The Mumbai Pune Expressway is India's first six-lane concrete, high-speed, access controlled tolled expressway. It spans a distance of 94.5 km connecting Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra state and the financial capital of India, with Pune, the cultural and educational capital of Maharashtra. The expressway, operationalized in 2002, introduced new levels of speed and safety in automobile transportation to Indian roads, it is one of India's busiest roads. The expressway ends at Kiwale in Pune, it cleaves through the scenic Sahyadri mountain ranges through tunnels. It has five interchanges: Kon, Khalapur and Talegaon The expressway has two carriageways, each with three concrete lanes, separated by a central divider and a tarmac or concrete shoulder on either side. Pedestrians, two-wheelers, three-wheelers, bullock carts and tractors are not permitted, although tractor-trailers are permitted. Vehicles are prohibited from halting on the expressway; the expressway handles about 43,000 PCUs daily, is designed to handle up to 1,00,000 PCUs.
The expressway has reduced the travel time from Kalamboli in Mumbai to Kiwale in Pune to about two hours. It has supplemented the Mumbai-Pune section of NH 48 which had become congested and accident-prone; the expressway is not part of NHAI highway network NH 48 and has been built and maintained wholly by the Government of Maharashtra via Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation. NH 48 is another separate older national highway; the government of Maharashtra appointed RITES and Scott Wilson Kirkpatrick in 1990 to carry out feasibility studies for the new expressway to be operated on toll basis. RITES submitted its report in 1994 with the estimated cost of project at ₹11.46 billion. The government of Maharashtra entrusted the work of the construction of the expressway to MSRDC in March 1997 on Build-Operate-Transfer basis with permission to collect toll for 30 years; the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India gave environmental clearance on 13 October 1997 and forest clearance on 11 November 1997.
The tender notice was published in leading newspapers all over India and on the Internet. Due to the wide publicity, 133 tenders were sold and 55 tenders were received on 18 December 1997. After technical and financial evaluation, work orders were given on 1 January 1998 to four contractors. Thereafter tenders for widening of Khandala and Lonavala-Khandala bypass works were invited; the tenders were received on 24 August 1998 and orders were issued on 4 September 1998. This six-lane project was completed under the stewardship of the Maharashtra State Road Development Corporation; the expressway cost ₹16.3 billion to construct. The first sections opened in 2000, the entire route was completed, opened to traffic and made operational from April 2002; the entire length of expressway has a single layer of barbed wire fencing to keep out stray animals. The expressway was conceived and the work started when a coalition of BJP and SS governed Maharashtra. In 2009, the ruling coalition (INC, NCP named the expressway after the first Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Yashavantrao Chavan, a member of the Congress.
Prior to the opening of the expressway in 2002, the fastest way to travel from Mumbai to Pune was the Deccan Queen train, which completed the journey in just under 3 hours. When the expressway opened, travel time between the cities reduced to 2 hours; the expressway opened without a posted speed limit. However, in 2009, a speed limit of 80km/h was enacted as private vehicles got more powerful and could hit higher speeds more easily. In 2019, a panel of experts agreed to further increase the speed limit to 120km/h, it has six ventilated tunnels totaling 5,724 metres. These tunnels were built by the Konkan Railway Corporation Ltd. Toll is collected at Talegaon; the toll ranges from ₹ 230 for private cars. The toll collection data is kept as secret as per the RTI inquiry raised by activist Vivek Velankar; the expressway contract with the Ideal Road Builders has been uploaded but the toll collection details are not there. There is no plan to give toll waiver for this expressway; the expressway has witnessed a large number of road accidents, attributed to human errors and the large volume of traffic.
In the first 10 years since its opening, there were 1,758 accidents with more than 400 fatalities. On 28 May 2012, 27 people were reported to have died and another 26 injured in a road accident when a speeding tempo hit a stationary bus carrying passengers near Khalapur. On 10 June 2010, at least 10 people were injured and 30 vehicles were damaged in a pileup near Kamshet which occurred when a MSRTC bus skidded inside a tunnel; the heavy rains in June and July 2015 caused heavy landslides at Khandala and Adoshi tunnels, which prompted the PWD to remove loose rocks to prevent further landslides. To carry out such works, the expressway near to the Lonavala exit till Khopoli exit was closed from 10 am to 5 pm for 10 days after the landslide near Adoshi tunnel on 18 July 2015 which took three lives and halted the traffic for two months; the boulders fell on both carriageways which caused huge diversion of traffic towards the old highway. Sporadic instances of robbery have been reported on the highway.
Wrath of the Immortals, written by Aaron Allston, is a boxed set for the Dungeons & Dragons fantasy role-playing game first published by TSR in 1992, revising the rules of the Immortals Rules box set, released in 1986. The Dungeons & Dragons Rules Cyclopedia was first published in 1991, compiling and revising the major rules from the Dungeons & Dragons Basic Rules, Expert Rules, Companion Rules, Master Rules boxed sets. Instead of adding the major rules from the Immortals Rules box set to the Rules Cyclopedia, TSR published a separate product in 1992: Wrath of the Immortals; the box set contains two books: the 128-page core rulebook titled Codex of the Immortals and a 96-page campaign setting titled The Immortals' Fury. The set includes two poster-sized maps that go with the latter book. Both books were written by Aaron Allston, who worked on the Rules Cyclopedia. Jeff Easley and Terry Dykstra returned to provide the cover and interior artwork, respectively; the first book in the box set, the Codex of the Immortals, contains the revised rules on supporting Immortals.
The book's introduction lists some of the major rule changes from the Immortals Rules box set noting that these rules supplant those in the Rules Cyclopedia regarding immortals. The book contains an overview of all the immortal NPCs in the Known World and Hollow World campaign settings; the second book, The Immortals' Fury, is a campaign saga set in the Known World and Hollow World settings. The Dungeon Master is warned that the adventure "will result in catastrophic alterations to the world's surface... the Hollow World setting, as well". It provides a detailed, updated timeline of Mystara, first presented in both the Gazetteers series and the Hollow World box set, both ret-conning related past events as well as listing events that result because of the adventure, it is split into three major parts: Phase One, designed for characters of level 1–5, taking place four years after the "present time" depicted in the Gazetteers. In Phase One, the player characters explore a castle in which they find a being trapped in an artifact, after being rescued, becomes a powerfully ally.
In Phase Two, all the nations of the Known World are preparing to war with each other, the being, rescued asks the player characters to find evidence that Immortals are behind these events. In Phase Three, when all the nations are at war, the player characters discover the Immortals' plans and attempt to stop it. One of the two maps in the box set depicts the Known World before the events of The Immortals' Fury, the other map depicts the changed world in its aftermath
Komaram Bheem Asifabad is a census town and the district headquarters of Komaram Bheem district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is located in Komaram Bheem Asifabad mandal of Komaram Bheem Asifabad revenue division, it is named after Gond martyr Komaram Bheem. It is situated on the banks of Peddavagu river. Earlier Komaram Bheem was known as Asifabad, it was ruled by many dynasties like the Kakatiyas, Satavahanas, Qutub Shahis & Asaf Jahis. In 1905, Asifabad was carved as a district but was merged into the Adilabad district. In 1913, it was made as headquarters of the district prior to the status being lost to Adilabad in 1941, it was again carved from Adilabad district in 2016.. The city has been renamed after Gond martyr Komaram Bheem since 2016. Komaram Bheem is located at 19.365°N 79.274°E / 19.365. It has an average elevation of 218 metres As per 2001 India census, Komaram Bheem had a population of 19,334. Males constitute 52 % of females constitute 48 % of the population. Komaram Bheem has an average literacy rate of 62%, with 59% of the males and 41% of females literate.
Telugu is the most spoken language in town. Due to geographical proximity with Maharashtra, Marathi is widely spoken and understood. Other languages spoken here are the native Gondi; the State Highway 1 passes through Komaram Bheem. Komaram Bheem is connected to many cities in Telangana by the Telangana State Road Transport Corporation bus service; the city is served by Asifabad Road railway station, located 19 kms away at Rebbena. The railway station lies on New Delhi–Chennai main line, it is administered by South Central Railway zone. The nearest airport is Hyderabad Airport. Hanuman temple Kanyaka Parameshwari temple Keshavnath temple Baleshwara temple This is the list of educational institutions in the city. Govt Jr College Government Boys High School Government Girls High School Sree Vasavi Vidhya Mandir High School St Marys High School Holy Trinity School Sri Chaitanya Inter And Degree College Matrusri Degree College Komaram Bheem reservoir Vattivagu reservoir Komaram Bheem, freedom fighter Konda Laxman Bapuji, freedom fighter Koneru Konappa, MLA Sirpur Komaram Bheem district List of cities in Telangana by population
Dade City North is a census-designated place in eastern Pasco County, United States. The population was 3,319 at the 2000 census. Dade City North is located at 28°22′41″N 82°11′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.8 square miles, of which, 1.8 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,319 people, 910 households, 663 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 1,824.2 people per square mile. There were 1,017 housing units at an average density of 559.0/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 55.05% White, 10.79% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 29.77% from other races, 3.74% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.49% of the population. There were 910 households out of which 43.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 17.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.1% were non-families.
19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.39 and the average family size was 3.81. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 33.1% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, 6.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females, there were 121.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.8 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $25,000, the median income for a family was $25,987. Males had a median income of $18,817 versus $17,393 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $10,129. About 22.7% of families and 29.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36.3% of those under age 18 and 20.6% of those age 65 or over
Edward Jan Dytko was a Polish football player, when his home country became Poland by Treaty of Versailles represented the no longer existing team of Dąb Katowice in 1935-39 he played in the Polish National Team. He was born since early childhood played soccer. In 1931 he became a player of Dab. In 1936, his team was promoted to the Polish Soccer League, but due to Dąb's disqualification, the club was relegated in the middle of the 1937 season, his national debut occurred on August 18, 1935 against Yugoslavia. Soon Dytko became a key midfield, he played in the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin in a legendary World Cup Soccer 1938 game Poland - Brazil 5-6. On August 27, 1939, Dytko took part in the last match of interwar Polish National Team - at Warsaw, vs. Hungary Dytko is regarded as the co-author of the biggest successes of Polish soccer in the interwar period. During the Second World War, he signed the German nationality list and in 1942 was drafted into the Wehrmacht. In 1944 he was captured by the U.
S. Army and for a while was kept at a POW camp in Austria. After the war he returned to Silesia and his beloved team, representing Dab until 1950. Like many other inhabitants of Upper Silesia, he had problems with the communist government, which treated him as a traitor, he was cleared, but only after signing the declaration of loyalty to the Polish state. After 1950 he without major successes, he died in Katowice. Polish Roster in World Cup Soccer France 1938 The last game: August 27, 1939. Poland - Hungary 4-2
Plas Halt is an unstaffed halt on the narrow gauge Ffestiniog Railway in Wales, built in 1836 to carry dressed slate from Blaenau Ffestiniog to Porthmadog for export by sea. The halt was established in 1963. Construction took place on the evening of Friday 30 May 1963 and the morning of Saturday 31 May 1963 and it was opened that same day by Mr John Bibby the owner of Plas Tan-y-Bwlch; the halt was intended to serve a proposed chalet development on the estate. Subsequently, it has been much used in connection with courses at the Snowdonia National Park Environmental Study Centre now based at Plas Tan-y-Bwlch. A stone passenger shelter was built at Plas Halt by volunteers from the Thames Valley Group of the Ffestiniog Railway Society in 1989; the halt is located at Zigzag Crossing to the North of Tyler’s Curve above Plas Tan-y-Bwlch at a height of 375 ft. and a distance from Porthmadog of 6 miles 19 chains. A century earlier, Mr William E. Oakeley of Plas Tan-y-Bwlch had a private station nearby.
Plas Halt is used chiefly by visitors and guests of Plas Tan-y-Bwlch and by walkers using the footpaths from Zigzag Crossing. Visitors can walk down into Maentwrog using these paths; the gardens at Plas Tan-y-Bwlch are open to the public and combined train and garden tickets are available. Trains call at this halt only on request and intending passengers are advised to check with the Ffestiniog Railway Company before embarking on their journey. Boyd, James I. C.. The Festiniog Railway 1800 - 1974; the British Narrow Gauge Railway. Blandford: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-167-7. OCLC 2074549. B1A. Boyd, James I. C.. The Festiniog Railway 1800 - 1974; the British Narrow Gauge Railway. Blandford: The Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-168-4. OCLC 874117875. B1B. Mitchell, Vic. Porthmadog to Blaenau. West Sussex: Middleton Press. Fig. 61. ISBN 9781873793503. OCLC 877269886; the Ffestiniog Railway Company's website Ffestiniog Railway Timetables The Snowdonia National Park Study Centre Multimap Map of Plas Tan-y-Bwlch