Mustang District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
मुस्ताङ जिल्ला
Location of Mustang
Location of Mustang
Country Nepal
Region Western (Pashchimanchal)
Zone Dhaulagiri
 • Total 3,573 km2 (1,380 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 13,452
 • Density 3.8/km2 (9.8/sq mi)
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Tetang terraced fields, Lower Mustang
Kagbeni village of Mustang, Nepal 1999

Mustang District (Nepali: मुस्ताङ जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen ), a part of Province No. 4, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal. The district, with Jomsom as its headquarters, covers an area of 3,573 km² and has a population (2011) of 13,452.[1]

The district straddles the Himalayas and extends northward onto the Tibetan plateau. Upper Mustang, the former Lo Kingdom comprises the northern two-thirds of the district. This kingdom was a dependency of the Kingdom of Nepal since 1795 [2], but was abolished by the republican Government of Nepal on October 7, 2008.

In addition to trekking routes through the Lo Kingdom ("Upper Mustang") and along the Annapurna Circuit in lower Mustang, the district is famous for the springs and village of Muktinath (a popular Hindu and Buddhist pilgrimage site), apples, and Marpha brandy. Mustang was a lost kingdom of Tibet and today traditions have survived longer than in Tibet proper following its annexation by China.

Map of the VDCs in Mustang District

Geography and climate[edit]

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range  % of Area
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
Nival above 5,000 meters 8.8%


3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.

Village Development Committees (VDCs)[edit]

Mustang has a semi-arid climate
A village in Mustang District

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011 (National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved November 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^
  3. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013  horizontal tab character in |series= at position 91 (help)
  4. ^ Shrestha, Mani R.; Rokaya, Maan B.; Ghimire, Suresh K. (2005). "Vegetation pattern of Trans-Himalayan zone in the North-West Nepal". Nepal Journal of Plant Sciences. 1: 129–135. Retrieved Feb 7, 2014. 
  5. ^ Banerji, Gargi; Basu, Sejuti. "Climate Change and Himalayan Cold Deserts: Mapping vulnerability and threat to ecology and indigenous livelihoods" (PDF). Pragya. Gurgaon, Haryana, India. Retrieved February 7, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°47′0″N 83°43′50″E / 28.78333°N 83.73056°E / 28.78333; 83.73056