Muhammad Khan Bangash

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Muhammad Khan Bangash
Died 1743
Religion Islam
Military career
Allegiance Mughal Empire
Service/branch Nawab of Farrukhabad
Rank Nawab, Sardar, Ispahsalar
Battles/wars Mughal-Maratha Wars, Nader Shah's invasion of India
Nawab Muhammad Khan Bangash, ca 1730, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris

Nawab Ghazanfar-Jang, Muhammad Khan Bangash (1665 – 1743) laid the foundation of the Nawab of Farrukhabad in Uttar Pradesh, India and was sworn in as its first Nawab in 1715. He was a "Bawan Hazari Sardar" (Commander of 52000 Men Strong force) in the Mughal Army. He served as governor of Malwa and Allahabad provinces of Mughal empire.[1][page needed][2][page needed] He was also viceroy of Assam from 1735-1743.

Background[edit]

Muhammad Khan belonged to khaghzai branch of Pashtun Bangash tribe. In India they were referred to as qaum-i-bangash. His father, Ain Khan Bangash had migrated from his native lands in the time of Aurangzeb and settled in Mau Rashidabad. Muhammad Khan gained a reputation as one of the most powerful of the Afghan mercenary warriors who inhabited that part of Hindustan, and eventually came to establish the territories that were consolidated into the state of Farrukhabad. At his death his dominions included the entire Doab from Koil in the North, to Kora in the South, including all of Farrukhabad and parts of Cawnpore, Shahjahanpur, Budaun and Aligarh.[3] His brother Himmat Khan Bangash was the father of Nawab Murtaza Khan of Jahangirabad, and the grandfather of the poet Nawab Mustafa Khan Shefta.[4]

Later Mughal-Maratha Wars[edit]

In Bundelkhand, Chhatrasal had rebelled against the Mughal Empire and established an independent kingdom. In December 1728, a Mughal force led by the distinguished commander Muhammad Khan Bangash defeated him, and imprisoned his family. Chhatrasal had repeatedly sought Bajirao's assistance, but the latter was busy in Malwa at that time.

In March 1729, the Peshwa (Bajirao Ballad) finally responded to Chhatrasal's request and marched towards Bundelkhand. Chhatrasal also escaped his captivity and joined the Maratha forces. After they marched to Jaitpur, Peshwa Bajirao defeated Bangash.[5]

Nawabs[edit]

There were following Nawab of Farrukhabad

  • Nawab Muhammad Khan Bangash
  • Nawab Qaim-Jang Qaim Khan Qaim-ud-daula
  • Nawab Ahmad Khan Bangash.He defeated Marathas. (took part in the 3rd Battle of Panipat in 1761 alongside Ahmad Shah Abdali Baba)
  • Nawab Muzaffar-Jang Daler Himmat Khan
  • Nawab Nasir-Jang Imdad Hussain Khan
  • Nawab Tafazzul Hussain Khan

References[edit]

  1. ^ A history of the Bangash nawabs of Farrukhabad, from 1713 to 1771 A.D. by Jos J. L. Gommans
  2. ^ The Rise of the Indo-Afghan Empire: C. 1710-1780 By Jos J. L. Gommans
  3. ^ http://www.khyber.org/history/a/mohammad_khan_bangash.shtml
  4. ^ https://www.geni.com/people/Ain-Khan-Bangash/6000000021514626858
  5. ^ G.S.Chhabra (1 January 2005). Advance Study in the History of Modern India (Volume-1: 1707-1803). Lotus Press. pp. 19–28. ISBN 978-81-89093-06-8.