Francis Joseph "Muggsy" Spanier was a prominent jazz cornet player based in Chicago. Spanier was born in Chicago. At 13 he began playing the cornet and played with Elmer Schoebel in 1921, he borrowed the sobriquet of Muggsy from John "Muggsy" McGraw, the manager of the New York Giants baseball team. In the early 1920s, he played with The Bucktown Five. In 1929 he became a member of a band led by Ted Lewis spent two years with Ben Pollack. After an illness, he assembled His Ragtime Band. In 1939 the band recorded several sessions of Dixieland standards for Bluebird Records that were called The Great Sixteen and influenced a Dixieland revival; the band's members included George Brunies, Rod Cless, George Zack or Joe Bushkin, Ray McKinstry, Nick Ciazza or Bernie Billings, Bob Casey. His other most important ventures were the quartet he co-led with Sidney Bechet in 1940. From 1940–1941 he played with Bob Crosby. In the 1950s, he moved to the West Coast and joined Earl Hines's band from 1957–1959. After touring Europe, he retired in 1964.
The Ragtime Band's theme tune was "Relaxin' at the Touro", named for Touro Infirmary, the New Orleans hospital where Spanier had been treated for a perforated ulcer early in 1938. At the point of death, he was saved by Dr. Alton Ochsner who drained the fluid and eased his weakened breathing. One of Spanier's Dixieland numbers is entitled, "Oh Doctor Ochsner."'Relaxin' at the Touro' is a straightforward 12-bar blues with a piano introduction and coda by Joe Bushkin. The pianist recalled, many years later: "When I joined Muggsy in Chicago we met to talk it over at the Three Deuces, where Art Tatum was appearing. Muggsy was now playing opposite Fats Waller at the Sherman hotel and we worked out a kind of stage show for the two bands. Muggsy was a man of great integrity. We played a blues in C and I made up a little intro. After that I was listed as the co-composer of'Relaxin' at the Touro'". In 1950, in Chicago, Spanier's second marriage was to Ruth Gries O’Connell, he became the stepfather of her sons, Hollywood film writer and director Tom Gries and Charles Joseph Gries professionally known as Buddy Charles, a pop and jazz vocalist and pianist in Chicago.
When Spanier was performing at a concert in Chicago in 1956, Buddy Charles was performing at the nearby Black Orchid nightclub. Spanier was heard to exclaim “that’s my boy.” Bert Whyatt, Muggsy Spanier: The Lonesome Road
Women's National Basketball Association
The Women's National Basketball Association is a professional basketball league in the United States. It is composed of twelve teams; the league was founded on April 24, 1996, as the women's counterpart to the National Basketball Association, league play started in 1997. The regular season is played from May to September with the All Star game being played midway through the season in July and the WNBA Finals at the end of September until the beginning of October. Five WNBA teams have direct NBA counterparts and play in the same arena: the Indiana Fever, Los Angeles Sparks, Minnesota Lynx, Phoenix Mercury, Washington Mystics; the Atlanta Dream, Chicago Sky, Connecticut Sun, Dallas Wings, Las Vegas Aces, New York Liberty, Seattle Storm do not share an arena with a direct NBA counterpart, although four of the seven share a market with an NBA counterpart, the Storm shared an arena and market with an NBA team at the time of its founding. The Dream, the Sky, the Sun, the Wings, the Aces, the Sparks, the Storm are all independently owned.
The creation of the WNBA was approved by the NBA Board of Governors on April 24, 1996, announced at a press conference with Rebecca Lobo, Lisa Leslie, Sheryl Swoopes in attendance. The new WNBA had to compete with the formed American Basketball League, another professional women's basketball league that began play in 1996; the WNBA began with eight teams: the Charlotte Sting, Cleveland Rockers, Houston Comets and New York Liberty in the Eastern Conference. While not the first major women's professional basketball league in the United States, the WNBA is the only league to receive full backing of the NBA; the WNBA logo, "Logo Woman", was selected out of 50 different designs. On the heels of a much-publicized gold medal run by the 1996 USA Basketball Women's National Team at the 1996 Summer Olympic Games, the WNBA began its first season on June 21, 1997 to little fanfare; the first WNBA game featured the New York Liberty facing the Los Angeles Sparks in Los Angeles. The game was televised nationally in the United States on the NBC television network.
At the start of the 1997 season, the WNBA had television deals in place with NBC, the Walt Disney Company and Hearst Corporation joint venture channels, ESPN and Lifetime Television Network, respectively. Penny Toler scored the league's first point; the WNBA centered its marketing campaign, dubbed "We Got Next", around stars Rebecca Lobo, Lisa Leslie and Sheryl Swoopes. In the league's first season, Leslie's Los Angeles Sparks underperformed and Swoopes sat out much of the season due to her pregnancy; the WNBA's true star in 1997 was Swoopes' teammate on the Houston Comets. The Comets defeated Lobo's New York Liberty in the first WNBA Championship game; the initial "We Got Next" advertisement ran before each WNBA season until it was replaced with the "We Got Game" campaign. Two teams were added in 1998 and two more in 1999, bringing the number of teams in the league up to twelve; the 1999 season began with a collective bargaining agreement between players and the league, marking the first collective bargaining agreement to be signed in the history of women's professional sports.
The WNBA announced in 1999 that it would add four more team for the 2000 season, bringing the league up to 16 teams, with WNBA President Val Ackerman discussing expansion: "This won't be the end of it. We expect to keep growing the league."In 1999, the league's chief competition, the American Basketball League, folded. Many of the ABL's star players, including several Olympic gold medalists and a number of standout college performers joined the rosters of WNBA teams and, in so doing, enhanced the overall quality of play in the league; when a lockout resulted in an abbreviated NBA season, the WNBA saw faltering TV viewership. On May 23, 2000, the Houston Comets became the first WNBA team to be invited to the White House Rose Garden. Before this invitation, only men's sports teams had traveled to the White House. At the end of the 2000 season, the Houston Comets won their fourth championship, capturing every title since the league's inception. Led by the "Big Three" of Sheryl Swoopes, Tina Thompson, four-time Finals MVP Cynthia Cooper, the Comets dominated every team in the league.
Under head coach Van Chancellor, the team posted a 98–24 record through their first four seasons. After 2000, Cooper retired from the league and the Comets dynasty came to an end; the top contender in the 2001 season was the Los Angeles Sparks. Led by Lisa Leslie, the Sparks posted a regular-season record of 28–4, they advanced to their first WNBA Finals and swept the Charlotte Sting. Looking to repeat in 2002, the Sparks again made a strong run toward the postseason, going 25–7 in the regular season under head coach Michael Cooper of the Los Angeles Lakers. Again, Leslie dominated opponents throughout the Playoffs, leading the Sparks to a perfect 6–0 record through all three rounds, beating the New York Liberty in the 2002 Finals. Teams and the league were collectively owned by the NBA until the end of 2002, when the NBA sold WNBA teams either to their NBA counterparts in the same city or to a third party, as a result of the dot-com bubble; this led to two teams moving: Utah moved to San Antonio, Orlando moved to Connecticut and became the first WNBA team to be
Patrick Aloysius Ewing is a Jamaican-American retired Hall of Fame basketball player and current head coach of the Georgetown University men's basketball team. He played most of his career as the starting center of the NBA's New York Knicks and played with the Seattle SuperSonics and Orlando Magic. Ewing played center for Georgetown for four years—where he played in the NCAA Championship Game three times—and was named as the 16th greatest college player of all time by ESPN, he had an eighteen-year NBA career, predominantly playing for the New York Knicks, where he was an eleven-time all-star and named to seven All-NBA teams. The Knicks appeared in the NBA Finals twice during his tenure, he won Olympic gold medals as a member of the 1984 and 1992 United States men's Olympic basketball teams. In a 1996 poll celebrating the 50th anniversary of the NBA, Ewing was selected as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History, he is a two-time inductee into the Basketball Hall of Fame in Massachusetts.
Additionally he was inducted into the U. S. Olympic Hall of Fame as a member of the "Dream Team" in 2009, his number 33 was retired by the Knicks in 2003. Patrick Ewing was born August 1962 in Kingston, Jamaica; as a child, he excelled at soccer. In 1975, 12-year-old Ewing moved to the United States and joined his family in Cambridge, Massachusetts, he learned to play basketball at Latin School with the help of John Fountain. With only a few years of playing experience, Ewing developed into one of best high school players in the country, among the most intimidating forces seen at the level given his size and athleticism. Due to his stature and the team's dominance, Ewing was subject to racially fueled taunts and jeers from hostile away crowds. Once rival fans rocked the team bus when Ewing's squad arrived to play an away game. In order to prepare for college, Ewing joined the MIT-Wellesley Upward Bound Program; as a senior in high school, Ewing signed a letter of intent to play for Coach John Thompson at Georgetown University.
Ewing made his announcement in Boston, in a room full of fans who were hoping for him to play for local schools Boston College or Boston University. During his recruitment, Ewing was close to signing a letter of intent to play for Dean Smith and the University of North Carolina, while on his recruiting visit, he witnessed a nearby rally for the Ku Klux Klan, which dissuaded him from going there; as a freshman during the 1981–1982 season, Ewing became one of the first college players to start and star on the varsity team as a freshman. That year, Ewing led the Hoyas to their second Big East Tournament title in school history and a #1 seed in the NCAA Tournament. In the tournament, the Hoyas advanced to their first Final Four since 1943, where they defeated the University of Louisville 50-46, to set up a showdown in the NCAA Final against North Carolina. In one of the most star-studded championship games in NCAA history, Ewing was called for goaltending five times in the first half, setting the tone for the Hoyas and making his presence felt.
The Hoyas led late in the game, but a shot by future NBA superstar Michael Jordan gave North Carolina the lead. Georgetown still had a chance at winning the game in the final seconds, but Freddy Brown mistakenly threw a bad pass directly to opposing player James Worthy. For the 1982-1983 season and the Hoyas began the season as the #2 ranked team in the country. An early season showdown with #1 ranked Virginia and their star center Ralph Sampson was dubbed the "Game of the Decade". Virginia's veteran team won, 68–63, but Ewing at one point slam-dunked right over Sampson, a play which established Ewing as a dominating "big man"; the Hoyas posted a 22-10 record for the season and made another NCAA Tournament appearance, but Georgetown was defeated in the second round of the tournament by Memphis State. This would be the only season in Ewing's Georgetown career where they did not make it at least as far as the National Championship game. In the 1983–84 season, Ewing led Georgetown to the Big East regular season championship, the Big East Tournament championship and another #1 seed in the NCAA Tournament.
He was named the Big East Player of the Year. The Hoyas advanced to the Final Four for the third time in school history to face Kentucky, a team which had never lost a national semifinal game and was led by the "Twin Towers," Sam Bowie and Melvin Turpin. Georgetown was able to turn an early 12 point deficit into a 53-40 win to advance to the National Championship game. In the final, the Hoyas faced the University of Houston, led by future Hall of Fame center Hakeem Olajuwon. Ewing and Georgetown prevailed with an 84–75 victory, giving the school its first and only NCAA Championship in school history. Ewing was named the tournament's Most Outstanding Player. For the 1984-1985 season, Ewing's senior year, Georgetown was ranked #1 in the nation for the majority of the campaign. Ewing was again named the Big East Player of the Year and the team won the Big East tournament title yet again, they entered the NCAA tournament as the #1 overall seed of the East Region, where they wound up advancing to another Final Four, their third in four years.
In the National Semifinal game, Georgetown faced their Big East rivals, St. John's and Chris Mullin, the fourth meeting between the schools that year; the Hoyas defeated the Redmen 77-59, setting up a matchup with another Big East rival in unranked Villanova for the title. An o
The Charlotte Hornets are an American professional basketball team based in Charlotte, North Carolina. The Hornets compete in the National Basketball Association, as a member of the league's Eastern Conference Southeast Division; the team is owned by retired NBA player Michael Jordan, who acquired controlling interest in the team in 2010. The Hornets play their home games at the Spectrum Center in Uptown Charlotte; the original Hornets franchise was established in 1988 as an expansion team, owned by George Shinn. In 2002, Shinn's franchise became the New Orleans Hornets. In 2004, the NBA established the Charlotte Bobcats, regarded as a new expansion team at the time. In 2013, the New Orleans' franchise announced it would rebrand itself the New Orleans Pelicans returning the Hornets name and official history to Charlotte; the Bobcats were renamed the Charlotte Hornets for the 2014–15 season. In 1985, the NBA was planning to expand by three teams by the 1988–1989 season modified to include a total of four expansion teams.
George Shinn, an entrepreneur from Kannapolis, wanted to bring an NBA team to the Charlotte area, he assembled a group of prominent local businessmen to head the prospective franchise. The Charlotte area had long been a hotbed for college basketball. Charlotte was one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States, was one of the three in-state regional homes to the American Basketball Association's Carolina Cougars from 1969 to 1974. Despite doubt from critics, Shinn's ace in the hole was the Charlotte Coliseum, a state-of-the-art arena that would seat 24,000 spectators – the largest basketball-specific arena to serve as a full-time home for an NBA team. On April 5, 1987, then-NBA Commissioner David Stern called Shinn to tell him his group had been awarded the 24th NBA franchise, to begin play in 1988. Franchises were granted to Miami, Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Orlando; the new team was going to be called the Charlotte Spirit, but a name-the-team contest yielded "Hornets" as the winning choice.
The team received further attention when it chose teal as its primary color, setting off a sports fashion craze in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The team's uniforms, designed by international designer and North Carolina native Alexander Julian, featured a first for NBA uniforms—pin stripes. Similar designs by other teams followed. Shinn hired Carl Scheer as the team's first General Manager. Scheer preferred a roster of veteran players, hoping to put together a competitive team as soon as possible. Former college coach and veteran NBA assistant Dick Harter was hired as the team's first head coach. In 1988, the Hornets and the Miami Heat were part of the 1988 NBA Expansion Draft. Unlike many expansion franchises that invest in the future with a team composed of young players, Charlotte stocked its inaugural roster with several veterans in hopes of putting a competitive lineup on the court right away; the team had three draft picks at the 1988 NBA draft. The Hornets' first NBA game took place on November 4, 1988, at the Charlotte Coliseum, losing 133–93 to the Cleveland Cavaliers.
Four days the team notched its first-ever victory over the Los Angeles Clippers, 117–105. On December 23, 1988, the Hornets gave their fans something to cheer about, beating Michael Jordan and the Chicago Bulls 103–101 in Jordan's first return to North Carolina as a professional; the Hornets finished their inaugural season with a record of 20–62. Scheer left prior to the 1989–90 season. Despite initial concerns that the Coliseum was too big, the Hornets were a runaway hit, leading the NBA in attendance, a feat they would achieve seven more times in Charlotte; the Hornets would sell out 364 consecutive games. The Hornets' second season was a struggle from start to finish. Members of the team rebelled against Dick Harter's defense-oriented style, he was replaced mid-season by assistant Gene Littles following an 8–32 start. Despite the change, the team continued to struggle, finishing the season with a disappointing 19–63 record; the team showed improvement during the following season. They won eight of their first fifteen games, including a 120–105 victory over the Washington Bullets.
However, the team went cold. The Hornets, who hosted the 1991 NBA All-Star Game, finished with a 26–56 record. Despite the team's seven-game improvement over the previous season, Gene Littles was fired at the end of the season and replaced by general manager Allan Bristow. With the first pick in the 1991 NBA draft, the Hornets drafted power forward Larry Johnson from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. Johnson had an impact season, finishing among the league leaders in points and rebounds, winning the 1992 NBA Rookie of the Year Award. Additionally, Guard Kendall Gill led the club in scoring; the team stayed in contention for a playoff spot until March, but finished the year with a 31–51 record. The Hornets were in the lottery again in 1992 and won the second overall pick in the draft, using it to select Georgetown center Alonzo Mourning. Charlotte now had two 20–10 threats in Johnson and Mourning, who with Kendall Gill, formed the league's top young trio; the team finished their fifth season at 44–38, their first-ever winning record and good enough for the first playoff berth in franchise history.
Finishing fifth in the Eastern Conference, the Hornets upset the Boston Celtics in the first round, with Mourning winning the series with a 20-footer in game four. However, the Hornets lacked the experience and depth to defeat the New York Knicks, falling in five games in the second round; the Horn
Wake Forest Demon Deacons men's basketball
The Wake Forest Demon Deacons men's basketball team participates in the Atlantic Coast Conference and their homecourt is the Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum. Wake Forest made the Final Four in 1962 and through the years, the program has produced many NBA players; the Demon Deacons have won the Atlantic Coast Conference tournament four times, in 1961, 1962, 1995, 1996. Wake Forest's biggest rivalries are with the North Carolina Tar Heels, the Duke Blue Devils and the NC State Wolfpack; the most recent coach is Danny Manning, hired on April 4, 2014. Head Coach – Danny Manning Assoc. Head Coach- Randolph Childress Asst. Coach – Steve Woodberry Asst. Coach – Jamil Jones Jeff Bzdelik Dino Gaudio Skip Prosser Dave Odom Bob Staak Carl Tacy Jack McCloskey Jack Murdock Bones McKinney Murray Greason Fred Emmerson Pat Miller James A. Baldwin R. S. Hayes Hank Garrity Phil Utley James L. White, Jr. Bill Holding Irving Carlyle E. T. MacDonnell J. R. Crozier The Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum is a 14,407-seat multi-purpose arena in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
It was named after Lawrence Joel, an Army medic from Winston-Salem, awarded the Medal of Honor in 1967 for action in Vietnam on November 8, 1965. The memorial was designed by James Ford in New York, includes the poem "The Fallen" engraved on an interior wall, it is home to Wake Forest's men's and women's basketball teams, is adjacent to the Dixie Classic Fairgrounds. The arena replaced the old Winston-Salem Memorial Coliseum, torn down for the LJVM Coliseum's construction. Banners hang in the rafters commemorating past players' retired numbers and the late Skip Prosser. There are banners recognizing the Demon Deacons' past NCAA and ACC successes; the arena is home to the Screamin' Demon student section. Wake Forest's black and gold tie-dyed apparel and "Zombie Nation" were both implemented upon Prosser's arrival at Wake Forest; the Miller Center is the basketball team's on-campus home. It houses the players' locker rooms, team meeting rooms, coaches' offices, the Dave Budd Practice Gym; the players utilize the Miller Center for practice, academic work, relaxing with their teammates.
The Dave Budd Practice Gym has a full-length court, six stand alone baskets, bleacher seating and banners honoring some of the best players to don the black and gold. The locker room includes a separate player lounge which features multiple large flat screen TVs, multiple entertainment systems plus the latest video software, as well as dedicated equipment and training rooms. On March 5, 2014, Wake Forest announced a $7.5 million donation from WFU alum Bob McCreary towards a 95,000 square foot sports performance center. The Sports Performance Center is designed to meet the training needs of more than 350 student-athletes who compete in 18 sports; the building will be located on Wake Forest's main campus near the Miller Center. The building will house the football program's headquarters and will provide invaluable resources to the basketball program as well; the sports performance center will feature a robust strength and conditioning facility that will provide all athletes ample room and equipment to maximize their training.
Additionally, the new building will house a state of the art athlete nutrition program, which will provide all Wake Forest student-athletes with convenient access to nutritional resources and grab-and-go food options. The Demon Deacons have appeared in the NCAA Tournament 23 times, their combined record is 28–23. The Demon Deacons have appeared in the National Invitation Tournament six times, their combined record is 10–5. They were NIT champions in 2000. #3 – Chris Paul #5 – Josh Howard #12 – Charlie Davis #14 – Tyrone "Muggsy" Bogues #15 – Skip Brown #21 – Tim Duncan #22 – Randolph Childress #24 – Dickie Hemric #32 – Rod Griffin #50 – Len Chappell #54 – Rodney Rogers Skip Prosser National Collegiate Basketball Hall of Fame: Billy Packer – 2008 Tim Duncan – 2017John R. Wooden Award: Tim Duncan – 1997Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award: Muggsy BoguesMcDonald's All-Americans Chris Paul - 2003 Al-Farouq Aminu - 2010ACC Coach of the Year: Murray Greason – 1956 Bones McKinney – 1960, 1961 Dave Odom – 1991, 1994, 1995 Skip Prosser – 2003ACC Player of the Year: Dickie Hemric – 1954, 1955 Len Chappell – 1961, 1962 Charlie Davis – 1971 Rod Griffin – 1977 Rodney Rogers – 1993 Tim Duncan – 1996, 1997 Josh Howard – 2003ACC Rookie of the Year: Rodney Rogers – 1991 Robert O'Kelley – 1998 Chris Paul – 2004ACC Most Improved Player of the Year John Collins – 2017 The players are all first team All-ACC, unless otherwise noted Denotes 2nd Team All-ACC Denotes 3rd Team All-ACC 1990: Rodney Rogers - NC 2003: Chris Paul - NC 2008: Ty Walker - NC 2008: Al-Farouq Aminu - GA Tim Duncan - San Antonio Spurs Dickie Hemric - Boston Celtics Al-Farouq Aminu - Portland Trailblazers John Collins - Atlanta Hawks James Johnson - Miami Heat Chris Paul - Houston Rockets Ish Smith - Detroit Pistons Jeff Teague - Minnesota Timberwolves Doral Moore - Memphis Hustle Bryant Crawford - Hapoel Gilboa Galil Codi Miller-McIntyre - BC Zenit Saint Petersburg Dinos Mitoglou - Panathinaikos Official website
Manute Bol was a Sudanese-born American basketball player and political activist. Listed at 7 ft 7 in tall, Bol was one of the two tallest players in the history of the National Basketball Association. After playing college basketball at the University of Bridgeport, Bol was chosen by the Washington Bullets in the 1985 NBA Draft. Bol played for the Bullets and three other teams over the course of his NBA career, which lasted from 1985 to 1995. A center, Bol was considered among the best shot-blockers in the history of the sport, although other aspects of his game were considered below average. Over the course of his career, Bol totaled more blocked shots; as of 2010, he ranks second in NBA history in blocked shots per game and 15th in total blocked shots. Bol was notable for his efforts to promote human rights in his native Sudan and aid for Sudanese refugees. Manute Bol was born to Madute and Okwok Bol in Turalei or Gogrial and raised near Gogrial. Bol's father, a Dinka tribal elder, gave him the name Manute.
Bol came from a family of extraordinarily tall men and women, stating: "My mother was 6 ft 10 in, my father 6 ft 8 in, my sister is 6 ft 8 in", he said. "And my great-grandfather was taller—7 ft 10 in." His ethnic group, the Dinka, the Nilotic people of which they are a part, are among the taller populations of the world. Bol's hometown, Turalei, is the origin of other exceptionally tall individuals, including 7 ft 4 in basketball player Ring Ayuel. Ayuel is a refugee from the civil war which broke out soon after Bol emigrated to the U. S. and which led to the destruction of most of Turalei. Bol started playing soccer in 1972, but abandoned the game because he was too tall."I was born in a village, where you cannot measure yourself," Bol reflected. "I learned. I was about 18 or 19."During his teens, he started playing basketball, playing in Sudan for several years with teams in Wau and Khartoum, where he experienced prejudice from the northern Sudanese majority. While still living in Sudan, Bol held an $80-a-month job in the Sudanese military and played on the Sudanese National basketball team from 1982-1983.
Coach Don Feeley the coach at Fairleigh Dickinson University in New Jersey, traveled to Sudan to coach and held clinics for the Sudanese national team in 1982. Feeley convinced Bol to go to the United States and play basketball. With Feeley's input, Bol first landed in Cleveland and Cleveland State University under Coach Kevin Mackey. Bol could not provide one, according to Coach Mackey; as Bol did not know his date of birth, Mackey listed it as October 16, 1962 on Cleveland State documents. Bol did not write English at the time of his arrival in Cleveland, he improved his English skills after months of classes at ELS Language Centers on the Case Western Reserve University campus, but not enough to qualify for enrollment at Cleveland State. Bol never played a game for Cleveland State. (Five years Cleveland State was placed on two years' probation for providing improper financial assistance to Bol and two other African players. Again, with Feeley's influence, Bol declared his intention to play professionally with the NBA.
Subsequently, Bol was drafted by the San Diego Clippers in the fifth round of the 1983 NBA draft after he had declared himself. Clippers Coach Jim Lynam received a call about Bol from Coach Feeley, who he knew from coaching circles. "So, I said,'Have you told anyone else about this?' " Lynam recalled. "Feeley said. He said, he had Mark Eaton. I was the second guy. I told him he didn't have to call anyone else."After the June, 1983 draft, Lynam traveled to Cleveland and watched Manute play in pickup games. In speaking with Bol, through a fellow Sudanese player, Lynam learned that Manute had become hesitant about playing professionally because he did not know the language well enough to understand what his coaches were telling him to do. Lynam noted, his passport said. His passport said he was five feet two." When Lynam asked Bol about the discrepancy with his real height and his passport height, he said that Bol explained that he had been sitting down when measured by Sudan officials. However and passport concerns were set aside when the NBA ruled that Bol had not been eligible for the draft and declared the pick invalid.
Bol had not declared 45 days before the draft. With the NCAA questioning his eligibility for NCAA Division I basketball, Bol enrolled at the University of Bridgeport, an NCAA Division II school with an English program for foreign students. There, he played for the Purple Knights in the 1984–1985 season, his coach was a friend of Don Feeley. Bol averaged 22.5 points, 13.5 rebounds, 7.1 blocks per game for Bridgeport. The team, which drew 500–600 spectators sold out the 1,800-seat gym. With Bol, Bridgeport qualified for the 1985 NCAA Division II Men's Basketball Tournament. Bol turned professional after Bridgeport's season ended, signed with the Rhode Island Gulls of the spring United States Basketball League in May 1995, playing under Coach Kevin Stacom. A teammate, with the Gulls, was Muggsy Bogues who would notably team with Bol in Washington. Going into the 1985 NBA draft, scouts felt that Bol needed another year or two of coll
Wake Forest University
Wake Forest University is a private research university in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Founded in 1834, the university received its name from its original location in Wake Forest, north of Raleigh, North Carolina; the Reynolda Campus, the university's main campus, has been located north of downtown Winston-Salem since the university moved there in 1956. The Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center campus has two locations, the older one located near the Ardmore neighborhood in central Winston-Salem, the newer campus at Wake Forest Innovation Quarter downtown; the university occupies lab space at Biotech Plaza at Innovation Quarter, at the Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials. The university's Graduate School of Management maintains a presence on the main campus in Winston-Salem and in Charlotte, North Carolina. Wake Forest has produced 15 Rhodes Scholars, including 13 since 1986, four Marshall Scholars, 15 Truman Scholars and 92 Fulbright recipients since 1993. Notable people of Wake Forest University include author Maya Angelou, mathematician Phillip Griffiths, psychologist Linda Nielsen, Senators Richard Burr and Kay Hagan, athletes Chris Paul, Tim Duncan, Muggsy Bogues, Brian Piccolo and Arnold Palmer, CEO Charlie Ergen.
During the Baptist State Convention of 1833 at Cartledge Creek Baptist Church in Rockingham, North Carolina, establishment of Wake Forest Institute was ratified. The school was founded after the North Carolina Baptist State Convention purchased a 615-acre plantation from Calvin Jones in an area north of Raleigh called the "Forest of Wake"; the new school, designed to teach both Baptist ministers and laymen, opened on February 3, 1834, as the Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute. Students and staff were required to spend half of each day doing manual labor on its plantation. Samuel Wait, a Baptist minister, was selected as the "principal" president, of the institute. In 1838, the school was renamed Wake Forest College, the manual labor system was abandoned; the town that grew up around the college came to be called the town of Wake Forest. In 1862, during the American Civil War, the school closed due to the loss of most students and some faculty to service in the Confederate States Army; the college re-opened in 1866 and prospered over the next four decades under the leadership of presidents Washington Manly Wingate, Thomas H. Pritchard, Charles Taylor.
In 1894, the School of Law was established, followed by the School of Medicine in 1902. The university held its first summer session in 1921. Lea Laboratory was built in 1887–1888, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975; the leading college figure in the early 20th century was William L. Poteat, a gifted biologist and the first layman to be elected president in the college's history. "Dr. Billy" continued to promote growth, hired many outstanding professors, expanded the science curriculum, he stirred upheaval among North Carolina Baptists with his strong support of teaching the theory of evolution but won formal support from the Baptist State Convention for academic freedom at the college. The School of Medicine moved to Winston-Salem in 1941 under the supervision of Dean Coy Cornelius Carpenter, who guided the school through the transition from a two-year to a four-year program; the school became the Bowman Gray School of Medicine. The following year, 1942, Wake Forest admitted its first female undergraduate students, after World War II depleted the pool of male students.
In 1946, as a result of large gifts from the Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation, the entire college agreed to move to Winston-Salem, a move, completed for the beginning of the fall 1956 term, under the leadership of Harold W. Tribble. Charles and Mary Reynolds Babcock donated to the college about 350 acres of fields and woods at "Reynolda", their estate. From 1952 to 1956, fourteen new buildings were constructed on the new campus; these buildings were constructed in Georgian style. The old campus in Wake Forest was sold to the Baptist State Convention to establish the Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary. On April 27, 1962, Wake Forest's board of trustees voted to accept Edward Reynolds, a native of the African nation of Ghana, as the first black full-time undergraduate at the school; this made Wake Forest the first major private university in the South to desegregate. Reynolds, a transfer student from Shaw University became the first black graduate of the university in 1964, when he earned a bachelor's degree in history.
He went on to earn master's degrees at Ohio University and Yale Divinity School, a PhD in African history from the University of London. He became a professor of history at the University of California, San Diego, author of several history books. A graduate studies program was inaugurated in 1961, in 1967 the school became the accredited Wake Forest University; the Babcock Graduate School of Management, now known as the School of Business, was established in 1969. The James R. Scales Fine Arts Center opened in 1979. In 1986, Wake Forest gained autonomy from the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and established a fraternal relationship with it; the Middleton House and its surrounding 5 acres was deeded by gift to Wake Forest by Philip Hanes and his wife Charlotte in 1992. The donation was completed in 2011; the thirteenth president of Wake Forest is Nathan O. Hatch, former provost at the University of Notre Dame.. Hatch was installed as president on October 20, 2005, he assumed office on July 1, 2005, succeeding Thomas K. Hearn, Jr. who had retired after 22 years in office.
On September 16, 2015, Wake Forest announced plans to offer undergraduate classes do