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Murray Mallee

The Murray Mallee is the grain-growing and sheep-farming area of South Australia bounded to the north and west by the Murray River, to the east by the Victorian border, extending about 50 km south of the Mallee Highway. The Murray Mallee area is predominantly a vast plain of low elevation, with sandhills and gentle undulating sandy rises, interspersed by flats; the annual rainfall ranges from 250 mm in the north to 400 mm further south. The area was lightly populated up until the beginning of the 20th century, with marginal pastoral runs of sheep at low stocking rates. Artesian water was discovered at moderate depth, railways opened to make shipping of grain feasible; the first railway was the Pinnaroo line in 1906 from Tailem Bend on the main Melbourne–Adelaide railway. The success of this line led to construction further north of the Brown's Well railway line in 1913, before that line had been completed, the government approved a number of spur lines from it; these included the Peebinga railway line into the land between the new line and the Pinnaroo line, extending the Brown's Well line north to Paringa, spurs to Loxton and Waikerie.

Another spur, the Moorook railway line opened in 1925. All of these have now closed due to the declining use of railways for grain transport in the area; the main towns in the mallee are Karoonda and Pinnaroo. Towns along the Murray are considered to be in the Riverland or Murraylands, rather than the Mallee; the Mallee was covered in thick mallee scrub. Large expanses of the mallee were cleared for agricultural development, beginning as early as the 1880s. Most of the remaining natural vegetation is in protected areas such as Ngarkat Conservation Park, Billiatt Conservation Park, Karte Conservation Park, Peebinga Conservation Park, Bakara Conservation Park and Lowan Conservation Park. Murray Mallee Strategic Task Force Catchment Management Board

Wim Eijk

Willem Jacobus "Wim" Eijk is a Dutch prelate of the Catholic Church, a cardinal since 2012. He has been the Metropolitan Archbishop of Utrecht since 2007, he was Bishop of Groningen-Leeuwarden from 1999 to 2012. Before his clerical career he worked as a doctor. Willem Jacobus Eijk was born on 22 June 1953 in North Holland, Netherlands. Eijk studied medicine at the University of Amsterdam and received his degree in 1978. In 1978 and 1979 he worked as a doctor specializing in internal medicine, he studied for the priesthood at the seminary of Rolduc in Kerkrade. Beginning in 1979 he combined his theological formation with the study of medical ethics at Leiden University, he was incardinated in the Diocese of Roermond. He went to work as a curate in the parish of St. Anthony of Padua in Venlo Blerick. In 1987 he earned a doctorate in medicine from the University of Leiden, with a dissertation about euthanasia. In 1990 he completed a Ph. D. in philosophy at the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas with a dissertation entitled The ethical problems of genetic engineering of human beings.

Eijk earned a master's degree and doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome. At the same time he taught moral theology at the seminary of Rolduc. From 1996, Eijk was professor of moral theology in pontifical Faculty of Theology in Lugano, Switzerland. From 1997 to 1999 he was a member of the International Theological Commission. Eijk was appointed Bishop of Groningen-Leeuwarden on 17 July 1999 and consecrated a bishop on 6 November, he chose the motto Noli recusare laborem, taken from the last words of Martin of Tours. As bishop he restricted the role of the laity in church services in comparison with past practice. Pope John Paul II named him a member of the Pontifical Academy for Life on 4 August 2004 and a member of its governing council on 23 March 2005. In 2001 Wim Eijk suffered from a subdural hematoma from which he recovered. On 11 December 2007 Pope Benedict XVI appointed Eijk the Metropolitan Archbishop of Utrecht On 26 January 2008 he was installed in St. Catharine's Cathedral in Utrecht.

He is the 70th successor of Saint Willibrord as head of. In May 2008 Pope Benedict appointed Eijk a member of the Congregation for the Clergy, he co-edited the Manual of Catholic Medical Ethics: Responsible Healthcare from a Catholic Perspective, published in 2010. He was elected president of the Episcopal Conference of the Netherlands in 2011. On 18 February 2012, Pope Benedict XVI made Eijk a cardinal along with 21 others, he was created Cardinal-Priest of San Callisto. On 21 April he was named a member of the Congregation for Catholic Education, he was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis. Pope Francis named him a member of the Pontifical Council for the Laity on 6 February 2014. In late 2013 Pope Francis agreed to a one-day visit to Amsterdam, a city omitted from Pope John Paul's visit to the Netherlands in 1985. Earlier plans were blocked by Eijk because he anticipated a lack of public enthusiasm; as Archbishop of Utrecht, he has recommended a restructuring of the diocese's 326 parishes into 48 territories, following a pattern throughout Europe in the face of shrinking church attendance.

He has insisted of that plan despite some popular resistance. He said: "When I spoke to the pope, I warned that old church structures wouldn't exist by the time I retired — and that by 2025 two-thirds of our churches would have been withdrawn from divine worship. In June 2015 Eijk ordered the removal of Rhianna Gralike, the transgender treasurer of the Norbertus Parish for eastern Flevoland and Northern Veluwe, over the objections of the parish board. In 2015 Eijk was elected to represent the Episcopal Conference of the Netherlands at the Synod Bishops on the Family in October. In advance of the Synod he published an essay stating that couples entering into a civil remarriage without having received annulments of earlier marriages represent "a form of structured and institutionalized adultery." Following the synod, he became a critic of Pope Francis' Amoris laetitia. In 2018, he said the document had "caused doubt to be sown" and said Francis should state more that marriage is "one and unbreakable" and that a Catholic who remarries after divorce must be denied Communion.

In May 2018, after Pope Francis failed to reject a draft proposal on the part of the German Bishops' Conference to allow protestants in certain cases access to Communion, Eijk wrote that Francis was failing to defend "the clear doctrine and practice of the Church" and that this represented "a drift towards apostasy from the truth". "Eijk Card. Willem Jacobus". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 6 December 2017. "Willem Jacobus kardinaal Eijk". Aartsbisdom Utrecht

Mark Joseph (producer)

Mark Joseph is an American multimedia producer and founder/CEO of MJM Entertainment Group and Bully! Pulpit, he lives in the Los Angeles area with his wife and children. Joseph was born in Tokyo and after graduating from the Christian Academy in Japan in 1986 moved to Los Angeles to attend Biola University, graduating with a bachelor's degree in communication in 1990. While in college in 1988, Joseph founded MJM Entertainment Group, coordinating recording sessions for Japanese bands and producing documentaries for Japanese TV networks NTV, NHK, Fuji TV. Joseph has worked as a TV Talk show host and correspondent for a variety of media outlets. In 1992 when the co-host of the Group W broadcast, The Wow Wow Entertainment Report, decided to take a sabbatical to star in a film, Joseph was chosen to fill in on a temporary basis. What was to have been a two-month engagement turned into a full-time position when the network appointed Joseph as co-anchor of the broadcast. Soon afterward, the program was acquired by CNN and Joseph continued to anchor the program for CNN.

In 1994 the show was not renewed and Joseph turned his attention to creating a pilot for a culturally relevant political/pop culture talk show for CNN called Culture Clash which he hosted and produced. Although the show was not picked up that year Joseph began producing and hosting another talk show for Japan's NHK Network called The Interview. Set in Los Angeles, the program featured one on one interviews with American cultural icons like CNN's Larry King, providing a window into American society for millions of Asian viewers. After three successful seasons, the show was re-christened LA Frontline and ran for two additional seasons. Joseph continues to host and produce talk shows, most the Bully! Pulpit show, an online talk show that features Joseph interviewing newsmakers for his news blog site, From 2000–2005, he worked in development and marketing for Walden Media and Crusader Entertainment where he served as a special consultant to the presidents of both companies. Joseph worked in the areas of development and music and oversaw a nine-member marketing team which marketed Walden/Crusader films like Holes, Because of Winn Dixie, I Am David, Children on Their Birthdays and others.

In 2001, Joseph co-founded the Damah Film Festival, a short film festival whose mission is to "encourages an emerging generation of filmmakers from diverse perspectives to voice the spiritual aspect of the human experience through film and provides a forum for these artists to develop and display their vision" and serves as president of the board of directors. In 2004 Joseph produced The Bridge and Cupid with co-producer Ralph Winter, his recent film productions include Reagan, IX. He produced the documentary No Safe Spaces, which features Dennis Prager and Adam Corolla. Joseph is an award-winning record producer who has worked with artists like Lauryn Hill, P. O. D. Switchfoot, Sixpence None The Richer, Scott Stapp of Creed, MxPx, Dr. John, ZZ Top, Blink 182, Kirk Franklin, Yolanda Adams, Andrae Crouch, others and in 2004 produced the rock soundtrack for The Passion of the Christ, he began his career in 1988 as a production coordinator for Japanese artists recording their records in the U. S. and in 1990 began distributing recordings by American artists into the Japanese market.

In 2008 he launched Bully! Pulpit Records, a joint-venture label with Nettwerk Music Group; the label's first artist, Molly Jenson, released her first CD, "Maybe Tomorrow" in March 2009. Joseph is producing the debut record of The Kilns. Joseph is an author and regular columnist for USA Today and He has contributed to a variety of publications including The Hollywood Reporter, Billboard, Investor's Business Daily, Political Mavens,, National Review, others, on topics ranging from media and culture to politics and religion. He is the founder/publisher of His first book, The Rock & Roll Rebellion was published in 1999, followed by Faith, God & Rock'n' Roll in 2003. In 2009 Joseph announced a partnership between his imprint, Bully! Pulpit Books and Midpoint Trade Books, to bring both Joseph's own books and those he edits to market; the first book in the arrangement was The Lion, The Professor & The Movies: Narnia's Journey To The Big Screen, released in 2010.

His book Rock Gets Religion was published in February 2018. At the 36th annual GMA Music Awards, Joseph won an award in the Special Event Album of the Year category for his work as producer of the Inspired By Soundtrack for The Passion of the Christ: Songs 2019 No Safe Spaces 2013 Reagan 2012 Doonby 2009 Japan: In Search Of The Dream 2006 Amazing Grace 2005 The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe 2004 Ray 2004 Cupid 2004 The Bridge 2018 Rock Gets Religion 2010 The Lion, The Professor & The Movies: Narnia's Journey To The Big Screen, Bully! Pulpit Books/Midpoint Trade Books 2003 Faith and Rock'n' Roll, Sanctuary Publishing/Baker Books 1999 The Rock & Roll Rebellion, B&H Publishing Mark Joseph on IMDb Mark Joseph at AllMusic Mark Joseph on the Huffington Post Mark Joseph on Bully! Pulpit MJM Group Bully! Pulpit

Umbilicus schmidtii

Umbilicus schmidtii is a flowering plant in the family Crassulaceae. The species is endemic to Cape Verde, it is listed as endangered by the IUCN. Umbilicus schmidtii is an unbranched erect perennial herb up to 25 cm high, glabrous in all parts. Basal leaves orbicular, peltate, up to 6 cm in diameter, somewhat succulent, margin crenate to entire, petioles long. Cauline leaves smaller, shortly petiolated to sessile. Inflorescence long many flowered terminal raceme. Calyx much shorter than the corolla. Corolla brownish yellow, tubular; the species is fairy similar to the Mediterranean Umbilicus horizontalis and resembles the African U. botryoides. The taxonomic significance of U. schmidtii is uncertain. Umbilicus scmidtii is a western hygrophyte occurring on Santo Antão, São Nicolau and Fogo of the Cape Verde Islands, it is confined to small areas in the subhumid and humid zones between 800 m and 1600 m. The lower most records are 550 m on Fogo and at 600 m on Santo Antao and the uppermost one at 2000 m on Fogo.

The plants grow on north to northeast facing, moist cliffs. Umbilicus schmidtii is infrequent in suitable habitats and it is considered to be rare. Umbilicus comprises 18 species of perennial herbs with a characteristic foliage; the genus is distributed from W Europe, the Mediterranean to Iran. It occurs in some African mountains. In the Cape Verde Islands, the genus is represented by a single species described as endemic to the archipelago; the endemic vascular plants of the Cape Verde Islands, W Africa, Sommerfeltia 24, 1997, C. Brochmann, Ø. H. Rustan, W. Lobin & N. Kilian, ISSN 0800-6865, ISBN 82-7420-033-0 Plantas endémicas e arvores indígenas de Cabo Verde


ALL-IN-1 was an office automation product developed and sold by Digital Equipment Corporation in the 1980s. HP now maintains the current version Office Server V3.2 for OpenVMS OpenVMS VAX systems. ALL-IN-1 was advertised as an office automation system including functionality in Electronic Messaging, Word Processing and Time Management, it offered an application development platform and customization capabilities that ranged from scripting to code-level integration. ALL-IN-1 was designed and developed by Skip Walter, John Churin and Marty Skinner from Digital Equipment Corporation who began work in 1977. Sheila Chance was hired as the software engineering manager in 1981; the first version of the software was called CP/OSS, the Charlotte Package of Office System Services, named after the location of the developers. In 1983, the product was renamed ALL-IN-1 and the Charlotte group continued to develop versions 1.1 through 1.3. Digital made the decision to move most of the development activity to its central engineering facility in Reading, United Kingdom, where a group there took responsibility for the product from version 2.0 onward.

The Charlotte group continued to work on the Time Management subsystem until version 2.3 and other contributions were made from groups based in Sophia Antipolis, France and Nashua, New Hampshire. ALL-IN-1 V3.0 introduced shared file cabinets and the File Cabinet Server to lay the foundation for an eventual integration with TeamLinks, Digital's PC office client. Previous integrations with PCs included PC ALL-IN-1, a DOS-based product introduced in 1989 that never proved popular with customers. Bob Wyman was the first product manager, he oversaw the growth of the product culminating in over $2 billion per year in leveraged revenue and market leadership in the proprietary office automation sector. Other consultants from Digital Equipment Corporation involved include Frank Nicodem, Donald Vickers and Tony Redmond. Redmond, Tony. ALL-IN-1: A Technical Odyssey. Maynard, Mass.: Digital Press. ISBN 1-55558-086-6. Redmond, Tony. ALL-IN-1: For System Managers and Application Developers. Maynard, Mass.: Digital Press.

ISBN 0-13-027111-X. Redmond, Tony. ALL-IN-1: Managing and Programming in V3.0. Burlington, Mass.: Digital Press. ISBN 1-55558-101-3. Redmond, Tony. Working with TeamLinks: using Digital's office client for Microsoft Windows. Boston: Digital Press. ISBN 1-55558-140-4. Rhoton, John. ALL-IN-1: Integrating Applications in V3.0. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd. ISBN 1-55558-102-1. Official HP Product Page

Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps

Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps is a British sitcom that ran from 26 February 2001 to 24 May 2011 and will return under a new format for a special one-off episode in 2020. First broadcast on BBC Two, it starred Ralf Little, Will Mellor, Natalie Casey, Sheridan Smith, Kathryn Drysdale, Luke Gell. Created and written by Susan Nickson, it was set in the northwest England town of Runcorn, revolved around the lives of five twenty-somethings. Little departed after the sixth series finished airing, with Smith and Drysdale leaving following the airing of the eighth series; the ninth and final series had major changes with new writers. The core cast was augmented by various recurring characters throughout the series, portrayed by Beverley Callard, Lee Oakes, Hayley Bishop, Thomas Nelstrop, Freddie Hogan, Georgia Henshaw; the title was inspired by the 1980 hit single "Two Pints of Lager and a Packet of Crisps Please" by Splodgenessabounds. On 23 July 2011, it was confirmed that the series would not be returning due to BBC Three wanting to make room for new comedies and feeling that the series had come to a natural end following the departures of most of the main cast members.

The original executive producer of the show, Geoffrey Perkins, saw writer Susan Nickson's work on Channel 4's Lloyd's Bank Film Challenge, entitled "Life's A Bitch", which starred Sean Hughes and Kathy Burke. At just 14, Nickson was asked by Perkins to work with the BBC after a few years; the BBC tried to persuade the producers of the Channel 4 soap opera Hollyoaks to get Will Mellor and Natalie Casey to work with them when they appeared in the show. Ralf Little and Sheridan Smith were cast soon after completing work on another BBC sitcom, The Royle Family. Although reluctant, Little agreed to audition when he realised that Two Pints would be different from The Royle Family. Kathryn Drysdale was brought in; the show's unbroadcast pilot starred Little and Mellor, though the characters of Janet and Donna were portrayed by Clare Buckfield, Lucy Punch, Maxine Peake. Little and Smith, Mellor and Casey, play couples Jonny and Janet, Gaz and Donna. Mellor and Casey had portrayed an onscreen couple in Hollyoaks.

Smith stated how lucky she was to work with Little after starring together before, as playing such a close couple would have been awkward for both. Mellor stated in a past interview how he sees Casey as a younger sister—which makes kissing scenes a bit awkward. Smith classes Casey as the "mummy" in the show, due to her knowledge and problem-solving skills. Episodes end with a dramatic scene, such as Jonny breaking the news to Janet that her parents turned down his request for her hand in marriage. BBC Two broadcast the first series, BBC Choice screened series two but was re-branded as BBC Three shortly before it screened series three, has shown the first run of each new series since. BBC Two repeated the show, though only once shown every Thursday. Series four ended with Jonny being shot by armed police, viewers were asked to vote, by text or phone, on Jonny's fate. Series five began with a funeral, revealed to be that of Donna's mother, Flo; some series are accompanied by a special programme exposing errors.

The show, titled Two Pints of Lager Outtakes, features interviews with cast and crew, each explaining the difficulties of getting various scenes to be performed as expected. The outcome of the final episode of series eight was decided by the public, who in episode seven were asked to vote whether Gaz should be with Donna or Janet. Following the final episode of series 8, broadcast on 10 May 2009 showing the audience's views and opinions of the show and who Gaz should be with; the final episode concluded with Donna at Gaz's bedside. Although Two Pints is comedy, it sometimes at the end of a series, becomes more dramatic and serious; such storylines have included Janet and Jonny's split, Jonny's shooting, Gaz's coma and Janet's imminent departure as a cruise singer. Will Mellor has described the show as being "driven by sex and alcohol" and the show is known for its adult, sometimes scatological humour involving references to sex and private bodily functions. Vulgar language is used, except that the word'fuck' is uttered only once during the last episode of each series.

The first six series with the original cast including Ralf Little ran until 2006 when Little said he would not return to the series. Will Mellor hinted at the series continuation in television interviews, one being Loose Women, more or less confirming it on The Paul O'Grady Show, with statements such as "we'll keep on making it". Ralf Little announced during an interview for This Morning on 19 September 2007 that he would not be returning for the following series due to an overwhelming schedule, Jonny Keogh was therefore killed off-screen in the first episode of the seventh series. An eighth series was confirmed by Mellor in an interview in the Metro on 21 April 2008, in which he said that they would be filming the series from November 2008 to January 2009. In January 2009, the BBC announced recording dates for the next series at BBC Television Centre from 1 February to 3 April. A special edition for Comic Relief was recorded on 25 January; the eighth series began airing on 8 March 2009 starting with a Comic Relief special, which featured characters from Coming of Age and Grownups, as a curtain raiser, with subsequent episodes as normal.

Natalie Casey, Kathryn Drysdale, Luke Gell, Will Mello