Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music. Musicology departments traditionally belong to the humanities, although music research is more scientific in focus. A scholar who participates in musical research is a musicologist. Musicology traditionally is divided in three main branches: historical musicology, systematic musicology and ethnomusicology. Historical musicologists study the history of the so-called Western classical tradition, though the study of music history need not be limited to that. Ethnomusicologists draw from anthropology to understand why people make music. Systematic musicology includes music theory, pedagogy, musical acoustics, the science and technology of musical instruments, the musical implications of physiology, sociology and computing. Cognitive musicology is the set of phenomena surrounding the cognitive modeling of music; when musicologists carry out research using computers, their research falls under the field of computational musicology.
Music therapy is a specialized form of applied musicology, sometimes considered more affiliated with health fields, other times regarded as part of musicology proper. The 19th century philosophical trends that led to the re-establishment of formal musicology education in German and Austrian universities had combined methods of systematization with evolution; these models were established not only in the field of physical anthropology, but cultural anthropology. This was influenced by Hegel's ideas on ordering "phenomena" from the simple to complex as the stages of evolution are classified from primitive to developed, stages of history from ancient to modern. Comparative methods became more widespread in diverse disciplines from anatomy to Indo-European linguistics, beginning around 1880 in comparative musicology; the parent disciplines of musicology include: General history Cultural studies Philosophy Ethnology and cultural anthropology Archaeology and prehistory Psychology and sociology Physiology and neuroscience Acoustics and psychoacoustics Computer/information sciences and mathematicsMusicology has two central oriented sub-disciplines with no parent discipline: performance practice and research, the theory and composition of music.
The disciplinary neighbors of musicology address other forms of art, performance and communication, including the history and theory of the visual and plastic arts and of architecture. Musical knowledge is applied in medicine and music therapy—which are parent disciplines of applied musicology. Music history or historical musicology is concerned with the composition, performance and criticism of music over time. Historical studies of music are for example concerned with a composer's life and works, the developments of styles and genres, e.g. baroque concertos, the social function of music for a particular group of people, e.g. court music, or modes of performance at a particular place and time, e.g. Johann Sebastian Bach's choir in Leipzig. Like the comparable field of art history, different branches and schools of historical musicology emphasize different types of musical works and approaches to music. There are national differences in various definitions of historical musicology. In theory, "music history" could refer to the study of the history of any type or genre of music, e.g. the history of Indian music or the history of rock.
In practice, these research topics are more considered within ethnomusicology and "historical musicology" is assumed to imply Western Art music of the European tradition. The methods of historical musicology include source studies, philology, style criticism, musical analysis and iconography; the application of musical analysis to further these goals is a part of music history, though pure analysis or the development of new tools of music analysis is more to be seen in the field of music theory. Music historians create a number of written products, ranging from journal articles describing their current research, new editions of musical works, biographies of composers and other musicians, book-length studies or university textbook chapters or entire textbooks. Music historians may examine issues in a close focus, as in the case of scholars who examine the relationship between words and music for a given composer's art songs. On the other hand, some scholars take a broader view, assess the place of a given type of music, such as the symphony in society using techniques drawn from other fields, such as economics, sociology or philosophy.
New musicology is a term applied since the late 1980s to a wide body of work emphasizing cultural study and criticism of music. Such work may be based on feminist, gender studies, queer theory or postcolonial theory, or the work of Theodor W. Adorno. Although New Musicology emerged from within historical musicology, the emphasis on cultural study within the Western art music tradition places New Musicology at the junction between historical and sociological research in music. New musicology was a reaction against traditional historical musicology, which according to Susan McClary, "fastidiously declares issues of musical signification off
Jordan Cornell Williams is an American football outside linebacker for the Tennessee Titans of the National Football League. He played his senior season of high school football at Gainesville High School in Gainesville, Florida, he played college football at Tennessee for four years. Williams played in 44 games, of which he started 21, during his college career, recording 66 tackles and 6.5 sacks. After going undrafted in the 2015 NFL Draft, he signed with the New York Jets and spent time on the team's practice squad before being released in September 2015, he was signed by the Miami Dolphins, where he spent time on both the practice squad and active roster, before being released in September 2016. He was signed to the Giants' practice squad in December 2016. Williams played his first three years of high school football at P. K. Yonge Developmental Research School in Gainesville, Florida. During his junior year, he missed the rest of the season. While at P. K. Yonge, he spent time at nose tackle and tight end.
After his junior year at P. K. Yonge, he transferred to play his senior year of football at Gainesville High School in Gainesville. In Williams' senior season in 2010, he played defensive end and tight end while spending some time at long snapper. In 2010, he was named to both Class 5A-AA First Team of the Gainesville Sun. Gainesville High finished with an 11–2 record and advanced to the state semifinals, he played in the Florida Athletic Coaches Association /Reebok North-South All Star Football Classic on December 22, 2010. He played at Gainesville High with future Tennessee teammate Trevarris Saulsberry. In the class of 2011, Williams was rated a three-star recruit by Rivals.com, Scout.com, ESPN.com and 247Sports.com. He was rated the No. 42 strongside defensive end in the country by Rivals.com, the No. 45 defensive end in the country by Scout.com, the No. 61 defensive end in the country by ESPN.com, the No. 34 strongside defensive end in the country by 247Sports.com. He was rated both a three-star recruit and the No. 40 strongside defensive end in the country on 247Sports.com's composite rating, which takes into account the ratings of all the other major recruiting services in the country.
He committed to play college football for Tennessee in October 2010. He received offers from other schools, some of which included Arkansas, NC State, South Florida, Syracuse, Duke, Iowa State, Troy, UCF, Michigan State and Marshall. Williams played for the Tennessee Volunteers of the University of Tennessee from 2011 to 2014 under head coaches Derek Dooley and Butch Jones, he majored in Sciences at Tennessee. He was a recipient of the Horne Athletic Scholarship, he played in nine games his freshman year in 2011 as a defensive end, recording four tackles and a sack. He was moved to jack linebacker his sophomore season in 2012. Williams appeared in ten games, of which he started in half of them, totaled two sacks and 17 tackles, four of which were tackles for loss. In April 2012, he was one of four recipients of the team's John Stucky Award, given to the "player who shows the most dedication and work discipline to improve strength as selected by the strength and conditioning staff."Williams was shifted back to defensive end for 2013 and played in 12 games, with three starts.
He recorded 18 tackles, 1.5 of which were tackles for loss. He was named to the 2013 Fall SEC Academic Honor Roll, he moved to defensive tackle his senior year in 2014. He played in 13 games, all starts, totaled two sacks, four pass breakups and 27 tackles, four of which were tackles for loss, he was named to the 2014 Fall SEC Academic Honor Roll. He played in the 2015 Medal of Honor Bowl as part of the National Team. Throughout his college career, Williams started 21 of them, he recorded career totals of 66 tackles, 10.5 of which were tackles for loss. Williams was rated the 54th best defensive end in the 2015 NFL Draft by NFLDraftScout.com. Williams signed with the New York Jets in May 2015 after going undrafted in the 2015 NFL Draft, he was released by the Jets on September 5 and signed to the team's practice squad the following day. He was released by the Jets on September 22, 2015. Williams was signed to the Miami Dolphins' practice squad on October 6, 2015, he was promoted to the active roster on December 5.
He made his NFL debut and only appearance of the 2015 season on December 6 against the Baltimore Ravens. He was released by the Dolphins on December 26 and signed to the team's practice squad three days later, he signed a reserve/future contract with the Dolphins in January 2016. He was signed to the Dolphins' practice squad the next day, he was released by the Dolphins on September 20, 2016. On December 6, 2016, the New York Giants signed Williams to their practice squad, he signed a reserve/future contract with the Giants on January 9, 2017. On September 2, 2017, he was signed to the practice squad the next day, he was promoted to the active roster on November 1. He was waived by the Giants on November 7, 2017, was re-signed to the practice squad, he signed a reserve/future contract with the Giants on January 1, 2018. On September 1, 2018, Williams was placed on injured reserve. On August 1, 2019, Williams signed with the Tennessee Titans, he was waived/injured on August 12, 2019 and was placed on injured reserve.
Williams' father, was a defensive lineman at Florida in the mid-1980s, was drafted by the Minnesota Vikings in the 12th round of the 1987 NFL Draft, played for the Chicago Bruisers, Dallas Texans and Orlando Predators o
Mulago National Referral Hospital known as Mulago Hospital, is a hospital in Uganda. It is the largest public hospital in the country, with 1,500 beds. In 2014, an average of 80 to 100 babies were delivered daily, in the hospital's three maternity wards; the hospital is on Mulago Hill in the northern part of the city of Kampala west of the Makerere University College of Health Sciences. It is 5 kilometres, by road, north-east of Kampala's central business district; the coordinates of the hospital are 0°20'16.0"N, 32°34'32.0"E. The hospital is the teaching hospital of the Makerere University College of Health Sciences, it is one of the two national referral hospitals in the country, the other one being Butabika National Referral Hospital. The hospital offers services in most medical and surgical sub-specialties, in addition to dentistry, emergency medicine and intensive care. Old Mulago was founded in 1913 by Albert Ruskin Cook; the New Mulago facility was completed in 1962. The hospital has an official capacity of 1,790 beds, although it houses over 3,000 patients.
In 2012, the annual hospital budget was USh33.2 billion. "Apparently, to run Mulago needs thrice its current budget." In October 2014, major renovations and rehabilitation works commenced at the hospital, the purpose of, to bring about structural and performance improvements. These works, estimated to last 24 months, were the largest renovation works to the facility since the New Mulago hospital block was completed 52 years before; the construction budget was planned at US$49 million, financed by a loan from the African Development Bank. During the rehabilitation works, only true medical emergencies and properly referred patients were attended to at the facility, with other cases being deflected to the other 14 national and regional referral hospitals and to Naguru General Hospital; as part of the planned changes, the intensive care unit was enlarged from 5 to 25 beds. As of December 2015, the first phase of rehabilitation, consisting of 40 percent of the total works, was reported to be complete.
The second phase of the renovation is expected to last another 12 months. In May 2019, the Cabinet of Uganda authorized the release of USh35.5 billion to complete the renovations to the hospital. As of that date, the pending work, estimated at 8 percent of the total, included new windows, an ICT network installation, 6 new sub-terrain tanks, expansion of the road network within the hospital complex. Once the funds are released, work is expected to take five months to completion. Makerere University College of Health Sciences Homepage Mulago National Referral Hospital belongs to all Ugandans As of 29 May 2017
The 2006–07 George Mason Patriots men's basketball team began their 41st season of collegiate play on November 11, 2006 at Cleveland State. This season followed their historic 2005–06 season where they advanced to the Final Four of the 2006 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. However, the 2006–07 team was much less successful. After playing in the first 2 games, Sammy Hernandez requested a transfer from the team, he enrolled at Florida Atlantic University. Second Team All-CAA Will ThomasThird Team All-CAA Folarin CampbellCAA All-Defensive Team Will ThomasCAA Player of the Week Will Thomas – Nov. 13 Jordan Carter – Jan. 15CAA Rookie of the Week Louis Birdsong – Dec. 26 The following is a list of players signed for the 2007–08 season
Frank Skartados ) was a Greek-American politician and businessman. Skartados was a member of the Democratic Party. A resident of the Ulster County hamlet of Milton, where he ran a farm, he was the Assemblyman for the 104th district of the New York State Assembly in the mid-Hudson, which includes both the city and town of Newburgh, the cities of Beacon, Poughkeepsie, the hamlet of Marlboro, the town of Lloyd, he defeated 14-year Republican incumbent Thomas J. Kirwan in 2008 for what was the 100th district, but narrowly lost to him two years in a contest not formally decided for four months. Kirwan died less than a year into his term, Skartados won the 2012 special election to fill the seat, the first election held for what was now the redrawn 104th district, which excluded some areas of Ulster County that were Republican, he went on to win the general election that year and re-election in 2014 and 2016. After his death from pancreatic cancer in April 2018, Skartados was succeeded by Jonathan Jacobson, the winner of that year's general election for the seat, in November once the election results were certified.
Skartados was born on the Greek island of Astypalaia. He grew up on a small farm. At age 14, in 1970, Skartados and his mother moved to New York City. Skartados graduated from George Washington High School in upper Manhattan, he worked in the restaurant industry and owned one. His business savvy allotted him the funds to educate himself at the State University of New York at New Paltz, where he earned a degree in political science. At the same time, he worked at the Commandant's Office of the New York Military Academy in Cornwall, New York. After college, Skartados attained a master's degree in International Studies at the State University of California at Sacramento, he served an internship at the United Nations Center Against Apartheid. For the next eight years, Skartados worked back at the New York Military Academy as chairman of the Health Department, he taught Environmental Studies and American History. In 2000, Skartados abdicated his seat at the military academy. Subsequently, Skartados focused on renovating properties in downtown Poughkeepsie, including building the Aegean Entertainment Center, the largest entertainment venue between Albany and New York City.
Skartados was the president of the Academy Street Business Association in Poughkeepsie. Skartados helped in the revitalization of the street's business environment, which changed the negative perception of the area. In addition to his work with the Poughkeepsie Partnership – a go-between to promote the partnership of business and city government agencies – Skartados served on the mayor's Promotions & Events Committee to help further promote and attract new people to the city of Poughkeepsie, his political career began when he defeated 14-year incumbent Thomas Kirwan in 2008. Skartados served the 100th district of the New York State Assembly from 2008 to 2010. However, Kirwan narrowly recaptured the seat in 2010 but died in late 2011. On March 20, 2012, a special election was held for the vacant seat, which Skartados won with more than 60 percent of the vote, he was re-elected for a full term on November 6, 2012, on November 4, 2014, by 60% of the vote. During his Assembly tenure, Skartados supported bills that focused on the environment, criminal justice reforms, consumer protection, veterans benefits, business regulation reform, family court reform, library election reform.
Skartados secured millions of dollars for struggling schools in Marlboro and Poughkeepsie. He helped secure state funding to purchase fire trucks and police cars, pursue environmental projects such as the Hudson Valley Rail Trail. Skartados helped expand non-profit grounds such as soup kitchens, Newburgh Habitat for Humanity, Newburgh Safe Harbor's Park, he remained in the assembly until his death in April 2018. Skartados had one child at the time of his death. On April 12, 2018, Skartados was hospitalized in Newburgh, New York, with a "serious illness" and according to his chief of staff was "not going to recover", he died in the hospital three days of pancreatic cancer, at age 62. In response to Skartados' death, U. S. Representative Sean Patrick Maloney praised Skartados' "legacy as a fighter for the people he loved and a voice for many who had none". List of Greek Americans List of people diagnosed with pancreatic cancer List of Sacramento State people Official website Official website for the 104th district Frank Skartados for Assembly Campaign website
Harry Charles Clarke was a professional American football halfback for four seasons for the Chicago Bears in the National Football League. He played three seasons in the All-America Football Conference, he played college football for West Virginia Mountaineers. Harry Clarke set many records while playing for West Virginia University, he still holds some to this day. While at WVU Clarke rushed for 921 yards, a team record at the time, in the 1938 season, he was inducted into the university's hall of fame in 1977. During his rookie season with the Chicago Bears, Clarke scored two touchdowns in the 1940 NFL Championship Game to help defeat the Washington Redskins 73 to 0. After his fourth season with the Bears, Clarke was drafted into the Navy in 1943. After his time in the service, Clarke played in the All-American Football Conference from 1946-1948 for Los Angeles Dons returned to Chicago to play for the Rockets. According to some statistics, Clarke played for both the Dons and the Rockets in the 1948 season: 5 games for each team.
Harry Clarke at Find a Grave