A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways, such as into popular music and art music, or religious music and secular music; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. Academic definitions of the term genre. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre—both are violin concertos—but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317, are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that, since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomous distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics".
He explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. Alternatively, music can be assessed on the three dimensions of "arousal", "valence", "depth". Arousal reflects physiological processes such as stimulation and relaxation, valence reflects emotion and mood processes, depth reflects cognitive processes; these help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Art music includes classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance and is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music; the 1960s saw a wave of avant-garde experimentation in free jazz, represented by artists such as Ornette Coleman, Sun Ra, Albert Ayler, Archie Shepp and Don Cherry. And avant-garde rock artists such as Frank Zappa, Captain Beefheart, The Residents released art music albums. Popular music is any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particularly in the United Kingdom and in the United States. Electronic dance music saw further rise in 21st-century pop culture
Nostradamos was a Greek pop group founded in 1971 by Stelios Fotiadis, Ippokratis Exarchopoulos–also known as Charlie –and English female vocalist Chris King. It was one of the most popular pop groups in Greece which dominated the Greek pop-rock scene in the early to mid-seventies. Despoina Glezou joined the group in time to perform at the 1972 Thessaloniki Song Festival where they won the best new composer and performer prize with the song "Dos Mou to Heri Sou" which became a huge success in Greece during the junta years. Glezou was a member of the other pioneering Greek pop group Poll. Nostradamos has been ranked as number 9 in a list of the top 10 most influential rock groups during the dictatorship in Greece. In 1974, during the dictatorship, the group won the first Greek Eurovision participation contest run by the state broadcaster ERT to represent Greece at Eurovision but was not allowed to participate due to a scandal. Nostradamos was founded in 1971 by Stelios Fotiadis, Ippokratis Exarchopoulos, Chris King.
It was one of the most popular pop groups in Greece which dominated the Greek pop-rock scene in the early to mid-seventies. The group took its name from French astrologer Nostradamus. Despoina Glezou joined the group in time to perform at the 1972 Music Festival of Thessaloniki where they won the best new group and best new composer and performer prize with the song "Dos Mou to Heri Sou" which became a huge success in Greece. Glezou was a member of the other pioneering Greek pop group Poll, their success was meteoric and their single "Dos Mou to Heri Sou" sold 9,000 copies in one month. In 1973, the group reached the height of their popularity and went on a Panhellenic tour, met with great success. During their successful 1973 tour, the group were touring Northern Greece when police and junta security forces went to a Thessaloniki hotel where the band stayed, arrested Ippokratis Exarchopoulos and the sound engineer of the band on charges of raping a 16-year-old girl, stemming from a deposition made by the girl's family to the police.
Exarchopoulos denied the charges saying that the girl was a fan who had followed the group from Kavala without his knowledge. The girl was returned to her family in Kavala. Following the arrests, the girl's father offered to drop the charges for a large sum of money; the group did not have the funds to pay for the damages the family of the girl had demanded, they resorted to asking for money from friends and acquaintances. The money was collected and the girl's family dropped the charges. Subsequently, Charlie was released from jail. Following the incident, the junta forbade any broadcast of the group's music while at the same time a directive was issued to all Greek schools that prohibited students from attending concerts by the group; the affair damaged the group, more so Charlie, who never psychologically recovered from the incident. In 1974, during the dictatorship, the group won the first Eurovision participation contest run by the state broadcaster ERT to represent Greece at Eurovision. However, close to the competition date, the band was prevented from competing at Eurovision, due to the scandal.
In 1974, Charlie and Chris King left the group and two new members, Rena Pangrati and Michalis Lambropoulos, joined the band. A year in 1975, the group broke up. After the breakup of Nostradamos, Charlie worked at various entertainment venues to try to earn money to pay back the loans he received to pay the girl's family. While he tried to launch a solo career, he never attained the same success that he had as a member of the group, his only notable solo accomplishment was his song "Ο Θάνατος του Kλόουν", which he sang at the Music Festival of Thessaloniki with success. After "Death of the Clown", Charlie started using drugs, he was arrested in the 1990s for possession and trafficking of heroin, was sent to prison. In his car, according to the police and hand grenades were found, he was in possession of about 10 kg of heroin, Kalashnikov rifles, Magnum pistols. Since the heroin was found in Charlie's apartment, which he shared with his wife, the couple was arrested by the Greek police, it was one of the biggest heroin busts of the decade.
In his second year of incarceration, days before his trial date, Charlie overdosed and died at the Tzaneio Hospital for inmates of Korydallos Prison on 21 March 2000, six days shy of his 47th birthday. Group member Rena Pangrati had died on 25 June 1998 from a pill overdose. In a 2016 interview with Lifo magazine, Despoina Glezou stated that she was "hard with the fans" of the group, "she was trying to protect the other three " from the fans, she stated that this made it easier for her to leave the group. Nostradamos has been ranked as number 9 in a list of the top 10 most influential rock groups during the dictatorship in Greece; this is the complete discography of Nostradamos from the compilation "Νοστράδαμος – Νοσταλγοί Του Rock'N' Roll - 20 Μεγάλες Επιτυχίες" released in 2007 by Δίφωνο on CD. The songs were released as vinyl singles and albums in the 1970s
1031 Canal is a collapsed 190-foot-tall multi-use high rise building in New Orleans, located at 1031 Canal Street in the Central Business District. If completed, the project would have been known as the Hard Rock Hotel New Orleans. After months of controversy, on September 22, 2011, the New Orleans City Council voted 5-2 to approve the necessary height variances with provisions; as proposed the building would have included 300 market-rate apartments, a 500-space parking garage and 40,000 square feet of retail space on the first two floors. The project has undergone a controversial development process. On October 12, 2019, the under-construction building collapsed, killing three workers and injuring dozens of others; as of 2020, the building site remains in its collapsed state, including with the bodies of two deceased workers. Government officials are debating the project's future and potential culpability of various people and organizations involved. A permit to demolish the existing building, a former Woolworth store constructed in the 1930s and vacant since the late 1990s, was issued in April 2014, demolition began in October 2014, with completion scheduled for 2016.
Following the demolition of the Woolworth building, there was little progress made on the site until February 2018 when Kailas announced a partnership with Hard Rock to turn the new building into the Hard Rock Hotel New Orleans. The new plan maintained the already-approved height and general design of the tower. Plans for the interior included 350 hotel rooms, 65 1–3 bedroom units available for purchase, an upscale restaurant, 12,000 square feet of event space, a 400-space parking garage. On Saturday, October 12, 2019, at 9:12 a.m. during construction, a partial collapse of the structure occurred on the side facing North Rampart Street. Three workers were killed and dozens of others injured; the cause of the collapse is under investigation. Some workers and a contractor said they had complained about unsafe practices before the collapse, one posted a video of what he said was the construction site showing insufficient support for the structure. Investigators said. New Orleans mayor LaToya Cantrell has called for the entire building to be demolished.
On January 15, 2020, a petition to demolish three neighboring historic buildings owned by the developer, 1031 Canal Street Development LLC, was to be considered by the Historic District Landmarks Commission for the Central Business District. Those structures are located at 1019 and 1027 Canal, at 1022 Iberville Street. At the time, the collapsed 18-story building had not yet been removed. A few days earlier, the developer requested a delay in the decision-making process, pending the finalization of the plan as to the methodology for the demolition. Redevelopment of 1031 Canal St. Official Website Archived version 2018 Firefighters Shield Body Trapped in Rubble of New Orleans Hotel - New York Times, 22 January 2020