John Coleman (meteorologist)
John Stewart Coleman was an American TV weatherman and co-founder of The Weather Channel. He retired from broadcasting in 2014 after nearly 61 years, having worked the last 20 years at KUSI-TV in San Diego. Coleman started his career in 1953 at WCIA in Champaign, doing the early evening weather forecast and a local bandstand show called At The Hop while he was a student at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. After receiving his journalism degree in 1957, he became the weather anchor for WCIA's sister station WMBD-TV in Peoria, Illinois. Coleman was a weather anchor for KETV in Omaha, WISN-TV in Milwaukee and WBBM-TV and WLS-TV in Chicago. In 1972, Coleman and his stage crew craftsmen at WLS-TV created the first chroma key weather map in use. Coleman became the original weatherman on the brand-new ABC network morning program, Good Morning America, he stayed seven years with this top-rated program anchored by Joan Lunden. In 1981, he persuaded communications entrepreneur Frank Batten to help establish The Weather Channel, serving as TWC's CEO and President during the start-up and its first year of operation.
After being forced out of TWC a year Coleman became weather anchor at WCBS-TV in New York and at WMAQ-TV in Chicago, before moving to Southern California to join the independent television station, KUSI-TV in San Diego in 1994, in what Coleman fondly calls "his retirement job." Coleman abruptly left KUSI while with no on-air farewell. Coleman obtained Professional membership status in the American Meteorological Society and was named AMS Broadcast Meteorologist of the Year in 1983. Coleman said that after ten years of attending AMS National Meetings and studying the papers published in the organization's journal, he said the AMS was driven by political, not scientific and dropped out of the AMS. Coleman spoke out as a "rejectionis" of global warming in 2007 after watching NBC's "Green is Universal" week, where the studio lights were cut for portions of Sunday Night Football's pre-game and half-time shows, he called the concept of climate change the "greatest scam in history", said that "the polar ice is increasing, not melting away.
Polar bears are increasing in number." Critics have pointed out that each of these claims was wrong or misleading, questioned his credibility due to his lack of relevant academic credentials, said that he had not conducted any scientific research in the area of climate change. These views contributed to Coleman dropping out of the American Meteorological Society. Coleman was born in 1934 in Alpine, the youngest of five children to a college professor and his mathematics teacher wife and Hazel Coleman. Coleman was married and divorced and had three children. Coleman met his second wife, Linda, at a poker table in Viejas Casino and was married to her for eighteen years. In May 2016, John and Linda Coleman moved to Sun City in the Summerlin Community of Las Vegas. Coleman died on January 2018 at Summerlin Hospital Medical Center in Las Vegas. 1983 — Broadcast Meteorologist of the Year, American Meteorological Society. John Coleman on IMDb Coleman's Corner at KUSI at the Wayback Machine
WLS-FM is a commercial FM radio station licensed to serve Chicago, Illinois. The station is owned by Cumulus Media, through licensee Radio License Holdings, LLC, broadcasts a classic hits format. WLS-FM has its studios is located at the NBC Tower on North Columbus Drive in the city's Streeterville neighborhood, the station broadcasts from a tower located atop the Willis Tower at. WLS-FM uses HD Radio, simulcasts the talk radio programming of sister station WLS AM on its HD2 subchannel; the station was launched in 1948 as WENR-FM, owned by the American Broadcasting Company and simulcasting sister station WENR, which shared the 890 kc. frequency with Prairie Farmer-owned WLS. In 1954 WENR and WLS merged their AM stations into one, jointly owned by American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres and Prairie Farmer and retaining the WLS call letters. WENR-FM began simulcasting WLS, adopted its own separate programming formats for part of the day; the station was operated out of a broom closet with minimal personnel in hopes that FM broadcasting would grow.
In 1964, WENR-FM became WLS-FM, with a beautiful music format broadcasting in stereo from Noon to Midnight, as well as Blackhawks home games. By 1968, WLS-FM expanded its hours on the air to 6 a.m. to Midnight, simulcasting WLS's Clark Weber morning show from 6 to 8 a.m. and carrying Don McNeill's Breakfast Club from 8 to 9 AM. In the summer of 1968, WLS-FM experimented with a locally produced underground progressive rock show. Dubbed "Spoke", using the tag-line "The Flash That Holds The Wheel Of Life Together", the program aired from 10 PM to midnight and featured unnamed announcers using stage-whisper delivery laden with plate reverb, obtuse biker-style free verse intros delivered over backgrounds of electronic music, mid-eastern music and sound effects, it was replaced in 1969 with a syndicated program from the ABC Radio Network entitled "Love", voice-tracked by "Brother John" Rydgren, which aired from 7 PM to 1 AM. Shortly afterwards, WLS-FM adopted a full-time progressive rock format; the station adopted an AOR format when WLS-FM changed call signs to WDAI in 1971 in order to establish a separate identity from WLS and WLS-TV.
The joke at the time was that "DAI" stood for "Develop An Identity". The WDAI call letters had been intended for Detroit's WXYZ-FM, but the FCC instead assigned WDAI to replace WLS-FM and WRIF to WXYZ-FM; the call sign changes were part of the ABC-owned FM group's 1971 AOR format conversions in New York, Detroit, San Francisco, Houston and Los Angeles. WDAI became the original Chicago radio home of Steve Dahl in January 1978, used the slogan "Chicago's Best Rock" with the Morning Sickness with Steve Dahl. WDAI switched to all-disco as Disco "DAI" at the stroke of midnight on New Years 1979 - marking the switch by going from Don McLean's "American Pie" to "Staying Alive" by the Bee Gees. Steve Dahl would wind up the morning host at former crosstown rival WLUP, would anchor the "Disco Demolition Night" promotion in July 1979 that would be cited as a harbinger for the genre's popular collapse in America during 1980; the station stayed with the disco craze until 7 AM on May 22, 1980, after stunting by playing Donna Summer's "Last Dance" on a loop, 94.7 became WRCK-FM, "95 W-ROCK", an Adult Top 40/Oldies hybrid, featured Bob Sirott in mornings for a brief time.
The 1978 switch to disco was the first in a series of format changes that continued up to its switch to classic hits in October 2012. In December 1980, WRCK-FM switched to a Top 40 format with a partial-simulcast of WLS, changed call signs back to WLS-FM; the simulcast included Larry Lujack during the morning drive and Brant Miller's evening show into the mid-1980s, while airing its own programming during the day. WLS-FM was thereafter programmed separately during simulcast WLS AM at night. On January 20, 1986, WLS-FM ended the AM simulcast and became known as WYTZ "Z-95"; the station aired a rock-leaning Top 40 format, but by the late 1980s, the station was more mainstream, as competitor B96 focused on R&B and dance music. WYTZ, rebranded as "Hell" and Hot 94.7 in March 1991, could not withstand the competition from "B96". After a couple years of low ratings, WYTZ again became WLS-FM at 7 p.m. on October 25, 1991. After playing "Everybody's Talkin'" by Harry Nilsson, the station switched formats to talk, again simulcasting WLS AM much of the time.
On June 13, 1994, WLS-FM split off from simulcasting and launched its own "Young Talk" format featuring Robert Murphy, Rich Roeper, Rush Limbaugh, Jay Marvin, Lise Dominique, Turi Ryder and Johnny Vonn, as a way to compete against WLUP-FM's hot talk format. This failed to turn around ratings, WLS-FM went back to a full-time simulcast once again with WLS on June 2, 1995. After still achieving low ratings, WLS-FM separated from WLS AM again on November 22, 1995. After stunting with Christmas music throughout November and December, the station switched to a country music format and became 94.7 Kicks Country, WKXK, at Noon on December 26. The first song aired on "Kicks Country" was "Gone Country" by Alan Jackson. However, Infinity station WUSN continued to do well as the heritage country station, while WKXK was unable to achieve mediocre ratings. On May 1, 1997, WKXK dropped the country format and flipped
WLS is a commercial AM radio station in Chicago, Illinois. Owned by Cumulus Media, through licensee Radio License Holdings LLC, the station airs a talk radio format. WLS has its studios in the NBC Tower on North Columbus Drive in the city's Streeterville neighborhood, its non-directional broadcast tower is located on the southern edge of Tinley Park, Illinois. WLS is a Class A station broadcasting on the clear-channel frequency of 890 kHz with 50,000 watts of power using C-QUAM AM Stereo; the station's daytime groundwave service contour covers portions of five states while at night its signal reaches 38 states via skywave. The station's programming is available to listeners in the Chicago metropolitan area with an HD Radio receiver via a simulcast on the HD2 subchannel of sister station WLS-FM. Despite different owners and affiliations, 89 WLS, ABC owned-and-operated WLS-TV and ESPN Radio owned-and-operated WMVP maintain a strong partnership. WLS's weekday programming consists of local hosts and nationally syndicated shows such as Rush Limbaugh, Mark Levin, Chris Plante, John Batchelor, "Red Eye Radio" and "This Morning, America's First News with Gordon Deal."
Limbaugh is syndicated by Premiere Networks. Most of the other syndicated shows on WLS come from a subsidiary of Cumulus Media. Local hosts include Mancow Muller in morning drive time and John Howell to host a news round up in the evening drive. Weekends feature programs on real estate, auto repair and paid brokered programming. Syndicated weekend shows include Kim Komando, Bob Brinker, Jim Bohannon, Ric Edelman and Larry Kudlow. Most hours begin with national news from Westwood One News. Starting in 2016, WLS had been the flagship station of the Chicago White Sox baseball team and the Chicago Bulls basketball team, but when parent company Cumulus Media filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in November 2017, the White Sox terminated the contract with the station after the 2017 season ended, while the Bulls contract for the remainder of the 2017–18 season was terminated. The Bulls moved to Entercom-owned sports radio station AM 670 WSCR, while the White Sox signed a deal with talk station AM 720 WGN.
In the 2015-16 season, WLS carried Notre Dame Fighting Irish college basketball games. In 2016, Notre Dame moved to AM 1000 WMVP. In the 1920s, Sears and Company was a major retail and mail order company. To get farmers and people in rural communities to buy radio sets from its catalogs, Sears bought time on radio stations, decided to form its own station. Just before the permanent station was ready, Sears began broadcasts on March 21, 1924 as WBBX with noon programs using the WMAQ studios. WLS was one of the original 50,000-watt Class I-A clear-channel stations which did not share its frequency of 870 AM with any other station during nighttime hours, when AM radio signals can travel long distances via skywave. Sears broadcast test transmissions from its own studios on April 9, 10 and 11, 1924, using the call sign WES. Sears operated its station at the company's corporate headquarters on Chicago's West Side, where the company's mail order business was located. On April 12, 1924, the station commenced using the call letters WLS, broadcasting from its new studios in the Sherman House Hotel in downtown Chicago.
The station's transmitter was located outside of Crete, Illinois. On April 19, the station aired its first National Barn Dance; the station shared time on the frequency with WCBD until November 11, 1928, at which point it began sharing time with WENR. In 1931, the station's power was increased from 5,000 watts to 50,000 watts, the station began sharing the transmitter of WENR near Downers Grove, Illinois. In 1938, the station's transmitter was moved to Illinois. Sears opened the station in 1924 as a service to farmers and subsequently sold it to the Prairie Farmer magazine in 1928; the station moved to the Prairie Farmer Building on West Washington in Chicago, where it remained for 32 years. For a few months after ABC's 1960 purchase of it and the format change, the "bright new sound" that began in May 1960 was broadcast from the Prairie Farmer Building. WLS didn't make the move to downtown Michigan Avenue's Stone Container Building, located at 360 North Michigan Avenue, until October of that year.
Thirty years it would move once more, to 190 North State in downtown Chicago. It was the scene of the National Barn Dance, which featured Gene Autry, Pat Buttram, George Gobel, and, second only to the Grand Ole Opry in presenting country music and humor; the station experimented in many forms of news broadcasting, including weather and crop reports. Its most famous news broadcast was the eyewitness report of the Hindenburg disaster by Herbert Morrison. Morrison and engineer Charles Nehlsen had been sent to New Jersey by WLS to cover the arrival of the Hindenburg for delayed broadcast, their recordings aired the next day on May 7, 1937, the first time that recordings of a news event were broadcast. Starting in the 1930s, WLS was an affiliate of the Blue Network of the National Broadcasting Company, as such aired the popular Fibber McGee and Molly and Lum and Abner comedy programs during their early years; when the Federal Communications Commission forced NBC to sell the Blue Network, WLS maintained its affiliation with the network under its new identity, the American Broadcasting Company.
Under this affiliation, some programs from the network that were not commercially sponsored or which were sched
In the broadcasting industry, an owned-and-operated station refers to a television or radio station, owned by the network with which it is associated. This distinguishes such a station from an affiliate, independently owned and carries network programming by contract; the concept of an Owned and Operated is defined in the United States and Canada, where network-owned stations had been the exception rather than the rule. In such places, broadcasting licenses are issued on a local basis, there is some sort of regulatory mechanism in place to prevent any company from owning stations in every market in the country. In other parts of the world, many television networks were given national broadcasting licenses at launch. In the broadcasting industry, the term "owned-and-operated station" refers to stations that are owned by television and radio networks. On the other hand, the term affiliate only applies to stations that are not owned by networks, but instead are contracted to air programming from one of the major networks.
While in fact there may be an affiliation agreement between a network and an owned-and-operated station, this is not required, may be a legal technicality formalizing the relationship of separate entities under the same parent company. In any event, this does not prevent a network from dictating an owned-and-operated station's practices outside the scope of a normal affiliation agreement; the term "station" applies to the ownership of the station. For example, a station, owned and operated by the American Broadcasting Company is referred to as an "ABC station" or an "ABC O&O," but should not be referred to as an affiliate. A station not owned by ABC but contracted to air the network's programming is referred to as an "ABC affiliate". However, informally or for promotional purposes, affiliated stations are sometimes referred to as a network station, as in "WFAA is an ABC station" though that ABC affiliate, in the Dallas-Fort Worth market, is owned by Tegna, Inc. A correct formal phrasing could be, "ABC affiliate WFAA is a Tegna station."
One may informally refer to "ABC affiliates" in regards to all stations that air ABC programming, or to "the ABC affiliation" in regards to the transfer of rights to ABC programming from an affiliate to an O&O. Some stations that are owned by companies that operate a network, but air another network's programming are referred to as an affiliate of the network that they carry. For example, WBFS-TV in Miami is owned by the CBS network's parent company CBS Corporation, but airs programming from MyNetworkTV. Prior to the September 2006 shutdown of the CBS-owned UPN television network, WBFS aired that network's programming; the stations carrying The WB Television Network were another exception. The controlling shares in the network were held by Time Warner, with minority interests from the Tribune Company and, for a portion of network's existence, the now-defunct ACME Communications. While Tribune-owned stations such as WGN-TV in Chicago, WPIX in New York City and KTLA in Los Angeles aired programming from The WB, they did not fit the standard definition of an owned-and-operated station.
A similar exception existed when UPN launched in January 1995 by co-owners Viacom. Each of the companies owned a number of stations. However, the stations were not considered O&Os under the initial standard definition; this ambiguity ended with Viacom's buyout of Chris-Craft's share of the network in 2000, which came not long after its merger with the previous CBS Corporation. The stations were referred to informally as UPN O&Os. Following the shutdowns of UPN and The WB, CBS Corporation and Warner Bros. Entertainment became co-owners of the new CW Television Network, which merged the programming from both networks onto the scheduling model used by The WB; the network launched in September 2006 on 11 UPN stations owned by CBS Corporation, 15 WB affiliates owned by Tribune. Certain UPN and WB affiliates in markets where Tribune and CBS both owned stations carrying those networks either picked up a MyNetworkTV affiliation or became independent stations; the standard definition of an O&O again does not apply to The CW, but the CBS-owned stations that carry the network may be referred to as "CW O&Os".
Some O&Os choose to refer to themselves as "network-owned stations" instead, reflecting the fact that while they may be owned by a national network, much of the actual operation is left to the discre
WMAQ-TV, virtual channel 5, is an NBC owned-and-operated television station licensed to Chicago, United States. The station is owned by the NBC Owned Television Stations subsidiary of NBCUniversal, as part of a duopoly with Telemundo owned-and-operated station WSNS-TV. NBCUniversal, a Comcast subsidiary, owns both networks, along with regional sports network NBC Sports Chicago. WMAQ-TV and WSNS-TV share studio facilities and business offices at the NBC Tower on North Columbus Drive in the city's Streeterville neighborhood and transmitter facilities atop the Willis Tower on South Wacker Drive in the Chicago Loop. On cable, WMAQ-TV is carried by Comcast Xfinity, RCN, WOW!, Mediacom, NITCO, MTCO digimax TV, AT&T U-Verse, Charter Spectrum channel 5. In the few areas of the eastern United States where an NBC station is not receivable over the air, WMAQ-TV is available on satellite via DirecTV and Dish Network; the station first signed on the air on October 8, 1948, as WNBQ. It was the third of NBC's five original owned-and-operated television stations to begin operations, after outlets in New York City and Washington, D.
C. and before Cleveland and Los Angeles. WNBQ broadcast a minimum of two hours of programming per day; the station proposed WNBY as its call letters. At NBC's request, the Federal Communications Commission approved an application filed by the network to change the station's calls to WNBQ, a move, announced on March 3, 1948. NBC officials cited the need to avoid possible confusion with WMAQ-AM-FM competitor WMBI and to obtain a callsign, closer to co-owned NBC Red Network radio station WMAQ as the reasons for the change; the station's first mid-week broadcast came the month following its sign-on when Paul Winchell and Joseph Dunninger were featured on the NBC variety series, The Floor Show. The half-hour program was recorded via rebroadcast on WNBQ at 8:30 p.m. on Thursdays. WMAQ-TV originated several programs for the NBC television network from its original studio facilities—a 170,000-square-foot studio on the 19th floor of the Merchandise Mart on the city's Near North Side—during the 1950s, including Kukla and Ollie, featuring Burr Tillstrom and Fran Allison.
Television critics referred to the broadcasts—often low-budget with few celebrity guests but a good deal of inventiveness—as examples of the "Chicago School of Television". The station installed equipment to produce and transmit its programming in color in late 1953. Channel 5 aired its first local program to be broadcast in color when John Ott's How Does Your Garden Grow? debuted in March 1955, which utilized time-lapse color film. On April 15, 1956, WNBQ became the first television station in the world to broadcast all of its programs in color, an event described by Broadcasting-Telecasting as "a daring breakthrough the black-and-white curtain", completing a project that cost more than $1.25 million to make the upgrades. Although NBC had long owned the WMAQ radio stations, the television station continued to maintain call letters separate from those used by its co-owned radio outlets; the call letters of its sister radio station were assigned by the government but were used to form the phrase "We Must Ask Questions", which the radio station took as its motto in the 1920s.
Although the station's role as a program provider to NBC diminished in the 1960s, WMAQ-TV gathered and distributed more than 200 feeds of news footage per month from overseas and the Central United States to NBC News. On December 3, 1985, NBC signed a $100 million+ agreement to lease office space in a three-story annex to the north of a planned 34-story, 1,000,000-square-foot skyscraper—a project developed by the Equitable Life Assurance Society and Tishman-Speyer Properties—that would be constructed as part of the Cityfront Center development on the northwest corner of Columbus Drive and North Water Street, in which WMAQ-TV's operations would occupy 251,000 square feet of the building. Under the plans for the project, NBC was given the option of acquiring an 25% interest in the building. On October 1, 1989, after 40 years at the Merchandise Mart, the station relocated its operations and began broadcasting from the NBC Tower, located on 455 North Columbus Drive, six blocks east of the Mart.
Ratings for WMAQ-TV's newscasts overtook those of WBBM-TV in the 1980s, but the station could not dethrone market leader WLS-TV during the period. In 1986, WMAQ-TV became the first station in the Chicago metropolitan area to broadcast its newscasts in full stereo sound. All of the NBC network programs had begun their commercial stereo broadcasts in 1985. In 1988, WMAQ-TV and the other NBC-owned stations began 24-hour broadcasting. WMAQ became the fourth station in the Chicago metropolitan area to begin airing 24 hours a day, following independent station WGN-TV, then-independent station WPWR-TV, Fox owned-and-operated station WFLD. During t
Navistar International Corporation is an American holding company, that owns the manufacturer of International brand commercial trucks, IC Bus school and commercial buses, Workhorse brand chassis for motor homes and step vans, is a private label designer and manufacturer of diesel engines for the pickup truck, SUV markets. The company is a provider of truck and diesel engine parts and service. Headquartered in Lisle, Navistar has 16,500 employees and a 2013 annual revenue of $10.775 billion. The company's products and services are sold through a network of nearly 1,000 dealer outlets in the United States, Canada and Mexico and more than 60 dealers in 90 countries throughout the world; the company provides financing for its customers and distributors principally through its wholly owned subsidiary, Navistar Financial Corporation. The merger of McCormick Harvesting Machine Company and the Deering Harvester Company in 1902 resulted in the formation of the International Harvester Company of Chicago, which over the next three-quarters of a century evolved to become a diversified manufacturer of farming equipment, construction equipment, gas turbines, trucks and related components.
During World War II, International Harvester produced the M-series of military trucks that served the Marine Corps and the U. S. Navy as weapons carriers, cargo transporters and light artillery movement. Today, Navistar produces International brand military vehicles through its affiliate Navistar Defense. Ford had Navistar under-contract that same year to produce engines for their passenger fleet of work light work trucks. International Harvester fell on hard times during the poor agricultural economy in the early to mid-1980s and the effects of a long strike with the UAW over proposed work rule changes. IH's new CEO, Donald Lennox, directed the management organization to begin exiting many of its IH's historical business sectors in an effort to survive; some of the sales of profitable business endeavors were executed to raise cash for short-term survival, while other divisions were sold due to lack of immediate profitability. During this period of questionable economic survival, in an effort to raise needed cash and to reduce losses, the management team led by Mr. Lennox at IH shed many of its operating divisions: Construction Equipment Division to Dresser Industries.
I. Case subsidiary; the Scout and Light Truck Parts Business was sold to Scout/Light Line Distributors, Inc. in 1991. After the Agricultural Division sale in 1985, all that remained of IH were the Truck and Engine Divisions; the company rechristened itself on February 20, 1986 to Navistar International Corporation.. In the early 1980s, IH developed a series of reliable large-displacement V8 diesel engines that were sold as an option for heavy-duty Ford 3/4-ton and 1-ton pickup trucks. Navistar still uses the "International" brand in its diesel engine and truck product lines, the brand name continues on in product lines of Navistar International's International Truck and Engine Corporation subsidiary. During the 1980s and 1990s, the popularity of diesel engines had made Navistar a leading manufacturer of bus chassis school buses; the company purchased one-third of American Transportation Corporation, an Arkansas-based manufacturer in 1991, the remaining two-thirds in April 1995. By becoming both a body and chassis manufacturer at the same time, Navistar gained significant market share in the industry.
In 2002, AmTran was rebranded as IC after a few months as International Bus. After nearly a century of business in Chicago, Navistar announced its plans on 30 September 2000 to leave the city and relocate its corporate offices to west suburban Warrenville, Illinois; the company's Melrose Park, Illinois plant is notable for a significant workplace shooting on February 5, 2001. In 2004, Navistar re-entered the retail vehicle market for the first time since 1980; the International XT pickup truck was a series of three pickup trucks. It was the largest pickup truck available for retail sale and two of the three versions were International Durastar medium-duty trucks fitted with pickup beds; the third version was a street-legal version of a Navistar-designed military vehicle. The three XT trucks were sold until 2008. In 2005, Navistar purchased the Workhorse company, a manufacturer of step-van and motor home chassis, to re-enter the delivery van market, it appeared that the new subsidiary might benefit by its association with a company whose history from the 1930s into the'60s included the popular Metro van.
For a short time Workhorse offered. In Sept. of 2012, Navistar announced the shut down of Workhorse and the closure of the plant in Union City, Indiana in order to cut costs. Workhorse has since repositioned itself as a manufacturer of electrically powered trucks and delivery vans. In January 2006, the company declared it would not file its form 10-K annual report with the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission on time; the delay was caused by the disagreement with its auditors, Deloitte &