Muse Bihi Abdi

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Musa Bihi Abdi
موسى بيحي عبدي
5th President of Somaliland
Assumed office
13 December 2017
Vice PresidentAbdirahman Saylici
Preceded byAhmed Mohamed Mohamoud
Personal details
Born1948 (age 69–70)
Hargeisa, British Somaliland
Political partyKulmiye
Spouse(s)Zahra Abdilahi Absia
Roda Ahmed Omar
Alma materGagarin Air Force Academy
United States Military Academy
University of Hargeisa

Musa Bihi Abdi (Somali: Muuse Bixi Cabdi, Arabic: موسى بيحي عبدي‎) (born 1948 in Hargeisa, British Somaliland[1]) is a Somaliland politician and former military officer who has been President of Somaliland since December 2017. During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration. In 2010, Bihi was appointed the Chairman of the ruling Kulmiye in the Republic of Somaliland. In November 2015, Bihi was selected as the party's Presidential Candidate at the 5th annual central committee convention.[2] [3]

On November 21, 2017 Muse Bihi was announced the winner of the 2017 presidential election. He officially became President of Somaliland on December 13, 2017.[4]

Military career[edit]

During the 1970s, he served as a pilot in the Somali Air Force under the Siad Barre administration.[4]

Muse Bihi as a Somali Airforce pilot

In 1985, he defected from the Somali Army and joined the rebel Somali National Movement (SNM) that eventually helped to successfully oust the Somali dictator’s regime after a long armed struggle in 1991.[4]

From 1985 to 1988 Bihi took part in conducting intensive guerrilla war operations conducted by the SNM against the Siad Barre regime. Until 1990, Bihi served as rebel commander before joining politics and serving as home affairs minister under the late President Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal in 1992.[4]

Political career[edit]

Egal Administration[edit]

After the rebirth and declaration of Independence of Somaliland in 1991, Col. Muse Bihi Abdi played a vital role in the reconciliation process of the Somaliland clans in Burao, Berbera, Sheekh and Borama.[5]

In 1993, Bihi served as Minister of Interior and National Security in late President Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal's government.[1]

Silanyo Administration[edit]

In 2010, Mr Bihi became the chairman of Somaliland’s Kulmiye Party. In 2015, Bihi was elected by the Party Congress as the Kulmiye presidential candidate in the forthcoming elections of 2017 presidential election.[1]

2017 presidential election[edit]

The 2017 Somaliland presidential elections were held on November 13, 2017. On November 21 Bihi was announced as the winner of the election, becoming President-elect of Somaliland.[4]


Muse Bihi Abdi was officially inaugurated as the 5th President of the Republic of Somaliland on December 13, 2017 in the capital Hargeisa with dignitaries from Ethiopia, Djibouti, the European Union and the United Kingdom in attendance.


  1. ^ a b c Olad, Mohamed (21 November 2017). "Somaliland Ruling Party Candidate Bihi Wins Election". Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Somalia: Wrangle splits Somaliland Ruling Party as President Siilaanyo seeks re-election". 26 May 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Muse Bihi and Saylici Elected as Kulmiye's Presidential Candidate". 11 November 2015. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d e Olad, Mohamed. "Somaliland Ruling Party Candidate Bihi Wins Election". VOA. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  5. ^ Kulmiye Party (2017-09-20), Murrashax Muuse Biixi: Waraysi 24 Sanno ka hor lagaga qaaday Boorama iyo damaciisii Somaliland, retrieved 2018-06-10
Political offices
Preceded by
Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud
President of Somaliland