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Muscatine County, Iowa

Muscatine County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,745; the county seat is Muscatine. The southeastern border is formed by the Mississippi River. Muscatine County comprises the Muscatine, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Davenport-Moline, IA-IL Combined Statistical Area. Muscatine County was formed in December 1836 as a part of Wisconsin Territory, partitioned from Des Moines County, organized two years previous. One history suggests; the island lies opposite Muscatine County and was believed to be named after the Mascouten tribe, Algonquian-speaking Native Americans who lived in the area before being driven west by settler encroachment and other tribes. Colonel George Davenport of Illinois sent three representatives into the territory in 1833 to establish a trade post, they were the first European Americans to settle there. In the same year, James W. Casey and John Vanatta came to the area, they opened a supply depot for steamboats on June 1, 1833, named it Casey’s Woodpile.

Muscatine County became a part of Iowa Territory on July 4, 1836, when Iowa Territory was established by partitioning off this area from Wisconsin Territory. The first public land sale was held in November 1838. One year officials began construction of the first courthouse and associated jail. A second jail, known as the "Old Jail", was built in 1857; the first courthouse was destroyed by fire on December 23, 1864. By 1866 a new replacement stood at the same site; the present courthouse was built in the twentieth century, being first used on September 26, 1907. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 449 square miles, of which 437 square miles is land and 12 square miles is water. Cedar County Johnson County Louisa County Rock Island County, across the Mississippi River Scott County US Highway 6 – enters from Cedar County, west of Wilton. Runs south 2 miles runs west and WNW to NW corner of county, exiting into Johnson County. US Highway 61 – enters from Louisa County SW of Fruitland.

Runs NE through county. Turns east to enter Scott County at Blue Grass. Iowa Highway 22 – begins at intersection with Iowa 70, three miles east of Nichols. Runs east and SE to intersection with US 61 west of Muscatine. Iowa Highway 38 – begins at intersection with US 6, three miles south of Wilton. Runs south to intersection with US 61 north of Muscatine. Iowa Highway 70 – enters from Louisa County at SW corner of Muscatine County. Runs north and east to Cedar County, passing Nichols and West Liberty. Iowa Highway 92 - enters Muscatine County running NW across historic Norbert F. Beckey Bridge into central Muscatine. Runs SW along river to intersection with US 61 southwest of Muscatine. Great River Road - system of roadways marking north–south routes across the conterminous US, passing through Iowa; the 2010 census recorded a population of 42,745 in the county, with a population density of 99.7154/sq mi. There were 17,910 housing units; as of the census of 2000, there were 41,722 people, 15,847 households, 11,283 families residing in the county.

The population density was 95 people per square mile. There were 16,786 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.72% White, 0.70% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 6.05% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. 11.92 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 15,847 households out of which 34.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.90% under the age of 18, 8.60% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years.

For every 100 females, there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $41,803, the median income for a family was $48,373. Males had a median income of $36,329 versus $24,793 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,625. About 6.30% of families and 8.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.70% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over. The population ranking of the table is based on the 2010 census of Muscatine County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Muscatine County, Iowa Muscatine County website

Borger With

Borger With was a Norwegian jurist and politician. With was born in Kragerø to merchant Joachim Andreas With and Elise Sørensen. In 1899 He married Kathrine Frølich, their daughter Ingrid was married to Hans Jacob Ustvedt. With graduated as cand.jur. in 1896. He was appointed manager of Kristiania Folkebank from 1906, he served as mayor of Kristiania from 1923 to 1928. From 1928 he chaired the Norwegian Bankers' Association, he was a board member of the newspaper Morgenposten, of the insurance companies Storebrand and Norske Atlas. He was chairman of the board of the whaling company Tønsberg Hvalfangeri and of Oslo Sporveier. In the Norwegian parliamentary election, 1930, With fielded as the 5th ballot candidate in Oslo for the Conservative Party; the election would have made him first deputy to the Storting, had he not died shortly before the election. With was decorated Knight of the Order of St. Olav, Commander of the Order of Wasa, Commander of the Order of the White Rose of Finland

Renault Dauphine

Renault Dauphine is a rear-engined economy car manufactured by Renault in a single body style – a three-box, 4-door sedan – as the successor to the Renault 4CV. Along with such cars as the Citroën 2CV, Volkswagen Beetle, Morris Minor and Fiat 500, the Dauphine pioneered the modern European economy car. Renault marketed numerous variants of the Dauphine, including a luxury version, the Renault Ondine, sporting versions, the Dauphine Gordini and the Ondine Gordini, the 1093 factory racing model, the Caravelle/Floride, a Dauphine-based two-door coupé and two-door convertible; as Louis Renault's successor, as Renault's chairman, Pierre Lefaucheux continued to defy the postwar French Ministry of Industrial Production – which had wanted to convert Renault to truck manufacture. Lefaucheux instead saw Renault's survival in automobiles and achieved considerable success with the 4CV, with over 500,000 produced by 1954; the Dauphine was born during a conversation with engineer Fernand Picard. The two agreed the 4CV was appropriate in its postwar context, but that French consumers would soon need a car appropriate for their increasing standard of living.

Internally known as "Project 109" the Dauphine's engineering began in 1949 with engineers Fernand Picard, Robert Barthaud and Jacques Ousset managing the project. A 1951 survey conducted by Renault indicated design parameters of a car with a top speed of 110 km/h, seating for four passengers and fuel consumption of less than 7 L/100 km; the survey indicated that women held stronger opinions about a car's colors than about the car itself. Engineers spent the next five years developing the Dauphine. Within the first year, designers had created a ⅛th-scale clay model, studied the model's aerodynamics, built a full-scale clay model, studied wood interior mockups of the seating, instrument panel, steering column – and built the first prototype in metal. Having finalized the exterior design, testing of the prototype began at Renault's facilities at Lardy, France – by secrecy of night, on July 24, 1952. Using new laboratories and new specially designed tracks, engineers measured maximum speed, acceleration and fuel consumption as well as handling and ventilation, noise levels and parts durability.

Engineers tested parts by subjecting them to twisting and vibration stresses, redesigning the parts for manufacture. By August 1953 head engineer Picard had an almond-green prototype delivered to Madrid for dry condition testing experiencing only five flat tires and a generator failure after 2,200 km. Subsequently, Lefaucheux ordered engineers to test a Dauphine prototype directly against a Volkswagen Beetle; the engineers determined that noise levels were too high, interior ventilation and door sealing were inadequate and most the engine capacity was insufficient at only four CV. The four-cylinder engine was redesigned to increase its capacity to 845 cc by increasing the bore to 58 mm, giving the car a new informal designation, the 5CV. By 1954 a second series of prototypes incorporated updates, using the older prototypes for crash testing. Lefaucheux followed the testing often meeting with his engineers for night testing to ensure secrecy, but did not live to see the Dauphine enter production.

He was killed in an automobile accident on February 11, 1955, when he lost control of his Renault Frégate on an icy road and was struck on the head by his unsecured luggage as the car rolled over. The Flins factory was renamed in his honor, he was succeeded on the project by Pierre Dreyfus. By the end of testing, drivers had road tested prototypes in everyday conditions including dry weather and dusty condition testing in Madrid, engine testing in Bayonne, cold testing at the Arctic Circle in Norway, suspension testing in Sicily, weatherseal testing in then-Yugoslavia – a total of more than two million kilometres of road and track testing. In December 1955, Pierre Bonin and Fernand Picard presented the first example to leave the factory to Pierre Dreyfus, who had taken over the project after Lefaucheux's death. Renault revealed the model's existence to the press through L’Auto Journal and L’Action Automobile et Touristique in November 1955, referring to it by its unofficial model designation "the 5CV".

Advance press preview testing began on February 4, 1956, under the direction of Renault press secretary Robert Sicot, with six Dauphines shipped to Corsica. Journalists were free to drive anywhere on the island, while under contract not to release publication before the embargo date of March 1, 1956; the Dauphine debuted on March 6, 1956 at Paris' Palais de Chaillot with over twenty thousand people attending, two days before its official introduction at the 1956 Salon International de l'Auto in Geneva. In addition to its internal project number, Project 109, the prototype had been called by its unofficial model designation, the "5CV". Lefaucheux, Renault's chairman simply called it La machine de Flins, referring to the Flins factory where Renault would initiate its production. Renault considered the name Corvette for its new model, but to avoid a conflict with the launched Chevrolet Corvette instead chose a name that reinforced the importance of the project's predecessor, the 4CV, to France's postwar industrial rebirth.

The final name was attributed to a dinner conversation at l'auberge de Port-Royal, chaired by Fernand Picard, where either Jean-Richard Deshaies or Marcel Wiriath said "the 4CV is the Queen of the road, the new arri