My Neighbor Totoro is a 1988 Japanese animated fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten. The film—which stars the voice actors Noriko Hidaka, Chika Sakamoto, Hitoshi Takagi—tells the story of the two young daughters of a professor and their interactions with friendly wood spirits in postwar rural Japan; the film won the Animage Anime Grand Prix prize and the Mainichi Film Award and Kinema Junpo Award for Best Film in 1988. It received the Special Award at the Blue Ribbon Awards in the same year. In 1989, Streamline Pictures produced an exclusive dub for use on transpacific flights by Japan Airlines. Troma Films, under their 50th St. Films banner, distributed the dub of the film co-produced by Jerry Beck; this dub was released to United States theaters in 1993, on VHS and laserdisc in the United States by Fox Video in 1994, on DVD in 2002. The rights to this dub expired in 2004, so it was re-released by Walt Disney Home Entertainment on 7 March 2006 with a new dub cast.
This version was released in Australia by Madman on 15 March 2006 and in the UK by Optimum Releasing on 27 March 2006. This DVD release is the first version of the film in the United States to include both Japanese and English language tracks. My Neighbor Totoro was critically acclaimed and has amassed a worldwide cult following in the years after its release; the film and its titular character, have become cultural icons. The film has grossed $45 million at the worldwide box office as of September 2019, in addition to generating $277 million from home video sales and $1.142 billion from licensed merchandise sales, adding up to $1.5 billion in total lifetime revenue. My Neighbor Totoro ranked 41st in Empire magazine's "The 100 Best Films Of World Cinema" in 2010, Totoro was ranked 18th on Empire's 50 Best Animated Film Characters list. A list of the greatest animated films in Time Out ranked the film number 1. A similar list compiled by the editors of Time Out ranked the film number 3. My Neighbor Totoro was the highest-ranking animated film on the 2012 Sight & Sound critics' poll of all-time greatest films.
The character made multiple cameo appearances in a number of Studio Ghibli films and video games and serves as the mascot for the studio and is recognized as one of the most popular characters in Japanese animation. Totoro was ranked 24th on IGN's top 25 anime characters. In 1958 Japan, university professor Tatsuo Kusakabe and his two daughters and Mei, move into an old house to be closer to the hospital where the girls' mother, Yasuko, is recovering from a long-term illness; the house is inhabited by tiny creatures called susuwatari—small, dust-like house spirits seen when moving from light to dark places. When the girls become comfortable in their new house, the soot spirits leave to find another empty house. One day, Mei discovers two small spirits, she befriends a larger spirit, which identifies itself by a series of roars that she interprets as "Totoro". She falls asleep atop Totoro. Despite many attempts, Mei is unable to show her family Totoro's tree. Tatsuo comforts her by telling her. One rainy night, the girls are waiting for Tatsuo's bus, late.
Mei falls asleep on Satsuki's back and Totoro appears beside them, allowing Satsuki to see him for the first time. Totoro has only a leaf on his head for protection against the rain, so Satsuki offers him the umbrella she had taken for her father. Totoro gives her a bundle of nuts and seeds in return. A giant, bus-shaped cat halts at the stop and Totoro leaves. Shortly after, Tatsuo's bus arrives; the girls plant the seeds. A few days they awaken at midnight to find Totoro and his colleagues engaged in a ceremonial dance around the planted seeds; the girls join in and the seeds grow into an enormous tree. Totoro takes the girls for a ride on a magical flying top. In the morning, the tree is gone; the girls find out that a planned visit by Yasuko has to be postponed because of a setback in her treatment. Mei does not take this well, argues with Satsuki leaving for the hospital to bring fresh corn to Yasuko, her disappearance prompts the neighbors to search for her. In desperation, Satsuki pleads for Totoro's help.
Delighted to help, he summons the Catbus. The bus whisks them over the countryside to see Yasuko in the hospital; the girls overhear a conversation between their parents and discover that she has been kept in hospital by a minor cold but is otherwise doing well. They secretly leave the ear of corn on the windowsill, where it is discovered by their parents, return home. Mei and Satsuki's mother returns home, the sisters play with other children, while Totoro and his friends watch them from afar. Art director Kazuo Oga was drawn to the film when Hayao Miyazaki showed him an original image of Totoro standing in a satoyama; the director challenged Oga to raise his standards, Oga's experience with My Neighbor Totoro jump-started the artist's career. Oga and Miyazaki debated the palette of the film, Oga seeking to paint black soil from Akita Prefecture and Miyazaki preferring the color of red soil from the Kantō region; the ultimate product was described by Studio Ghibli producer Toshio Suzuki: "It was nature painted with translucent colors."Oga's conscientious approach to My Neighbor Totoro was a style that the International Hera
Henry Cary, 4th Viscount Falkland was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1659 and 1663. Cary was the son of Lucius Cary, 2nd Viscount Falkland and his wife Lettice Morison, daughter of Sir Richard Morison of Tooley Park, Leicestershire, he was educated at Middlesex under Dr Thomas Triplett. He inherited the title Viscount Falkland after his brother Lucius Cary died in 1649 and travelled abroad in France in 1650. Cary like his father and elder brother, had Royalist sympathises and during the early years of the Interregnum his movements were monitored by the Council of State, but after William Lockhart of Lee, the Protector's ambassador in Paris, had assessed him, he was no longer perceived to be a serious threat to the new establishment. In 1659, Cary was elected Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire in the Third Protectorate Parliament where he opposed recognition of the Other House. During the second Commonwealth period he sided against the Officers in charge of the New Model Army in London and was arrested for involvement in the proposed 1659 Royalist rising and sent to the Tower of London.
In February 1660 he threw himself behind General George Monck when with other Oxfordshire gentry signed a declaration calling for a free parliament. The next month he was appointed justice of the peace and a commissioner for the militia for Oxfordshire. Cary was returned as Member of Parliament for both Oxford and Arundel and chose to sit for Oxford in the Convention Parliament, he was an active in this parliament supporting Anglican and Royalists cause, he was selected as one of the twelve members chosen to visit King Charles II in Holland and returned across the channel with the King. While Charles was in Canterbury, Cary returned to London carrying a letter from the King to Parliament. During the debates over the Indemnity and Oblivion Bill Cary "took a strong line towards the regicides, argued that any member who had sat in the high court of justice should be excluded from the house. Regarding individual parliamentarians, he wished to make William Sydenham and John Pyne liable for any penalty short of death, he opposed the limited punishment proposed for Francis Lascelles."In June 1660, shortly after the Restoration of King Charles II Cary was made a colonel of horse and gentleman of the privy chamber.
From until his sudden death in 1663 he was active at court and Royal service. In 1661 he was elected Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire in the Cavalier Parliament as well as holding various military commissions, he supported the crown during the debates on the Militia Bill that affirmed the crown's powers over the armed forces, but was in disfavour with some at court over his ardent support for the Act of Uniformity making clear his dislike of both Catholics and dissenters and not accepting the government's line that tolerance should be shown. In 1661 he was appointed colonel of foot in the Dunkirk garrison. In August 1662 he was elected to the Irish parliament for Fore and spent some time there, in October 1662, after his regiment was disbanded, he was appointed captain of a troop of horse in Ireland; the same month he returned to London to resume his work on committees in the Commons. Cary was the author of the play The Marriage Night. Set in Castile it had themes of tragedy and revenge, of which Samuel Pepys wrote in his diary after seeing it "a kind of a tragedy, some things good in it, but the whole together, I thought, not so".
Cary was buried at Great Tew. On 14 April 1653, Cary married Rachel Hungerford, daughter of Anthony Hungerford of Blackbourton Oxfordshire, they had one son Anthony 5th Viscount Falkland. Rachel Hungerford twice remarried, she died at Bedgebury in Kent on 24 February 1718. Helms, M. W.. Falkland, of Great Tew, Oxon.", in Henning, B. D; the History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1660-1690, Boydell and Brewer Smith, David L. "Cary, fourth Viscount Falkland", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/46762
The French destroyer Bison was a Guépard-class destroyer built for the French Navy during the 1920s. The Bison served during the Norwegian Campaign in World War II. While evacuating Allied troops at Namsos, the ship came under German air attack and exploded after being struck in the forward magazine by a bomb, dropped by a Ju 87 from I./StG 1, killing 136 members of her crew and causing the ship to sink by the bow. HMS Afridi came to the rescue of the surviving crew, rescuing sixty-nine of the French sailors in the water and sinking the hull of the ship. However, the Afridi soon came under air attack and sank as well, among the dead were thirty-five of the surviving crew of the Bison; the surviving crew of the Bison, the Afridi, the troops they evacuated were rescued by the Imperial and Griffin. Chesneau, Roger, ed.. Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. Jordan, John & Moulin, Jean. French Destroyers: Torpilleurs d'Escadre & Contre-Torpilleurs 1922–1956.
Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-198-4. Rohwer, Jürgen. Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. Whitley, M. J.. Destroyers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1