Murderdolls were an American horror punk and heavy metal band, founded during 2002 in Hollywood, California. The band line-up consisted of core members Wednesday 13 and Joey Jordison, while former members included Ben Graves, Acey Slade, Eric Griffin and Tripp Eisen; the band has released two albums, the first in the form of Beyond the Valley of the Murderdolls, released in 2002. The band had limited initial success in the United States, though their album and singles charted well in the United Kingdom and around the same time they picked up a strong following in Japan, their second album and Children Last, was released August 31, 2010. Wednesday 13 confirmed the band's split in an interview in July 2013; the sound of the band is made up of their shared influences, which musically are punk rock and as well as from some of the 1970s hard rock acts. The band share a large interest in horror movies, from which they take most of their images and references. Lyrically, the group most present themselves in a "tongue-in-cheek" manner, covering topics of necrophilia, grave robbing, cross-dressing, amongst other things.

The Murderdolls are described as "Mötley Crüe meets the Misfits" by critics and fans alike. Some consider the Murderdolls history to go back as far as 1994 to a Des Moines, Iowa based band Joey Jordison played in, named The Rejects, fronted by vocalist Dizzy Draztik; the sound of the band was somewhat comparable to what the Murderdolls would develop, minus the horror themed lyrics. The Rejects split up as Jordison's "other band". During the 1999 Ozzfest tour, Jordison met Tripp Eisen and asked him if he was interested in a project he had in mind. Eisen agreed to join the project and a friend of his from the band Dope and the Genitorturers, Racci Shay played drums with them. A bassist named Ian, who had played in New York based band the Vampire Love Dolls, played with them live. Dizzy Draztik introduced Joey Jordison to the music of the Frankenstein Drag Queens from Planet 13, a horror punk band from Charlotte, North Carolina, fronted by vocalist Wednesday 13. Draztik persuaded the band to invite the Drag Queens frontman to play with the Rejects.

The pair had considered bringing Wednesday 13 into the band before Eisen joined. Wednesday joined them on November 2001. Tripp Eisen has claimed that he suggested that his friend Acey Slade was brought into the band around this time, but was turned down. Soon, Wednesday 13 was moved to the frontman position after Dizzy left the band to take care of his ailing mother; the band would soon adopt a horror themed approach. In fact, in terms of material used Wednesday 13 became the driving force for it. Most of the tracks on the Murderdolls debut album were covers from his previous band Frankenstein Drag Queens from Planet 13; these covers which would introduce a whole new audience to the past music of Wednesday 13. Wednesday 13, Jordison and Eisen went into the recording studio to record a demo consisting on an albums worth of material; this demo ended up becoming the band’s first album. Because of the association of Eisen and Jordison's other bands, was to be released on Roadrunner Records; the recording features Wednesday 13 and Joey Jordison playing all of the instruments and vocals, however Eisen recorded some of the guitar solos on it.

Around this time in late March 2002, Ben Graves and Eric Griffin, two musicians native of Boston, Massachusetts but were living in Hollywood, California at the time joined the Murderdolls. They were brought in after Eisen showed Jordison a video of himself jamming with the pair, they decided the duo would be right for the band, and although they would feature on the debut album artwork, they did not play on the album itself. The band played their first show together as the Murderdolls on July 30, 2002 at San Diego's Epicenter club. An EP was released in early 2002 named Right to Remain Violent and featured some tracks from the forthcoming album; the full-length album soon followed. The initial release featured fifteen tracks. 13 did however write all of the aforementioned tracks himself. The song "Welcome to the Strange" was featured on the soundtrack for the movie Jason; this track was available as a bonus track on an expanded release of the debut album along with the single White Wedding. Upon its release the Murderdolls album was promoted to the public as the "other band" of Joey Jordison, the drummer of Slipknot, or a "collaboration" between Jordison and Tripp Eisen.

At the time Wednesday 13's importance as songwriter wasn't known by the public. The lead single from the album was titled "Dead in Hollywood", the promotional video featured a guest appearance by Marilyn Manson, who had become friends with Jordison and was returning the favour of him earlier appearing in the video for "Tainted Love". In July 2002 Eisen announced he was leaving the band and returning to his main band Static-X as they were due to record a new album at the time. Eisen's former Dope bandmate Acey Slade was brought in to replace him on guitar; the first tour dates of the Beyond the Valley of the Murderdolls World Tour took the band through parts of the United States including. Their first major date was at the Summer Sonic Festival in Tokyo, Japan during August 18, 2002

Manuel Alfonseca

Manuel Alfonseca is a Spanish writer and university professor. He is the son of sculptor Manuel Alfonseca Santana, he graduated in Computer Science. He worked 22 years at IBM, he has been a professor at several universities: Complutense de Madrid, Politécnica de Madrid and Autónoma de Madrid, where he was a full professor and director of the Escuela Politécnica Superior. He has published about two hundred technical papers in Spanish and English, as well as many articles on popular science in high diffusion newspapers and web blogs, he is the author of over fifty books in the fields of computer science and popular science, as well as historic novels, science fiction, young adult literature. He was granted the Lazarillo Award and La Brújula Award for Children and Young Adult Narrative, besides having been finalist and included in honor lists several times, he was given three Outstanding Technical Achievements Awards and one Technical Paper Award by IBM. Novels a) Fantasy The journey of Tivo the Dauntless, Writers Club Press, San José, CA, 2000.

English translation of El viaje de Tivo el Arriesgado, Siglo Cultural, 1986. The mystery of the Black Lake. English translation of El misterio del Lago Negro, Siglo Cultural, 1986; the Silver Swan. English translation of La odisea del Cisne de Plata, Siglo Cultural, 1986; the secret of the ice field. English translation of El secreto del campo de hielo, Siglo Cultural, 1986; the lost continent. English translation of El continente perdido, Siglo Cultural, 1986. La aventura de Sir Karel de Nortumbria, Espasa Calpe, 1990, Anaya, 2002. Ennia in Fairie. English translation of Ennia, Noguer, 1993.b) Historical The ruby of the Ganges. English translation of El rubí del Ganges, Noguer, 1989. Lazarillo Award 1988, translated into English; the Heirloom of King Scorpion. English translation of La herencia del rey Escorpión, Aguilar, 1989. Finalista of the Lazarillo Award 1987 and Elena Fortún Award 1988. Translated into French and English: La revanche d'Osiris, Hachette, 1993. Mano Escondida, Alfaguara, 1991. Oxford University Press, 2012.

El agua de la vida, S. M. 1998. Una cuestión de honor, Palabra, 1998. El sello de Eolo, Edebé, 2000. La tabla esmeralda, Palabra, 2004. La corona tartesia, San Pablo, 2012. IV La Brújula Award.c) Science Fiction A face in time. English translation of Un Rostro en el Tiempo, Noguer, 1989. Finalist of CCEI Award, 1989. Edelvives, 2012. Under an orange sky. English translation of Bajo un cielo anaranjado, S. M. 1992. Beyond the black hole. English translation of Más allá del agujero negro, Terra Nova, 1995; the last dinosaur. English translation of Tras el último dinosaurio, Edebé, 1996. Translated to English and Galician. Descend into the hell of Venus. English translation of Descenso al infierno de Venus, Palabra, 1999. Jacob's ladder. English translation of La escala de Jacob, S. M. 2001. Los moradores de la noche, Anaya, 2012. Finalist of the Award to the best independent national novel by El Templo de las mil Puertas, 2013; the history of the Earth-9 colony. English translation of La historia de la colonia Tierra-9, 2013.

Operación Quatuor, 2016.d) Mystery and intrigue Historias en la oscuridad, 2014. Quetzalcoatl's Zahir, 2017. English translation of El zahir de Quetzalcoatl, Schedas, 2014; the Mystery of the Haunted House, 2017. English translation of El misterio de la casa encantada, Schedas, 2014; the Mystery of the Sapphire Bracelet, 2017. English translation of El misterio del brazalete de zafiros, Schedas, 2015; the Mystery of the Honeymoon, 2017. English translation of El misterio de la luna de miel, Schedas, 2015; the Mystery of the Egyptian Vulture Country House, 2017. English translation of El misterio de la Quinta del Alimoche, Schedas, 2017.e) Miscellaneous Espérame, voy contigo, Palabra, 1997. Albatros, Anaya, 2001. Popular science Human cultures and evolution, Vantage Press, New York, 1979. La vida en otros mundos, Alhambra, 1982. McGraw Hill, 1993. El futuro de la evolución, Alhambra, 1985. El tiempo y el hombre, Alhambra, 1985. De lo infinitamente pequeño a lo infinitamente grande, Alhambra, 1986. 1000 grandes científicos, diccionario Espasa, 1996.

El quinto nivel, Adhara, 2005. Digital revised edition, 2014. El tiempo y el hombre, Ediciones U. A. M. 2008. ¿Es compatible Dios con la ciencia? Evolución y cosmología, CEU Ediciones, 2013. 60 preguntas sobre ciencia y fe respondidas por 26 profesores de universidad, ed. Francisco José Soler Gil y Manuel Alfonseca. Stella Maris, 2014. Viajes hacia lo infinitamente pequeño y lo infinitamente grande. Ediciones Logos e Instituto de Filosofía Universidad Austral, Buenos Aires, 2015. World Population: Past, Present, & Future. World Scientific, Singapore, 2016. Coauthors: Julio A. Gonzalo, Félix F. Muñoz. Evolución biológica y cultural en la historia de la vida y del hombre, CEU Ediciones, 2017. Popular computer science Cómo hacer juegos de aventura, Siglo Cultural, Enciclopedia Práctica de la Informática Aplicada, nr. 1, Madrid 1986. Aprenda Matemáticas y Estadística con el lenguaje APL, Siglo Cultural, Enciclopedia Práctica de la Informática Aplicada, nr. 30, Madrid 1987. Texts on computer scie

The In Sound from Way Out! (Perrey and Kingsley album)

The in Sound from Way Out! was the first collaboration between electronic musicians Perrey and Kingsley, an early mainstream electronic music album. It was released in 1966 on an independent label in Santa Monica, California. Perrey and Kingsley came together during Kingsley's stint as a staff arranger at Vanguard. At that time, Perrey was experimenting with tape loops, which he had been introduced to by the French avant-garde musician Pierre Schaeffer; each loop was a laboriously hand-spliced assemblage of filtered sounds, pitch-manipulated sounds and sometimes animal calls. The end result of their first collaborative effort in 1966 combined Perrey's tape loops, his inventive melodies with Kingsley's complementary arrangements and instrumentation and their album was filled with tunes that sounded like an animated cartoon gone berserk; the result, titled The In Sound from Way Out!, was released on Vanguard that same year. Since this was decades before the advent of widespread digital technology, each tune took weeks of painstaking editing and splicing to produce.

The twelve rather whimsical tracks bore names such as "Unidentified Flying Object" and "The Little Man from Mars" in an attempt to make electronic music more accessible. The offbeat titles and happy, upbeat melodies added a genuine sense of humor to the popular tunes. In fact, "Unidentified Flying Object" and another of the album's cuts, "Electronic Can-Can", became theme music for "Wonderama," a Metromedia Television children's program of the early 1970s. Though most of the melodies were original, two borrowed from the classics. "Swan's Splashdown" was based on Pyotr Tchaikovsky's "Swan Lake", while "Countdown at 6" borrowed from Amilcare Ponchielli's "Dance of the Hours", much as Allan Sherman did in 1963 with his hit recording, "Hello Muddah, Hello Fadduh". The last few bars of this track were used on an animated Sesame Street segment several years later; the final cut on the album, "Visa to the Stars" is co-credited to "Andy Badale", who would go on to fame as Angelo Badalamenti, arranger of the music in many of David Lynch's movies.

In contrast to the rest of the album, "Visa to the Stars" is a more serious gesture and lacks the unusual sound effects of the other eleven cuts. It is reminiscent of the style of Joe Meek and his hit "Telstar" by The Tornados. Perrey's Ondioline carries the melody throughout. In 1996, the title and cover art were referenced in the Beastie Boys release of the same name, while Smash Mouth borrowed the opening riff from "Swan's Splashdown" for their 1997 hit "Walkin' on the Sun". All songs by Gershon Kingsley and Jean-Jacques Perrey unless noted. "Unidentified Flying Object" – 1:57 "The Little Man from Mars" – 2:25 "Cosmic Ballad" – 3:24 "Swan's Splashdown" – 2:16 "Countdown at 6" – 2:48 "Barnyard in Orbit" – 2:22 "Spooks in Space" – 2:02 "Girl from Venus" – 2:21 "Electronic Can-Can" – 1:59 "Jungle Blues from Jupiter" – 2:55 "Computer in Love" – 2:08 "Visa to the Stars" – 2:15