The Muséum de Toulouse, Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle de la ville de Toulouse is a museum of natural history in Toulouse, France. It is located in the Busca-Montplaisir, houses a collection of more than 2.5 million items and has some 3 000 square metres of exhibition space. Its Index Herbariorum code is TLM; the museum was founded in 1796 by the naturalist Philippe-Isidore Picot de Lapeyrouse, with his collections being able to be housed in the former Carmelite monastery in Toulouse. In 1808, the emperor Napoleon formally gifted all the Carmelite buildings and land to the city of Toulouse, in 1865 the museum was opened to the public in its present location and under the directorship of Édouard Filhol. Toulouse museum was the first museum in the world to open a gallery of prehistory thanks to the collection of the malacologist Alfred de Candie de Saint-Simon and the collaboration of Émile Cartailhac, Jean-Baptiste Noulet, Eugène Trutat. In 1887 the botanical gardens of the University of Toulouse became part of the museum.
In 2008, the museum reopened in its present form with the renovations and extensions of the museum, designed by the architectural firm of Jean-Paul Viguier, having been completed. The permanent exhibition has five linked themes: Sequence 1: Feeling the Earth's power. Nature of the solar system and its formation. Nature of the Earth – plate tectonics and volcanic activity and erosion and mineralogy. Sequence 2: Doing away with our notions of hierarchy; the nature of life – biodiversity and organization. Sequence 3: Getting to grips with the huge scale. Earth history from 3.8 billion years ago. Introduces time and the evolution of life Sequence 4: Admitting the obvious; the main functions of living beings—feeding, locomotion, reproduction and communication. Sequence 5: Inventing the future; the impact of human activity—demographic pressure on ecosystems and natural resources This section presents examples to illustrate the content of each different collection of the Museum de Toulouse. The prehistoric collection includes artefacts excavated in France.
They contain comparative material from other parts of Europe and other continents. Notable collectors include Édouard Harlé, Antoine Meillet, Alexis Damour, Félix Regnault, Louis Péringuey, Émile Cartailhac, Daniel Bugnicourt, Edward John Dunn, Henri Breuil, Louis Lartet, as well as the curators Jean-Baptiste Noulet, Eugène Trutat, Édouard Filhol; the herbarium contains historic specimens collected by Benjamin Balansa. The bird collection of MHNT contains more than 30,000 specimens. About 8,500 bird mounts and 1,500 scientific bird skins are included. Other bird items are around 5,300 eggs; the collection focuses on Europe, but the collection has exotic species. Most are documented on computer systems; the bird mount collection of Victor Besaucèle, with 5,000 specimens, is one of the most important historic collections in Europe. Other collectors represented are R. Bourret, G. Cossaune, M. Gourdon, Hammonville, A. Lacroix, Reboussin; the egg collection of Jacques Perrin de Brichambaut was acquired in 2010.
It contains his personal collections, supplemented by those of other ornithologists, notably Georges Guichard, Henri Heim de Balsac, Rene de Naurois. It includes all the palearctic species, about 1,000 species and nearly 15,000 eggs, is one of the most complete and best-documented palearctic egg collections in Europe; the specimens of the collection of paleontology amount to tens of thousands. They date from the Paleoarchean to the Eocene; the invertebrates room was named Saint-Simon in honor to the collection of the malacologist Alfred de Candie de Saint-Simon, presented during the museum opening exhibit in 1865 under the directorship of Édouard Filhol. Henri Gaussen was botanist; the botanic garden which honours his name is attached to the museum and is part of the Earth and Life Science Research and Training Paul Sabatier University. A second botanical area, The Museum Gardens, extends over 3 hectares, it is notable for "potagers du monde" and a "shade house" which recreates the conditions required by shade plants.
Official website François Bon, Sébastien Dubois, Marie-Dominique Labails, 2010. Le Muséum de Toulouse et l'invention de la préhistoire Toulouse Editions Muséum de Toulouse ISBN 978-2-906702-18-9 Part of this article is a translation of the French Wikipedia's article
Harold William "Ace" Elliott was an American baseball pitcher. He played Major League Baseball for the Philadelphia Phillies from 1929 to 1932, he led the National League by appearing in 48 games as a pitcher in 1930. Over his four-year major league career, he compiled an 11-24 record with a 6.95 earned run average. Elliot has the dubious distinction of having the highest career ERA among all major league pitchers with at least 300 innings pitched since baseball's modern era began in 1900. Elliott was born in Mt. Clemens, Michigan in 1899, his father, John W. Elliott, was born in Canada, his mother, Anna Elliott, was born in Germany. At the time of the 1900 United States Census and his parents were living in Mt. Clemens, his father was employed as a day laborer. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Elliott was living in Mt. Clemens with his father's parents and two younger siblings, his father was employed at the time as an engineer at a hotel. Elliott served in the United States Army Air Service during World War I as a private in the 66th Balloon Company.
After the war, he attended the University of Michigan and played college baseball for the Michigan Wolverines baseball team from 1921-22. The 1923 Michiganensian noted: "Elliott was the sophomore find of the pitching staff, his absence next year will be felt." After leaving Michigan, he played professional baseball for 15 years, from 1923 to 1937. He began his career with the Kalamazoo Celery Pickers in the Michigan-Ontario League in 1923 and 1924. In 1925, he played for the London Indians in the same league, he next played for three years for the Waco Cubs in the Texas League from 1926 to 1928. He appeared in 113 games for Waco from 1927 to 1928 and compiled a record of 48-51, he had his best year in 1928 with a 16-13 record and 3.76 ERA. After a solid season with Waco in 1928, Elliott was drafted by the St. Louis Cardinals and sold to the Philadelphia Phillies. On April 2, 1929, shortly after reporting to the Phillies' training camp in Florida, Eliott was injured when a car driven by Phillies' shortstop Tommy Thevenow crashed and both men were ejected from the vehicle.
Elliott was discharged from the hospital. Eliott made his major league debut with the Phillies on April 19, 1929, he played four years with the Phillies from 1929 to 1932. He led the National League in games played by a pitcher in 1930, appearing in 48 games, including 11 as a starter; the Phillies finished in last place in the National League in 1930 with a 52-102 record. His ERA jumped to 9.55 in 16 games for the Phillies in 1931. In his four seasons with the Phillies, Elliott had a record of 11–24, appeared in 120 games, pitched 322-1/3 innings, had a career ERA of 6.56. Elliott appeared in his last major league game in 1933. However, he continued to play minor league baseball through the 1937 season, his minor league assignments included the Buffalo Bisons, Syracuse Chiefs and Buffalo Bisons, Harrisburg Senators, Wilkes-Barre Barons. Elliott was married to Gwedonlyn Tressa Brom in September 1922, he moved to Hawaii in the late 1950s. In April 1963, he died at his home in Honolulu at age 63. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference
Scotty Steagall was an American basketball player. After a collegiate career at Millikin University, Steagall was selected in the second round of the 1951 NBA draft by the Indianapolis Olympians, he skipped the NBA, opted instead to play in the Amateur Athletic Union for the Phillips 66ers, one of the most dominant teams in amateur basketball during the mid-20th century. Steagall had a prolific career at Millikin between 1947 and 1951. During his four years as a member of the Big Blue, he scored 2,127 points and led all small colleges in scoring nationally as a senior; that season he scored 888 points in 31 games for an average of 28.6 points per game. In addition to the scoring average, Steagall led the nation in total field goals, free throws, assists, he guided Millikin to a berth in the NAIA national championship game, but despite losing to Hamline, Steagall was named the NAIA Tournament MVP. Converse named him a first team All-American for his outstanding play during 1950–51, his scoring bursts were not limited to his senior season, however.
As a freshman in 1947–48, Steagall averaged 12.0 points per game, increased it to 21.2 as a sophomore 23.9 as a junior. He set the then-single game scoring mark for small colleges with a 59-point effort against Augustana College. After college, Steagall bypassed an NBA career despite being drafted by the Indianapolis Olympians, he signed to work in the sales department for the Phillips Petroleum Company in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. He was to play for their company team, the Phillips 66ers, in the Amateur Athletic Union. After one season with the team in 1951–52, Steagall had to serve in the United States military to fight in the Korean War, thus missing the 1952–53 season, he returned in November 1953 and re-joined the 66ers, but lasted just one more season before being cut in March 1954. In 1972, Steagall was elected into the Millikin Hall of Fame