Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus or fungus-like bacterial colony, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae. The mass of hyphae is sometimes called shiro within the fairy ring fungi. Fungal colonies composed of mycelium are found on soil and many other substrates. A typical single spore germinates into a monokaryotic mycelium. A mycelium may be minute, forming a colony, too small to see, or may grow to span thousands of acres as in Armillaria. Through the mycelium, a fungus absorbs nutrients from its environment, it does this in a two-stage process. First, the hyphae secrete enzymes onto or into the food source, which break down biological polymers into smaller units such as monomers; these monomers are absorbed into the mycelium by facilitated diffusion and active transport. Mycelia are vital in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems for their role in the decomposition of plant material, they contribute to the organic fraction of soil, their growth releases carbon dioxide back into the atmosphere.
Ectomycorrhizal extramatrical mycelium, as well as the mycelium of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi increase the efficiency of water and nutrient absorption of most plants and confers resistance to some plant pathogens. Mycelium is an important food source for many soil invertebrates. "Mycelium", like "fungus", can be considered a mass noun, a word that can be either singular or plural. The term "mycelia", like "fungi", is used as the preferred plural form. Sclerotia are hard masses of mycelium. One of the primary roles of fungi in an ecosystem is to decompose organic compounds. Petroleum products and some pesticides are organic molecules, thereby show a potential carbon source for fungi. Hence, fungi have the potential to eradicate such pollutants from their environment unless the chemicals prove toxic to the fungus; this biological degradation is a process known as bioremediation. Mycelial mats have been suggested as having potential as biological filters, removing chemicals and microorganisms from soil and water.
The use of fungal mycelium to accomplish this has been termed mycofiltration. Knowledge of the relationship between mycorrhizal fungi and plants suggests new ways to improve crop yields; when spread on logging roads, mycelium can act as a binder, holding new soil in place and preventing washouts until woody plants can be established. Since 2007, a company called Ecovative Design has been developing alternatives to polystyrene and plastic packaging by growing mycelium in agricultural waste; the two ingredients are mixed together and placed into a mold for 3–5 days to grow into a durable material. Depending on the strain of mycelium used, they make many different varieties of the material including water absorbent, flame retardant, dielectric. In 2013, another company started producing mycelium bricks and mycelium leather. Bolt Threads is another company that uses mycelium to create a fake "leather", dubbed "Mylo", incorporated into designs by Stella McCartney. Fungi are essential for converting biomass into compost, as they decompose feedstock components such as lignin, which many other composting microorganisms cannot.
Turning a backyard compost pile will expose visible networks of mycelia that have formed on the decaying organic material within. Compost is an essential soil fertilizer for organic farming and gardening. Composting can divert a substantial fraction of municipal solid waste from landfills. Carbon sequestration Thallus Mycofiltration: A novel approach for the bio-transformation of abandoned logging roads Paul Stamets: Six ways mushrooms can save the world The mycelium Eben Bayer's Talk about Greensulate at the TED conference
Dohonna Malik Scott is an American professional boxer, known as "King" or "The Noble Artist". He holds notable wins over former world heavyweight title challengers Alex Tony Thompson. Scott had a stellar amateur career. In 1997, he won the Junior Olympics Championships and in 1998, Scott won the American Boxing Classic title and the "Under-19" Junior World Championships crown, he won the National AAU Heavyweight Championship in 1999 defeating world champ Michael Bennett and Jason Estrada in the process. In 2000 he beat DaVarryl Williamson and Malcolm Tann but lost to Estrada at the trials and Bennett in the Olympic box-offs and therefore did not qualify, his record was 70–3. Scott has only two defeats to his name, his wins include former amateur star Terry McGroom and journeymen David Bostice and Louis Monaco, he took a big step up in early 2007 and defeated former contender Charles Shufford. He did not fight between the beginning of 2012, due to a bicep injury, he has since recovered from the injury and made a comeback in early 2012.
Scott was under the tuition of boxing Hall of Fame trainer Jesse Reid until 2014 when the pair split because Scott believed Father Time was catching up with Reid, Scott reunited with his former amateur coach, Fred Jenkins. Scott is promoted by Goossen-Tutor. Scott was scheduled to fight on the Paul Williams vs. Nobuhiro Ishida undercard at the American Bank Center, Corpus Christi, Texas; the fight took place on February 18, 2012. The opponent was heavyweight journeyman Kendrick Releford, it marked Scott's first return more than three years after his last fight. It was the second time Scott faced Releford in his career, as they fought back in January 2006; as the case for their first fight, Scott won by unanimous decision. Scott's second fight in 2012 was on June 2012 at Sportsmen's Lodge, Studio City, California, he faced off against Alvaro Morales. Scott won by a unanimous decision, he won by 60–54 on all three scirecards. Scott fought on the undercard of Andre Ward vs. Chad Dawson on September 8, 2012 at the Oracle Arena, California.
It was against Tongan heavyweight contender Bowie Tupou. Scott won the fight by an 8-round TKO. On January 10, 2013 it was announced that Scott would face off against unbeaten heavyweight contender Vyacheslav Glazkov; the fight ended in a draw, the first blemish on Scott's record. On July 20, 2013 Scott fought Derek Chisora for the vacant WBO International Heavyweight title; the fight took place at the Wembley Arena in London and Scott suffered his first defeat, a sixth round knockout. Having been floored, he waited until the referee counted to nine to get up, but was adjudged to have been counted out in the act of rising. On January 24, 2014 Scott beat Grover Young by a stoppage in the second round, before getting knocked out in the first round by Deontay Wilder on March 15, 2014. Scott fought crafty southpaw veteran and somewhat of a gatekeeper, Tony Thompson, on October 30, 2015; the fight was scheduled for ten rounds and Scott went on to win the fight via unanimous decision despite being knocked down in the ninth round.
On November 12, 2016 he fought Cuban boxer Luis Ortiz in Monaco. Despite claiming that to have a perfect camp, the bout was uneventful and disappointing. Scott was on the backfoot for most of the fight and seemed unwilling to engage with Ortiz. British commentator Adam Smith lamented the bout as "the worst I have seen in many years". Matchroom promoter Eddie Hearn was visibly disappointed after the bout and claimed that "Scott didn`t do us any favours tonight"; the official scorecards were 120–105, 120–106, 119–106 all in favor of Ortiz. Professional boxing record for Malik Scott from BoxRec
Paru-Parong Bukid is a traditional Filipino folk song which originated from "Mariposa Bella", a Spanish song originated in the 1890s. The song "Mariposa Bella" was composed during the time of American invasion of the Philippines. During American occupation of the Philippines in 1898, the Spanish speaking Filipinos commenced including the song itself. In 1938, "Mariposa Bella" was forgotten when "Paru-Parong Bukid" was released as a soundtrack of a film of the same title; the Tagalog rendition was composed by Felipe De Leon. A drama movie titled Paroparong Bukid was released by Sampaguita Pictures in 1938, starring Rudy Concepcion, using the folk song Paru-Parong Bukid as a soundtrack. In 1958, a romance film Paroparong Bukid which stars Gloria Romero, Luis Gonzales and Dolphy was released by the same production company Sampaguita Pictures. Guillermo Gómez Rivera, released an LP in 1962 entitled Nostalgia Filipina which includes the original Spanish song "Mariposa Bella"
Vincenzo Musolino was an Italian actor, director and screenwriter. Musolino was born in Reggio Calabria into a humble family, lived as a fisherman. During the military service he held in Venice, he was chosen by Renato Castellani for the leading role of Antonio in the neorealist drama Two Cents Worth of Hope. Following the success of the film, Musolino appeared in several films in supporting roles. In 1964, he dedicated himself to the production of genre films working with director Edoardo Mulargia, with whom he wrote several screenplays. In 1968, one year before his premature death, he was the director to two low-budget spaghetti westerns, in which he was credited as Glenn Vincent Davis; the Triumph of Robin Hood Vincenzo Musolino on IMDb
The 1975–76 Michigan State Spartans men's basketball team represented Michigan State University in the 1975–75 NCAA Division I men's basketball season as members of the Big Ten Conference. They played their home games at Jenison Fieldhouse in East Lansing and were coached by Gus Ganakas in his seventh and final year as head coach of the Spartans. MSU finished the season 10 -- 8 in Big Ten play to finish in fourth place. Ganakas was fired as head coach after the season due, in part to the walk-out of black players in 1975 and as part of an athletic department purge. Ganakas would continue as an assistant athletic director for MSU until 1998; the Spartans finished the 1974–75 season 17–9, 10–8 in Big Ten play to finish in fifth place. Source Terry Furlow – All-Big Ten First Team Terry Furlow – Big Ten Scoring Champion
Kirk Rimer is a managing director of Crow Holdings Capital Investment Partners where he is responsible for the oversight and asset allocation process for their non-real estate assets. Prior to joining Crow Holdings Capital - Investment Partners in January 2011, Rimer was a Managing Director at Goldman Sachs and the Southwest Regional Manager for the Private Wealth Management Division, he worked for Goldman Sachs for 20 years, focusing on risk management and equity investments, was promoted to Managing Director of Goldman Sachs in October 2002. Mr. Rimer was a naval aviator for nine years with the United States Navy from 1979-1988, he received his designation as a United States Naval Aviator and received his US Navy Wings in 1982 after graduating top of his flight school class. In January 1986, he received a United States Navy Achievement medal for participating in the NASA Challenger Shuttle Disaster recovery. In 1993, Mr. Rimer founded the non-profit Time for Dallas, a young professional volunteer organization.
In 1994, he received the Future Leader of Dallas award from the Dallas Junior Chamber of Commerce. Mr. Rimer is a trustee of Austin College in Sherman, Texas, he is the Chairman of the Don Jackson Center for Financial Studies at Southern Methodist University and he sits on the Executive Board for SMU's Cox School of Business. He is a Director for the Baylor Health Care System Foundation, he is a Director on the Advisory Board for Shatterproof. Most in February 2016, Mr. Rimer joined the Board of Directors for Goodwill Industries of Dallas, Inc. In 1977, Mr. Rimer was a United States Naval ROTC Scholarship Recipient to the University of Missouri, he graduated from the University of Missouri with a B. A. in Political Science. He earned his M. B. A. from Southern Methodist University's Cox School of Business in 1989. Mr. Rimer has been married to Jane Meredith Lewis since 1982