Myrna Loy

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Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy.jpg
Myrna Loy publicity photo
Born Myrna Adele Williams
(1905-08-02)August 2, 1905
Helena, Montana, U.S.
Died December 14, 1993(1993-12-14) (aged 88)
New York City, U.S.
Resting place Forestvale Cemetery, Helena, Montana
Nationality American
Education Westlake School for Girls
Venice High School
Occupation Actress
Years active 1925–1982
Spouse(s) Arthur Hornblow, Jr. (m. 1936; div. 1942)
John Hertz, Jr. (m. 1942; div. 1944)
Gene Markey (m. 1946; div. 1950)
Howland H. Sargeant (m. 1951; div. 1960)
Awards 1988 Kennedy Center Lifetime Achievement Award
Website myrnaloycenter.com

Myrna Loy (born Myrna Adele Williams; August 2, 1905 – December 14, 1993) was an American film, television and stage actress.

Trained as a dancer, Loy devoted herself fully to an acting career following a few minor roles in silent films, she was originally typecast in exotic roles, often as a vamp or a woman of Asian descent, but her career prospects improved greatly following her portrayal of Nora Charles in The Thin Man (1934).[1]

Although Loy was never nominated for a competitive Academy Award, in March 1991 she was presented with an Honorary Academy Award in recognition of her life's work both onscreen and off, including serving as assistant to the director of military and naval welfare for the Red Cross during World War II, and a member-at-large of the U.S. Commission to UNESCO. While the height of her popularity was during the 1930s and '40s, she continued to actively pursue stage, television and film roles in subsequent decades.[2]

Early life[edit]

Myrna Loy (left) at age six, standing on her grandmother's porch in Helena, Montana, with her cousin Laura Belle Wilder (1911)
Loy modeled for the central figure in Harry Fielding Winebrenner's Fountain of Education, a sculpture at Venice High School in Los Angeles (1922)
A bronze duplicate of Loy in Winebrenner's Fountain of Education at Venice High School replaced the damaged concrete original in 2010

Loy was born in Helena, Montana,[3][4] the daughter of Adelle Mae (née Johnson) and rancher David Franklin Williams, and raised in Radersburg.[5][6] She had a younger brother, David Williams (died 1982). Loy's paternal grandparents were Welsh, and her maternal grandparents were Scottish and Swedish,[7][8] her first name was derived from a whistle stop near Broken Bow, Nebraska, whose name her father liked. Her father was also a banker and real estate developer and the youngest man ever elected to the Montana state legislature, her mother studied music at the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago.

During the winter of 1912, Loy's mother nearly died from pneumonia, and her father sent his wife and daughter to La Jolla, California. Loy's mother saw great potential in Southern California, and during one of her husband's visits, she encouraged him to purchase real estate there, among the properties he bought was land he later sold at a considerable profit to Charlie Chaplin so the filmmaker could construct his studio there. Although her mother tried to persuade her husband to move to California permanently, he preferred ranch life and the three eventually returned to Montana. Soon afterward, Loy's mother needed a hysterectomy and insisted Los Angeles was a safer place to have it done, so she, Loy, and Loy's brother David moved to Ocean Park, where Loy began to take dancing lessons, after the family returned to Montana, Loy continued her dancing lessons, and at the age of 12, Myrna Williams made her stage debut performing a dance she had choreographed based on "The Blue Bird" from the Rose Dream operetta[9] at Helena's Marlow Theater.[10]

After the November 1918 death of Loy's father from the 1918 flu pandemic,[11] Loy's mother permanently relocated the family to California, where they settled in Culver City. Loy attended the exclusive Westlake School for Girls in Los Angeles while continuing to study dance in downtown L.A.. When her teachers objected to her extracurricular participation in theatrical arts, her mother enrolled her in Venice High School, and at 15, she began appearing in local stage productions.[12]

In 1921, Loy posed for Venice High School sculpture teacher Harry Fielding Winebrenner for the central figure "Inspiration" in his allegorical sculpture group Fountain of Education.[13] Completed in 1922, the sculpture group was installed in front of the campus outdoor pool in May 1923 where it stood for decades.[14] Loy's slender figure with her uplifted face and one arm extending skyward presented a "vision of purity, grace, youthful vigor, and aspiration" that was singled out in a Los Angeles Times story that included a photo of the "Inspiration" figure along with the model's name—the first time her name appeared in a newspaper.[15] A few months later, Loy's "Inspiration" figure was temporarily removed from the sculpture group and transported aboard the battleship Nevada for a Memorial Day pageant in which "Miss Myrna Williams" participated.[15] Fountain of Education can be seen in the opening scenes of the 1978 film Grease. After decades of exposure to the elements and vandalism, the original concrete statue was removed from display in 2002, and replaced in 2010 by a bronze duplicate paid for through an alumni-led fundraising campaign.[15][16]

Loy left school at the age of 18 to help with the family's finances, she obtained work at Grauman's Egyptian Theatre, where she performed in elaborate musical sequences that were related to and served as prologues for the feature film. During this period, she saw Eleonora Duse in the play Thy Will Be Done, and the simple acting techniques she employed made such an impact on Loy that she tried to emulate them throughout her career.[17]

Career[edit]

Early years[edit]

In its September 1925 issue, Motion Picture magazine featured two Henry Waxman photographs of Loy, costumed by Adrian, as she appeared in What Price Beauty?

While Loy was dancing in prologues at the Egyptian Theatre, portrait photographer Henry Waxman took several pictures of her that were noticed by Rudolph Valentino when the actor went to Waxman's studio for a sitting. Valentino was looking for a leading lady for Cobra, the first independent project he and his wife Natacha Rambova were producing. Loy tested for the role, which went to Gertrude Olmstead instead, but soon after she was hired as an extra for Pretty Ladies (1925), in which she and fellow newcomer Joan Crawford were among a bevy of chorus girls dangling from an elaborate chandelier.[18]

Rambova hired Loy for a small but showy role opposite Nita Naldi in What Price Beauty?, a film she was producing. Shot in May 1925, the film remained unreleased for three years; but stills of Loy in her exotic makeup and costume appeared in Motion Picture magazine and led to a contract with Warner Bros. There, her surname was changed from Williams to Loy.[19]

Loy's silent film roles were mainly as a vamp or femme fatale, and she frequently portrayed characters of Asian or Eurasian background in films such as Across the Pacific (1926), A Girl in Every Port (1928), The Crimson City (1928), The Black Watch (1929), and The Desert Song (1929), which she later recalled "kind of solidified my exotic non-American image."[20] In 1930 she appeared in The Great Divide, it took years for her to overcome this stereotype, and as late as 1932, she was cast as a villainous Eurasian in Thirteen Women (1932). She also played, opposite Boris Karloff, the depraved sadistic daughter of the title character in The Mask of Fu Manchu (1932).

Prior to that, Loy appeared in small roles in The Jazz Singer and a number of early lavish Technicolor musicals, including The Show of Shows, The Bride of the Regiment, and Under a Texas Moon. As a result, she became associated with musical roles, and when they began to lose favor with the public, her career went into a slump; in 1934, Loy appeared in Manhattan Melodrama with Clark Gable and William Powell. When gangster John Dillinger was shot to death after leaving a screening of the film at the Biograph Theater in Chicago, the film received widespread publicity, with some newspapers reporting that Loy had been Dillinger's favorite actress.[21]

Rise to stardom[edit]

Myrna Loy, William Powell and Asta in The Thin Man (1934)

After appearing with Ramón Novarro in The Barbarian (1933), Loy was cast as Nora Charles in the 1934 film The Thin Man. Director W. S. Van Dyke chose Loy after he detected a wit and sense of humor that her previous films had not revealed. At a Hollywood party, he pushed her into a swimming pool to test her reaction, and felt that her aplomb in handling the situation was exactly what he envisioned for Nora.[22] Louis B. Mayer at first refused to allow Loy to play the part because he felt she was a dramatic actress, but Van Dyke insisted. Mayer finally relented on the condition that filming be completed within three weeks, as Loy was committed to start filming Stamboul Quest.[23] The Thin Man became one of the year's biggest hits, and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Film. Loy received excellent reviews and was acclaimed for her comedic skills, her costar William Powell and she proved to be a popular screen couple and appeared in 14 films together, one of the most prolific pairings in Hollywood history. Loy later referred to The Thin Man as the film "that finally made me ... after more than 80 films".[24]

Her successes in Manhattan Melodrama and The Thin Man marked a turning point in her career, and she was cast in more important pictures, such films as Wife vs. Secretary (1936) with Clark Gable and Jean Harlow, and Petticoat Fever (1936) with Robert Montgomery gave her opportunity to develop comedic skills. She made four films in close succession with William Powell: Libeled Lady (1936), which also starred Jean Harlow and Spencer Tracy; The Great Ziegfeld (1936), in which she played Billie Burke opposite Powell's Florenz Ziegfeld; the second Thin Man film, After the Thin Man (1936), with Powell and James Stewart; and the romantic comedy Double Wedding (1937).

She also made three more films with Gable. Parnell (1937) was a historical drama and one of the most poorly received films of either Loy or Gable's careers, but their other pairings in Test Pilot and Too Hot to Handle (both 1938) were successes. During this period, Loy was one of Hollywood's busiest and highest-paid actresses, and in 1937 and 1938, she was listed in the annual "Quigley Poll of the Top Ten Money Making Stars", which was compiled from the votes of movie exhibitors throughout the United States for the stars who had generated the most revenue in their theaters over the previous year.[25]

By this time, Loy was highly regarded for her performances in romantic comedies, and she was anxious to demonstrate her dramatic ability, and was cast in the lead female role in The Rains Came (1939) opposite Tyrone Power, she filmed Third Finger, Left Hand (1940) with Melvyn Douglas and appeared in I Love You Again (1940), Love Crazy (1941), and Shadow of the Thin Man (1941), all with William Powell.

With the outbreak of World War II, Loy all but abandoned her acting career to focus on the war effort and work closely with the Red Cross, she was so fiercely outspoken against Adolf Hitler that her name appeared on his blacklist. She helped run a Naval Auxiliary canteen and toured frequently to raise funds, she returned to films with The Thin Man Goes Home (1945). In 1946, she played the wife of returning serviceman Fredric March in The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). Loy was paired with Cary Grant in David O. Selznick's The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer (1947). The film co-starred a teenaged Shirley Temple. Following its success, she appeared again with Grant in Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House (1948), and with Clifton Webb in Cheaper by the Dozen (1950). Throughout her career, she championed the rights of black actors and characters to be depicted with dignity on film.

Later career[edit]

After 1950, Loy's film career continued sporadically; in 1952, she starred in the Cheaper by the Dozen sequel, Belles on Their Toes. In 1956, she appeared in The Ambassador's Daughter along with John Forsythe and Olivia de Havilland. She played opposite Montgomery Clift and Robert Ryan in Lonelyhearts (1958), Dore Schary's adaptation of Nathanael West's classic 1933 novel Miss Lonelyhearts. In 1960, she appeared in Midnight Lace and From the Terrace, but was not in another film until 1969 in The April Fools; in 1965, Loy won the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre. In 1967, she appeared in the television series The Virginian in an episode titled "Lady of the House"; in 1972, she appeared as the suspect's mother-in-law in the television series Columbo in an episode titled "Etude in Black". In 1974, she was a supporting actress in Airport 1975. Loy played Mrs. Devane, a heavy-drinking woman, imbibing Jim Beam and Olympia Beer mixed together, she played a foil to Sid Caesar. The film also starred Gloria Swanson; in 1978, she appeared in the film The End as the mother of the main character played by Burt Reynolds. Her last motion picture performance was in 1980 in Sidney Lumet's Just Tell Me What You Want, she also returned to the stage, making her Broadway debut in a short-lived 1973 revival of Clare Boothe Luce's The Women. She toured in a 1978 production of Alan Ayckbourn's Relatively Speaking, directed by David Clayton.

In 1981, she appeared in the television drama Summer Solstice,[26] which was Henry Fonda's last performance. Her last acting role was a guest spot on the sitcom Love, Sidney, in 1982.

Later years[edit]

In later life, she assumed an influential role as co-chairman of the Advisory Council of the National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing; in 1948, she became a member of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, the first Hollywood celebrity to do so. Loy had two mastectomies, in 1975 and 1979, for breast cancer.[27]

Her autobiography, Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming, was published in 1987, the following year, she received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Kennedy Center. Although Loy was never nominated for an Academy Award for any single performance, after an extensive letter-writing campaign and years of lobbying by screenwriter and then-Writers Guild of America, West board member Michael Russnow, who enlisted the support of Loy's former screen colleagues and friends such as Roddy McDowall, Sidney Sheldon, Harold Russell, and many others, she received a 1991 Academy Honorary Award "for her career achievement". She accepted via camera [28] from her New York City home, simply stating, "You've made me very happy. Thank you very much." It was her last public appearance in any medium.

Death[edit]

Myrna Loy's grave in Forestvale Cemetery, Helena, Montana

Loy died on December 14, 1993, at Lenox Hill Hospital in Manhattan during unspecified surgery after a long illness,[29] she was 88 years old. She had been frail and in failing health, she was cremated in New York and her ashes interred at Forestvale Cemetery in her native Helena, Montana.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Arthur Hornblow Jr. and Myrna Loy soon after their marriage in 1936
Loy and Howland H. Sargeant returning from a UNESCO conference soon after their marriage in 1951

Loy was married and divorced four times:

Loy had no children of her own, but was close to her stepchildren by first husband Arthur Hornblow, after her last marriage ended, she moved to 23 East 74th Street in Manhattan's Upper East Side. She later lived at 425 East 63rd Street.[30]

There were rumors that Myrna Loy had affairs including the following:

Even before Loy became an active Democrat, one of her biggest fans was Franklin D. Roosevelt; she was his favorite actress.[36] She became a personal friend of Eleanor Roosevelt.[37]

Loy stated in a 1970 interview that she was a Methodist and that she was very proud of her Welsh roots on her father's side.[38]

Legacy[edit]

For her contribution to the film industry, Myrna Loy has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6685 Hollywood Boulevard.

A building at Sony Pictures Studios, formerly MGM Studios, in Culver City is named in her honor.[39] A cast of her handprint and her signature are in the sidewalk in front of Theater 80, on St. Mark's Place in New York City.[40]

In 1991, the Myrna Loy Center for the Performing and Media Arts opened in downtown Helena, not far from Loy's childhood home. Located in the historic Lewis and Clark County Jail, it sponsors live performances and alternative films for underserved audiences.[41]

Cultural references[edit]

American songwriter Josh Ritter’s 2017 album Gathering features a song about Loy titled "Myrna Loy".

Filmography[edit]

Loy in Across the Pacific (1926)
Lobby card for The Girl from Chicago (1927)
Lobby card for State Street Sadie (1928)
Lobby card for Hardboiled Rose (1929)
Lobby card for Under a Texas Moon (1930)
Poster for The Thin Man (1934)
Loy and Spencer Tracy in Whipsaw (1935)
Lobby card for The Great Ziegfeld (1936)
Loy in Libeled Lady (1936)
Loy, Asta and William Powell in After the Thin Man (1936)
Lobby card for Test Pilot (1938)
Loy and Tyrone Power in The Rains Came (1939)
Promotional photo for The Best Years of Our Lives, with Fredric March, Myrna Loy, Dana Andrews, Teresa Wright and (seated at the piano) Hoagy Carmichael (1946)
Year Title Role Notes
1925 The Wanderer Bacchanete [42]:36–37
1925 Pretty Ladies Chorus girl [42]:41
1926 The Caveman Maid [43]
1926 The Gilded Highway Irene Quartz [43]
1926 The Exquisite Sinner The Living Statue [43]
1926 Why Girls Go Back Home Sally Short [43]
1926 So This is Paris Maid [43]
1926 Don Juan Maia, Lucretia's maid [43]
1926 Across the Pacific Roma [43]
1927 Finger Prints Vamp [43]
1927 Bitter Apples Belinda White [43]
1927 The Climbers Countess Veya [43]
1927 Simple Sis Edith Van [43]
1927 The Heart of Maryland Mulatta [43]
1927 When a Man Loves Woman on Ship [43]
1927 A Sailor's Sweetheart Claudette Ralston [43]
1927 The Jazz Singer Chorus girl [43]
1927 The Girl from Chicago Mary Carlton [43]
1927 If I Were Single Joan [43]
1927 Ham and Eggs at the Front Fifi [43]
1928 Beware of Married Men Juanita Sheldon [43]
1928 What Price Beauty? Vamp Filmed May 1925[43]
1928 A Girl in Every Port [42]:52
1928 Turn Back the Hours Tiza Torreon [43]
1928 The Crimson City [43]
1928 Pay as You Enter Yvonne de Russo [43]
1928 State Street Sadie Isobel/State Street Sadie [43]
1928 The Midnight Taxi Gertie Fairfax [43]
1928 Noah's Ark Dancer/Slave girl [43]
1929 Fancy Baggage Myrna [43]
1929 Hardboiled Rose Rose Duhamel [43]
1929 The Desert Song Azuri [43]
1929 The Squall Nubi [43]
1929 The Black Watch Yasmani [43]
1929 The Great Divide Manuella [43]
1929 Evidence Native girl [43]
1929 The Show of Shows [43]
1930 Cameo Kirby Lea [43]
1930 Isle of Escape Moira [43]
1930 Under a Texas Moon Lolita Romero [43]
1930 Cock o' the Walk Narita [43]
1930 Bride of the Regiment Sophie [43]
1930 The Jazz Cinderella Mildred Vane [43]
1930 The Last of the Duanes Lola [43]
1930 Rogue of the Rio Grande Carmita [43]
1930 Renegades Eleanore [43]
1930 The Truth About Youth Kara, the Firefly [43]
1930 The Devil to Pay! Mary Crayle [43]
1931 The Naughty Flirt Linda Gregory [43]
1931 Body and Soul Alice Lester [43]
1931 A Connecticut Yankee Queen Morgan le Fay
Seductive woman in mansion
[43]
1931 Hush Money Flo Curtis [43]
1931 Transatlantic Kay Graham [43]
1931 Rebound Evie Lawrence [43]
1931 Skyline Paula Lambert [43]
1931 Consolation Marriage Elaine Brandon [43]
1931 Arrowsmith Joyce Lanyon [43]
1932 Emma Isabelle [43]
1932 The Wet Parade Eileen Pinchon [43]
1932 Vanity Fair Becky Sharp [43]
1932 The Woman in Room 13 Sari Lodar [43]
1932 New Morals for Old Myra [43]
1932 Love Me Tonight Countess Valentine [43]
1932 Thirteen Women Ursula Georgi [43]
1932 The Mask of Fu Manchu Fah Lo See [43]
1932 The Animal Kingdom Cecilia [43]
1933 Topaze Coco [43]
1933 Scarlet River Herself Offscreen credit[43]
1933 The Barbarian Diana [43]
1933 When Ladies Meet Mary [43]
1933 Penthouse Gertie Waxted [43]
1933 Night Flight Brazilian pilot's wife [43]
1933 The Prizefighter and the Lady Belle [43]
1934 Men in White Laura [43]
1934 Manhattan Melodrama Eleanor [43]
1934 The Thin Man Nora Charles [43]
1934 Stamboul Quest Annemarie [43]
1934 Evelyn Prentice Evelyn Prentice [43]
1934 Broadway Bill The princess [43]
1935 Wings in the Dark Sheila Mason [43]
1935 Whipsaw Vivian Palmer [43]
1936 Wife vs. Secretary Linda Stanhope [43]
1936 Petticoat Fever Irene Campion [43]
1936 To Mary - with Love Mary Wallace [43]
1936 The Great Ziegfeld Billie Burke [43]
1936 Libeled Lady Connie Allenbury [43]
1936 After the Thin Man Nora Charles [43]
1937 Parnell Katie O'Shea [43]
1937 Double Wedding Margit Agnew [43]
1938 Man-Proof Mimi Swift [43]
1938 Test Pilot Ann Barton [43]
1938 Too Hot to Handle Alma Harding [43]
1939 Lucky Night Cora Jordan [43]
1939 The Rains Came Lady Edwina Esketh [43]
1939 Another Thin Man Nora Charles [43]
1940 I Love You Again Kay Wilson [43]
1940 Third Finger, Left Hand Margot Sherwood Merrick [43]
1941 Love Crazy Susan Ireland [43]
1941 Shadow of the Thin Man Nora Charles [43]
1945 The Thin Man Goes Home Nora Charles [43]
1946 So Goes My Love Jane Buddin Maxim [43]
1946 The Best Years of Our Lives Millie Stephenson [43]
1947 Song of the Thin Man Nora Charles [43]
1947 The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Margaret Turner [43]
1947 The Senator Was Indiscreet Mrs. Melvin G. Ashton [43]
1948 Mr. Blandings Builds His Dream House Muriel Blandings [43]
1949 The Red Pony Alice Tiflin [43]
1949 That Dangerous Age Lady Cathy Brooke [44]
1950 Cheaper by the Dozen Lillian Gilbreth [43]
1952 Belles on Their Toes Lillian Gilbreth [43]
1956 The Ambassador's Daughter Mrs. Cartwright [43]
1958 Lonelyhearts Florence Shrike [43]
1960 From the Terrace Martha Eaton [43]
1960 Midnight Lace Aunt Bea Coleman [43]
1969 The April Fools Grace Greenlaw [43]
1974 Airport 1975 Mrs. Devaney [43]
1977 It Happened at Lakewood Manor Ethel Adams TV movie[44]
1978 The End Maureen Lawson [43]
1980 Just Tell Me What You Want Stella Liberti [43]
1981 Summer Solstice Maggie Turner TV movie[45]

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source
1936 Lux Radio Theatre "The Thin Man"
1937 Maxwell House Good News of 1938 "Herself"[46]
1940 The Gulf Screen Guild Theater "Single Crossing"
1940 Lux Radio Theatre "After The Thin Man"
1940 Lux Radio Theatre "Manhattan Melodrama"[47]
1941 The Gulf Screen Guild Theater "Magnificent Obsession"
1941 Lux Radio Theatre "I Love You Again"
1941 Lux Radio Theatre Hired Wife"
1942 Lux Radio Theatre "Appointment For Love"
1945 Suspense "Library Book"[47]:33

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Curtis 2011, p. 333.
  2. ^ a b "About Myrna Loy" Archived October 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., myrnaloycenter.com; retrieved October 3, 2009.
  3. ^ Leider 2011, p. 1
  4. ^ Parish 1974, p. 443.
  5. ^ "Myrna Loy" Archived July 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., MyrnaLoy.org; retrieved December 24, 2010.
  6. ^ "125 Montana Newsmakers: Myrna Loy Reynolds", GreatFallsTribune.com, August 23, 2011; retrieved November 17, 2011.
  7. ^ "Myrna Loy, Once And Always; Actress, Activist & American Ideal: The Kennedy Center Honors a Star." The Washington Post via HighBeam Research; retrieved December 24, 2010.
  8. ^ Reed, Rex. "Myrna's Back – And Boyer's Got Her", nytimes.com, April 13, 1969; retrieved December 24, 2010.
  9. ^ Willis, Gertruce Knox and Mrs. R.R. Forman. W. A Rose Dream: A Fairy Operetta for Young People in Two Scenes.[permanent dead link] Philadelphia: Theodore Press Co., 1915.
  10. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 17–18
  11. ^ "Loy, Myrna." accuracyproject.org. Retrieved: November 17, 2011.
  12. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 25–29
  13. ^ Leider 2011, p. 41
  14. ^ Leider 2011, pp. 41–42
  15. ^ a b c Leider 2011, p. 42
  16. ^ Los Angeles Times, April 11, 2001.
  17. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 33–34
  18. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 37–41
  19. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 42–43
  20. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, p. 66
  21. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, p. 97
  22. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, p. 88
  23. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 88–89
  24. ^ Kotsilibas-Davis & Loy 1987, pp. 88–91
  25. ^ "The 2007 Motion Picture Almanac, Top Ten Money Making Stars" Archived December 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., quigleypublishing.com; retrieved July 11, 2007.
  26. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Summer Solstice (1981)", nytimes.com; retrieved December 20, 2011.
  27. ^ "Myrna Loy"[permanent dead link], Movietome.com; retrieved December 24, 2010.
  28. ^ "The presenting of an Honorary Oscar® to Myrna Loy at the 63rd Annual Academy Awards®, March 25, 1991, youtube.com; accessed August 14, 2014.
  29. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1993/12/15/obituaries/myrna-loy-model-of-urbanity-in-thin-man-roles-dies-at-88.html
  30. ^ Leider 2011, p. 288
  31. ^ Wayne 2005, pp. 209–210
  32. ^ Andersen 1997, p. 86
  33. ^ Alberge, Dayla. "Leslie Howard personal film footage found by documentary-maker." guardian.co.uk, September 12, 2010. Retrieved: December 24, 2010.
  34. ^ Dennison, Matthew. "Review: Titanic Thompson: The man who bet on everything." The Express, January 14, 2011. Retrieved: December 20, 2011.
  35. ^ "The legendary gambler who inspired 'Guys and Dolls'." buckscattershot.magix.net. Retrieved: December 20, 2011.
  36. ^ Brands 2008, p. 318.
  37. ^ Shipman, David. "Obituary: Myrna Loy." The Independent, December 16, 1993.
  38. ^ Interview. Day at Night, 1970
  39. ^ "Sony Pictures Studios: Studio Lot Map" Archived September 28, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., sonypicturesstudios.com; retrieved December 24, 2010.
  40. ^ "Village Sidewalk", forgotten-ny.com; retrieved December 24, 2010.
  41. ^ Myrna Loy Center for the Performing and Media Arts website; accessed August 14, 2015.
  42. ^ a b c Kotsilibas-Davis, James; Loy, Myrna (1987). Myrna Loy: Being and Becoming. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. ISBN 9780394555935. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn co cp cq cr cs ct cu cv cw cx cy cz da db dc dd de df dg dh di dj "Myrna Loy". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. American Film Institute. Retrieved 2018-06-15. 
  44. ^ a b "Myrna Loy". British Film Institute. Retrieved 2018-06-16. 
  45. ^ O'Connor, John J. (December 30, 1981). "TV: Henry Fonda and Myrna Loy". The New York Times. Retrieved 2018-06-16. 
  46. ^ http://otrrlibrary.org/OTRRLib/Library%20Files/M%20Series/Maxwell%20House%20Good%20News/Maxwell%20House%20Good%20News%2037-12-30%20(09)%20Guest%20-%20Myrna%20Loy.mp3
  47. ^ a b "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 37 (1): 32. Winter 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]