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Names of God in Islam

According to a hadith, there are at least 99 Names of Allah, known as the ʾasmāʾu llāhi l-ḥusnā. The names are called 99 Attributes of Allah. According to Sahih Bukhari Hadith: Abu Hurairah reported that Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e. one hundred minus one, whoever believes in their meanings and acts accordingly, will enter Paradise. There is another Sahih Muslim Hadith: Allah's Messenger said, "Allah has ninety-nine Names, one-hundred less one. To count something means to know it by heart; the Quran refers to God's Most Beautiful Names in several Surahs. Gerhard Böwering refers to Surah 17 as the locus classicus to which explicit lists of 99 names used to be attached in tafsir. A cluster of more than a dozen Divine epithets which are included in such lists is found in Surah 59. Mystic philosopher Ibn Arabi surmised that the 99 names are "outward signs of the universe's inner mysteries". There is no universal agreement among Muslims as to what counts as a name of God, what does not. Additionally, while some names are only in the Quran, others are only in the hadith, there are some names which appear in both.

Different sources give different lists of the 99 names. The following list is based on the one found in the Jamiʿ at-Tirmidhi. Other hadith, such as those of al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim, Ibn Majah, al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi or Ibn ʿAsākir, have variant lists. Al-Tirmidhi comments on his list: "This hadith is gharib. Various early Muslim exegetes, including Jaʿfar al-Sadiq, Sufyan ibn `Uyaynah, Ibn Hazm, al-Qurtubi, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, have given their own versions of lists of 99 names. Please note the written Arabic spelling of the names written in Arabic in the table are in the vowelled Classical/Quranic form with the square bracketed "" variant of the written Arabic forms given in common or modern texts—usually in media, some long vowels and punctuations are omitted for the easier typing and reading. There is a tradition in Sufism to the effect the 99 names of God point to a mystical "Most Supreme and Superior Name" (ismu l-ʾAʿẓam; this "Greatest Name of God" is said to be "the one which if He is called by it, He will answer."According to a hadith narrated by Abdullah ibn Masud, some of the names of God have been hidden from mankind.

More than 1000 names of God are listed in the Jawshan Kabir invocations. The Arabic names of God are used to form theophoric given names used in Muslim cultures throughout the world, including non-Arabic speaking societies; because the names of God themselves are reserved to God and their use as a person's given name is considered religiously inappropriate, theophoric names are formed by prefixing the term ˁabd to the name in the case of male names. This distinction is established out of respect for the sanctity of Divine names, which denote attributes that are believed to be possessed in a full and absolute sense only by God, while human beings, being limited creatures, are viewed by Muslims as being endowed with the Divine attributes only in a limited and relative capacity; the prefixing of the definite article would indicate that the bearer possesses the corresponding attribute in an exclusive sense, a trait reserved to God. Quranic verse 3:26 is cited as evidence against the validity of using Divine names for persons, with the example of Mālik ul-Mulk: Say: "O God!

Lord of Power, You give power to whom You please, You strip off power from whom You please. You endue with honour whom You please, You bring low whom You please. In Your hand is all Good." Verily, over all things You have power. The two parts of the name starting with ˁabd may be written separately or combined as one in the transliterated form. Examples of Muslim theophoric names include: Rahmān, such as Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais: Imam of the Grand Mosque of Makkah, KSA Salām, such as Salam Fayyad: Palestinian politician Jabbār, such as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar: American basketball player Hakīm, such as Sherman "Abdul Hakim" Jackson: American Islamic Studies scholar Ra'ūf, such as Ra'ouf Mus'ad: Egyptian-Sudanese novelist Mālik, such as Mālik bin ʼAnas: classical Sunni Muslim scholars after whom the Maliki school of fiqh was named Abdul Muqtedar as in Muhammad Abdul Muqtedar Khan: Indian-American academic Bahá'í sources state that the 100th name was revealed as "Bahá’", which appears in the words Bahá'u'lláh and Bahá'í.

They believe that it is the greatest name of God. The Báb wrote a noted pentagram-shaped tablet with 360 morphological derivation of the word "Bahá'" used in it. According to Bahá'í scholar ‘Abdu’l-Ha

Battle of the Fischa

The Battle of the Fischa or Battle of the Leitha took place on 11 September 1146 near the Fischa River at the border of the Kingdom of Hungary and the March of Austria, which belonged to the overlordship of the Dukes of Bavaria and it was ruled by margraves of the Franconian Babenberg dynasty. The opponents were a Bavarian army led by duke Henry XI and the Hungarian army under the leadership of king Géza II and his uncle, the palatine Beloš Vukanović, who served as regent and tutor for the underage king; the battle was a victory for the Hungarian army. Kristó, Gyula: Háborúk és hadviselés az Árpádok korában. Szukits Könyvkiadó, Szeged, 2003. ISBN 9639441872 Makk, Ferenc: Magyarország a 12. Században. Gondolat, Budapest, 1986. ISBN 9632816609 Magyarország hadtörténete két kötetben. Zrínyi Katonai Kiadó, Budapest, 1985. ISBN 9633263379 Makk, Ferenc: "II. Géza". In: Kristó, Gyula – Makk, Ferenc: Az Árpádok – fejedelmek és királyok. Szukits Könyvkiadó, Szeged, 2003. ISBN 9639278483)

Church of the Assumption, Nedvigovka

Church of the Assumption is a Russian Orthodox church in the village of Nedvigovka, Rostov Oblast, Russia. It belongs to the Diocese of Novocherkassk. Erected in the early 20th century, it is considered to be an object of Russian cultural heritage; the first Church of the Assumption in Nedvigovka was built back in 1796. Its walls were made of stone, the dome and bell tower were wooden. Over time it decayed and in 1905 it was decided to build a new church to replace the old one under the same name and at the same place; the architect is unknown, but construction works were carried out under the project of V. N. Vasilyev; the main construction works were finished in 1914. In 1937 the church was closed and looted, church library and archives were burned, Abbot Ioann Zagravsky was arrested and exiled to Siberia. In 1943, during the German occupation, the church was reopened; the church is an example of red-brick Eclecticism. It has the elements of ancient architecture, of modernism; the building has a cruciform appearance, five onion domes covered with tent are proportional.

The bell tower is attached directly to the church building and is located at its western entrance