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Muhammad of Ghor

Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad Ghori, born Shihab ad-Din known as Muhammad of Ghor, was the Sultan of the Ghurid Empire along with his brother Ghiyath ad-Din Muhammad from 1173 to 1202 and as the sole ruler from 1202 to 1206. He is credited with laying the foundation of Muslim rule in the Indian subcontinent, which lasted for several centuries, he reigned over a territory spanning over parts of modern-day Afghanistan, Iran, Northern India, Pakistan and Turkmenistan. Mu'izz ad-Din took the city of Ghazni in 1173 to avenge the death of his ancestor Muhammad ibn Suri at the hands of Mahmud of Ghazni and used it as a launching-pad for expansion into northern India. In the meantime, he assisted his brother Ghiyath in his contest with the Khwarazmian Empire for the lordship of Khorasan in Western Asia. In 1175, Mu'izz captured Multan from the Hamid Ludi dynasty, which were Muslim Pashtun, took Uch in 1175, he annexed the Ghaznavid principality of Lahore in 1186, the last haven of his Persianised rivals. After the death of Ghiyath in 1202, he became the successor of the Ghurid Empire and ruled until his assassination in 1206.

A confused struggle ensued among the remaining Ghuri leaders, the Khwarizmi were able to take over the Ghurid Sultanate in about 1215. Though the Ghurids' empire was short-lived, petty Ghurid states remained in power until the arrival of the Timurids, Mu'izz's conquests laid the foundations of Muslim rule in India. Qutbu l-Din Aibak, a former slave of Mu'izz, was the first Sultan of Delhi. Mu'izz ad-Din Muhammad was born in 1149 in the Ghor region of Khorasan; the exact date of his birth is unknown. His father, Baha al-Din Sam I, was the local ruler of the Ghor region at the time. Mu'izz had an elder brother named Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad. During their early life, Mu'izz and Ghiyath were imprisoned by their uncle Ala al-Din Husayn, but were released by the latter's son Sayf al-Din Muhammad; when Sayf died in 1163, the Ghurid nobles supported Ghiyath, helped him ascend the throne. Ghiyath shortly gave Mu'izz control over Kajuran. However, the throne was challenged by several Ghurid chiefs. Ghiyath was challenged by his uncle Fakhr al-Din Masud, who claimed the throne for himself, had allied with Tadj al-Din Yildiz, the Seljuq governor of Herat, Balkh.

However, the coalition was defeated by Mu'izz at Ragh-i Zar. The brothers managed to kill the Seljuq governor during the battle, conquered Zamindawar, Badghis and Urozgan. Ghiyath, spared Fakhr al-Din and restored him as the ruler of Bamiyan. Mu'izz, after returning from an expedition from Sistan, was shortly awarded with Kandahar by his brother. In 1173, the two brothers invaded Ghazni, defeated the Oghuz Turks who had captured the city from the Ghaznavids. Mu'izz was appointed as the ruler of Ghazni. In 1175, the two brothers conquered Herat from its Seljuq governor, Baha al-Din Toghril, managed to conquer Pushang; the ruler of Sistan, Taj al-Din Harb ibn Muhammad, shortly acknowledged the sovereignty of the Ghurids, so did the Oghuz Turks dominating Kirman. During the same period, the Khwarazmian Sultan Shah, expelled from Khwarezm by his brother Tekish, took refuge in Ghor and requested military aid from Ghiyath. Ghiyath, did not help the latter. Sultan Shah managed to get help from the Kara-Khitan Khanate, began plundering the northern Ghurid domains.

After having helped his brother in expanding the western frontiers of the Ghurid Empire, he began to focus on India. Mu'izz's campaign against the Qarmatians rulers of Multan in 1175 had ended in victory, he turned south, led his army from Multan to Uch and across the desert towards the Chaulukya capital of Anhilwara in 1178. On the way, Muizz suffered a defeat at the Battle of Kayadara, during his first campaign against an Indian ruler. Gujarat was ruled by the young Chaulukya ruler Mularaja II. Mu'izz's army had suffered during the march across the desert, the Chaulukyas inflicted a major defeat on him at the village of Kayadara; the invading army suffered heavy casualties during the battle, in the retreat back across the desert to Multan. However, Mu'izz was able to take Sialkot. In 1186, Mu'izz, along with Ghiyath, ended the Ghaznavid dynasty after having captured Lahore and executed the Ghaznavid ruler Khusrau-Malik. Mu'izz shortly returned to Ghor, along with the rulers of Bamiyan and Sistan, aided his brother Ghiyath in defeating the forces of Sultan Shah at Merv in 1190.

He annexed most of the latter's territories in Khorasan. In 1191, Mu'izz proceeded towards Indian Sub-continent through the Khyber Pass in modern-day Pakistan and was successful in reaching Punjab. Mu'izz captured a fortress, Bathinda in present-day Punjab state on the northwestern frontier of Prithvīrāj Chauhān's kingdom. After appointing a Qazi Zia-ud-Din as governor of the fortress, he received the news that Prithviraj's army, led by his vassal prince Govind Tai were on their way to besiege the fortress; the two armies met near the town of Tarain, 14 miles from Thanesar in present-day Haryana. The battle was marked by the initial attack of mounted Mamluk archers to which Prithviraj responded by counter-attacking from three sides and thus dominating the battle. Mu'izz mortally wounded Govind Tai in personal combat and in the process w

Dražen Bošnjaković

Dražen Bošnjaković is a Croatian politician, Minister of Justice since 2017, in the Cabinet of Andrej Plenković. Bošnjaković was born in Vukovar in 1961, he lived in Ilok. He was a good student, after finishing high school he went to Zagreb and studied at the Law faculty. On beginning his career Bošnjaković worked in the Council of Ivanić Grad, from 1993 until 1997 he was a secretary in Sisak-Moslavina County. After that he worked as a lawyer until entering into politics, he became a member of the Croatian Parliament on December 23, 2003, served until January 11, 2008. From 2008, he was a state secretary in the Ministry of Justice of Republic of Croatia, he is a member of the Central Committee of Croatian Democratic Union, he is vice-president of the County Committee of HDZ of Zagreb County for years. Academy of European Law, Member of the Governing Board He is married and he is father of three children, he speaks English, his hobbies are biking and tennis. Croatian Sabor - Dražen Bošnjaković Bošnjaković - Odlikaš iz Vukovara specijalist je za kompromise Bošnjaković je upućen u sve započete reforme

The Seattle School of Theology & Psychology

The Seattle School of Theology & Psychology is a private multi-denominational graduate school in Seattle, Washington. The Seattle School of Theology & Psychology was established under the auspices of Western Seminary in 1997, becoming independent in 2000, establishing itself in downtown Seattle in 2007. In 2011, the school changed its name from Mars Hill Graduate School to The Seattle School of Theology & Psychology; the Seattle School has trained therapists, artists and social entrepreneurs to be competent in the study of text and culture. The Seattle School is a multi-denominational institution; the Seattle School calls itself "a learning community informed by incarnational theology and a relational hermeneutic." The school has one Master of Divinity degree program and two Master of Arts degree programs: Master of Divinity Master of Arts in Theology & Culture Master of Arts in Counseling PsychologyThe school's Counseling Psychology curriculum is a mix of psychodynamic modality, existential approach, attachment theory and object relations.

The school offers non-credit certificate programs, including some offered at The Allender Center that offers non-credit certificates and conferences on healing from trauma and abuse. The Seattle School of Theology & Psychology is regionally accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities. Additionally, the school is nationally accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada; the school has "degree authorization" by the State of Washington and Title IV authorization by the Federal Department of Education for federal student financial assistance. Dan Allender Postmodern Christianity Official website

HMS Favorite (1864)

HMS Favorite was one of the three wooden warships of moderate dimension selected by Sir Edward Reed for conversion to broadside ironclads in response to the increased tempo of French warship building. Favorite was named after a French prize-of-war, hence her name is spelled in the French way, she was laid down as a corvette of 22 guns of the Jason class, was selected for conversion after being two years on the builder's slipway. The hull form was complete, so modifications were restricted to the installation of a rounded stern and a straight stem in place of the traditional overhanging stern and knee bow, she carried her armour in a box battery amidships, the guns carried therein, four on each side, were the heaviest naval cannon of the day. A degree of axial fire was enabled through an arrangement in which part of the battery wall could be recessed, one of the guns could be traversed around, about its own axis, to fire through the space thus produced, she rolled more than most. She was commissioned at Sheerness for the North America and West Indies station, returning home in August 1869 for refit.

She was First Reserve guardship on the east coast of Scotland from 1872 to 1876, in succession to HMS Repulse. She was laid up until sold. Gardiner, Robert, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. Parkes, Oscar. British Battleships. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-075-4

Roman Catholic Diocese of Grand Rapids

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Grand Rapids is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in western Michigan, in the United States. It comprises 102 churches in 11 counties in West Michigan, it is a suffragan. The mother church of the diocese is the Cathedral of Saint Andrew. On April 18, 2013, Pope Francis accepted Bishop Walter A. Hurley's resignation and appointed the Rev. David J. Walkowiak to be the twelfth Bishop of Grand Rapids; the diocese was created from territory taken from the Diocese of Detroit on May 19, 1882 by Pope Leo XIII. In 1938, it lost territory. Further territory was lost in 1970 when Pope Paul VI created both the Diocese of Gaylord to its north and the Diocese of Kalamazoo to its south; the diocese's St. Adalbert Church in Grand Rapids became one of the less than seventy minor basilicas in the United States when Pope John Paul II raised it to that rank in 1979. Henry J. Richter Michael J. Gallagher, appointed Bishop of Detroit Edward D. Kelly Joseph G. Pinten Joseph C. Plagens 1941–1943) Francis J. Haas Allen J. Babcock Joseph M. Breitenbeck Robert J. Rose Kevin M. Britt Walter A. Hurley David J. Walkowiak Michael J. Gallagher Kevin M. Britt Joseph Schrembs, appointed Bishop of Toledo and Bishop of Cleveland Charles Salatka, appointed Bishop of Marquette and Archbishop of Oklahoma City Joseph Crescent McKinney Catholic Central High School, Grand Rapids Muskegon Catholic Central High School, Muskegon St. Patrick High School, Portland West Catholic High School, Grand Rapids Sacred Heart Academy Classical High School, Grand Rapids Catholic Church by country Catholic Church hierarchy List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States Roman Catholic Diocese of Grand Rapids Official Site Catholic Hierarchy: Diocese of Grand Rapids WOOD TV8: Hurley named Bishop of Grand Rapids

John Francis Donoghue

John Francis Donoghue served as the second Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte and as the fifth Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Atlanta in the United States of America. Donoghue was born and raised in Washington, D. C. the second of four brothers born to Irish immigrant parents and Rose Donoghue. On June 4, 1955, after receiving a Bachelor's Degree in Philosophy and a graduate degree in Sacred Theology from St. Mary's Seminary and University in Baltimore and Roland Park and after ordination to the transitional diaconate, he was ordained to the priesthood for the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Washington, by the then-Archbishop of Washington, Patrick O'Boyle, a Cardinal. While planning to remain a parish priest, Donoghue was asked in 1964 to study for a Licentiate in Canon Law, was assigned to the Archbishop of Washington's Office. For the next 18 years, he served on the staff under three successive Cardinals, all now deceased, who were Archbishops of Washington: Cardinals Patrick O'Boyle, William Wakefield Baum, James Aloysius Hickey.

From 1972 until 1983, he filled the offices of Chancellor and Vicar General for that Archdiocese. He was consecrated and installed as a Bishop on December 18, 1984, following his appointment by Pope John Paul II, as the second Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte. In June 1993, he was appointed as the sixth Metropolitan Archbishop of Atlanta, Georgia by John Paul II, replacing the Most Reverend James P. Lyke, O. F. M. who had died of cancer on December 1992, after only two years in office. He led the Archdiocese for over ten years. Donoghue retired as Archbishop on December 9, 2004, was succeeded by Wilton D. Gregory, who had served as an Auxiliary Bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago. Donoghue died, on November 11, 2011, aged 83, his body lay in state at the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus until his Funeral Mass at 11:00 AM on November 17 at the Cathedral of Christ the King. Donoghue's episcopal motto was: "To Live In Christ Jesus". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlotte