Dronning Louises Bro
Dronning Louises Bro is a bridge across The Lakes in central Copenhagen, Denmark. It joins Frederiksborggade in Indre By with Nørrebrogade in Nørrebro and separates Sortedam Lake to the northeast from Peblinge Lake to the south west, the bridge was designed by Vilhelm Dahlerup, and constructed between 1885 and 1887. The bridge is named after Queen Louise, King Christian IXs wife, a bridge ) located close to the site of the current bridge is mentioned in 1562. It provided a link between Copenhagens North Gate and the Nørrebro Road In 1618-20, Christian IV built a combined embankment, the crossing was improved in the 1720s. The embankments in each end was reinforced with stones and the central bridge section was replaced by a drawbridge. Blichfeld pointed out that the extension of Frederiksborggade had developed into a shopping street with no vacant shops. His proposal was featured in the magazine Ude og Hjemme in 1883 where it was described as practical and artistically well-designed. Construction began in 1885 and the bridge opened on 7 September 1887, the bridge became known as the Peblinge Bridge.
Queen Louises Bridge is built of granite and has three arches, the cast iron railings are decorated by four identical bronze cartouches featuring Copenhagens coat of arms surrounded by weapons and lions. The railing integrates eight lampposts and four flagpoles
Anna Church, Copenhagen
Anna Church is a Lutheran church in the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It was designed by Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint, best known for his design of Grundtvigs Church, built in three stages, it was completed between 1914 and 1928. In 1907 the Copenhagen Church Trust acquired a plot of land. An Anna Committee was therefore set up, consisting of women named Anna from throughout the country, Peder Vilhelm Jensen-Klint was commissioned to make a design in 1911 and it was built from 1913 to 1914. The church is named after Anna the Prophetess who appears in the passage from the Gospel about the Presentation of Jesus at the Temple which was read at the opening on 27 December 1914. After some years the church had become too small and Jensen-Klint was asked to design an extension, once again the Anna Committee raised the necessary funds. This extension added a hall in a lateral which had a gable toward the street. The last extension was carried out from 1924 to 1928 and added a second wing at the other end of the nave.
The church consists of three built in red brick. The two lateral wings have stepped gables facing the street and flank a U-shaped space in front of the main wing, the roof is of red tiles and has two Flèches with the bells. The brickwork is an exemplar of Jensen Klints style
The street has a multiethnic character and is home to a number of African specialty stores, coffee shops and restaurants. Between Griffenfeldsgade and Stengade is a green space, Folkets Park. Griffenfeldsgade was until 1879 called Parcelvej, Griffenfeldsgade is named after the Holstein statesman Peter Schumacher Griffenfeld, who served as Danish Chancellor from 1673. A bridge, was until 1892 located at the far end of the street, connecting it to Ladegårdsvej on the other side and from 1872 to H. C. At the outbreak of World War II the Danish Communist Party had its office on the 3rd floor of Griffenfeldsgade 50, the party newspaper Arbejderbladet were housed in the ground and first floor. When the German Wehrmacht occupied Denmark on 9 April all the lists of party members and magazine sellers were burned, after Nazi Germanys attack on the Soviet Union in 1941, the Communist Party was banned in Denmark. Simultaneously, several members were arrested and the release of the Arbejderbladet was banned, the party continued as an illegal organization from November 1941 and published the illegal opposition magazine Land og folk.
A small printing house in Griffenfeldsgade, usually printing occasional songs, during the occupation Griffenfeldsgade was scene of several firefights between the Danish resistance and representatives of the occupying power. Many apartments and shops were exposed to either raids or sabotage, the Danish communist youth organization still resides in Griffenfeldsgade. The former he former St. Josephs Hospital is from 1875 and it was founded by St. Joseph Sisters in 1975. The building was designed by Christian Hansen in the Gothic Revival style, the hospital was nursing home but closed in 2005
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Assistens Cemetery (Copenhagen)
Assistens Cemetery in Copenhagen, Denmark, is the burial site of a large number of Danish notables as well as an important greenspace in the Nørrebro district. Among the latter are the Nobel Prize-winning physicist Niels Bohr and a number of American jazz musicians who settled in Copenhagen during the 1950s and 1960s, including Ben Webster and Kenny Drew. The cemetery is one of five run by Copenhagen Municipality, the cemeteries are Vestre Cemetery, Brønshøj Cemetery, Sundby Cemetery. In Medieval times intramural interment was the rule although outdoor graveyards gradually became more common, in 1666 the Naval Holmens Cemetery was moved from its original location at Church of Holmen to a site outside the Eastern City Gate as the first burial facility to be located outside the city. An outbreak of plague in 1711 which killed an estimated 23,000 citizens put the burial sites under so much pressure that up to five coffins were sometimes buried on top of each other. After some negotiations it was decided to place it outside the Northern City Gate, the new cemetery was inaugurated on 6 November 1760.
It was enclosed by a built by Philip de Lange. Originally the cemetery was intended as a ground for paupers. Simon, der dort Gräber ist, gesprochen habe and he was soon followed by other leading figures from the elite and the cemetery soon developed into the most mondain burial ground of the city. Around that time, excursions to the cemetery with picnic baskets and it is certainly one of the most beautiful graveyards in Europe. The excursions sometimes evolved into rowdy gatherings and legislation was passed to prevent this, a commission established in 1805 issued instructions which prohibited the consumption of food or drink as well as music or any other kind of cheerful behaviour in the cemetery. The gravediggers, who lived on the premises, were to enforce these restrictions, legislation from 1813 prohibited them to sell alcohol to visitors to the cemetery. Despite all these efforts, the peace and quiet was a long time in coming. For particularly grand funerals, crowds of spectators would gather, to reduce numbers of visitors, there was talk of introducing admission fees, but this was never carried out.
The oldest part is Section A and features the graves of Søren Kierkegaard, Section D is dedicated to religious minorities, containing Roman Catholic and Reformed graves as well as Russian graves. Section E is the section which served under Church of Our Lady. Apart from the permanent exhibition, the museum contains an exhibition space for special exhibitions, a picture workshop for children and young people
De Gamles By
De Gamles By is a home for the elderly occupying an extensive site in the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It is increasingly integrated with the community and is now home to other facilities, including day cares. Almindelig Hospital relocated to the site in 1892 and its new buildings were designed by Vilhelm Petersen. In 1901, it was joined by a home for the elderly, Københavns Alderdomshjem. The name De Gamles By was introduced for the site in 1919. De Gamles By has its own church, which was built as part of the hospital complex from 1892. Its architect was Vilhelm Petersen who designed the hospital buildings. A cancer care centre inspired by British Maggies Centres opened on Nørre Allé in 2012 and it is built to a distinctive multigabled design and encloses a central courtyard and various roof terraces. Two new day cares, one on Møllegade and one on Sjællandsgade, are planned in the area
Rantzausgade is a street in the Nørrebro district of Copenhagen, Denmark. It runs from Åboulevard in the southeast to Jagtvej in the northeast where its name changes to Borups Allé, Rantzausgade was originally called Nordvestvej and only reached as far as Brohusgade where it ended in a wooden fence. Being located within the so-called Demarcation Line which followed Jagtvej, that is on the esplanade outside Copenhagens fortifications, only minor buildings could be built in the area. On the other side of the fence at the far end of the road and on the banks of the Ladegård Canal to the market gardens. When the area was built over from the 1870s on, developing into a dense working-class neighbourhood, one of the poorest in Copenhagen, it became known as Rabarberkvarteret. The term rabarberkvarter has in Danish since developed into a derogatory, generic term for a poor, in 1879, the company Glud & Marstrandm, a manufacturer of metal goods, opened a factory at No. Another extension of Nordvestvej, beyond Jagtvej, began in 1902, the rest of the street was renamed Rantzausgade in 1906 for the Danish-German noble family Rantzau originating in the Duchy of Holstein.
The Nordbanen railway line crossed the street from 1894 on its way from Copenhagens second central station at Axeltorv to Helsingør, the railway crossing disappeared in 1930 when the Boulevard Line opened. Tram line No.13 operated through the street from 1915 until 1965 on its way from City Hal Square to Lyngbygade, prinsesse Thyras Asyl at No.48 opened as a private kindergarten on 1 January 1878 with Princess Thyra of Denmark as protector. It is now owned by the city, brorsons Church is from 1901 and was designed by Thorvald Jørgensen, who designed Christiansborg as well as several other churches in Copenhagen. The former building of the Regional Archive for Zealand is located in the part of the western end of the street. The oldest part of the complex is from 1893 and was designed by Martin Nyrop in the National Romantic style and it was expanded by Nils Koppel in the 1960s. The triangular apartment block located between the Regional Archive Building is called Brohus and is from 1901, the artwork Secret Garden was designed by Morten Stræd in connection with the creation of three new urban spaces between Rantzausgade and the Agade Cycle Bridge in 2011.
The Nørrebro Route of Copenhagens network of super bikeways follows the alignment of the rail line. A bus trap is located at the site where the bikeway crosses Rantzausgade, the street is served by bus lines 12,18 and 66. Nuuks Plads at the junction with Jagtvej will be the site of one of the stations on the City Circle Line of the Copenhagen Metro. In his memoir, En rabarberdreng vokser op, the writer Christian Christensen describes his childhood, growing up in a working-class family living on Nordvestvej
Anton Rosen was a Danish architect, furniture designer, decorative artist and professor at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. In his architecture, he combined a free Historicist style with inspiration from contemporary English architecture, anton Rosen was born on 9 September 1859 in Horsens, the son of an apprentice mason. The family moved to Copenhagen and young Rosen was accepted into the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts in 1877, after graduating in 1882 he was employed with Vilhelm Dahlerup and in 1883 moved to Silkeborg to oversee the construction of Silkeborg Bath. The time with Vilhelm Dahlerup, until 1884 and again from 1890 to 1896, had influence on his works. Rosen participated in many of the exhibitions which were popular around the turn of the century. The success with the latter made him a professor at the Academy and won him its gold medal as well as the Eckersberg Medal, with support from Hack Kampmann
The Lakes, Copenhagen
The paths around them are popular with strollers and runners. Originally the area, which the lakes now form, was one long stream and it had an arch shape and was just outside the city levees. In the early Middle Ages, a need of water for watermills was determined, as a result of this a dam was built and the Peblinge Sø was created. As a result of a siege of Copenhagen in 1523, it was decided to expand the entrenchments in order to improve the fortifications of the city, the levee at Peblinge Sø was expanded and another was created, which resulted in the creation of Sortedams Sø. In the beginning of the 16th century, Sankt Jørgens Sø was created and this made it possible to flood the banks and lakes in case of an attack. Peblinge Sø and Sortedams Sø served as reservoirs for the city, the edges were straightened, giving them their current shape. In the middle of the 18th century they were discontinued as a source of drinking water, Sankt Jørgens Sø was to be used instead and it was cleaned and straightened in a similar manner as had the two other lakes 120 years earlier.
Until the end of World War II, it played a role in as a reservoir in Copenhagen. The first Fredensbro was built across Sortedams Sø in 1878 as a wooden bridge. The current Fredensbro is a levee, that separates the two basins. The vertical slopes of Peblinge Sø and Sortedams Sø were made in 1929, in the 60s it was suggested a four lane city ring be constructed, but the project was disbanded and the lakes were granted the a status of a protected area in 1966. Fugleøen is located within the basin of Sortedams Sø. It was raised to fame in 1967, when it was liberated by a group of activists, there are plans to create a park around Sankt Jørgens Sø, with the dual use of acting as a detention basin for cloudburst flood waters. Ramboll is Technical Lead this project team which is led by the design studio SLA, andersens Boulevard which passes the city hall square. The two basins are divided by levee that serves as a foundation for the street Kampmannsgade, a single basin between Gyldenløvesgade and Dronning Louises Bro, which is the continuation of Nørrebrogade.
Sortedams Sø consists of two basins, the southernmost point is by the Dronning Louises Bro, while the northernmost is by Østerbro. The lakes are separated by Fredensbro, the lakes inlet is through piped streams. These streams jointly provide water from the wet-area Utterslev Mose, the lake Emdrup Sø, ladegårdsåen was converted from an open stream to a piped stream in 1925 and is located below the streets Ågade and Åboulevarden