Museum Island is the name of the northern half of an island in the Spree river in the central Mitte district of Berlin, the site of the old city of Cölln. It is so-called for the complex of internationally significant museums, all part of the Berlin State Museums, that occupy the island's northern part: The Altes Museum named as the Königliches Museum when it was built on August 3, 1830, until it was renamed in 1841; the museum was completed on the orders of Karl Friedrich Schinkel. The Neues Museum finished in 1859 according to plans by Friedrich August Stüler, a student of Schinkel. Destroyed in World War II, it was rebuilt under the direction of David Chipperfield for the Egyptian Museum of Berlin and re-opened in 2009; the Alte Nationalgalerie completed in 1876 according to designs by Friedrich August Stüler, to host a collection of 19th-century art donated by banker Joachim H. W. Wagener The Bode Museum on the island's northern tip, opened in 1904 and called Kaiser-Friedrich-Museum, it exhibits Byzantine art.
The Pergamon Museum, constructed in 1930. It contains multiple reconstructed immense and significant buildings such as the Pergamon Altar and the Ishtar Gate of Babylon; the Humboldt Forum is scheduled to open in 2020 in the Berlin Palace opposite the Lustgarten park, will incorporate the Ethnological Museum of Berlin and the Museum of Asian Art. In 1999, the museum complex was added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. A first exhibition hall was erected in 1797 at the suggestion of the archaeologist Aloys Hirt. In 1822, Schinkel designed the plans for the Altes Museum to house the royal Antikensammlung, the arrangement of the collection was overseen by Wilhelm von Humboldt; the island a residential area, was dedicated to "art and science" by King Frederick William IV of Prussia in 1841. Further extended under succeeding Prussian kings, the museum's collections of art and archeology were turned into a public foundation after 1918, they are today maintained by the Berlin State Museums branch of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation.
Museum Island further comprises the Berlin Cathedral. Between the Bode and Pergamon Museums it is crossed by the Stadtbahn railway viaduct; the adjacent territory to the south is the site of the former royal and imperial Berlin Palace and the Palace of the Republic. The Prussian collections became separated during the Cold War during the division of the city, but were reunited after German reunification, except for some art and artefacts removed after World War II by Allied troops; these include the Priam's Treasure called the gold of Troy, excavated by Heinrich Schliemann in 1873 smuggled out of Turkey to Berlin and smuggled out of Germany to Moscow. Today it is kept at the Pushkin Museum in Moscow; as for the city's major museums, it took much of the 1990s for a consensus to emerge that Museum Island's buildings should be restored and modernized, with General Director Wolf-Dieter Dube's cautious plan for their use approved in January 1999. Six months Peter-Klaus Schuster took over and set in motion a far more ambitious program intended to turn Museum Island into a Louvre on the Spree.
The federal government pledged $20 million a year through 2010 for projects to enhance Berlin's prestige and Unesco declaring the island a World Heritage Site. The contents of the museums were decided on as follows: The Pergamon, with the Greek altar that gives it its name, retained much of its collection and was defined as a museum of ancient architecture; the Neues Museum presented archaeological objects as well as Egyptian and Etruscan sculptures, including the renowned bust of Queen Nefertiti. The Altes Museum, the oldest on the island, displayed Greek and Roman art objects on its first floor and hold exhibitions on its second floor; the Bode Museum's paintings went from Late Byzantine to 1800. And, as now, the Alte Nationalgalerie will cover the 19th century. Once this process is completed by 2020, the Gemäldegalerie’s painting collection will be transferred to the Bode, a new annex, Museum Island will present all art from the ancient civilizations to 1900; the James Simon Gallery, a $94 million visitors’ center designed by the British architect David Chipperfield, is being built beside the Neues Museum.
It will in turn be linked to the Neues, Altes and Bode Museums by an underground passageway decorated with archaeological objects. Once the Museum Island Master Plan is completed, the so-called Archaeological Promenade will connect four of the five museums in the Museum Island; the Promenade will begin at the Old Museum in the south, lead through the New Museum and the Pergamon Museum and end at the Bode Museum, located at the northern tip of the Island. Before World War II, these museums were connected by bridge passages above ground. There have never been plans to rebuild them, they will be connected by subterranean galleries. In a way, this archaeological promenade can be regarded as the sixth museum in the Island, because it is devised not only as a connecting corridor but as a strung-out exhibition room for interdisciplinary presentations; the Archaeological Promenade may be characterized as a cross-total of the collections that are shown separately in the individual museums of the Island
Kutafin Moscow State Law University is a coeducational and public research university located in Moscow, Russia. It was founded on 1931. MSAL was renamed after Kutafin in 2012 and was known as Kutafin University, its current rector is Viktor Blazheev. The university’s history starts in 1931 when Central correspondence courses on Soviet law were established, it developed as All-USSR correspondence institute of law assuring studies for a degree of law. A major part of Russian jurisprudence élite graduated from the University. In December 2011, Kutafin Moscow State Law University celebrated its 80th anniversary. Today it is one of the largest law schools in Russia. Kutafin Moscow State Law University has been specified as a model of an institution of higher education in the region and wider. Since its foundation the University has grown to become the University it is today, educating around 17,000 students. Kutafin Moscow State Law University is the core institution of the Legal Education Alliance that contributed to the establishing of Educational and Methodological Organization within the purview of law.
Kutafin Moscow State Law University assured training and graduation of more than 180 thousand specialists of higher legal education, majority of alumni has resumed its extensive cooperation program with the university. Presently, the educational process and scientific researches are guaranteed by 11 institutes, 5 branches and 30 departments. More than 20 schools of thought and scientific directions present the foundation of the University’s performance; the professorate and other faculty number about 1000 professors, with one corresponding member of the Russian University of Sciences included, over 190 Doctors of Science and 560 candidates of science, 33 Honoured Jurists of the Russian Federation, 16 Honoured Science Workers of the Russian Federation, over 100 honorary members of the University. Moreover, students receive training directly from Mr. Serkov, the First Deputy Head of the Supreme Court’s Chief, Mrs. Novoselova, President of Intellectual Property Court; the faculty has been long committed to provide not only full tuition, but intensive mentoring to develop tomorrow’s leaders and to prepare them for responsible and productive lives of the legal profession.
For years, University has been working with diligence to create a special offer in higher education in the region with establishing of a range of Institutes: Institute of Law Institute of International Law Institute of Public Prosecution Corresponding Law Institute Institute of Court Expertise Institute of Permanent Education Institute of Additional Professional Education Institute of Financial and Banking Law Institute of Advocacy Institute of Energy Law Business Law Institute Kutafin University is integrated into the world education as widening international cooperation is an important policy area in the University’s overall policy. The University has established international relations with foreign institutes and think tanks of CIS countries and Asian nations and the United States of America. Interchange agreements were concluded with the Universities of Bonn, Potsdam and Wales; the university employs more than 200 academics and 1,000 support staff. More than 16,000 undergraduates and 1,000 advanced degree candidates are enrolled.
Boris Slutsky was a Soviet poet of Russian language Dzhangir Kerimov is an Azerbaijani-Russian lawyer, Dr. of Laws, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Vladimir Kryuchkov was a Soviet lawyer and head of the KGB Gennady Yanayev was a Soviet Russian politician and statesman whose career spanned the rules of Khrushchev, Brezhnev and Chernenko, culminated during the Gorbachev years Boris Kuznetsov - is a prominent Russian lawyer who has acted in many notable criminal and human rights cases, and, persecuted by the Russian authorities Mikhail Barshchevsky - plenipotentiary representative of the Russian Federation in the Constitutional Court Vladimir Vasil'ev - since 2012 is Deputy Chairmen of the State Duma Alexander Chekalin was the First Deputy Minister of the Interior from 2004 Yuri Baturin - is a Russian cosmonaut Alexander Korzhakov - is a former KGB general who served as Boris Yeltsin's bodyguard and adviser for eleven years Olga Egorova - since 2000 is the Head Moscow City Court Sergey Morozov is the governor of Ulyanovsk Oblast in Russia.
He was elected in 2004.
Charles Edward Clark was Dean of Yale Law School and a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Born on December 9, 1889, in Woodbridge, Connecticut, to Samuel Orman Clark and Pauline C. Marquand, Clark received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1911 from Yale University, he received a Bachelor of Laws in 1913 from Yale Law School. He entered private practice in New Haven, Connecticut from 1913 to 1919, he was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives from 1917 to 1918, was Republican. He was a Professor of Law at Yale Law School from 1919 to 1929, he was a Deputy Judge of the Hamden, Connecticut Town Court from 1927 to 1931. He was the Sterling Professor of Law and Dean of Yale Law School from 1929 to 1939, he was Special Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division of the United States Department of Justice in 1938. Clark was nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on January 5, 1939, to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, to a new seat authorized by 52 Stat. 584.
He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 7, 1939, received his commission on March 9, 1939. He served as Chief Judge and as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States from 1954 to 1959, his service terminated on December 1963, due to his death in Hamden. Clark was a visiting lecturer in law at Yale University from 1951 to 1963. Charles Edward Clark at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center. Petruck, Peninah R. Y. ed.. Judge Charles Edward Clark. Ingram Documents in Legal History. Oceana Publications. ISBN 0379200716