Myron of Eleutherae, working c. 480–440 BC, was an Athenian sculptor from the mid-5th century BC. He was born in Eleutherae on the borders of Attica. According to Pliny's Natural History, Ageladas of Argos was his teacher. Myron worked exclusively in bronze and his fame rested principally upon his representations of athletes, in which he made a revolution, according to commentators in Antiquity, by introducing greater boldness of pose and a more perfect rhythm, subordinating the parts to the whole. Pliny's remark that Myron's works were numerosior than those of Polycleitus and "more diligent" seem to suggest that they were considered more harmonious in proportions and at the same time more convincing in realism: diligentia connoted "attentive care to fine points", a quality that, in moderation, was characteristic of the best works of art, according to critics in Antiquity, his most famous works according to Pliny's Natural History were a heifer, a dog, a Perseus, a satyr— Marsyas— admiring the flute and Minerva, a Hercules, taken to the shrine dedicated by Pompey the Great at the Circus Maximus, an Apollo for Ephesus, "which Antony the triumvir took from the Ephesians, but the deified Augustus restored it again after being warned in a dream".
The Early Imperial Roman writers rated Myron among the greatest of Greek sculptors, a sign that his contemporaneous reputation had remained high. The heifer seems to have earned its fame by serving as a peg on which to hang epigrams, which tell nothing about the pose of the animal. Chionis, a 7th-century BC Olympic victor from Sparta, was commemorated in an idealized bronze by Myron. An epigram on Ladas, the fleetest runner of his time, notes that he was commemorated in a sculpture by Myron. A description by Lucian conclusively identifies as Myron's the Discobolus or "Discus-Thrower", of which several copies exist, of which the best is in the Palazzo Massimi alle Terme, Rome. Strabo registers stray comments on Myron a large group at Samos. K. Jenkins in 1926. A marble figure in the Lateran Museum, now restored as a dancing satyr, is certainly a copy of a work of Myron, a Marsyas desirous of picking up the aulos which Athena had thrown away; the full group is copied on coins of Athens, on a vase and in a relief which represent Marsyas as oscillating between curiosity and the fear of the displeasure of Athena.
The ancient critics say of Myron that while he succeeded admirably in giving life and motion to his figures, he did not succeed in rendering the emotions of the mind. This agrees in a certain degree, though not perfectly; the bodies of his men are of far greater excellence than the heads. The face of the Marsyas is a mask; the face of the discus-thrower is unruffled. A considerable number of other extant works were ascribed to the school or the influence of Myron by Adolf Furtwängler; these attributions have not stood up to the test of time. A papyrus from Oxyrhyncus gives dates of victors at Olympia of whom Myron made statues of the athlete Timanthes, victorious at Olympia in 456 BC, of Lycinus, victorious in 448 BC and 444 BC; this helps us to fix his date. He was a contemporary, but a somewhat older contemporary, of Polykleitos. References Sources This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Myron". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19. Cambridge University Press.
Frederick Marshall Lee played first-class cricket for Kent and Somerset between 1895 and 1907. He died at Wonford near Exeter in Devon. Educated at Uppingham School, Lee was an occasional left-arm spin bowler, he made his first-class cricket debut in two matches for Kent in 1895. But in his second match, against Middlesex, he failed to score in either innings and he did not appear for Kent again. In the 1902 season, Lee reappeared in first-class cricket as a lower order batsman for Somerset, he played seven matches in 1902 without great success, but in 1903 and 1904 he was a regular member of the team. He made little impact in 1903 until, coming in at No 9 with Somerset at 142 for seven wickets against a Gloucestershire total of 172, he made an unbeaten 73 and took the side through to a match-winning lead. A week Lee played a second innings of 73 and this time the match was more sensational. Somerset had trailed Lancashire by 68 runs on the first innings in the match at Old Trafford, but batted in the second innings.
Lee came in at 211 for six wickets and his 73, the top score of the innings, helped Somerset to a total of 361, after which Len Braund and Beaumont Cranfield bowled Lancashire out for 111 to complete a Somerset victory by 182 runs. Lee's lower order success saw him moved up the Somerset batting order and in August in the match against Middlesex at Taunton he made 83 in a high-scoring match, this proved to be the highest score of his first-class career. In the 1903 season, Lee made 627 runs at an average of 23.22. Lee's figures for the 1904 season were better: 677 runs at an average of 25.07. His best game of the season was against the South Africans, when he top-scored in both innings with an unbeaten 79 in the first and 39 in the second. Having played in every County Championship match in 1904, Lee became less regular and less successful in 1905 and 1906, playing in a dozen games each season and passing 50 only once. In 1907, he appeared in only seven matches, though he made 71, the top score of the match, in a tight game at Bath against Lancashire, he mustered only 85 runs in 11 other innings and when he lost his place in the team he did not manage to regain it
Blessed Maria Bárbara Maix was an Austrian Roman Catholic professed religious who established the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and assumed the new religious name of "Maria Bárbara of the Holy Trinity". Maix dedicated her life and service to the adequate treatment of the poor and ill with an added emphasis on the recognition of female dignities. Maix's death in 1873 prompted calls for her beatification which commenced in 1993 and culminated in her beatification, celebrated on 6 November 2010 in Brazil where she worked. Archbishop Lorenzo Baldisseri presided over the celebration on the behalf of Pope Benedict XVI. Maria Bárbara Maix was born in Vienna on 27 June 1818 to Rosália Mauritz. Several siblings died in their childhood which left Maix, her father served as a chamberlain to Archduke Franz Karl of Austria in the Schönbrunn Palace. In her childhood - further into adulthood - she suffered from a series of heart ailments in addition to asthma. In her adolescence she worked as a kitchen hand and as a maid at the Schöenbrunn Palace in the capital.
It was around this time at the age of fifteen. At the age of 18 she and her sister Maria left the place the pair resided in and opened a home for those who needed assistance which included the poor population of Vienna, it was at this time she wrote a rule of life that sought to promote the dignities of females and it was this that inspired her to establish a Marian order for women to that effect. Maix established her new Marian order in Vienna in 1843 but desired the blessing of the Supreme Pontiff for his formal approval, she travelled to Rome for a scheduled audience with Pope Gregory XVI but the pontiff died on 1 June 1846 - a day before the two were to meet. Maix did not remain in Rome following this and nor did she attempt to have an audience with the new Pope Pius IX. During the Revolutions of 1848 she and her 21 companions were expelled from the state and made the decision to establish their order in North America. However, as the group awaited their ship in Hamburg Maix made the sudden decision to go to Brazil.
She and her companions arrived in Rio de Janeiro on 9 November 1848 and founded their Mother-House at Porto Alegre on 8 May 1849. At the request of the Bishop of Rio de Janeiro Manoel de Monte Rodrigues de Araujo she entered the Conceptionist Sisters for six months before leaving, she prepared for her vows and religious vesting alongside 22 others on 8 May 1849 and assumed a new religious name. The congregation welcomed the ill as well as women and abandoned people. On 31 December 1870 she departed for Rio de Janeiro from Porto Alegre to assist at a school for orphan girls. Maix fell ill following Mass on 7 March 1873, she died on 17 March 1873 in her armchair with a slight smile on her face. Her remains are now at the Chapel of São Raphael in Porto Alegre, her institute now operates across South America in places like Bolivia and expanded in other places like Haiti and Italy. The beatification process commenced after the transfer of the competent forum that would undertake the cause from Rio de Janeiro to Porto Alegre on 15 May 1992.
Following this the Congregation for the Causes of Saints issued the official "nihil obstat" to the cause on 2 February 1993 under Pope John Paul II and proclaimed her to be a Servant of God. The diocesan process spanned from 19 June 1993 and concluded its work on 29 November 1996, it was ratified on 24 April 1998 and allowed for the postulation to compile the Positio and submit it to the C. C. S. in 2003 for their own assessment. Historians were called to assess the cause and determine if it could proceed without historical obstacles and approved the cause to continue to the next stage on 29 April 2003. Theologians approved the cause on 19 October 2007 and the C. C. S. Followed suit on 1 April 2008. Maix was declared to be Venerable on 3 July 2008 after Pope Benedict XVI confirmed that she had lived a model Christian life of heroic virtue; the miracle required for her beatification was investigated in the diocese of its origin and was ratified as a valid process on 6 October 2000. The Rome-based medical board approved it on 13 November 2008 while consulting theologians cleared it on 22 April 2009.
The C. C. S. gave their approval on 12 January 2010 before passing it onto the pope for his own papal approval on 27 March 2010. Lorenzo Baldisseri presided over the beatification on 6 November 2010 in Porto Alegre on the behalf of Benedict XVI; the current postulator assigned to the cause is Sister Gentila Richetti, I. C. M. Hagiography Circle Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary Saints SQPN