The Society of the Muslim Brothers, better known as the Muslim Brotherhood, is a transnational Sunni Islamist organization founded in Egypt by Islamic scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928. Al-Banna's teachings spread far beyond Egypt, influencing today various Islamist movements from charitable organizations to political parties—not all using the same name; as a Pan-Islamic and social movement, it preached Islam in Egypt, taught the illiterate, set up hospitals and business enterprises. It advanced into the political arena, aiming to end British colonial control of Egypt; the movement's self-stated aim is the establishment of a state ruled by Sharia law–its most famous slogan worldwide being: "Islam is the solution". Charity is a major propellant to its work; the group spread to other Muslim countries but has its largest, or one of its largest, organizations in Egypt despite a succession of government crackdowns starting in 1948 up until today, with accusations of planning assassinations and plots.
It remained a fringe group in politics of the Arab World until the 1967 Six-Day War, when Islamism managed to replace popular secular Arab nationalism after a resounding Arab defeat by Israel. The movement was supported by Saudi Arabia, with which it shared mutual enemies like communism; the Arab Spring brought it legalization and substantial political power at first, but as of 2013 it has suffered severe reversals. The Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood was legalized in 2011 and won several elections, including the 2012 presidential election when its candidate Mohamed Morsi became Egypt's first president to gain power through an election, though one year following massive demonstrations and unrest, he was overthrown by the military and placed under house arrest; the group was banned in Egypt and declared as a terrorist organization. Persian Gulf monarchies of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates followed suit, driven by the perception that the Brotherhood is a threat to their authoritarian rule.
The Brotherhood itself claims to be a peaceful, democratic organization, that its leader "condemns violence and violent acts". Today, the primary state backers of the Muslim Brotherhood are Turkey; as of 2015, it is considered a terrorist organization by the governments of Bahrain, Russia, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates. The Brotherhood's English-language website describes its principles as including firstly the introduction of the Islamic Sharia as "the basis for controlling the affairs of state and society" and secondly, working to unify "Islamic countries and states among the Arab states, liberate them from foreign imperialism". According to a spokesman on its English-language website, the Muslim Brotherhood believes in reform, freedom of assembly, etc. We believe that the political reform is the natural gateway for all other kinds of reform. We have announced our acceptance of democracy that acknowledges political pluralism, the peaceful rotation of power and the fact that the nation is the source of all powers.
As we see it, political reform includes the termination of the state of emergency, restoring public freedoms, including the right to establish political parties, whatever their tendencies may be, the freedom of the press, freedom of criticism and thought, freedom of peaceful demonstrations, freedom of assembly, etc. It includes the dismantling of all exceptional courts and the annulment of all exceptional laws, establishing the independence of the judiciary, enabling the judiciary to and supervise general elections so as to ensure that they authentically express people's will, removing all obstacles that restrict the functioning of civil society organizations, etc, its founder, Hassan Al-Banna, was influenced by Islamic modernist reformers Muhammad Abduh and Rashid Rida, with the group structure and approach being influenced by Sufism. Al-Banna avoided controversies over doctrine, it downplayed doctrinal differences between schools emphasizing the political importance of worldwide unity of the Muslim Nation.
As Islamic Modernist beliefs were co-opted by secularist rulers and official `ulama, the Brotherhood has become traditionalist and conservative, "being the only available outlet for those whose religious and cultural sensibilities had been outraged by the impact of Westernization". Al-Banna believed the Quran and Sunnah constitute a perfect way of life and social and political organization that God has set out for man. Islamic governments must be based on this system and unified in a Caliphate; the Muslim Brotherhood's goal, as stated by its founder al-Banna was to drive out British colonial and other Western influences, reclaim Islam's manifest destiny—an empire, stretching from Spain to Indonesia. The Brotherhood preaches that Islam will bring social justice, the eradication of poverty and sinful behavior, political freedom. Blended with methods of modern social sciences, some key thinkers of Brotherhood have contemplated the Islamic perspective on bureaucratic effectiveness, mapping out solutions to problems of formalism and irresponsiveness to public concerns in public administration, which pertains to the pro-democratic tenets of Muslim Brotherhood.
Such variations of thoughts have purportedly negated the realities of contemporary Muslim countries as their authors have proclaimed. On the issue of women and gender the Muslim Brotherhood interprets Is
David Rawle is an Irish actor from Carrigallen, County Leitrim. He is best known for starring in the Irish sitcom Moone Boy, co-written by and co-starring Chris O'Dowd, his first audition for acting was for Santa Claus. In 2012, he was nominated at the British Comedy Awards for Best Comedy Breakthrough Artist. Between 2012 and 2015, David played Martin Moone in an Irish sitcom on Sky One. In the series, set in the early 1990s, he had an imaginary friend called Seán. Martin, aided by his imaginary friend, has a unique perspective on life, his imagination comes into play both in his childish drawings, which come alive through animation, in the ridiculous schemes he comes up with, against Seán's better judgement. With Seán's help, Martin negotiates life as the youngest in a scatter-brained Irish family, he provides the voice of Ben in the 2014 film, Song of the Sea. Since September 2011, he has been a member of the Leitrim Youth Theatre in Carrigallen. In January 2013, he appeared in Bressie's music video for his new single Show Me Love.
Lyssa is a genus of moths in the family Uraniidae. The genus was erected by Jacob Hübner in 1823; the genus includes large moths that are found in southern Asia and the Pacific region. Lyssa achillaria Hübner, 1816 Lyssa aruus Lyssa aurora Lyssa curvata Skinner, 1903 Lyssa fletcheri Regteren Altena, 1953 Lyssa macleayi Lyssa menoetius Lyssa mutata Butler, 1887 Lyssa patroclus Lyssa patroclaria Hübner, 1816 Lyssa toxopeusi Regteren Altena, 1953 Lyssa velutinus Röber, 1927 Lyssa zampa Media related to Lyssa at Wikimedia Commons
The Peking University School of Transnational Law is located in Shenzhen, China. The school started in the fall of 2008 as a part of the Shenzhen Graduate School of Peking University, it is the first law school to offer a traditional western-style Juris Doctor degree alongside a Chinese-style Juris Master degree. The program is four years and graduates receive both the Chinese Juris Master's degree and, by special authorization by the Chinese government, a J. D. degree. STL offers a 3-year J. D. degree in English and a 1-2-year LL. M. degree. The school's tagline is "China's most innovative law school in China's most innovative city" Jeffrey S. Lehman is the founding dean. Philip McConnaughay is the current dean. Admission to STL is subject to a rigorous admissions procedure. Admissions is on a rolling basis but the deadline is late March each year. In 2015 STL established a post-graduate LL. M. degree for foreign students who have a first degree in law and who may be practicing lawyers in their home nations.
STL’s full-time resident faculty includes scholars of the future of law practice, international trade law, food safety policy, public international law and private dispute resolution, along with scholars of investment treaty arbitration, capital markets, securities regulation, comparative corporate governance, Chinese legal history and philosophy, Chinese environmental regulation and administrative law, China civil law, several other fields of law. The faculty is multinational in background and follow a Western-style interactive teaching methodology. STL sponsors students to compete in several moot court competitions, including Jessup International Moot Court Competition, Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot, Red Cross International Humanitarian Law Competition, International Criminal Court Trial Competition and ELSA WTO Moot Court Competition. STL participates in Law Without Walls program. STL has several student organizations, including Public Interest Law Foundation, Society of Women in Law, The Journal of Transnational Law, etc.
Peking University School of Transnational Law Peking University Shenzhen Graduate School
Kazakhstan competed at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, from 13 to 29 August 2004. This was the nation's third appearance at the Summer Olympics in the post-Soviet era. National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan sent a total of 114 athletes to the Games, 71 men and 43 women, to compete in 17 sports; the nation's team size was smaller by 16 athletes from Sydney, had the third largest share of men in its Summer Olympic history. Water polo was the only team-based sport in which Kazakhstan had its representation in these Olympic games. Among the sports played by the athletes, Kazakhstan marked its official Olympic debut in rhythmic gymnastics. Notable Kazakh athletes featured returning Olympic medalists Alexander Vinokourov in road cycling and Islam Bairamukov in men's freestyle wrestling. Grigoriy Yegorov made his official comeback for his second Olympic bid, since he won the bronze medal in the men's pole vault at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, representing the Soviet Union.
Pistol shooter Galina Belyayeva was the oldest and most accomplished member of the team at age 55. Meanwhile, backstroke swimmer Anastassiya Prilepa set a historic milestone for the Kazakh team as the youngest athlete, aged 14, to compete at the Olympics. Kazakhstan left Athens with a total of eight Olympic medals, finishing fortieth in the overall medal count; this was the nation's poorest Olympic performance in history since the breakup of the Soviet Union, collecting only a single gold medal from welterweight boxer Bakhtiyar Artayev. Three of these medals were awarded each to the athletes in boxing and wrestling, including Artayev's illustrious gold, while Dmitriy Karpov added a second Olympic medal for Kazakhstan in track and field by claiming the bronze in men's decathlon. Weightlifter Sergey Filimonov captured a bronze in the men's 77 kg class. On February 12, 2013, the International Olympic Committee stripped Russia's Oleg Perepetchenov of his 2004 Olympic medal after both probes were retested and showed traces of anabolic steroids, upgrading Filimonov's medal to silver.
Two Kazakh archers qualified each for women's individual archery. Kazakh athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events. KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – DecathlonWomen Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – Heptathlon Kazakhstan sent eight boxers to the 2004 Olympics; each of them won at least one bout, a feat that not Cuba accomplished. Three of the Kazakhstani boxers won medals, one each of gold and bronze; this put Kazakhstan in a tie with Thailand for third place in the boxing medals count, behind only Cuba and Russia. Russia was a constant annoyance for the Kazakhs, as they lost four of the five matches they boxed against Russians.
In contrast, Bakhtiyar Artayev won the only match Kazakhstan had against the almost-invincible Cubans. Two boxers were defeated in the round of 16. Three more fell in just missing medals; the combined record of the eight boxers was 17-7. MenQualification Legend: Q = Qualify to final. MenWomen Two Kazakh athletes qualified to compete in the modern pentathlon event through the Asian Modern Pentathlon Championships. Four Kazakh shooters qualified to compete in the following events: MenWomen Kazakh swimmers earned qualifying standards in the following events: MenWomen Two Kazakh synchronized swimmers qualified a spot in the women's duet. Kazakhstan has sent one taekwondo jin to compete. Four Kazakh triathletes qualified for the following events. Roster The following is the Kazakh roster in the men's water polo tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics. Head coach: Askar Orazalinov Group play9th-12th Place Semifinal11th-12th Place Final Roster The following is the Kazakh roster in the women's water polo tournament of the 2004 Summer Olympics.
Head coach: Stanislav Pivovarov Group play7th-8th Place Final Three Kazakh weightlifters qualified for the following events: Kazakh wrestlers qualified to compete in all events except the men's freestyle 60 kg class and the women's freestyle wrestling. Key: VT - Victory by Fall. PP - Decision by Points - the loser with technical points. PO - Decision by Points - the loser without technical points. Men's freestyleMen's Greco-Roman Kazakhstan at the 2002 Asian Games Kazakhstan at the 2004 Summer Paralympics Official Report of the XXVIII Olympiad Kazakhstan National Olympic Committee
San Salvatore in Onda is a Roman Catholic church, located on via dei Pettinari #56-58, in rione Regola of Rome, Italy. The church is about a block southwest along the via from the church of Santissima Trinità dei Pellegrini; the Via dei Pettinari retraces the route of an ancient path which starts from the Pons Aurelius and headed towards the Theatre of Pompey. A church at the site was present by the 12th century, is mentioned in a bull by Pope Honorius II in 1127, it was dedicated under the title "Transfiguration of our Lord Jesus Christ". The Transfiguration was depicted in the apse by Filippo Prosperi. Between the windows, in each of the eight quadrants divided by pilasters on the dark red wall, Prósperi frescoed, on gold and patriarchs of the Old Testament that foreshadowed the Savior; the suffix in onda derives from the frequent floods of the district by the Tiber river. By 1260, a church was erected and placed under the ownership of a monastic order of Paul of Thebes, the first Christian hermit.
In January 1445, the church and adjacent convent were ceded to the Conventual Franciscans by Pope Eugene IV, in 1844, Pope Gregory XVI ceded the church to a new order organized by Vincenzo Pallotti. The campanile has two bells of 1850 to replace the previous, seized by the Roman Republic in 1848; the church underwent reconstruction in 1867, including elevation, directed by Luca Carimini, who used a basilica design. The work was funded by the Cassetta brothers and Pietro as the Pallotines could not afford it; the church was reopened August 6, 1878 by a mass presided over by Msgr. Francesco di Paola Cassetta; the church is divided by twelve pillars into three naves. In the center of the apse is a fresco depicting Virgin and Child by Cesare Mariani, which replaced the picture of the Queen of the Apostles by Serafino Cesaretti. Under the main altar is a sarcophagus made by Arnoldo Brandizzi which, since 1950, contains the body of St Vincent Pallotti; the Lady Chapel of the Virgo Potens opens to the right nave.
The chapel was erected in the last century by the Cassetta family. On the altar is the picture of the “Virgo Potens” donated by the Venerable Elisabetta Sanna, who died in 1857 and was buried in this chapel; the Stations of the Cross were made by Domenico Cassarotti. The organ is the work of Pietro Pantanella. Below the presbytery of the church, there is a crypt, dating to the eighth century. Under the crypt, below the level of the city are wine storerooms of Roman times. Pope John Paul II visited the church on June 22, 1986, he had stayed at the Generalate House for some weeks in 1946 while a student in Rome. Elizabeth Sanna was born April 1788 in Condrongianos, Sardinia to a family of farmers. At the age of three months she contracted smallpox, which left her with her crippled, she was married in 1807 at the age of nineteen. She and her husband, had seven children, two of whom died young. In 1825 Antonio died, leaving her a widow with five children between the ages of three and seventeen. In 1830 she made a pilgrimage to Rome.
She became a secular Francican tertiary and one of the first members of the Catholic Union of St. Vincent Pallotti, she died in Rome on February 17, 1857 and is buried in the church of SS. Salvatore in Onda. On January 27, 2014 Pope Francis declared Elizabeth Sanna venerable. Media related to San Salvatore in Onda at Wikimedia Commons