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Naarden is a city and former municipality in the Gooi region in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. It has been part of the new municipality of Gooise Meren since 2016. Naarden was granted its city rights in 1300 and developed into a fortified garrison town with a textile industry. Naarden is an example of a star fort, complete with a moat; the moat and walls have been restored. John Amos Comenius, 17th century Moravian born Czech educator was buried in the city, his mausoleum is open for visitors. Despite its earlier importance, Naarden's population was surpassed by Hilversum in the 18th century and today it is smaller than its neighbour Bussum; the city's distinctive shape made it a rallying point for Allied bombers returning to England after raids on Germany. Naarden was a separate municipality until 2015. On 1 January 2016, the municipality of Naarden merged with Muiden and Bussum to form the new municipality of Gooise Meren; the company Stork B. V. has its head office in Naarden. The city of Naarden is located in the municipality of Gooise Meren in the west of the Netherlands.

It is situated in the Gooi region in the southeast of the province of North Holland. Naarden is the home of the Netherlands Fortress Museum. Naarden hosts the bi-annual Naarden Photo Festival and, on Good Friday, a performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in the local church, called the Great Church or St. Vitus Church; the Great Church is situated on dates from the 15th century. Prior to the Protestant Reformation it was named for St. Vitus, it is one of the oldest surviving churches in The Netherlands, having had the good fortune to survive the Spanish invasion of 1572 and the subsequent burning of the town. The church has numerous wooden vaults that are painted with scenes from the New Testaments; these were only rediscovered in a recent restoration. The church is the venue for a number of cultural activities such as organ music nights and the bi-annual Naarden Photo festival; the Spanish House, situated at Turfpoortstraat 27, was a church building converted to house migrants. In 1572 Spanish troops conducted a massacre of some 700 inhabitants who had gathered to hear a peace proposal.

The Spanish fired on the assembled citizens, went on to set fire to the town. A plaque above the lintel of the door and below the eaves commemorates the massacre. In 1615, after the population had reestablished itself, they built the city hall on the site. Part of the building was given over to De Waag, the municipal office entrusted with the verification of weights and measures; the building served a French garrison as a bakery, turning out over 1000 loaves per day. From 1967 until 1992 it served as the Comenius museum. Today, the historic building serves as the Weegschaal Museum. Naarden is the place where John Amos Comenius is buried in a mausoleum on Klooster straat; this place receives many visitors from Czechia. Comenius is known as the inventor of our school system with different classes; the nearest station is Naarden-Bussum railway station, which has services to Almere, Amersfoort and Utrecht. Nordin Amrabat, football player Willem Arondeus, professional artist and World War II Resistance member Tom Coronel, racing driver Maarten de Bruijn, product designer Annemarie Groen, backstroke swimmer Tom van't Hek, field hockey player and coach Frank Martin, Swiss composer who lived in Naarden for the last twenty years of his life Bertil Schmüll, engraver Salomon van Ruysdael, painter Naarderbos Naarderwoonbos Spanish Empire Naarden travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website A view on the old city of Naarden

Raees Ahmadzai

Raees Ahmadzai is a former Afghan cricketer who represented the Afghanistan national cricket team until his retirement in May 2010. Ahmadzai is a right-handed batsman, he is UNICEF National Goodwill Ambassador. Ahmadzai was born in the village of Logar Province, Afghanistan, he is from the Kuchi tribe, along with former teammates Dawlat Ahmadzai. He is far from certain about his age. In an interview in Potchefstroom with Will Luke in April 2009, he said, "Talking to my mother, she works out my age by seeing who the president was. Unofficially I'm nearly 25, take three years. Or four. I could be 21 or 28." Luke's own opinion, going by "Deep-set wrinkles and a calm demeanour", was twenty-eight. The general consensus from Cricinfo and CricketArchive is that he was born on 3 September 1984. Ahmadzai spent much of his early years in refugee camps with his family, fleeing from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the subsequent Civil War that followed the Soviet withdrawal. Ahmadzai, like many of his teammates learnt the game in neighbouring Pakistan, in Ahmadzai's case in a Peshawar schoolyard.

Ahmadzai made his debut for Afghanistan against Rahim Yar Khan in the 2002/3 Cornelius Trophy. Ahmadzai made his international debut for Afghanistan against Hong Kong in the 2004 ACC Trophy. Ahmadzai represented Afghanistan in the following tournament in 2006. During the 2006 tournament, Ahmadzai captained the side. In 2007, Ahmadzai played two List-A matches for the Sebastianites Cricket and Athletic Club in Sri Lanka, playing matches against Lankan Cricket Club and the Sri Lanka Army Sports Club. Ahmadzai was part of the rising Afghan team that from 2008 to 2009 won the World Cricket League Division Five, Division Four and Division Three, thus promoting them to Division Two and allowing them to partake in the 2009 ICC World Cup Qualifier. During the qualifier, Ahmadzai made his List-A debut for Afghanistan against Denmark. During the same tournament Afghanistan gained ODI status, with Ahmadzai making his One Day International debut against Scotland, where he scored 39 runs, helping Afghanistan to an 89 run victory.

Ahmadzai made his first class debut in the Intercontinental Cup against a Zimbabwe XI in which Afghanistan drew the match. In November 2009 he was a member of Afghanistan's 2009 ACC Twenty20 Cup winning squad. Ahmadzai made his full Twenty20 International debut against Ireland in the 2010 Quadrangular Twenty20 Series in Sri Lanka. On in February 2010, Ahmadzai was a key member of Afghanistan's victorious 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier winning squad and was named in Afghanistan's squad for the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. In April 2010, Ahmadzai was a key member of Afghanistan's 2010 ACC Trophy Elite winning squad which defeated Nepal in the final, with Ahmadzai scoring 52 runs in Afghanistan's innings. Ahmadzai played in both of Afghanistan's matches in Group C of the 2010 ICC World Twenty20. In their first match of the tournament he remained unbeaten on 5 against India and against South Africa he was caught behind by Mark Boucher off the bowling of Morné Morkel. Afghanistan lost both were eliminated from the tournament.

Shortly before Afghanistan's match against South Africa, Ahmadzai announced he would retire following the match. He stated his reason for retiring being "in order to focus on developing the younger generation of Afghan cricketers". Ahmadzai has now taken up a coaching role with the national squad as well a chief selector for the Afghanistan Cricket Board, he is a representative of Afghanaid. Raees Ahmadzai on Cricinfo Raees Ahmadzai on CricketArchive

Winston Chang

Winston Hsiao-tzu Chang was a president of Soochow University in Taipei. He and his identical twin brother, John Chang, were born the sons of Chiang Ching-kuo and Chang Ya-juo at Public Hospital in Guilin, Now is Second People's Hospital in Guilin, but took their mother's surname as they were born out of wedlock, although they both were given the generation name of Hsiao shared by all of Chiang Ching-kuo's children, legitimate or otherwise. Chang Ya-juo died when the brothers were one in August 1942, they were raised by his Chang Ya-juo's younger brother, Chang Hau-juo and his wife Chi Chen, their uncle and aunt were listed as their parents on official documents until December 2002. The brothers fled to Hsinchu, Taiwan in 1949 and both studied law in Soochow University. Winston Chang received his master's from Southern Methodist University, his doctorate from Tulane University Law School. After returning to Taiwan, he was involved in teaching and research, he became the chairman of the Soochow University College of Law as well as the president in 1992.

On 20 August 1993, he visited his mother's tomb in Guilin and attended a cross-straits Buddhist conference. In late 1994, Chang entered into a coma, his devastating coma caused his death. He was flown back to Taiwan via Hong Kong in his comatose condition. Despite the fact that he never recovered from the coma, he continued to serve as president on medical leave until his death two years later. With Chao Chung-te, Chang had a son, Ching-sung, a daughter, Yu-chu. Soochow University biography^ ^

Pups (film)

Pups is a 1999 American independent crime drama film written and directed by Ash, stars Mischa Barton, Burt Reynolds and Cameron Van Hoy. The film centers on two young adolescents; the film premiered at the Los Angeles Independent Film Festival on April 18, 1999. The film, although well received critically received a limited release, attributed as sensitivity to the Columbine High School massacre that occurred two days after the premiere. Stevie finds a gun in his mother's closet, on his way to school with his girlfriend, decides to use the gun to rob a bank; the police surround the building. One FBI agent, Daniel Bender, tries to free the hostages, he is calm and cooperative, giving food, beer and an MTV reporter by request. "As the situation furthers, Bender gets frustrated. After several failed attempts at impossible requests, Stevie decides to surrender. Rocky and he leave the guns and hostages in the bank; as the two walk away, Stevie reaches for a flower in his pocket, a sniper shoots him dead.

Bender asks to get that "mother fucker down from that roof" Mischa Barton as Rocky Burt Reynolds as Daniel Bender Cameron Van Hoy as Stevie Ed Metzger as Mr. Edwards Kurt Loder as Himself David Alan Graf as Bank Manager Darling Narita as Joy Susan Horton as Rio James Gordon J. P./TV Preacher Jonathan Coogan as Bank Security Guard Matthew Fairchild as Rocky's Dad Adam Farrar as War Vet paraplegic The film is set in an unnamed American suburb and was shot in Chatsworth, Los Angeles. It was financed by Japan-based Team Okuyama in October 1998, with the condition that filming would be complete by December of the same year; the film was shot in two weeks in December 1998. The director, Ash noted that the film was timely within the context of real-life crimes during this period, alluding to the Jonesboro shootings; as well as the controversy of the Columbine killings, the release of the film was complicated by the arrest of one of its co-stars, Adam Farrar. Farrar had been arrested in March 1999 on suspicion of attempted murder and making terrorist threats against his girlfriend.

The film was well received by critics, it holds a 90%'fresh' rating on Rotten Tomatoes. Robert Koehler of Variety praised the execution of the film "Applying all the assets of seat-of-your-pants indie filmmaking with few of its deficits, Ash has delivered a sinewy, disturbing sophomore work... Pups gives off the energy of a movie shot on the run with few of the rough edges that dog such rapid-fire filmmaking." Koehler continued to single out the picture as a "perceptive spin on the teen pic". Koehler praised the casting "Van Hoy leads the way, with a startling, haunting film debut that matches pic's sense of impulse and humanism. Barton suggests a smart girl who knows she's in trouble but might find a way out. Besieged on all sides, Reynolds works against his character's cliches and indicates that Boogie Nights was no fluke."Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film three out of four stars, congratulating Van Hoy and Barton for "two of the most natural and freed performances I have seen by actors of any age...

Van Hoy and Barton waltz through long takes, working without the net of editing... So much depends on the performances. If instead of Van Hoy and Barton the movie had starred safer or more circumspect actors, the energy would have flagged and the flaws of the quick production would have been more of a problem."Lawrence Van Gelder of the New York Times described the protagonists and Rocky as "Bonnie and Clyde for the MTV generation." He praised Ash for "taking a knowing look at adolescents informed but not educated by television and movies in a less than perfect United States." Van Gelder praised Van Hoy for his portrayal of "a volatile, fast-talking compendium of pop culture, childish rage, adolescent mischief and adult stupidity and remorse." And Barton "in a layered performance, combines loyal girlfriend and voice of reason with deep cynicism toward the world she was born into and now is shaping."Entertainment Weekly gave the film a "B+", praising Ash as "a genuine provocateur-filmmaker."

The review congratulated the "energized performance" of Reynolds and Van Hoy, who "is amazing, like a Game Boy junkie-turned-virtual Jimmy Cagney." The reviewer speculated that the film could have been a sensation at Sundance had it not been for the recent Columbine tragedy. Pups on IMDb Pups at Rotten Tomatoes

2011 Kilimanjaro Bowl

The 2011 Global Kilimanjaro Bowl was the first college football game played on the continent of Africa. The game at the Sheikh Amri Abeid Memorial Stadium in Arusha, Tanzania was played May 21, 2011, due to the seasonal difference in Africa, featuring Drake against Mexican All-Star team CONADEIP, it marked the first NCAA Division I bowl game versus a Mexican opponent since the 1945 Sun Bowl, the first to be played after the BCS Championship Game. The title sponsor of the game was Global Football, along with counterpart sponsors Iowa Resource for International Service, IRIS Youth Exchange & Study Program alumni from Tanzania, Tanapa Partners and Younger Optics. While in Africa, the teams worked on orphanage service projects, they climbed Mount Kilimanjaro before returning to North America. In all, the trip lasted fifteen days. American Football crossed a new international border when the Drake Bulldogs and CONADEIP Stars from Mexico met on the gridiron painted for the first time on African soil in Arusha, Tanzania.

Fans lined up outside Sheikh Amri Abeid Memorial Stadium for at least three hours before kickoff, awaiting an opportunity to see America's version of football played for the first time in Africa. Drake opened with a steady drive that started at their own 20-yard mark, but the drive stalled when quarterback Mike Piatkowski was intercepted in the corner of the end zone by CONADEIP cornerback Carlos Garcia; the Bulldogs turned the ball over on downs during the next drive and they took the initial lead their third offensive possession courtesy of a Billy Janssen 27-yard field goal. Injury would sock Drake’s quarterbacking core as Piatkowski was injured in the first quarter and his replacement Tyler Castro left due to an injury in the second quarter. Both teams went scoreless in the third quarter. Two promising CONADEIP drives ended frustratingly with failed field goal attempts. CONADEIP fumbled inside the Drake 10-yard line. Freshman quarterback Nick Ens took his first snaps under center for the Bulldogs due to the injuries of Piatkowski and Castro.

Drake would struggle to find an offensive rhythm. A CONADEIP Dwein Garcia 49-yard pass to Ivan Piña as time expired in the third quarter delighted the capacity crowd, setting up an action filled fourth quarter. Jose Reyes would score the first touchdown of the game on a 5-yards rush to give the Stars a 7-3 lead. Drake would fight back on their ensuing offensive possession. Ens settled into a grove with the Drake offense and sent an 18-yard pass over the middle to wide receiver Joey Orlando on third and long; the gain kept the drive alive leading to the answer touchdown by the Bulldogs, an Ens to Orlando 11-yard pass completed in the corner of the end zone. Having seen Drake regain the lead at 10-7, the CONADEIP offense drove down the field to the Bulldogs 2-yard line, capped by Reyes 37-yard run; the Stars fumbled on the next possession due to a failed snap from center and the Bulldog defense recovered the loose football. Drake would take advantage of the opportunity, driving 98-yards, resulting in a Patrick Cashmore 2-yard rushing touchdown.

The teams would trade possessions from that point. With just over two minutes remaining in the game, Bulldog Matt Buckley intercepted a pass from Garcia to seal the 17-7 Drake victory; the game was not included on Drake's record. CONADEIP finished their tour with a 1-2 record; the All-Star team selected from Mexico’s top college players had played two games in Mexico in order to prepare for the bowl. The game was watched by the American Ambassador to Tanzania Alfonso Lenhardt, the nation’s Deputy Minister of Industry and Trade Lazaro Nyalandu, a procession of dignitaries. Maasai tribesmen entertained the crowd. First Quarter Drake- Billy Janssen 27 Yard Field Goal Second Quarter None Third Quarter None Fourth Quarter CONADEIP - Jose Reyes 5-Yard Run Drake - Nick Ens 11-Yard Pass To Joey Orlando Drake - Patrick Cashmore 2-Yard Run 2010 NCAA Division I FCS football season List of significant college football games

Tetrasodium iminodisuccinate

Tetrasodiumiminodisuccinate is a sodium salt of iminodisuccinic acid referred to as N-aspartic acid. Iminodisuccinic acid can be prepared by reacting maleic anhydride with ammonia and sodium hydroxide: For the synthesis of tetrasodium iminodisuccinate, maleic anhydride is reacted with sodium hydroxide in water at elevated temperature. A concentrated disodium maleate solution is formed to which ammonia is added at 90 to 145 °C, than excess water and ammonia is distilled off. An aqueous solution containing about 34% tetrasodium iminodisuccinate is obtained with yields of up to 98%. Spray-drying can be used to obtain a mixture of solids consisting of> 65% tetrasodium iminodisuccinate salts, <2% maleic acid sodium salts, <8% fumaric acid sodium salts, <2% malic acid sodium salts, <15% aspartic acid sodium salts, >15% water. The by-products of the reaction do not affect the complexing capacity or biodegradability of the tetrasodium iminodisuccinate; as a commercial product, tetrasodium iminodisuccinate is sold either as a white powder or as granular material with a content of> 78% tetrasodium iminodisuccinate.

Tetrasodium iminodisuccinate is a chelating agent, forming complexes of moderate stability, which includes alkaline earth and polyvalent heavy metal ions with one molecule of water in an octahedral structure. In 0.25% aqueous solution, a pH of 11.5 results for tetrasodium iminodisuccinate. The salt is stable for several hours in weakly acidic solution at 100 °C and for weeks in alkaline solutions at an elevated temperature. Tetrasodium iminodisuccinate is classified as biodegradable according to OECD methods; as biodegradable alternatives from the class of widespread chelating agents, only nitrilotriacetic acid is sufficiently biodegradable under certain conditions and the chelating active amino acid derivatives β-alaninediacetic acid and methylglycine diacetic acid. Iminodisuccinic acid has been distributed by Lanxess since 1998 under the trade name Baypure CX 100 as complexing agent, it reacts with the calcium and magnesium ions in water and forms chelate complexes of medium stability. This complexation prevents the formation of insoluble salts and soaps and thus improves the effect of detergents and dishwashing detergents, hand soaps and shampoos.

As a result, the amount of conventional builders in solid detergents can be reduced or replaced. The calcium binding capacity for tetrasodium iminodisuccinate is 230 mg CaCO3/g salt and therefore lies between the capacity of DTPA Na5 salt and EDTA Na4 salt. Most other applications of tetrasodium iminodisuccinate Na salt are based on the complexation of alkaline earth and heavy metal ions e. g. in industrial cleaners for the removal of biofilms and limescale, cosmetics, in electroplating, in construction and paper. When tetrasodium iminodisuccinate is used in solid detergent formulations instead of the common phosphonates, it inhibits the heavy metal ion catalyzed decomposition of hydrogen peroxide in bleach-containing wash liquors. Complexes of tetrasodium iminodisuccinate with Fe3+, Cu2+, Zn2+ and Mn2+ ions are used as micronutrients, as they are providing important trace elements for plants in absorbable form; the so far in plant protection applied complexing agents such as EDTA, DTPA, EDDHA or HBED are difficult to non-biodegradable.

In contrast, IDHA trace element complexes offer an interesting alternative. The preparation from the achiral starting materials provides a mixture of three epimers: -iminodisuccinate, -iminodisuccinate, -iminodisuccinate; the two meso are identical. The enzymatic degradation in the first two cases produces the compounds D-aspartic acid and fumaric acid, in the third case produces L-aspartic acid and fumaric acid, which are metabolized further