Wales, a related form survives as the name Cumbria in North West England, once a part of Yr Hen Ogledd; the Cumbric language, thought to
European Americans are Americans of European ancestry. This term includes people who are descended from the first European settlers in America as well as people who are descended from more recent European arrivals. European Americans are the largest panethnic group in the United States, both and at present; the Spaniards are thought to be the first Europeans to establish a continuous presence in what is now the contiguous United States, with Martín de Argüelles in St. Augustine a part of Spanish Florida. Virginia Dare, born August 18, 1587, was the first English child to be born in the Americas, she was born in Roanoke Colony, located in present-day North Carolina, the first attempt, made by Queen Elizabeth I, to establish a permanent English settlement in North America. In the 2016 American Community Survey, German Americans, Irish Americans, English Americans, Italian Americans, Polish Americans were the five largest self-reported European ancestry groups in the United States forming over a third of the total population.
However, the English Americans and British Americans demography is considered by some to be under-counted, as the people in that demographic tend to identify themselves as Americans. In the 2000 census over 56 million or 19.9% of the United States population ignored the ancestry question and classified as "unspecified" and "not reported". In 1995, as part of a review of the Office of Management and Budget's Statistical Policy Directive No. 15, a survey was conducted of census recipients to determine their preferred terminology for the racial/ethnic groups defined in the Directive. For the White group, European American came third, preferred by 2.35% of panel interviewees. The term is sometimes used interchangeably with Caucasian American, White American, Anglo American in many places around the United States. However, the terms Caucasian and White are purely racial terms, not geographic, include some populations whose origin is outside of Europe; the term is used by some to emphasize the European cultural and geographical ancestral origins of Americans, in the same way as is done for African Americans and Asian Americans.
A European American awareness is still notable because 90% of the respondents classified as white in the U. S. Census knew their European ancestry; the concept of an American originated in the United States as a person of European ancestry, thus excluding African Americans, Asian Americans, Native Americans. As a linguistic concern, the term is sometimes meant to discourage a dichotomous view of the racial landscape between the white category and everyone else. Margo Adair suggests that the recognition of specific European American ancestries allows certain Americans to become aware that they come from a variety of different cultures. Since 1607, some 57 million immigrants have come to the United States from other lands. 10 million passed through on their way to some other place or returned to their original homelands, leaving a net gain of some 47 million people. Between 1607 and 1776 most European settlements were British. Colonial stock of English, Scotch-Irish, Cornish or Welsh descent, may be found throughout the country but is dominant in New England and the South.
Some people of colonial stock in the Mid-Atlantic states, are of Dutch and Flemish descent. The vast majority of these are Protestants; the Pennsylvania Dutch population gave the state of Pennsylvania a high German cultural character. French descent, which can be found throughout the country, is most concentrated in Louisiana, while Spanish descent is dominant in the Southwest and Florida; these are Roman Catholic and were assimilated with the Louisiana Purchase and the aftermath of the Mexican–American War and Adams–Onís Treaty, respectively. The first large wave of European migration after the Revolutionary War came from Northern and Central-Western Europe between about 1820 and 1890. Most of these immigrants were from Ireland, Sweden and Britain, with large numbers of Irish and German Catholics immigrating, Roman Catholicism became an important minority religion. Polish Americans used to come as German or Austrian citizens, since Poland lost its independence in the period between 1772 and 1795.
Descendants of the first wave are dominant in the Midwest and West, although German descent is common in Pennsylvania, Irish descent is common in urban centers in the Northeast. The Irish and Germans held onto their ethnic identity throughout the 19th and early half of the 20th centuries, as well as other European ethnic groups. Most people of Polish origin live in the Midwest; the second wave of European Americans arrived from the mid-1890s to the 1920s from Southern and Eastern Europe, as well as Ireland. This wave included Irish, Greeks, Portuguese, Ukrainians, Russians and other Slavs. With large numbers of immigrants from Spain, Spanish Caribbean, South and Central America, White Hispanics have increased to 8% of the US population, Texas, New York, Florida are important centers for them. Before 1881, the vast majority of immigrants 86% of the total, arrived from northwest Europe, principally Great Britain, Ireland and Scandinavia; the years between 1881 and 1893 the pattern shifted, in the
California State University
The California State University is a public university system in California. With 23 campuses and eight off-campus centers enrolling 484,300 students with 26,858 faculty and 25,305 staff, CSU is the largest four-year public university system in the United States, it is one of three public higher education systems in the state, with the other two being the University of California system and the California Community Colleges System. The CSU System is incorporated as The Trustees of the California State University; the California State University system headquarters are at 401 Golden Shore in Long Beach, California. The California State University was created in 1960 under the California Master Plan for Higher Education, it is a direct descendant of the system of California State Normal Schools. With nearly 100,000 graduates annually, the CSU is the country's greatest producer of bachelor's degrees; the university system collectively sustains more than 150,000 jobs within the state, its related expenditures reach more than $17 billion annually.
In the 2011–12 academic year, CSU awarded 52 percent of newly issued California teaching credentials, 47 percent of the state's engineering degrees, 28 percent of the state's information technology bachelor's degrees, it had more graduates in business, communication studies, health and public administration than all other universities and colleges in California combined. Altogether, about half of the bachelor's degrees, one-third of the master's degrees, nearly two percent of the doctoral degrees awarded annually in California are from the CSU. Furthermore, the CSU system is one of the top U. S. producers of graduates who move on to earn their Ph. D. degrees in a related field. The CSU has a total of 17 AACSB accredited graduate business schools, over twice as many as any other collegiate system. Since 1961, nearly three million alumni have received their bachelor's, master's, or doctoral degrees from the CSU system. CSU offers more than 1,800 degree programs in some 240 subject areas. In fall of 2015, 9,282 of CSU's 24,405 faculty were tenured or on the tenure track.
Today's California State University system is the direct descendant of the Minns Evening Normal School, a normal school in San Francisco that educated the city's future teachers in association with the high school system. The school was taken over by the state in 1862 and moved to San Jose and renamed the California State Normal School. A southern branch of the California State Normal School was created in Los Angeles in 1882. In 1887, the California State Legislature dropped the word "California" from the name of the San Jose and Los Angeles schools, renaming them "State Normal Schools." Chico, San Diego, other schools became part of the State Normal School system. However, these did not form a system in the modern sense, in that each normal school had its own board of trustees and all were governed independently from one another. In 1919, the State Normal School at Los Angeles became the Southern Branch of the University of California. In May 1921, the legislature enacted a comprehensive reform package for the state's educational system, which went into effect that July.
The State Normal Schools were renamed State Teachers Colleges, their boards of trustees were dissolved, they were brought under the supervision of the Division of Normal and Special Schools of the new California Department of Education located at the state capital in Sacramento. This meant that they were to be managed from Sacramento by the deputy director of the division, who in turn was under the State Superintendent of Public Instruction and the State Board of Education. By this time it was commonplace to refer to most of the campuses with their city names plus the word "state"; the resulting administrative situation from 1921 to 1960 was quite complicated. On the one hand, the Department of Education's actual supervision of the presidents of the State Teachers Colleges was minimal, which translated into substantial autonomy when it came to day-to-day operations. Unlike the University of California, the State Teachers Colleges had no academic senates through which their faculties could collectively express their displeasure with presidents' decisions.
On the other hand, the State Teachers Colleges were treated under state law as ordinary state agencies, which meant their budgets were subject to the same stifling bureaucratic financial controls as all other state agencies. At least one president would depart his state college because of his express frustration over that issue: J. Paul Leonard, president of San Francisco State, in 1957. During the 1920s and 1930s, the State Teachers Colleges started to transition from normal schools into teachers colleges whose graduates would be qualified to teach all K–12 grades. A leading proponent of this idea was Charles McLane, the first president of Fresno State, one of the earliest persons to argue that K–12 teachers must have a broad liberal arts education. In 1932, the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching was asked by the state legislature and governor to perform a study of California higher education; the Foundation's 1933 report criticized the State Teachers College
Native Hawaiians are the Aboriginal Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands or their descendants. Native Hawaiians trace their ancestry back to the original Polynesian settlers of Hawaiʻi. In total, 527,000 Americans consider themselves Native Hawaiian. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, there were 371,000 people who identified themselves as being "Native Hawaiian" in combination with one or more other races or Pacific Islander groups. 156,000 people identified themselves as being "Native Hawaiian" alone. The majority of Native Hawaiians reside in the state of Hawaii and the rest are scattered among other states in the American Southwest and with a high concentration in California; the history of Native Hawaiians, like the history of Hawaii, is classified into four major periods: the pre-unification period the unified monarchy and republic period the US territorial period the US statehood period One theory is that the first Polynesians arrived in Hawaii in the 3rd century from the Marquesas by travelling in groups of waka, were followed by Tahitians in AD 1300, who conquered the original inhabitants.
Another is that a extended period of settlement populated the islands. Evidence for a Tahitian conquest of the islands include the legends of Hawaiʻiloa and the navigator-priest Paʻao, said to have made a voyage between Hawaii and the island of "Kahiki" and introduced many customs. Early historians, such as Fornander and Beckwith, subscribed to this Tahitian invasion theory, but historians, such as Kirch, do not mention it. King Kalakaua claimed; some writers claim. They claim that stories about the Menehune, little people who built heiau and fishponds, prove the existence of ancient peoples who settled the islands before the Hawaiians. At the time of Captain Cook's arrival in 1778, the population is estimated to have been between 250,000 and 800,000; some Hawaiians left the islands during the period of the Kingdom of Hawaii like Harry Maitey, who became the first Hawaiian in Prussia. Over the span of the first century after first contact, the native Hawaiians were nearly wiped out by diseases introduced to the islands.
Native Hawaiians had no resistance to influenza, measles, or whooping cough, among others. The 1900 U. S. Census identified 37,656 residents of partial native Hawaiian ancestry; the 2000 U. S. Census identified 283,430 residents of Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander ancestry, showing a dramatic growth trend since annexation by the U. S. in 1898. The Hawaiian language was once the primary language of the native Hawaiian people. A major factor for this change was an 1896 law that required that English "be the only medium and basis of instruction in all public and private schools"; this law prevented the Hawaiian language from being taught as a second language. In spite of this, some native Hawaiians have learned ʻŌlelo as a second language; as with others local to Hawaii, native Hawaiians speak Hawaiian Creole English, a creole which developed during Hawaiʻi's plantation era in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with the influence of the various ethnic groups living in Hawaii during that time.
Nowadays ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi is the official language of the State of Hawaii, alongside English. The Hawaiian language has been promoted for revival most by a state program of cultural preservation enacted in 1978. Programs included the opening of Hawaiian language immersion schools, the establishment of a Hawaiian language department at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa; as a result, Hawaiian language learning has climbed among all races in Hawaiʻi. In 2006, the University of Hawaii at Hilo established a masters program in the Hawaiian Language. In fall 2006, they established a doctoral program in the Hawaiian Language. In addition to being the first doctoral program for the study of Hawaiian, it is the first doctoral program established for the study of any native language in the United States of America. Both the masters and doctoral programs are considered by global scholars as pioneering in the revival of native languages. Hawaiian is still spoken as the primary language by the residents on the private island of Niʻihau.
Alongside ʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi, some Maoli spoke Hawaiʻi Sign Language. Little is known about the language by Western academics and efforts are being made to preserve and revitalize the language. Hawaiian children are publicly educated under the same terms as any other children in the United States. In Hawaii, native Hawaiians are publicly educated by the Hawaiʻi State Department of Education, an ethnically diverse school system, the United States' largest and most centralized. Hawaiʻi is the only U. S. state without local community control of public schools. Under the administration of Governor Benjamin J. Cayetano from 1994 to 2002, the state's educational system established special Hawaiian language immersion schools. In these schools, all subject courses are taught in the Hawaiian language and use native Hawaiian subject matter in curricula; these schools were created in the spirit of cultural preservation and are not exclusive to native Hawaiian children. Native Hawaiians are eligible for an education from the Kamehameha Schools, established through the last will and testament of Bernice Pauahi Bishop of the Kamehameha Dynasty.
The largest and wealthiest private school in the United Sta
Brackett Field is a public airport a mile southwest of La Verne, in Los Angeles County, California. It was named after Dr. Frank Parkhurst Brackett. Brackett Field, named after Frank Parkhurst Brackett, one of the original professors at Pomona College who started working at the college in the late 1800s, has a long history. In 1911 Calbraith Perry, “C. P.” Rogers landed his Wright Flyer Biplane nicknamed the “Vin Fiz,” after the carbonated soda produced by the sponsor of the first across the United States flight, near what are now two parallel runways. Brackett Field consisted of a dirt strip cut out of a field in the late ‘30s; the original runway was 2,600 feet of dirt and there was a school for student pilots from Pomona College. The Civil Air Patrol a paramilitary branch of the U. S. Air Force, used Brackett Field for operations during World War II. In 1957 the county has owned it since that time. Brackett, about an hour east of the studios in Hollywood, has been used for location filming of scenes for a number of TV series and movies.
These include Wings of Spencer's Pilots The Tim Conway Show and others. The field was the starting point of the Powder Puff Derby in 1947. Brackett had one runway, paved and had paved taxiways on each side; the control tower was built in the late 1960s. In the 1980s increased traffic led to the northern taxiway being replaced by a second runway, which forced the control tower to move a few feet north. Most of the development of the field prior to the 1980s was on the south side, where the Administration Building is located; these developments included a Cessna dealership, flying schools and other facilities such as the first metal hangars on the field. A large, wooden hangar was built on the north side of the field, to house such operations as a Piper dealership and aircraft repair; the hangar burned down circa 1960, was rebuilt burned down again about 10 years was again rebuilt demolished a few years to make way for more modern facilities. Since the 1960s, Brackett has been the home base of Civil Air Patrol Squadron 64.
FAA Airport Diagram, effective March 28, 2019 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for POC AirNav airport information for KPOC ASN accident history for POC FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS latest weather observations SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal Procedures Whiteman Airport Association Newsletter
West Covina, California
West Covina is a city in Los Angeles County, located 19 miles east of Downtown Los Angeles in the eastern San Gabriel Valley and is part of Greater Los Angeles. The population for the city was 106,098 at the 2010 census. West Covina was incorporated as an independent city in 1923 to prevent the city of Covina from building a sewage farm in the area. Benjamin Franklin Maxson, Jr. was the first mayor. Walnut groves and orange groves continued to flourish; the population in 1930 was 769 and blossomed to 1,549 in 1940. As a result of remarkable expansion during the post World War II building boom, West Covina became one of the fastest-growing U. S. cities between 1950 and 1960, with the population increasing 1,000 per cent from less than 5,000 to more than 50,000 citizens. The decades between 1960 and 2000 demonstrated steady growth, which slowed by the time of the 2010 census; the City of West Covina began the second half of the 20th century with new developments and projects brought on by big business.
The City Hall and police facility were built in 1969 as the first phase of an example of a Joint Powers Authority in the County of Los Angeles. The Civic Center Joint Powers Authority, consisting of the County of Los Angeles and the City of West Covina completed a three-level parking structure in the Civic Center complex; the Civic Center complex includes the Los Angeles County Regional Library and the Citrus Municipal Court building and the city offices. The first Redevelopment Agency project included a regional shopping center, the West Covina Fashion Plaza, with three major department stores and 150 shops in an air-conditioned, enclosed mall, it included the revitalization of the older sections of the shopping center. The Fashion Plaza has provided the citizens of the San Gabriel Valley with convenient access to all shopping needs. In 1991 the mall was renovated adding a food court and additional shops, as well as the redecorating of the entire mall; the mall was renamed "The Plaza at West Covina".
The Plaza opened a new 100,000 sq ft. wing in October 1993 featuring 50 new stores including a new Robinson's-May and interior renovation throughout The Plaza. The Redevelopment Agency's efforts have resulted in several major office buildings in the city, such as "The Lakes", in addition to two new community shopping centers, freestanding retail developments, residential projects, the Auto Plaza; the 2010 United States Census reported that West Covina had a population of 106,098. The population density was 6,594.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of West Covina was 42.8% White, 4.5% Black, 1.0% Native American, 25.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 21.3% from other races, 4.4% from two or more races. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin were 53.2%. The Census reported that 105,424 people lived in households, 351 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 323 were institutionalized. There were 31,596 households, out of which 13,670 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 17,650 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,402 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,308 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 1,664 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 202 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,795 households were made up of individuals and 2,164 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34. There were 25,360 families; the population was spread out with 26,075 people under the age of 18, 11,326 people aged 18 to 24, 28,860 people aged 25 to 44, 26,974 people aged 45 to 64, 12,863 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. There were 32,705 housing units at an average density of 2,032.7 per square mile, of which 20,703 were owner-occupied, 10,893 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%. 70,474 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,950 people lived in rental housing units. During 2009–2013, West Covina had a median household income of $67,088, with 10% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
In 2017, there were more than 10,000 Filipino Americans living in West Covina. West Covina is broken up into five districts; the San Gabriel Valley region has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, with summer temperatures averaging above 73 °F. A project, completed is the West Covina Sportsplex Project, it is made up of four components, which include the commercial development, Big League Dreams Sports Park, an 18-hole championship Public Golf Course, a commercial office development. The 43-acre site commercial development has over 300,000 square feet of new high quality commercial retail space; the commercial area includes a Target, Home Depot, Verizon Wireless, Fresh & Easy, Petsmart as well as various other specialty shops and restaurants. Big League Dreams Sports Park features batting cages, a multi-use pavilion that can be used as a soccer field, ice hockey rink, can be rented out as a hall, it has 6 high quality ball fields that replicate sporting landmarks like Yankee Stadium, Tiger Stadium, Fenway Park, Wrigley Field, Dodger Stadium and Angel Stadium of Anaheim.
Baldwin Park, California
Baldwin Park is a city located in the central San Gabriel Valley region of Los Angeles County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,390, down from 75,837 at the 2000 census. Baldwin Park began as part of cattle grazing land belonging to the San Gabriel Mission, it became part of the Rancho Azusa de Dalton and the Rancho La Puente properties. The community became known as Vineland in 1860. By 1906 it changed to Baldwin Park, it was named after Elias J. "Lucky" Baldwin. In 1956 Baldwin Park became the 47th incorporated city in the State of California; the city is pushing to revitalize its economic base. There are six active Project Redevelopment Areas located in strategic areas of the city. Projects within these redevelopment areas are as diverse, including high-quality senior housing, Home Depot, Harley Davidson, a transit oriented district near the Metrolink Train Station and various other thriving businesses. Baldwin Park is home to the first In-N-Out burger stand, opened on October 22, 1948.
It was replaced in November 2004 with a new building. The new In-N-Out University and company store opened in 2006 on Francisquito Avenue; the company's first meatpacking plant is located down the street from the locations at the company headquarters on Hamburger Lane. In/N/Out now has a second meat processing plant in Texas to serve their Texas restaurants; as of September 1882, the first school house was built on the southeast corner of North Maine and Los Angeles Avenues in 1884. It contained two rows of double seats, a central aisle leading to the teacher's desk, a heating stove at the north end. Mr. Frazier was the first teacher. In April 1888, The Vineland School District was established according to county records; the first Board of Trustees took office on July 1, 1888, elected Miss Jessie Washburn to teach the district school that fall. The building was moved to another site for a private residence; the district built the second school in 1890 and hired two teachers, Miss Ellen Lang and Miss Venna O. Finney.
The second school house was relegated to the past in 1912. It became a private Japanese school and stood as a landmark until it caught fire on September 5, 1936, burned to the ground. Today, the Baldwin Park Unified School District lies contiguously with the city's borders. There are 23 schools within this district; the budget is well over $100 million. The district is building new school structures to accommodate growth; the district is adopting data driven strategies to help students achieve better scores in the API tests. There is an active push by the district to hire new teachers while providing retirement incentives for teachers who wish to retire. In the 1950s Vias Turkey Ranch was about one mile from the now 10 Freeway just off of Frazier Avenue; this huge commercial turkey ranch was famous in the Valley for a huge outdoor aviary with a unique selection of birds. The ranch had three types of deer species; when the value of the land escalated, the property was sold and the Ranch moved to Apple Valley.
The McMullan Dairy was on Frazier. Popular pastimes in the 1950s included riding at the horse stables across the bridge of the San Gabriel River, an open sand and rock river bed, ride one hour for the sum of $1.00, a hefty price at that time considering that the minimum wage was fifty cents an hour. In summer 2005, Save Our State, an anti-illegal immigration group based in Ventura, launched a series of protests against the Danzas Indigenas, art at the Baldwin Park Metrolink station designed for the MTA in 1993 by artist Judy Baca; the monument bears several engraved statements. At issue was one particular inscription--It was better before they came—that Save Our State claimed was directed against Anglo whites. In fact, according to Baca, that sentence was uttered by an Anglo white Baldwin Park resident in the 1950s. Save Our State continued the protests, which drew counter-protesters and required city expenditure on crowd control and riot police. Save Our State stopped protesting towards the end of the summer and has not made any further appearances in the city.
Baldwin Park warm to hot summer. The highest record temperature is 118 °F and the coldest being 21 °F. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.6 km². 17.2 km² of it is land and 0.4 km² of it is water. The 2010 United States Census reported that Baldwin Park had a population of 75,390; the population density was 11,110.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Baldwin Park was 33,119 White, 913 African American, 674 Native American, 10,696 Asian, 85 Pacific Islander, 27,079 from other races, 2,824 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 60,403 persons; the Census reported that 74,984 people lived in households, 88 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 318 were institutionalized. There were 17,189 households, out of which 10,027 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 10,097 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 3,358 had a female householder with no husband present, 1,700 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 1,093 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 103 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,474 households were made up of individuals and 648 (3.8%