A multistorey car park or parking garage is a building designed for car parking and where there are a number of floors or levels on which parking takes place. It is an indoor, stacked car park. Parking structures may be heated. Design of parking structures can add considerable cost for planning new developments, can be mandated by cities or states in new building parking requirements; some cities such as London have abolished enacted minimum parking requirements. The earliest known multi-story car park was opened in May 1901 by City & Suburban Electric Carriage Company at 6 Denman Street, central London; the location had space for 100 vehicles over seven floors. The same company opened a second location in 1902 for 230 vehicles; the company specialized in the sale, valeting and on-demand delivery of electric vehicles that could travel about 40 miles and had a top speed of 20 miles per hour. The earliest known parking garage in the United States was built in 1918 for the Hotel La Salle at 215 West Washington Street in the West Loop area of downtown Chicago, Illinois.
It was designed by Roche. The Hotel La Salle was demolished in 1976, but the parking structure remained because it had been designated as preliminary landmark status and the structure was several blocks from the hotel, it was demolished in 2005 after failing to receive landmark status from the city of Chicago. A 49-storey apartment tower, 215 West, has taken its place featuring a parking garage; the movement of vehicles between floors can take place by means of: interior ramps – the most common type exterior ramps – which may take the form of a circular ramp vehicle lifts – the least common automated robot systems – combination of ramp and elevatorWhere the car park is built on sloping land, it may be split-level or have sloped parking. Many car parks are independent buildings dedicated to that use; the design loads for car parks are less than the office building they serve, leading to long floor spans of 55–60 feet that permit cars to park in rows without supporting columns in between. The most common structural systems in the United States for these structures are either prestressed concrete double-tee floor systems or post-tensioned cast-in-place concrete floor systems.
In recent times, car parks built to serve residential and some business properties have been built as part of a larger building underground as part of the basement, such as the parking lot at the Atlantic Station redevelopment in Atlanta. This saves land for other uses, is cheaper and more practical in most cases than a separate structure, is hidden from view, it protects customers and their cars from weather such as rain, snow, or hot summer sunshine that raises a vehicle's interior temperature to high levels. Underground parking of only two levels was considered an innovative concept in 1964, when developer Louis Lesser developed a two-level underground parking structure under six 10-storey high-rise residential halls at California State University, Los Angeles, which lacked space for horizontal expansion in the 176-acre university; the simple two-level parking structure was considered unusual enough in 1964 that a separate newspaper section entitled "Parking Underground" described the parking lot as an innovative "concept" and as "subterranean spaces".
In Toronto, a 2,400 space parking lot below Nathan Phillips Square is one of the world's largest. Car parks which serve shopping centres can be built adjacent to the centre for easier access at each floor between shops and parking. One example is Mall of America in Bloomington, Minnesota, USA, which has two large parking lots attached to the building, at the eastern and western ends. A common position for car parks within shopping centres in the UK is on the roof, around the various utility systems, enabling customers to take lifts straight down into the centre. Examples of such are Festival Place in Basingstoke; these car parks have low ceiling clearances, which restrict access by full-size vans and other large vehicles. On 15 December 2013, a man was killed during a robbery in the parking garage at The Mall at Short Hills in Millburn, New Jersey; the paramedics responding to the shooting were delayed because their ambulance was too large to enter the structure. In the United States, costs for parking garages are estimated to cost between $25,000 per space, with underground parking costing around $35,000 per space.
Parking structures are subjected to the heavy and shifting loads of moving vehicles, must bear the associated physical stresses. Expansion joints are used between sections not only for thermal expansion but to accommodate the flexing of the structure's sections due to vehicle traffic. Seismic retrofits can be applied; some parking structures have collapsed, either during construction or years later. In July 2009 a fourth-floor section failed at the Centergy building in midtown Atlanta, pancaking down and destroying more than 30 vehicles but injuring no-one. In December 2007, a car crashed into the wall of the deck at the SouthPark Mall in Charlotte, North Carolina, weakening it and causing a small collapse which destroyed two cars below. On the same day, one under construction in Jacksonville, Florida collapsed as concrete was being poured on the sixth floor. In November 2008, the sudden collapse of the middle level of a deck in Montreal was preceded by warning signs some weeks before, including cracks an
The Canadian Internet Registration Authority is the organization that manages the. CA country code top-level domain, the policies that support Canada's Internet community and Canada's involvement in international Internet governance. CIRA is a member-driven organization. Membership in CIRA is included in the cost of a. CA domain, open to anyone who holds a. CA domain. There are 15,000 CIRA members as of January 2013. In November 2012, CIRA celebrated 2,000,000. CA domains under management, making. CA the 19th largest top-level domain in the world. CIRA assumed operation of. CA on December 1, 2000 from the University of British Columbia. CIRA is based in the national capital, Ontario. A Board of Directors, consisting of both elected and appointed members, sets CIRA's strategic directions. Board members are elected annually by CIRA Members through an online process. In September 2012, CIRA held a DNSSEC key signing ceremony, published a signed. CA zone file in January 2013. In June 2018, the CIRA announced co-operation with the Canadian Centre for Child Protection.
Other Canadian web registrars suggest that management of the dot-ca top level domain should be opened up to competition by allowing private companies to bid on the job of managing it. CIRA has a monopoly on. CA top-level domain management. CIRA developed the Fury Registry Platform to provide a registry's technical backend, their first customer is Dot Kiwi with.kiwi followed by SX Registry SA the organization that manages the.sx domain name added later..gc.ca.ca Canadian Internet Registration Authority - official site. Official CIRA YouTube Channel Official CIRA Twitter account
Tony Drake is an American professional wrestler, best known for his appearances in the short-lived Wrestling Society X. He competes on the independent circuit using the ring name Babi Slymm. A defensive tackle and competitor in discus and track at high school, Drake began to train as a wrestler at the invitation of a friend operating a small Californian wrestling promotion in Oakland. Drake has competed for numerous organisations in the California area, including Xtreme Pro Wrestling under the ring name Saleem Jihad, Ultimate Pro Wrestling, NWA Pro Wrestling and Pro Wrestling Guerrilla. Drake received his greatest exposure competing for MTV's Wrestling Society X, in which he formed a team with Ruckus named Keepin' It Gangsta. On March 29, 2004, Drake won the inaugural AWS Championship when he defeated Adam Pearce at the Alternative Wrestling Show in City of Industry, California. Drake feuded at AWS with both Al Katrazz and the Plague. On January 26, 2007, Drake joined Naruki Doi's Muscle Outlaw'z faction in the Japanese Dragon Gate promotion.
Using the name Cyber Gang, he became part of a tag team with fellow faction member Cyber Kong. The team was short-lived, however. Drake remained in the Muscle Outlaw'z and subsequently changed his name to Muscle Gang for the remainder of his time in Dragon Gate. Alternative Wrestling Show AWS Heavyweight Championship Revolution Pro Wrestling RPW Mexican Lucha Libre Heavyweight Championship World Class Wrestling Alliance WCWA California Championship Urban Wrestling Federation UWF Championship 101 Reasons Not To Be A Pro Wrestler Babi Slymm on IMDb
Identifiers.org is a project providing stable and perennial identifiers for data records used in the Life Sciences. The identifiers are provided in the form of Uniform Resource Identifiers. Identifiers.org is a resolving system, that relies on collections listed in the MIRIAM Registry to provide direct access to different instances of the identified records. The Identifiers.org URIs are perennial identifiers, that specify at once the data collection, using the namespaces of the Registry, the record identifier within the collection in the form of a unique resolvable URI. The Identifiers.org resolving system is built upon the information stored in the MIRIAM Registry, a database that stores namespaces assigned to used data collections for the Life Sciences. It transforms an Identifiers.org URI into the various URLs leading to the various instances of the record identified by the URI. Identifiers.org is part of the ELIXIR Interoperability Platform. An Identifiers.org URI is formed of several parts: Protocol.
Identifiers.org URIs are start with "http: /" Data collection. These are namespaces listed in the MIRIAM Registry. For instance "pubmed" for the publication resource pubmed, "ec-code" for the enzyme nomenclature and "go" for gene ontology Record in the collection. For instance "9606" is "3-fluorotoluene" in the collection PubChem, it is "Homo sapiens" in the collection "taxonomy" and it is a social science publication in the collection "pubmed". Optional: Identifiers.org URIs can be suffixed with parameters, for instance imposing which resource to use for resolving, "profiles" that control the resolver's behaviour etc. The systems allows a uniform annotation of datasets; this is integration. Identifiers.org URIs are used to encode the metadata in the standard formats of the COMBINE initiative, such as SBML. In particular, databases such as BioModels Database and Reactome export their data in SBML with cross-references encoded using Identifiers.org URIs. These URIs are used in various semantic web projects such as Bio2RDF, Open PHACTS and the EBI RDF platform Identifiers.org is part of the Interoperability platform of the European life-sciences Infrastructure for biological Information.
Identifiers.org URIs have been developed since 2011 as a resolvable version of the MIRIAM identifiers, developed since 2005, which were of a URN form, not directly resolvable. Identifiers.org URIs are similar to PURLs, albeit providing alternative resolutions for collections with several instances. They are similar to DOIs, but provide human readable collection names, re-use the record identifier assigned by the data provider. MIRIAM Registry BioModels SBML CellML LSID Digital object identifier Persistent uniform resource locator identifiers.org website standards of the COMBINE initiative Open PHACTS, the Open Pharmacological Space
Woolwell is a suburb on the north-east fringe of the city of Plymouth, located just outside the city’s boundaries in the district of the South Hams. It is situated along the A386, close to the boundary of Dartmoor National Park, with good views of the surrounding landscape. Housing development began in Woolwell in 1981 and there is now a population of over 3000. For an area of its size, it has a large number of facilities, including its own primary school, a medical centre and several shops. Accessed via a roundabout on the A386 Tavistock Road, Woolwell is situated in an area sometimes referred to collectively as Roborough; this is in reference to an historic village to the north of Woolwell, which can be reached directly by foot via Dark Lake Lane. Woolwell itself is surrounded entirely by undeveloped farm and woodland; the south and south-east sides of the neighbourhood slope downwards steeply into wooded valleys that form part of the Bickleigh Vale Area of Great Landscape Value. Woolwell offers good views across these woods, the extensive footpath routes are directly accessible from parts of the housing estate.
There are views into the edge of Dartmoor National Park, the boundary of, nearby to Woolwell. There are a total of 1287 dwellings in Woolwell, located around a series of unconnected culs-de-sac, which branch off from Woolwell Road, the main road that runs through the centre of the neighbourhood. Residential areas south of Woolwell Road are accessed via Long Park Drive, The Heathers or Woodend Road, with Cann Wood View providing access to further estates to the south-east. Access to housing at the north and east of Woolwell is via Pick Pie Drive; the majority of houses in Woolwell were constructed between 1981 and 1995, built with red and brown brick in a style typical of the time. There are three small apartment blocks, but residences in Woolwell are detached or semi-detached houses. Of the occupied households in the area, 85% are owned. There are no listed buildings within Woolwell. Woolwell is part of the civil parish of Bickleigh, within the Bickleigh and Shaugh ward of South Hams District Council.
Though it is considered part of Plymouth, it is therefore locally governed by Devon County Council rather than Plymouth City Council. It is within the parliamentary constituency of South West Devon. There are Child Support Agency offices in the north of Woolwell. Woolwell has a total population of 3098, with an average household size of 2.4. Specific census data is not available for Woolwell individually, but only for the collective settlements of Woolwell and Bickleigh; this data shows that, compared with Plymouth as a whole, the area has a higher proportion of under-15s and a lower proportion of over-65s. The vast majority of the population is white British, with 78% of people identifying themselves as Christian. Most people in the area consider themselves as having'good' or'fairly good' health, with comparatively few long-term illnesses; the rates of people with qualifications is higher at all levels than Plymouth as a whole, with only 14% of the population lacking formal qualifications. A higher proportion of people hold University degrees than the national average.
Woolwell has a large number of facilities for its population. These are located in a non-residential centre in the north of Woolwell, based around School Drive. Bickleigh Down C of E Primary School, a Church of England voluntary aided primary school with a capacity of 406 places, is located on the left of School Drive; this school replaced the former church school at Bickleigh. St Cecilia's. There is no secondary school in the area, so children from Woolwell attend a variety of schools in Plymouth, as well as some further afield such as Tavistock. Opposite the school is Bambinos, a nursery school, established in 1995 as the first of a group of child care centres now located across Plymouth. There are two other Ofsted-approved nursery schools in Woolwell; the oldest of these is Woolwell Under'5's, a pre-school founded in 1990, based in Woolwell Community Centre. Bumblebees Day Nursery, located west of the school, was established in September 2006. Woolwell Medical Centre, situated next to Bambinos, is part of a National Health Service Practice based at Lisson Grove in Mutley.
The Centre was built in 1990, as part of the Practice's move from its former premises in Estover and Mutley. As well as offering NHS services, the Centre can issue medical reports, insurance examinations, sick notes and prescriptions on a private basis. Behind the Centre is Bickleigh Down Care Home, a private nursing home for the elderly owned by Four Seasons Health Care; this was purpose-built on the site in 1989. A small complex of six retail outlets is located at the end of School Drive; the largest of these is a branch of One Stop, with a Post Office. There are four takeaway restaurants and a hairdressers. A large Tesco Extra store is situated on the western boundary of Woolwell, with a built Lidl store opposite; the Woolwell Centre is accessible via Dark Lake Lane. Built in 1997, it has several function rooms, which are used for conferences, activities and entertainment events. Woolwell Table Tennis Club, the largest in the South West of England, was founded in 1998 in the Community Centre, although it now meets in Eggbuckland Community College.
Woolwell has three playgrounds, the largest of these is located next to the Community Centre. There is another in the south-east, adjacent to Cann Wood View
The Special Security Division is a new 2-star Pakistan Army-led command, raised in September 2016 as a response to major concerns over how to protect the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and its workforce from serious internal and external threats. China expressed its satisfaction with these security arrangements in the sixth Joint Cooperation Committee meeting. SSD consists of 15,000 personnel organised into nine army infantry battalions and six paramilitary wings, the latter funded by the Interior Ministry; the SSD is the land-based counterpart to CPEC's maritime security command, Task-Force 88, raised in December 2016, led by the Pakistan Navy, including personnel from the Pakistan Marines and the Maritime Security Agency. X Corps Force Command Northern Areas China–Pakistan relations Developments in CPEC Project and evolving issues and threats Pakistan: What Stands in CPEC’s Way