Manuel Toharia Cortés is a Spanish science writer, museum director, television personality. Born on August 3, 1944 in Madrid, Toharia is the Science Director of the City of Arts and Sciences, the Príncipe Felipe Science Museum in Valencia, since taking the post in 1999. Toharia holds a degree in Physics from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, specializing in astrophysics. From 1970 to 1979, he was the editor of the science section of the Spanish newspaper and was one of the most popular figures in Spanish television as the "weather man" on Televisión Española, until the early 1980s. In 1991, he wrote and published a children's book called, Momentos Estelares de la Ciencia, illustrated by Willi Glasauer, published by Círculo de Lectores; this children's book includes fun facts and information accompanied by photos and Willi Glasauer's illustrations of the likes of Albert Einstein, the evolution of writing, Thomas Edison, Wilbur Wright and Orville Wright, Alexander Graham Bell, Charles Darwin, Isaac Newton, Henry Ford, Benjamin Franklin, the Neanderthals, Christopher Columbus, Rube Goldberg.
Toharia directed and hosted various science programs on TVE, including Alcores, Última Frontera, Viva la Ciencia, El Alambique on Canal Sur
Valencian referred to as Southern Catalan, is a dialect of the Catalan language spoken in the Valencian Community, where it is an official language, in the El Carche comarca in Murcia, where it has no official recognition. Besides, it is spoken in the south of the Terres de l'Ebre and in the south of La Franja in Aragon, in its transitional variety; the denominations "Valencian" or "Valencian language" are used traditionally and as a glottonym exclusively in the Valencian Community, to refer not only to the dialect spoken in the region, but to refer to the totality of the Catalan language. However, outside this territory the use of this denomination is null, it is considered the Valencian Community's own language according to the region's 1982 Statute of Autonomy and the Spanish Constitution. According to philological studies, the varieties of this language spoken in the Valencian Community and El Carxe cannot be considered a dialect restricted to these borders: the several dialects of Valencian belong to the Western group of Catalan dialects.
Valencian, as a variety of the Catalan language, displays transitional features between Ibero-Romance languages and Gallo-Romance languages. Its similarity with Occitan has led many authors to group it under the Occitano-Romance languages. There is some controversy within the Valencian Community regarding its status as a glottonym or as a language on its own among certain political sectors such as blaverism and Spanish nationalism. According to a study carried out by the Generalitat Valenciana in 2014, scarcely more than a half people in the Valencian Community consider it as a separate language, different from Catalan. However, according to the same study, most of Valencians with higher studies say that it is the same language. According to the 2006 Statute of Autonomy Valencian is regulated by the Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua, by means of the Normes de Castelló. Due to not having been recognized for a long time and the considerable immigration coming from Andalusia but from other areas of Spain where Spanish is spoken, the number of speakers has decreased, the influence of Spanish has led to the adoption of a huge amount of loanwords.
Some of the most important works of Catalan literature in Valencia experienced a golden age during the Late Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Important works include Joanot Martorell's chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch, Ausiàs March's poetry; the first book produced with movable type in the Iberian Peninsula was printed in the Valencian variety. The earliest recorded chess game with modern rules for moves of the queen and bishop was in the Valencian poem Scachs d'amor; the official status of Valencian is regulated by the Spanish Constitution and the Valencian Statute of Autonomy, together with the Law of Use and Education of Valencian. Article 6 of the Valencian Statute of Autonomy sets the legal status of Valencian, providing that: The official language of the Valencian Community is Valencian. Valencian is official within the Valencian Community, along with Spanish, the official language nationwide. Everyone shall have the right to know it and use it, receive education in Valencian. No one can be discriminated against by reason of their language.
Special protection and respect shall be given to the recuperation of Valencian. The Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua shall be the normative institution of the Valencian language; the Law of Use and Education of Valencian develops this framework, providing for implementation of a bilingual educational system, regulating the use of Valencian in the public administration and judiciary system, where citizens can use it when acting before both. Valencian is recognized under the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages as "Valencian". Valencian is not spoken all over the Valencian Community. A quarter of its territory, equivalent to 10% of the population, is traditionally Castilian-speaking only, whereas Valencian is spoken to varying degrees elsewhere. Additionally, it is spoken by a reduced number of people in Carche, a rural area in the Region of Murcia adjoining the Valencian Community. Although the Valencian language was an important part of the history of this zone, nowadays only about 600 people are able to speak Valencian in the area of Carche.
In 2010 the Generalitat Valenciana published a study and Social use of Valencian, which included a survey sampling more than 6,600 people in the provinces of Castellón, Alicante. The survey collected the answers of respondents and did not include any testing or verification; the results were: Valencian was the language "always or most used": at home: 31.6% with friends: 28.0% in internal business relations: 24.7%For ability: 48.5% answered they speak Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" 26.2% answered they write Valencian "perfectly" or "quite well" The survey shows that, although Valencian is still the common language in many areas in the Valencian Community, where more than half of the Valencian population are able to speak it, most Valencians do not speak in Valencian in their
Biometrics is the technical term for body measurements and calculations. It refers to metrics related to human characteristics. Biometrics authentication is used in computer science as a form of identification and access control, it is used to identify individuals in groups that are under surveillance. Biometric identifiers are the distinctive, measurable characteristics used to label and describe individuals. Biometric identifiers are categorized as physiological versus behavioral characteristics. Physiological characteristics are related to the shape of the body. Examples include, but are not limited to fingerprint, palm veins, face recognition, DNA, palm print, hand geometry, iris recognition and odour/scent. Behavioral characteristics are related to the pattern of behavior of a person, including but not limited to typing rhythm and voice; some researchers have coined the term behaviometrics to describe the latter class of biometrics. More traditional means of access control include token-based identification systems, such as a driver's license or passport, knowledge-based identification systems, such as a password or personal identification number.
Since biometric identifiers are unique to individuals, they are more reliable in verifying identity than token and knowledge-based methods. Many different aspects of human physiology, chemistry or behavior can be used for biometric authentication; the selection of a particular biometric for use in a specific application involves a weighting of several factors. Jain et al. identified seven such factors to be used when assessing the suitability of any trait for use in biometric authentication. Universality means. Uniqueness means the trait should be sufficiently different for individuals in the relevant population such that they can be distinguished from one another. Permanence relates to the manner. More a trait with'good' permanence will be reasonably invariant over time with respect to the specific matching algorithm. Measurability relates to the ease of measurement of the trait. In addition, acquired data should be in a form that permits subsequent processing and extraction of the relevant feature sets.
Performance relates to the accuracy and robustness of technology used. Acceptability relates to how well individuals in the relevant population accept the technology such that they are willing to have their biometric trait captured and assessed. Circumvention relates to the ease with which a trait might be imitated using an artifact or substitute. Proper biometric use is application dependent. Certain biometrics will be better than others based on the required levels of convenience and security. No single biometric will meet all the requirements of every possible application; the block diagram illustrates the two basic modes of a biometric system. First, in verification mode the system performs a one-to-one comparison of a captured biometric with a specific template stored in a biometric database in order to verify the individual is the person they claim to be. Three steps are involved in the verification of a person. In the first step, reference models for all the users are generated and stored in the model database.
In the second step, some samples are matched with reference models to generate the genuine and impostor scores and calculate the threshold. Third step is the testing step; this process may use a smart card, username or ID number to indicate which template should be used for comparison.'Positive recognition' is a common use of the verification mode, "where the aim is to prevent multiple people from using the same identity". Second, in identification mode the system performs a one-to-many comparison against a biometric database in an attempt to establish the identity of an unknown individual; the system will succeed in identifying the individual if the comparison of the biometric sample to a template in the database falls within a set threshold. Identification mode can be used either for'positive recognition' or for'negative recognition' of the person "where the system establishes whether the person is who she denies to be"; the latter function can only be achieved through biometrics since other methods of personal recognition such as passwords, PINs or keys are ineffective.
The first time an individual uses a biometric system is called enrollment. During the enrollment, biometric information from an individual is stored. In subsequent uses, biometric information is detected and compared with the information stored at the time of enrollment. Note that it is crucial that storage and retrieval of such systems themselves be secure if the biometric system is to be robust; the first block is the interface between the system. Most of the times it is an image acquisition system, but it can change according to the characteristics desired; the second block performs all the necessary pre-processing: it has to remove artifacts from the sensor, to enhance the input, to use some kind of normalization, etc. In the third block necessary features are extracted; this step is an important step. A vector of numbers or an image with particular properties is used to create a template. A template is a synthesis of the relevant characteristics
Whales are a distributed and diverse group of aquatic placental marine mammals. They are an informal grouping within the infraorder Cetacea excluding dolphins and porpoises. Whales and porpoises belong to the order Cetartiodactyla with even-toed ungulates and their closest living relatives are the hippopotamuses, having diverged about 40 million years ago; the two parvorders of whales, baleen whales and toothed whales, are thought to have split apart around 34 million years ago. The whales comprise eight extant families: Balaenopteridae, Cetotheriidae, Monodontidae, Physeteridae and Ziphiidae. Whales are creatures of the open ocean. So extreme is their adaptation to life underwater. Whales range in size from the 2.6 metres and 135 kilograms dwarf sperm whale to the 29.9 metres and 190 metric tons blue whale, the largest creature that has lived. The sperm whale is the largest toothed predator on earth. Several species exhibit sexual dimorphism. Baleen whales have no teeth, they use their throat pleats to expand the mouth to take in huge gulps of water.
Balaenids have heads. Toothed whales, on the other hand, have conical teeth adapted to catching squid. Baleen whales have a well developed sense of "smell", whereas toothed whales have well-developed hearing − their hearing, adapted for both air and water, is so well developed that some can survive if they are blind; some species, such as sperm whales, are well adapted for diving to great depths to catch squid and other favoured prey. Whales have evolved from land-living mammals; as such whales must breathe air although they can remain submerged under water for long periods of time. Some species such as the sperm whale are able to stay submerged for as much as 90 minutes, they have blowholes located on top of their heads, through which air is expelled. They are warm-blooded, have a layer of fat, or blubber, under the skin. With streamlined fusiform bodies and two limbs that are modified into flippers, whales can travel at up to 20 knots, though they are not as flexible or agile as seals. Whales produce a great variety of notably the extended songs of the humpback whale.
Although whales are widespread, most species prefer the colder waters of the Northern and Southern Hemispheres, migrate to the equator to give birth. Species such as humpbacks and blue whales are capable of travelling thousands of miles without feeding. Males mate with multiple females every year, but females only mate every two to three years. Calves are born in the spring and summer months and females bear all the responsibility for raising them. Mothers of some species nurse their young for one to two years. Once relentlessly hunted for their products, whales are now protected by international law; the North Atlantic right whales nearly became extinct in the twentieth century, with a population low of 450, the North Pacific grey whale population is ranked Critically Endangered by the IUCN. Besides whaling, they face threats from bycatch and marine pollution; the meat and baleen of whales have traditionally been used by indigenous peoples of the Arctic. Whales have been depicted in various cultures worldwide, notably by the Inuit and the coastal peoples of Vietnam and Ghana, who sometimes hold whale funerals.
Whales feature in literature and film, as in the great white whale of Herman Melville's Moby Dick. Small whales, such as belugas, are sometimes kept in captivity and trained to perform tricks, but breeding success has been poor and the animals die within a few months of capture. Whale watching has become a form of tourism around the world; the word "whale" comes from the Old English whæl, from Proto-Germanic *hwalaz, from Proto Indo European *kwal-o-, meaning "large sea fish". The Proto-Germanic *hwalaz is the source of Old Saxon hwal, Old Norse hvalr, Swedish val, Middle Dutch wal, Dutch walvis, Old High German wal, German Wal; the obsolete "whalefish" has a similar derivation, indicating a time when whales were thought to be fish. Other archaic English forms include wal, whal, whaille, etc; the term "whale" is sometimes used interchangeably with dolphins and porpoises, acting as a synonym for Cetacea. Six species of dolphins have the word "whale" in their name, collectively known as blackfish: the killer whale, the melon-headed whale, the pygmy killer whale, the false killer whale, the two species of pilot whales, all of which are classified under the family Delphinidae.
Each species has a different reason for it, for example, the killer whale was named "Ballena asesina"'killer whale' by Spanish sailors. The term "Great Whales" covers those regulated by the International Whaling Commission: the Odontoceti family Physeteridae; the whales are part of the terrestrial mammalian clade Laurasiatheria. Whales do not form a order.
Acciona, S. A. is a Spanish conglomerate group dedicated to the development and management of infrastructure and renewable energy. The company was founded in 1997 through the merger of Entrecanales y Tavora and Cubiertas y MZOV; the company's headquarters is in Community of Madrid, Spain. The company's U. S. operations are headquartered in Illinois. The Company employs 30,000 professionals, it is to be found in 30 countries on five continents; the Company is an industry benchmark. The company can trace its origins back to MZOV, a firm founded in 1862. In 1978 MZOV merged with Cubiertas y Tejados, a business founded in 1916, to form Cubiertas y MZOV. In 1997 the company merged with Entrecanales y Tavora, a firm founded in 1931, to form NECSO Entrecanales Cubiertas S. A.. It was subsequently renamed Acciona; the group is organised as follows: Infrastructure Energy Water Other Businesses Acciona obtained the distinctive RobecoSAM Silver Class 2015 in the Electric Utilities sector under the Sustainability Yearbook 2015 for its best practices in sustainability.
It has been included in the CDP Climate Leadership Index 2014 Performance index, which lists the 187 world companies that have received the highest rating for its performance in the fight against climate change. Major projects involving the company include the Torre Europa completed in 1985, the Ting Kau Bridge in Hong Kong completed in 1998), the Gare do Oriente in Lisbon completed in 1998, El Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe completed in 2000, the German Chancellery completed in 2001, the King Abdullah University Hospital completed in 2002, the Alqueva Dam completed in 2002, the El Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía completed in 2005; as part of a Public Private Partnership with the New South Wales State Government, Acciona is responsible for delivering the infrastructure for the Sydney CBD and South East Light Rail project. Acciona is suing the government seeking $1.1 billion in additional funding, claiming the government minimized the amount of subterranean utility works that would be required.
The Generalitat Valenciana is the generic name covering the different self-government institutions under which the Spanish autonomous community of Valencia is politically organized. It consists of seven institutions including the Corts Valencianes, the President of the Generalitat, or the autonomous government itself, its functions are regulated by the Valencian Statute of Autonomy. Despite being present in various cities of the Valencian Community, the main locations of the autonomous Parliament, presidency of the Generalitat and the Consell are all in the city of Valencia. There is an office in Brussels appointed by the Generalitat Valenciana lobbying before the European Union; the current President of the Generalitat Valenciana is Ximo Puig of the Socialist Party of the Valencian Community, born in Morella. He assumed the Presidency in June 2015 and took office in Les Corts in the same month, as the head of a coalition between the PSPV-PSOE, Coalició Compromís and Podem; the Generalitat Valenciana was created in 1418.
It acted, along with the Monarch shared with the other territories of the Crown of Aragon, as the ruling body of the Kingdom of Valencia. Its posts were designated for three year terms. In 1510, the process of designating posts was reorganized, becoming more automatic and less elective; this re-organization stayed the same until 1709, when it was abolished as a consequence of the War of the Spanish Succession and the subsequent Nueva Planta decrees, along with the other fueros of the Kingdom of Valencia. The Generalitat Valenciana was not re-established until 1982, after the corresponding Valencian Statute of Autonomy was approved. El Consell consists of eight members, each the leader of an institution; these institutions are: Education and Sports in charge of education, formal training, sciences, promotion of cultural heritage, language policy, sports. Treasury and Public Administrations responsible for finance, the Valencian business sector, public service, information technology and management communication.
Health responsible for public health. Planning and Environment responsible for public works and coastline planning and building quality, transportation and airports, environment and climate change. Social Welfare responsible for policies affecting social services, the disabled, children, youth and immigration. Government and Justice responsible for civil protection, management of the National Police assigned to Valencia and extinction of fires, management of emergency situations, statutory development, professional associations, notarial records. Economics and Employment in charge of the economy, business sector, industry, craftsmanship and foreign trade and investigation and innovation of technology and energy. Agriculture, Fishing and Water responsible for establishing and maintaining relations with other countries of the European Union, other Autonomous Communities, local administrations, citizens. La Generalitat Valenciana comprises seven institutions: Les Corts Consell Valencia de Cultura Comité Econòmic i Social Sindicatura de Comptes Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua Síndic de Greuges Consell Jurídic Consultiu The Corts Valencianes is the Valencian Parliament.
It represents the people of Valencia via the members of parliament. These members are elected using a universal, direct and secret vote, it is made up of 75-100 members, which are determined by the Statute of Autonomy and through the voting process. The Statute of Autonomy requires any candidate running for a Seat must "stand for a party or coalition that obtains more than 5% of the given votes in all the Autonomous Community." The D’Hondt method is used to distribute Seats. In the VIII Term, 35 members of Parliament were elected in the Alicante district, 24 members in the Castellon district, 40 in the Valencia district; the Statute of Autonomy dedicates Chapter II of Title III to the Valencian Parliament, which only outlines the composition of the Parliament, the basic principles of the election system, their corresponding duties, sets out a general outline of the Statute of the Members of Parliament. The Valencian Parliament Regulations were developed in addition to the Statute of Autonomy to govern the organization and functioning of this Institution.
On March 4, 1983, the first draft of the Valencian Parliament Regulations was approved during the Transitional Phase. Since it has undergone several modifications, which were approved by the Valencian Parliament on December 18, 2006; the contemporary Corts Valencianes differs from its historical counterpart of the same name. The former Corts Valencianes was organized into three arms – Ecclesiastic and Royal – which had different duties than the Corts today; the Consell Valencia de Cultura is a consultation and advisory institution for the Generalitat Valenciana for affairs related to Valencian culture. It promotes the region's cultural and linguistic values; the Council’s headquarters are located in the city of Valencia, but has held sessions in Valencian municipal centers such as Castelló de la Plana, Morella and Vilafamés. The Economic and Social Committee is a body of the government that provides consultations on economic, social and employment matters, it is a part of the public institutions of Valencia.
The Sindicatura de Comptes, or Audit Office in English, is responsible for the external audit of the economic and financial activity of the public sector in the
Luis García Berlanga
Luis García-Berlanga Martí was a Spanish film director and screenwriter. When young, he decided to study philosophy, but his true calling pushed him to enter in 1947 the Institute of Cinematographic Investigations and experiences in Madrid. In his youth he enrolled in the Blue Division in the Eastern Front of World War II to avoid his father's execution as a Republican politician, his debut as a film director in 1951 was with the film That Happy Couple in which he worked with Juan Antonio Bardem. With Bardem, he is considered to be one of Spanish film renovators after the Spanish civil war. Among his films stand out several unforgettable ones of Spanish film history, such as Welcome Mr. Marshall! or The Executioner. Bardem and he cofounded a film magazine, Objetivo, in 1953; the magazine existed until 1956. He worked on seven occasions with screenwriter Rafael Azcona. Characteristic of his films are their sense of irony and the satires of different social and political situations. During the Francoist State, his ability to outwit the censors allowed him to make daring projects such as Miracles on Thursdays.
In 1968, he was head of the jury at the 18th Berlin International Film Festival. In 1986 he received the Prince of Asturias Award for Arts and in 1993 the Goya for best director for Everyone to Jail! His film Plácido was nominated in 1961 for the Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film, Gold Medal for Fine Art in 1981, Spanish National Cinematography Prize in 1980, has been granted with the Italian Commendatore Order. Berlanga won international prizes in the most important film festivals: Cannes Film Festival, International Film Festival of Valencia, Montreal World Film Festival, Berlin Film Festival. In the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival he won a prize as one of the world’s ten most prominent film directors, he has been awarded a countless number of national acknowledgements. Esa pareja feliz co-written and co-directed Welcome Mr. Marshall! Novio a la vista Calabuch Miracles on Thursdays Plácido Las cuatro verdades El Verdugo Las Pirañas ¡Vivan los novios! Tamaño natural La escopeta nacional Patrimonio nacional Nacional III ( La vaquilla Moros y Cristianos Everyone to Jail!
París-Tombuctú El sueño de la maestra Días de viejo color No somos de piedra Corazón de bombón Hola Artemio Strangers to Themselves documentary Café Gijón Luis García Berlanga – Luis Garcia Berlanga's biography at Senses of Cinema Luis García Berlanga – In Spanish