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My Four Years in Germany

My Four Years in Germany is a 1918 American silent war drama film, notable as being the first film produced by the four Warner Brothers, Sam and Jack. It was directed by seasoned William Nigh a director at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, was based on the experiences of real life U. S. Ambassador to Germany James W. Gerard as described in his book; the film was produced while World War I was still raging and is sometimes considered a propaganda film. Halbert Brown as Ambassador James W. Gerard Willard Dashiell as Sir Edward Goschen Louis Dean as Kaiser Wilhelm II Earl Schenck as Crown Prince of Germany George Riddell as Field Marshall von Hindenburg Frank Stone as Prince Henry of Prussia Karl Dane as Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg Fred Hern as Foreign Minister von Jagow Percy Standing as Under-Secretary Zimmermann William Bittner as Grand Admiral von Tirpitz Arthur C. Duvel as Field Marshal von Falkenhayn Ann Dearing as Aimee Delaporte A. B. Conkwright as Socialist William Nigh as Socialist Like many American films of the time, My Four Years in Germany was subject to cuts by city and state film censorship boards.

For example, the Chicago Board of Censors required cuts, in Reel 7, of the intertitle "Do you know where will be quarted tonight?", two scenes of officer entering cabin into which young woman runs and his exit, scene of young woman lying in bed with clothing disarranged after her criminal assault, scene of dead woman on ground, Reel 8, the intertitle "The first night we were quartered with the soldiers", Reel 10, scene of man drawing sword out of other man's body. The Chicago board's cuts totaled twenty feet of film. A copy of My Four Years in Germany is held in the Turner Entertainment film library. My Four Years in Germany on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie Full movie at Archive


Halvergate is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk, north of Reedham, between the Rivers Bure and Yare, within The Broads. To the east of the village is the hamlet of Wickhampton and the Halvergate Marshes, an area of drainage marsh, the site of the first Environmentally Sensitive Area in the United Kingdom in 1987; the parish covers an area of 24.65 km2 and had a population of 468 in 202 households at the 2001 census, increasing to a population of 607 in 243 households at the 2011 Census. For the purposes of local government, it falls within the district of Broadland; the civil parish includes the village of Tunstall. The long distance footpath named the Weavers' Way passes through Halvergate, this provides one of the few modes of access to Berney Arms; the village has a cricket team. Stracey Arms Windpump in Tunstall. Mutton's Mill in Halvergate Marshes. Media related to Halvergate at Wikimedia Commons

Craugastor matudai

Craugastor matudai is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found in the lower montane zone at elevations of 1,500–2,000 m above sea level on the Pacific versant of Mexico and Guatemala, from Cerro Ovando in southwestern Chiapas to Fraternidad, a village in Esquipulas Palo Gordo, central Guatemala, it is named after Eizi Matuda, Japanese–Mexican botanist who hosted Hobart Muir Smith and his wife Rozella B. Smith, the collectors of the type series from Cerro Ovando. Males measure 27–28 mm and females 37–40 mm in snout–vent length; the body is rugose with tiny pearly-topped tubercles. The canthus rostralis is sharp with raised edges; the diameter of the tympanum relative to the eye is much larger in males than in females. Males lack vocal sac, its natural habitat is pine-oak forest. This rare species is threatened by habitat loss. Mexican law protects it under the "Special Protection" category


Doliocarpus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Dilleniaceae, native to Central and South America. Species include: Doliocarpus amazonicus Sleumer Doliocarpus aracaensis Aymard Doliocarpus areolatus Kubitzki Doliocarpus aureobaccatus Aymard Doliocarpus aureobaccus G. A. Aymard Doliocarpus brevipedicellatus Garcke Doliocarpus carnevaliorum Aymard Doliocarpus chocoensis Aymard Doliocarpus dasyanthus Kubitzki Doliocarpus dentatus Standl. Doliocarpus dressleri Aymard Doliocarpus elegans Eichler Doliocarpus elliptifolius Kubitzki Doliocarpus foreroi Aymard Doliocarpus gentryi Aymard & J. Mill. Doliocarpus glomeratus Eichler Doliocarpus gracilis Kubitzki Doliocarpus grandiflorus Eichler Doliocarpus guianensis Gilg Doliocarpus herrerae Pérez Camacho Doliocarpus hispidobaccatus Aymard Doliocarpus hispidus Standl. & L. O. Williams Doliocarpus humboldtianus Aymard Doliocarpus kubitzkii Aymard Doliocarpus lancifolius Kubitzki Doliocarpus leiophyllus Kubitzki Doliocarpus liesneri Aymard Doliocarpus lombardii Aymard Doliocarpus lopez-palacii Aymard Doliocarpus macrocarpus Mart.

Ex Eichler Doliocarpus magnificus Sleumer Doliocarpus major J. F. Gmel. Doliocarpus multiflorus Standl. Doliocarpus nitidus Planch. Doliocarpus novogranatensis Kubitzki Doliocarpus olivaceus Sprague & R. O. Williams ex G. E. Hunter Doliocarpus ortegae Aymard Doliocarpus paraensis Sleumer Doliocarpus paucinervis Kubitzki Doliocarpus pipolyi Aymard Doliocarpus prancei Kubitzki Doliocarpus pruskii Aymard Doliocarpus sagolianus Kubitzki Doliocarpus savannarum Sandwith Doliocarpus schottianus Eichler Doliocarpus schultesianus Aymard Doliocarpus sellowianus Eichler Doliocarpus sessiliflorus Mart. Doliocarpus spatulifolius Kubitzki Doliocarpus spraguei Cheesman Doliocarpus subandinus Aymard Doliocarpus triananus Aymard Doliocarpus validus Kubitzki Doliocarpus verruculosus Kubitzki

Varahran Kushanshah

Varahran Kushanshah, was the last Kushanshah of the Kushano-Sasanian Kingdom from 330 to 365. He was the successor of Peroz II Kushanshah, his theophoric name "Varahran" is the New Persian form of the Middle Persian Warahrān, derived from the Old Iranian Vṛθragna. The Avestan equivalent was Verethragna, the name of the old Iranian god of victory, whilst the Parthian version was *Warθagn; the name is transliterated in Greek as Baranes, whilst the Armenian transliteration is Vahagn/Vrām. Unlike his immediate predecessors, Varahran's domains only included Tukharistan, as both Gandhara and Kabul had been incorporated into the Sasanian Empire by the Sasanian King of Kings Shapur II. Varahran did not issue coins in Gandhara, his predecessor Peroz II is the last known Kushano-Sassanian ruler to do so. After that point Shapur II issued his own coinage from Kabul. Varahran Kushanshah wears a distinctive crown on his coinage, flat-topped with a crown ball and florets, pearls or lotus petals as a decoration on the sides.

In the second phase of his reign, the coinage of Varahran minted in Balkh incorporated the Kidarite tamga replacing the nandipada, in use since Vasudeva I, suggesting that the Kidarites had now taken control, first under their ruler Kirada. Ram horns were added to the effigy of Varahran on his coinage for a brief period under the Kidarite ruler Peroz, raised ribbons were added around the crown ball under the Kidarite ruler Kidara. In effect, Varahran has been described as a "puppet" of the Kidarites. Traditionally, these variations in the coin types of Varahran the modifications of the symbols and the figure of the ruler on the obverse while maintaining the regnal legend with the name "Varahran", were explained by supposing the existence of additional rulers named Varahran, such as a "Varahran II Kushanshah" or a "Varahran III Kushanshah". According to modern scholarship however, there was only one Varahran, whose coinage went under several phases under the authority of the Kidarite rulers Kirada and Kidara.

By 365, the Kidarite ruler Kidara I was placing his name on the coinage of the region, assumed the title of Kushanshah. In Gandhara too, the Kidarites minted silver coins in the name of Varahran, until Kidara introduced his own name there. Cribb, Joe. Rienjang, Wannaporn. Problems of Chronology in Gandhāran Art: Proceedings of the First International Workshop of the Gandhāra Connections Project, University of Oxford, 23rd-24th March, 2017. University of Oxford The Classical Art Research Centre Archaeopress. ISBN 978-1-78491-855-2. Cribb, Joe. Alram, M.. "The Kidarites, the numismatic evidence.pdf". Coins and Chronology Ii, Edited by M. Alram et al. Coins and Chronology II: 91–146. Cribb, Joe. Kushan, Kushano-Sasanian, Kidarite Coins A Catalogue of Coins From the American Numismatic Society by David Jongeward and Joe Cribb with Peter Donovan. P. 4. Cribb, Joe. "Numismatic Evidence for Kushano-Sasanian Chronology". Studia Iranica. P. Geuthner. 19/2: 151–193. The attribution of the Varahran coins between the first group and the Kidara coins has been explained by the creation of a Varahran issuing the fourth group and issuing the fifth group, with the first and third groups attributed to Varahran.

Daryaee, Touraj. "The Sasanian Empire". In Daryaee, Touraj. King of the Seven Climes: A History of the Ancient Iranian World. UCI Jordan Center for Persian Studies. Pp. 1–236. ISBN 978-0-692-86440-1. Multiple authors. "Bahrām". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. III, Fasc. 5. Pp. 514–522. Rapp, Stephen H.. The Sasanian World through Georgian Eyes: Caucasia and the Iranian Commonwealth in Late Antique Georgian Literature. London: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-1-4724-2552-2. Payne, Richard. "The Making of Turan: The Fall and Transformation of the Iranian East in Late Antiquity". Journal of Late Antiquity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 9: 4–41. Doi:10.1353/jla.2016.0011. Rezakhani, Khodadad. "East Iran in Late Antiquity". ReOrienting the Sasanians: East Iran in Late Antiquity. Edinburgh University Press. Pp. 1–256. ISBN 978-1-4744-0030-5. JSTOR 10.3366/j.ctt1g04zr8. Vaissière, Étienne de La. "Kushanshahs i. History". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Wiesehöfer, Josef. "Bahram I". In Nicholson, Oliver; the Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity.

Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-866277-8

Damishi Sango

Hon Damishi Tonson Sango was appointed Nigerian Minister of Sports in the first cabinet of President Olusegun Obasanjo, holding office between June 1999 and January 2001. He was a challenger to become the People's Democratic Party governorship candidate for Plateau State in 1999 and 2007, ran for Plateau State governor on the Alliance for Democracy platform in 2003. Damishi Sango was born on 1 January 1950 in Ganawuri, in Riyom Local Government Area of Plateau State and belongs to the Aten minority ethnic group, he obtained a grade II teacher's certificate in 1973 and began working as an elementary school teacher becoming headmaster. Attending the University of Jos, he earned a B. Sc in History in 1982 and a Masters in Comparative Politics in 1986, he was appointed to the boards of Jos International Breweries and the Christian Pilgrim's Welfare Board. In 1987 Sango was elected Chairman of the Barakin Ladi Local Government Area in Plateau State. In 1993 he became Plateau State's presidential nominee for the Social Democratic Party under the option A4 system.

However he failed to become a candidate in the national elections, which were anyway annulled by the military administration. After the return to democracy with the Nigerian Fourth Republic, Sango was one of the three main aspirants to be PDP candidate for governor of Plateau State, the other two being David Jang and Joshua Dariye, he was thought to have come second in the PDP primaries with Dariye third. However, the National headquarters selected Dariye as PDP candidate, he went on to be elected governor. Sango was sworn in as Sports Minister in June 1999 in President Olusegun Obasanjo's first cabinet, he confessed that he knew nothing about sports when assigned the job. During his period of office, Nigeria competed in the All African Games in South Africa and the Olympic Games in Australia, the national football team the Super Eagles played in several international competitions. In January 2001 president Obasanjo dropped Sango from his cabinet. In December 2009, Sango criticized the practice of replacing sports ministers after a year or so in office.

He recommended that they should have a 10-year tenure, so they could have time to make real improvements, could be held accountable for results. There was no funding for the All African Games; the Ministry of Sports said that failure to provide sufficient funding on time was their main problem in preparing for the Olympics. In addition, Sango had to contend with rebellious Sports Association chairmen. In November 2002, after leaving office, Sango said there was a "mafia" in the ministry of sports that would frustrate any minister's policy or program, he made similar criticisms of the Nigeria Football Association, which were echoed by Senator Olorunnimbe Mamora in 2008 when he accused the "mafia" of stifling the growth of Nigerian sports. Sango was booed by the crowd in July 2000 when he attended an Athletics Championship before the Sydney Olympics, due to the poor state of preparation for the Olympics. However, funding for the Olympics had only been approved in June 2000, less than three months before the event.

Sanjo was forced to rely on Cuban coaches to train Nigeria's boxing team, an offer that Cuba had made following a recent visit President Olesanjo's had made to that country. The star Nigerian football striker Nwankwo Kanu was unable to obtain a release from the Arsenal football club to play in the games. In the 2000 games, Nigeria earned three silver medals. After the games, Sango awarded $6,000 to 4 × 400 m men's relay silver-medalist Aniefiok Udo-Obong and to his teammates for their performance. In November 2000, Sango faced a panel probing the poor performance of the Nigerian contingent at the Olympic games, testifying at a six-hour closed hearing. In January 2000, Sango flew to Malaga, Spain to visit the Super Eagles camp and check the progress of their training for the 2000 Africa Cup of Nations co-hosted by Ghana and Nigeria; this followed two serious defeats in friendly matches in Spain. In June 2000, Sango attempted to resolve a disagreement between the Nigeria Football Association and Minaj Broadcast International related to the marketing of national league matches.

Sango faced criticism over employment of Dutch football coach Johannes Bonfrere, but in June 2000 supported him on a TV sports show, citing Bonfrere's in-depth technical knowledge of the game. He defended Bonfrere again in October 2000 after Nigeria's poor performance at the Olympics, saying that he did his best. In January 2001 he said he was unable to sack Bonfrere since he had not had any official complaint from the NFA concerning breach of contract. Sango's successor Ishaya Mark Aku criticized Bonfrere's contract, which he considered overpaid and insufficiently specific about duties. Sango was tough on doping, directed the Olympic sports chairmen to monitor their athletes to avoid any embarrassment over the use of banned drugs. In November 2000, Sango challenged National Sports Association chairmen to use the 12th National Sports Festival in Bauchi as a way of discovering budding athletes to represent Nigeria internationally in the future. In December 2000 he said he would cleanse the organizations of the 24 sports associations, other than the Nigeria Football Association, to solve their endemic problems of unqualified chairmen, excessive financial demands and poor results.

He praised establishment of grassroots soccer outfits in rural areas, describing them as a move in the right direction and calling on individuals and corporate bodies to give support. After leaving the Ministry of Sports and Social Development, Sango held various government appointments. In October 2006 as Chairman of the Nigerian Copyright Commi