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Mut

Mut known as Maut and Mout, was a mother goddess worshipped in ancient Egypt. Her name means mother in the ancient Egyptian language. Mut had many different aspects and attributes that changed and evolved a lot over the thousands of years of ancient Egyptian culture. Mut was considered a primal deity, associated with the primordial waters of Nu from which everything in the world was born. Mut was sometimes said to have given birth to the world through parthenogenesis, but more she was said to have a husband, the solar creator god Amun-Ra. Although Mut was believed by her followers to be the mother of everything in the world, she was associated as the mother of the lunar child god Khonsu. At the Temple of Karnak in Egypt's capital city of Thebes, the family of Amun-Ra, Mut and Khonsu were worshipped together as the Theban Triad. In art, Mut was depicted as a woman wearing the double crown of the kings of Egypt, representing her power over the whole of the land. During the high point of Mut's cult, the rulers of Egypt would support her worship in their own way to emphasize their own authority and right to rule through an association with Mut.

Mut was involved in many ancient Egyptian festivals such as the Opet Festival and the Beautiful Festival of the Valley. Her greatest temple was located at Karnak in Thebes. Mut was the consort of the patron deity of pharaohs during the Middle Kingdom and New Kingdom. Amaunet and Wosret may have been Amun's consorts early in Egyptian history, but Mut, who did not appear in texts or art until the late Middle Kingdom, displaced them. In the New Kingdom and Mut were the patron deities of Thebes, a major city in Upper Egypt, formed a cultic triad with their son, Khonsu, her other major role was as a lioness deity, an Upper Egyptian counterpart to the fearsome Lower Egyptian goddess Sekhmet. In art, Mut was pictured as a woman with the wings of a vulture, holding an ankh, wearing the united crown of Upper and Lower Egypt and a dress of bright red or blue, with the feather of the goddess Ma'at at her feet. Alternatively, as a result of her assimilations, Mut is sometimes depicted as a cobra, a cat, a cow, or as a lioness as well as the vulture.

Before the end of the New Kingdom all images of female figures wearing the Double Crown of Upper and Lower Egypt were depictions of the goddess Mut, here labeled "Lady of Heaven, Mistress of All the Gods". The last image on this page shows the goddess's facial features which mark this as a work made sometime between late Dynasty XVIII and early in the reign of Ramesses II. There are temples dedicated to Mut still standing in modern-day Egypt and Sudan, reflecting the widespread worship of her; the center of her cult in Sudan became the Mut Temple of Jebel Barkal and in Egypt the temple in Karnak. That temple had the statue, regarded as an embodiment of her real ka, her devotions included daily rituals by her priestesses. Interior reliefs depict scenes of the priestesses the only known remaining example of worship in ancient Egypt, administered by women; the queen served as the chief priestess in the temple rituals. The pharaoh participated and would become a deity after death. In the case when the pharaoh was female, records of one example indicate that she had her daughter serve as the high priestess in her place.

Priests served in the administration of temples and oracles where priestesses performed the traditional religious rites. These rituals included drinking; the pharaoh Hatshepsut had the ancient temple to Mut at Karnak rebuilt during her rule in the Eighteenth Dynasty. Previous excavators had thought that Amenhotep III had the temple built because of the hundreds of statues found there of Sekhmet that bore his name. However, who completed an enormous number of temples and public buildings, had completed the work seventy-five years earlier, she began the custom of depicting Mut with the crown of both Lower Egypt. It is thought that Amenhotep III removed most signs of Hatshepsut, while taking credit for the projects she had built. Hatshepsut was a pharaoh who brought Mut to the fore again in the Egyptian pantheon, identifying with the goddess, she stated. She associated herself with the image of Sekhmet, as the more aggressive aspect of the goddess, having served as a successful warrior during the early portion of her reign as pharaoh.

In the same dynasty, Akhenaten suppressed the worship of Mut as well as the other deities when he promoted the monotheistic worship of his sun god, Aten. Tutankhamun re-established her worship and his successors continued to associate themselves with Mut afterward. Ramesses II added more work on the Mut temple during the nineteenth dynasty, as well as rebuilding an earlier temple in the same area, rededicating it to Amun and himself, he placed it. Kushite pharaohs expanded the Mut temple and modified the Ramesses temple for use as the shrine of the celebrated birth of Amun and Khonsu, trying to integrate themselves into divine succession, they installed their own priestesses among the ranks of the priestesses who officiated at the temple of Mut. The Greek Ptolemaic dynasty added its own decorations and priestesses at the temple as well and used the authority of Mut to emphasize their own interests; the Roman emperor Tiberius rebuilt the site after a severe flood and his successors supported the temple until it fell into disuse, sometime around the third century AD.

Roman officials used the stones from the temple for their own building projects without altering the images carved upon them

2013–14 Czech Cup

The 2013–14 Czech Cup was the twenty-first season of the annual football knock-out tournament of the Czech Republic. It began on 13 July 2013 with the Preliminary Round and ended with the final on 17 May 2014; the winners of the competition would have qualified for the third qualifying round of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League, since both finalists qualified for Europe through their league position, the Europa League berth for the cup winners was assigned to a team in the league instead. Sparta Prague won the final 8–7 on penalties after the match finished 1–1, earning them a league-cup double; the preliminary round ties were played on 13 & 14 July 2013 The semi-finals were played between 16 April and 1 May. The final was played at Eden Arena on 17 May 2014. Sparta Prague, having mathematically won the 2013–14 Czech First League two weeks were aiming for a double; the game remained in goalless deadlock until the 79th minute. In the dying minutes of stoppage time, Milan Petržela conceded a penalty for handball, converted by Josef Hušbauer.

The match proceeded to a penalty shootout involving every outfield player in each team, with Petržela having his decisive penalty saved by Tomáš Vaclík. Initial ticket sales were soon halted by the football association due to "radical hooligans from the Czech Republic and Slovakia" purchasing tickets en-masse. Sales were reopened on 11 May, but tickets were restricted to the stands behind each goal, could only be bought from each club at their stadium. Fans staged a protest. 2013–14 Czech First League 2013–14 Czech National Football League Official site soccerway.com

Georgios Savvas

Georgios Savvas was a Greek chieftain of the Macedonian Struggle. Savvas was born in the 1880s in Thessaloniki, he participated in an armed group at Olympus at the beginning of the Macedonian Struggle. He soon became a leader of a small group. There he met with Konstantinos Mazarakis-Ainian and at the end of 1905, Mazarakis asked him to move with his team in Mariovo after the damage the Greek bodies suffered there. There, expanding his body, he cooperated with Captain Garefis and Em. Katsigaris, he acted in the area of Mariovo and Almopia throughout the Macedonian Struggle, persecuting the Bulgarian groups. Hellenic Army General Staff, Army History Directorate, Ο Μακεδονικός Αγών και τα εις Θράκην γεγονότα, Athens 1979, p. 181, 223 John S. Koliopoulos, Αφανείς, γηγενείς Μακεδονομάχοι, Εταιρεία Μακεδονικών Σπουδών, University Studio Press, Thessaloniki, 2008, p. 55 Μακεδονικός Αγώνας, Η έναρξη του Αγώνα, οι μάχες κατά την διάρκειά του και η πορεία των πρωταγωνιστών που έλαβαν μέρος