The Taebaek Mountains are a mountain range that stretches across North Korea and South Korea. They form the main ridge of the Korean peninsula; the Taebaek mountains are located along the eastern edge of the peninsula and run along the eastern coast of the Korean Peninsula. The Hwangnyong Mountain in North Korea forms the northern end of the range. Busan lies at the southern end of this mountain range, thus making the mountain range a total length of over 500 kilometers, averaging about 1000 meters in height. Prominent peaks of the range include Mount Seoraksan, Mount Kumgangsan, Mount Taebaeksan and Mount Odaesan. To the east, the mountain range falls steeply into the sea, but to the west, there are more gentle slopes. Many spurs stretch southwest; the most important rivers of South Korea, the Han River and the Nakdong River, both originate in the Taebaek Mountains. Many of the slopes are extensively covered in forests. Economically the Taebaek mountains are important for the mining of iron, tungsten and limestone.
Manggyeongsa Temple in Hyeol-dong Taebaek, Gangwon-do Province at an altitude of 1,460 meters on Mount Taebaeksan, is a temple built to enshrine the statue of the Bodhisattva of wisdom. It was built by a Silla Dynasty monk; the "Dragon Spring" at the entrance of the temple is known as the highest spring in Korea. The 2018 Winter Olympics took place in Pyeongchang, Gangwon-do, located in the mountains. Taebaek is a name of a poomsae, performed by the 3rd Dan black belts in Tae Kwon Do. Taebaek is practised in Southern Korea. Baekdudaegan List of mountains in Korea Geography of South Korea
Silla was a kingdom located in southern and central parts of the Korean Peninsula. Silla, along with Goguryeo, formed the Three Kingdoms of Korea. Founded by Hyeokgeose of Silla, of the Park family, the Korean dynasty was ruled by the Gyeongju Gim clan for 586 years, Miryang Park clan for 232 years, Seok clan for 172 years, it began as a chiefdom in the Samhan confederacies, once allied with Sui China and Tang China, until it conquered the other two kingdoms, Baekje in 660 and Goguryeo in 668. Thereafter, Later Silla occupied most of the Korean Peninsula, while the northern part re-emerged as Balhae, a successor-state of Goguryeo. After nearly 1,000 years of rule, Silla fragmented into the brief Later Three Kingdoms of Silla, Later Baekje, Taebong, handing over power to Goryeo in 935; until its founding as a full-fledged kingdom, Silla was recorded using several hanja, Chinese character, combinations to phonetically approximate its native Korean name. Among those used, there include 斯盧, 斯羅, 徐那, 徐耶, 徐羅, 徐伐.
In 504, Jijeung of Silla standardized the characters into 新羅, which in Modern Korean is pronounced "Shilla". One etymological hypothesis suggests that the name Seorabeol might have been the origin of the word Seoul, meaning "capital city", the name of the present capital of South Korea, known as Hansung or Hanyang; the name of the Silla capital may have changed into its Late Middle Korean form Syeobeul, meaning "royal capital city," which might have changed to Syeoul soon after, resulted in Seoul in the Modern Korean language. The name of either Silla or its capital Seorabeol was used throughout Northeast Asia as the ethnonym for the people of Silla, appearing as Shiragi in Japanese and as Solgo or Solho in the language of the medieval Jurchens and their descendants, the Manchus, respectively. In the modern Mongolian language and Koreans are still known as Солонгос, which seems to be an alteration of Silla influenced by the Mongolian word for "rainbow". Silla was referred to as Gyerim "chicken forest," a name that has its origins in the forest near the Silla capital.
Legend has it that the state's founder was born in the same forest, hatched from the egg of a cockatrice. During the Proto–Three Kingdoms period and southern Korea consisted of three confederacies called the Samhan. Silla began as a statelet within the 12-member confederacy known as Jinhan. Saro-guk consisted of six clans. According to Korean records, Silla was founded by Bak Hyeokgeose of Silla in 57 BC, around present-day Gyeongju. Hyeokgeose is said to have been hatched from an egg laid from a white horse, when he turned 13, six clans submitted to him as king and established Saro-guk, he is the progenitor of the Bak clan, now one of the most common family names in Korea. The Samguk Sagi and History of the Northern Dynasties state that the original Lelang Commandery which became the Jinhan confederacy was the origin of Silla. Although archaeological evidence is lacking, the people claimed they were descendants of Qin dynasty migrants who, fleeing Qin's forced labour policies, moved to the Mahan confederacy, which gave them land to the east.
The Confederacy was called Qinhan. In various inscriptions on ancient monuments of Munmu of Silla, it is recorded that King Silla came from Xiongnu; some Korean researchers point out that the grave goods of Silla and Xiongnu are alike, some researchers insist that the Silla king is descended from Xiongnu. The Korean public broadcaster KBS has produced a documentary about this subject. By the 2nd century, Silla existed as a distinct state in the southeastern area of the Korean peninsula, it expanded its influence over neighboring Jinhan chiefdoms, but through the 3rd century was no more than the strongest city-state in a loose federation. To the west, Baekje had centralized into a kingdom by about 250. To the southwest, Byeonhan was being replaced by the Gaya confederacy. In northern Korea, Goguryeo, a kingdom by about 50 AD, destroyed the last Chinese commandery in 313 and had grown into a threatening regional power. Naemul of Silla of the Gim clan established a hereditary monarchy, eliminating the rotating power-sharing scheme, took the royal title of Maripgan.
In many popular explanations of this title, it is analyzed into two elements, with the first element alleged to be from the Korean root mari or meori meaning "head" or "hair," from 網笠 mangrip > mangnip "a traditional-style hat made of horsehair," from 毛笠 morip "a kind of hat worn by servants in the old days," from mirip ~ mireup "a knack, a trick, the hang of something," from Korean *madi > maji "the firstborn, the eldest. The second element, gan, is believed to be related to the Middle Korean word han meaning "great, many, much,", used for ruling princes in sou
A weapon, arm or armament is any device that can be used with intent to inflict damage or harm. Weapons are used to increase the efficacy and efficiency of activities such as hunting, law enforcement, self-defense, warfare. In broader context, weapons may be construed to include anything used to gain a tactical, material or mental advantage over an adversary or enemy target. While ordinary objects such as sticks, cars, or pencils can be used as weapons, many are expressly designed for the purpose – ranging from simple implements such as clubs and axes, to complicated modern intercontinental ballistic missiles, biological weapons and cyberweapons. Something, re-purposed, converted, or enhanced to become a weapon of war is termed weaponized, such as a weaponized virus or weaponized laser; the use of objects as weapons has been observed among chimpanzees, leading to speculation that early hominids used weapons as early as five million years ago. However, this can not be confirmed using physical evidence because wooden clubs and unshaped stones would have left an ambiguous record.
The earliest unambiguous weapons to be found are the Schöningen spears, eight wooden throwing spears dating back more than 300,000 years. At the site of Nataruk in Turkana, numerous human skeletons dating to 10,000 years ago may present evidence of traumatic injuries to the head, ribs and hands, including obsidian projectiles embedded in the bones that might have been caused from arrows and clubs during conflict between two hunter-gatherer groups, but the evidence interpretation of warfare at Nataruk has been challenged. The earliest ancient weapons were evolutionary improvements of late neolithic implements, but significant improvements in materials and crafting techniques led to a series of revolutions in military technology; the development of metal tools began with copper during the Copper Age and was followed by the Bronze Age, leading to the creation of the Bronze Age sword and similar weapons. During the Bronze Age, the first defensive structures and fortifications appeared as well, indicating an increased need for security.
Weapons designed to breach fortifications followed soon after, such as the battering ram, in use by 2500 BC. The development of iron-working around 1300 BC in Greece had an important impact on the development of ancient weapons, it was not the introduction of early Iron Age swords, however, as they were not superior to their bronze predecessors, but rather the domestication of the horse and widespread use of spoked wheels by c. 2000 BC. This led to the creation of the light, horse-drawn chariot, whose improved mobility proved important during this era. Spoke-wheeled chariot usage peaked around 1300 BC and declined, ceasing to be militarily relevant by the 4th century BC. Cavalry developed; the horse increased the speed of attacks. In addition to land based weaponry, such as the trireme, were in use by the 7th century BC. European warfare during the Post-classical history was dominated by elite groups of knights supported by massed infantry, they were involved in mobile combat and sieges which involved various siege tactics.
Knights on horseback developed tactics for charging with lances providing an impact on the enemy formations and drawing more practical weapons once they entered into the melee. By contrast, infantry, in the age before structured formations, relied on cheap, sturdy weapons such as spears and billhooks in close combat and bows from a distance; as armies became more professional, their equipment was standardized and infantry transitioned to pikes. Pikes are seven to eight feet in length, used in conjunction with smaller side-arms. In Eastern and Middle Eastern warfare, similar tactics were developed independent of European influences; the introduction of gunpowder from the Asia at the end of this period revolutionized warfare. Formations of musketeers, protected by pikemen came to dominate open battles, the cannon replaced the trebuchet as the dominant siege weapon; the European Renaissance marked the beginning of the implementation of firearms in western warfare. Guns and rockets were introduced to the battlefield.
Firearms are qualitatively different from earlier weapons because they release energy from combustible propellants such as gunpowder, rather than from a counter-weight or spring. This energy is released rapidly and can be replicated without much effort by the user; therefore early firearms such as the arquebus were much more powerful than human-powered weapons. Firearms became important and effective during the 16th century to 19th century, with progressive improvements in ignition mechanisms followed by revolutionary changes in ammunition handling and propellant. During the U. S. Civil War new applications of firearms including the machine gun and ironclad warship emerged that would still be recognizable and useful military weapons today in limited conflicts. In the 19th century warship propulsion changed from sail power to fossil fuel-powered steam engines. Since the mid-18th century North American French-Indian war through the beginning of the 20th century, human-powered weapons were reduced from the primary weaponry of the battlefield yielding to gunpowder-based weaponry.
Sometimes referred to as the "Age of Rifles", this period was characterized by the development of firearms for infantry and cannons for support, as well as the beginnings of mechanized weapons such as the machine gun. Of particular note, Howitzers were able to destroy masonry fortresses and other fortifications, this single invention caused a Revolution in
Sea of Japan
The Sea of Japan is the marginal sea between the Japanese archipelago, the Korean Peninsula and Russia. The Japanese archipelago separates the sea from the Pacific Ocean, it is bordered by Japan and Russia. Like the Mediterranean Sea, it has no tides due to its nearly complete enclosure from the Pacific Ocean; this isolation reflects in the fauna species and in the water salinity, lower than in the ocean. The sea has bays or capes, its water balance is determined by the inflow and outflow through the straits connecting it to the neighboring seas and Pacific Ocean. Few rivers discharge into the sea and their total contribution to the water exchange is within 1%; the seawater has an elevated concentration of dissolved oxygen that results in high biological productivity. Therefore, fishing is the dominant economic activity in the region; the intensity of shipments across the sea has been moderate owing to political issues, but it is increasing as a result of the growth of East Asian economies. Sea of Japan is the dominant term used in English for the sea, the name in most European languages is equivalent, but it is sometimes called by different names in surrounding countries reflecting historical claims to hegemony over the sea.
The sea is called Rìběn hǎi or Jīng hǎi in China, Yaponskoye more in Russia, Chosŏn Tonghae in North Korea, Donghae in South Korea. A naming dispute exists about the sea name, with South Korea promoting the English translation of its native name as the East Sea; the use of the term "Sea of Japan" as the dominant name is a point of contention. South Korea wants the name "East Sea" to instead of or in addition to "Sea of Japan; the primary issue in the dispute revolves around a disagreement about when the name "Sea of Japan" became the international standard. Japan claims the term has been the international standard since at least the early 19th century, while the Koreas claim that the term "Sea of Japan" arose while Korea was under Japanese rule, before that occupation other names such as "Sea of Korea" or "East Sea" were used in English; the International Hydrographic Organization, the international governing body for the naming bodies of water around the world, in 2012 recognized the term "Sea of Japan" as the only title for the sea, stated they would will review the issue again in 2017.
For centuries, the sea had protected Japan from land invasions by the Mongols. It had long been navigated by Asian and, from the 18th century, by European ships. Russian expeditions of 1733–1743 mapped Sakhalin and the Japanese islands. In the 1780s, the Frenchman Jean-François de Galaup, comte de Lapérouse, traveled northward across the sea through the strait named after him. In 1796, a British naval officer, William Robert Broughton explored the Strait of Tartary, the eastern coast of the Russian Far East and the Korean Peninsula. In 1803–1806, the Russian navigator Adam Johann von Krusenstern while sailing across the globe in the ship Nadezhda explored, in passing, the Sea of Japan and the eastern shores of Japanese islands. In 1849, another Russian explorer Gennady Nevelskoy discovered the strait between the continent and Sakhalin and mapped the northern part of the Strait of Tartary. Russian expeditions were made in 1853–1854 and 1886–1889 to measure the surface temperatures and record the tides.
They documented the cyclonal character of the sea currents. Other notable expeditions of the 19th century include the American North Pacific Exploring and Surveying Expedition and British Challenger expedition; the aquatic life was described by V. K. Brazhnikov in P. Yu. Schmidt in 1903–1904; the Japanese scientific studies of the sea became systematic since the 1920s. American and French whaleships cruised for whales in the sea between 1848 and 1892. Most entered the sea via Korea Strait and left via La Pérouse Strait, but some entered and exited via Tsugaru Strait, they targeted right whales, but began catching humpbacks as right whale catches declined. They made attempts to catch blue and fin whales, but these species invariably sank after being killed. Right whales were caught from March with peak catches in May and June. During the peak years of 1848 and 1849 a total of nearly 160 vessels cruised in the Sea of Japan, with lesser numbers in following years; the Sea of Japan was a landlocked sea.
The onset of formation of the Japan Arc was in the Early Miocene. The Early Miocene period corresponds to the Japan Sea starting to open, the northern and southern parts of the Japanese archipelago separating from each other. During the Miocene, there was expansion of Sea of Japan; the north part of the Japanese archipelago was further fragmented until orogenesis of the northeastern Japanese archipelago began in the Late Miocene. The south part of the Japanese archipelago remained as a large landmass; the land area had expanded northward in the Late Miocene. The orogenesis of high mountain ranges in northeastern Japan started in Late Miocene and lasted in Pliocene also. Nowadays the Sea of Japan is bounded by the Russian mainland and Sakhalin island to the north, the Korean Peninsula to the west, the Japanese islands of Hokkaidō, Honshū and Kyūshū to the east and south, it is connected to other seas by five straits: the Strait of Tartary between the Asia
The Korean War was a war between North Korea and South Korea. The war began on 25 June 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea following a series of clashes along the border; as a product of the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States, Korea had been split into two sovereign states in 1948. A socialist state was established in the north under the communist leadership of Kim Il-sung and a capitalist state in the south under the anti-communist leadership of Syngman Rhee. Both governments of the two new Korean states claimed to be the sole legitimate government of all of Korea, neither accepted the border as permanent; the conflict escalated into warfare when North Korean military forces—supported by the Soviet Union and China—crossed the border and advanced south into South Korea on 25 June 1950. The United Nations Security Council authorized the formation and dispatch of UN forces to Korea to repel what was recognized as a North Korean invasion. Twenty-one countries of the United Nations contributed to the UN force, with the United States providing around 90% of the military personnel.
After the first two months of war, South Korean and U. S. forces dispatched to Korea were on the point of defeat, forced back to a small area in the south known as the Pusan Perimeter. In September 1950, an amphibious UN counter-offensive was launched at Incheon, cut off many North Korean troops; those who escaped envelopment and capture were forced back north. UN forces approached the Yalu River—the border with China—but in October 1950, mass Chinese forces crossed the Yalu and entered the war; the surprise Chinese intervention triggered a retreat of UN forces which continued until mid-1951. In these reversals of fortune, Seoul changed hands four times, the last two years of fighting became a war of attrition, with the front line close to the 38th parallel; the war in the air, was never a stalemate. North Korea was subject to a massive bombing campaign. Jet fighters confronted each other in air-to-air combat for the first time in history, Soviet pilots covertly flew in defense of their communist allies.
The fighting ended on 27 July 1953. The agreement created the Korean Demilitarized Zone to separate North and South Korea, allowed the return of prisoners. However, no peace treaty was signed, according to some sources the two Koreas are technically still at war, engaged in a frozen conflict. In April 2018, the leaders of North and South Korea met at the demilitarized zone and agreed to work towards a treaty to formally end the Korean War. In South Korea, the war is referred to as "625" or the "6–2–5 Upheaval", reflecting the date of its commencement on June 25. In North Korea, the war is referred to as the "Fatherland Liberation War" or alternatively the "Chosǒn War". In China, the war is called the "War to Resist America and Aid Korea", although the term "Chaoxian War" is used in unofficial contexts, along with the term "Hán War" more used in regions such as Hong Kong and Macau. In the U. S. the war was described by President Harry S. Truman as a "police action" as the United States never formally declared war on its opponents and the operation was conducted under the auspices of the United Nations.
It has been referred to in the English-speaking world as "The Forgotten War" or "The Unknown War" because of the lack of public attention it received both during and after the war, in relation to the global scale of World War II, which preceded it, the subsequent angst of the Vietnam War, which succeeded it. Imperial Japan destroyed the influence of China over Korea in the First Sino-Japanese War, ushering in the short-lived Korean Empire. A decade after defeating Imperial Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, Japan made Korea its protectorate with the Eulsa Treaty in 1905 annexed it with the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty in 1910. Many Korean nationalists fled the country; the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919 in Nationalist China. It failed to achieve international recognition, failed to unite nationalist groups, had a fractious relationship with its U. S.-based founding president, Syngman Rhee. From 1919 to 1925 and beyond, Korean communists led internal and external warfare against the Japanese.
In China, the Nationalist National Revolutionary Army and the communist People's Liberation Army helped organize Korean refugees against the Japanese military, which had occupied parts of China. The Nationalist-backed Koreans, led by Yi Pom-Sok, fought in the Burma Campaign; the communists, led by Kim Il-sung among others, fought the Japanese in Manchuria. At the Cairo Conference in November 1943, the United Kingdom, the United States all decided that "in due course Korea shall become free and independent". At the Tehran Conference in November 1943 and the Yalta Conference in February 1945, the Soviet Union promised to join its allies in the Pacific War within three months of the victory in Europe. Accordingly, it declared war o
North Jeolla Province
North Jeolla Province or Jeollabuk-do is a province in the southwest of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Jeolla province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945 became part of South Korea; the provincial capital is Jeonju, the capital of all of Jeolla before 1896. Jeollabuk-do has the most fertile fields in the Republic of Korea and is known for agricultural production. During the Proto-Three Kingdoms period, Jeolla region was the center of the Mahan confederacy among Samhan. There were 15 tribal countries out of 54 in the region. During the period of the Three States, this region came to belong to Baekje. Baekje was ruled by Tang, it became a part of Silla when Tang was expelled in 676. When there were nine states and five small capitals in Unified Silla in 685, there were Wansan-ju and Namwon-gyeong in Jeollabuk-do in existence. In 892, when General Gyeon Hwon founded Hubaekje, this area was the center of the country for about 50 years.
In 936, during the rule of Singeom, it was attributed to Goryeo Dynasty. From 900 to the time when Hubaekje was attributed to Goryeo, Wansan-ju had been its capital, the country ruled the whole Jeolla-do region. In 996, this region was named Gangnam province and the Korean government established the four states in the North Jeolla region. Gangnam-do and Haenam-do were combined and titled as Jeolla-do in 1018. During the Joseon Dynasty, as the administrative districts of the whole nation were organized in the Eight Provinces system in 1413, Jeolla-do took charge of vast areas of one prefecture, four autonomous counties, four protectorates, 12 counties, 31 counties covering present Jeollanam-do, Jeollabuk-do and Jeju-do. In 1896, the whole country was divided into 13 provinces. Jeolla-do was divided into Jeollabuk-do. Jeollabuk-do consisted of 26 counties. In 1963, Geumsan-gun was incorporated into Chungnam, Wido-myeon of Jeonnam was incorporated into Jeonbuk. Jeongju-eup and Namwon-eup were raised to cities in 1981 and Gimje-eup was raised to city status in 1989.
Wansan-gu and Deokjin-gu were established in Jeonju-city in the same year. Due to establishment of cities in the mixed type of city-farming area in 1995, Jeungeup, Namwon and Iksan-Guns were combined. Gimje and Iksan-guns were merged and Gunsan, Namwon and Iri cities were integrated. Through repeated reorganizations of administrative districts, now the region consists of the administrative districts of six cities and eight counties. Jeollabuk-do is in the west-southern part of Korea, bordered on the east-southern by Hadong-gun, Hamyang-gun, Geochang-gun of Gyeongnam, Gimcheon-si of Gyeongbuk, Bangyabong Peak of Sobaek Mountain, Toggibong Peak, Myeongseungbong Peak, Baekwoonsan Mountain, Namdeokyusan Mountain, Muyongsan Mountain, on the south by Yeongwang-gun, Jangseong-gun, Damyang-gun, Gokseong-gun, Gure-gun, on the north by Geumsan-gun, Nonsan-si, Buyeo -gun, Seocheon-gun of Choongnam, Yeongdong-gun of Choongbuk, on the west by China over the Yellow Sea; the total area of Jeollabuk-do is 8,067 square kilometres, which accounts for 8.1% of the total area of South Korea.
Jeonju International Sori Festival is a high-quality worldwide music art festival based on Pansori, Korea's Intangible Cultural Heritage. It is designed to promote Korean music to the world and exchange diverse musical heritages of many nations though sounds as meditation; the festival was selected as one of the "Best 25 International Festivals" by the UK music magazine Songlines in 2012 and 2013. The Jeollabuk-do World Calligraphy Biennale was launched in favor of popularizing and globalizing Korean calligraphy in 1997. Since the art of calligraphy, the quintessence of Chinese character culture in East Asia, has gained global interest among calligraphers and the public over the years. Festivals of Jeollabuk In the 1960s the Honam highway was built; this created an industrial belt, connecting the cities of Iri and Gunsan with the provincial capital of Jeonju. Public transportation networks serve Jeonju and other cities in Jeollabuk-do including Gunsan Airport. Jeju International Airport → Gunsan Airport: twice a day / 50-minute flight Gunsan Airport → Jeonju: Airport shuttle service / 1 hour running Gunsan intercity bus service for other cities and counties According to the census of 2005 of the people of North Jeolla 37.7% follow Christianity and 12.8% follow Buddhism.
49.5% of the population is not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions. Sisterhood relationship Jiangsu, People's Republic of China Washington, United States New Jersey, United States Partnership Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan Shanghai, People's Republic of China Shandong, People's Republic of China Jeonju — Jeonju Hanok Village, Jeondong Catholic Church, Gyeonggijeon Shrine, Jeonju Hanji Museum, Royal Portrait Museum, Jeonju Gaeksa, Jeonjuhyanggyo Confucian School, Ajung Lake, Deokjin Park, Namwon — Gwanghallu Pa
Gangwon Province, South Korea
Gangwon-do is a province of South Korea, with its capital at Chuncheon. It is bounded on the east part by the Sea of Japan, borders Gyeonggi Province to its west, North Gyeongsang Province and North Chungcheong Province to its south, its northern boundary is the Military Demarcation Line, separating it from North Korea's Kangwŏn Province. Before the division of Korea in 1945 Gangwon and Kangwŏn formed a single province. Pyeongchang County hosted 2018 Winter Paralympics. Gangwon-do was one of the Eight Provinces of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty; the province was formed in 1395, derived its name from the names of the principal cities of Gangneung and the provincial capital Wonju. In 1895 Gangwon-do was replaced by the Districts of Chuncheon in the Gangneung in the east. In 1896 Korea was redivided into thirteen provinces, the two districts were merged to re-form Gangwon-do Province. Although Wonju rejoined Gangwon-do province, the provincial capital was moved to Chuncheon, where it remains today.
In 1945 Gangwon-do was divided by the 38th parallel north in 1945 into American and Soviet zones of occupation in the south and north which led to Wonsan joining the province's northern half in 1946 to serve as its administrative center. In 1948, the southern half of the province became part of the new Republic of Korea; as a result of the Korean War Armistice Agreement of 1953, the boundary between the South and North Korean portions of the province was shifted northward to the Military Demarcation Line. Gangwon-do is bounded on the west by Gyeonggi-do province, on the south by the provinces of Chungcheongbuk-do and Gyeongsangbuk-do. To the north lies the province's North Korean counterpart, Kangwŏn province; the province's landscape is dominated by the Taebaek Mountains which reach the sea. As a consequence the coast is steep. Gangwon-do and its North Korean counterpart Kangwŏn are together referred to as the Gwandong region; the region west of the Taebaek Mountains is called Yeongseo, while the region east of the mountains is called Yeongdong.
The term "Yeongdong" is used in reference to transportation services from Seoul, the national capital. Thus, one might catch a bus or train on the "Yeongdong Line," or drive to Gangneung on the Yeongdong Expressway. Gangwon-do's Köppen climate classification's climate class is Hot-summer humid continental climate – Dfa. Taebaek Mountains causes different climate in Yeongseo; the climate of Gangwon-do is influenced by the latitude. In summer along with the higher temperature and there is high humidity, but in winter the weather can be cold owing to high pressure from the east of the Asian continent. According to Korea Meteorological Administration's data, average temperature are different. In Yongdong, average temperature is 11.0 °C, Yeongseo is 10.8 °C. All province's average temperatures range from 6.6 to 13.1 °C. and the yearly amount of rainfall is 1300–1900 mm, it's concentrated on mountain area. It is one of the snowiest areas in South Korea; the area of Full of Gangwon-do is 20,569 km2, But in South Korea's province have gain 16,874.59 km2.
The province is renowned for its agricultural produces potatoes and fishes. Mineral resources from the province include iron, fluorite and tungsten. There are some thermoelectric power plants in the region. It's not known of when the first person of Gangwon began to live, but Paleolithic sites were excavated. Many historical heritages are in this region, like the Later Silla era's Bell of Sangwonsa, North–South States Period era's Iron Seated Vairocana Buddha of Dopiansa Temple, Goryeo era's Main Gate of Imyeonggwan Guesthouse, Joseon era's Documents of Sangwonsa Temple. Other popular heritages, like Ojukheon are located; because of Gangwon Province's landscape and famous Buddhist temples have survived, like Woljeongsa and Oseam. Established in 2002, Chuncheon National Museum is operated by the central government for the purpose of classifying and reserving; the local government has some of museums, including Park Su-geun Art Museum, Taebaek Coal Museum. Purpose-built private museums, such as ChamSori Gramophone Edison Museum are being operated.
In Gangwon Province of the regions hold festivals. Gangneung Danoje is famous and it was listed in UNESCO's Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of HumanityGeographically, Gangwon Province has several national parks as well as some natural monuments; because of its geographical environment, Gangwon Province is composed of basins. For the reason, locals make food with potatoes or buckwheat. All regions of the province have seasoned vegetable rice. For example, Jeongseon County is famous with Jeongseon thistle rice. In coastal regions, they eat fishes and salted seafood. For example, Donghae City is famous with Donghae steamed fish; these are very simple and easy to cook, like the province's traditional food. Thanks to the blessing of Taebaek Mountains, Gangwon Province has 4 national parks & several natural monuments. Seoraksan National ParkSeoraksan National Park has beautiful rocky terrain around th