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Names of Seoul

Seoul has been known in the past by the successive names Wiryeseong, Hanseong or Hanyang. During the period of Japanese occupation, Seoul was named to the Japanese Keijō or Gyeongseong in Korean, its current name is Seoul, this name has been in use since at least 1882, at times concurrently with other names. Seoul is a rendering of the Korean word “seo'ul”, pronounced. An etymological hypothesis presumes that the origin of the native word “seo'ul” derives from the native name Seorabeol, which referred to Gyeongju, the capital of Silla called Geumseong. Unlike most place names in Korea, "Seoul" has no corresponding hanja, although its name is presumed to derive from 徐羅伐, so Chinese-speaking countries for decades have referred to the city by its former name: 漢城. On a 1751 map of China and Korea prepared in France, Seoul was marked as "King-Ki-Tao, Capitale de la Corée", using an approximation of the Chinese pronunciation of Gyeonggi Province; the use of "King-Ki-Tao" to refer to Seoul was repeated again on the 1851 Tallis/Rapkin map of both Japan and Korea.

For a time during the late 1940s and early 1950s, the transliterated name Sūwū, which resembles the English pronunciation for Seoul, was used. This caused problems in translation, as in Korean, the terms "Seoul" and "Hanseong" are considered different. There exist many institutions and entities, most of them having no connections whatsoever, which use either name; when the names of these institutions and entities are translated into Chinese, both "Seoul" and "Hanseong" were automatically translated to 漢城. Typical examples of such errors in translation included Seoul National University versus Hansung University, which both would be translated to 漢城大學, as well as Seoul Science High School versus Hansung Science High School; the problem, along with the confusion it caused for years, was solved in January 2005, when the Seoul City Government under mayor Lee Myung Bak publicly requested that the Chinese name of the city be changed to 首爾, written as 首尔 in simplified Chinese in mainland China. The name was chosen by a select committee out of two names, the other being 首午爾.

The chosen name is a close transliteration of Seoul in Mandarin Chinese. For a some time after the name change, Chinese-language news media have used both names interchangeably during their publications or broadcasts. Despite the adoption of Shǒu'ěr in Chinese media, the name Hànchéng is still used by some Chinese people. For some time, Mainland Chinese media did not adopt the new name, claiming that Chinese people have the right to choose how they name other cities around the world, they relented by the end of the year. This change was intended for Chinese speakers only, has no effect on the Korean language name; the new name would be pronounced 수이 in Korean. Some linguists have criticized the selection of the new name, claiming that its pronunciation in Korean bears no resemblance to the native name at all, that its intended representation of the Korean pronunciation, while effective in Mandarin, is lost in other regional dialects, such as in Cantonese, where the name is pronounced "sau2 yi5", or in Shanghainese, in which the new name is pronounced "sew2 el3".

These critics have said that the names "西蔚" or "徐蔚" would have been much more effective in representing the city's Korean name. "Gyeongseong" is a Sino-Korean word for "capital city". It was in occasional use to refer to Seoul throughout the Joseon dynasty, having earlier referred to the capitals of Goryeo and Silla; the term came into much wider use during the period of Japanese rule, because it is the Korean form of Keijō, the former Japanese name used for Seoul during the colonial rule. Seoul was called Hanseong or Hanyang during the Joseon dynasty, but the city's main railway station, Seoul Station, opened with the name "Gyeongseong Station" in 1900, which it retained until 1905, it was called Gyeongseong Station again from 1915 to 1947. Gyeong is still used to refer to Seoul in the names of various railway lines and freeways, including: Gyeongbu Line and Gyeongbu Expressway between Seoul and Busan. Name of Korea History of Korea Korean Studies List discussion of the names Gyeongseong and Gyeongin

Innamaadhoo (Raa Atoll)

Innamaadhoo is one of the inhabited islands of Raa Atoll in the Maldives. The island is 160.49 km north of the country's capital, Malé. Tropical monsoon climate prevails in the area. Average annual temperature in the neighborhood is 26°C; the warmest month is April, when the average temperature is 28°C, the coldest is January, at 26°C. The annual average is 2,146 mm; the rainiest month is November, with an average of 363 mm rainfall, the driest is February, with 52 mm rainfall. Innamaadhoo counted 333 women and 383 men, as of September 2006. Carpentry is the island's main business. On looking at the whole country, the carpentry experts are from Innamaadhoo. From small fishing boats to large ships are built on this island. Though wheat was grown a few decades ago, farming is not a wide field; the islanders used to fish a lot in the 1990s. Salting fish was a wide field. Though, now, as the field perished and fish-sellers are much less; the reason is believed to be. Inhabitants don't contribute directly to the field of tourism, which may be because there is no resort nearby.

Though, a lot of diving boats, rowing boats and ferries, etc. are built here

Fred Seibert

Frederick'Fred' Seibert is an American serial entrepreneur and a moving pictures producer. He is the CEO of Frederator Networks, Inc. and Frederator Studios. Seibert has held leading positions with MTV Networks, Hanna-Barbera, Next New Networks, is an angel investor in several technology and media start-ups, he has produced live action and animated programs for cable television, the internet, began his professional career as a jazz and blues record producer. Seibert’s work has been honored in numerous fields. In music production his production has been nominated for a Grammy Award, he has received an AIGA Medal for exceptional achievements. He is a member of the Animation Magazine Hall of Fame. And, Seibert’s cartoon productions have won all awards available. Seibert began his media career in college radio at Columbia University's WKCR-FM in 1969. While at Columbia he started his first company, Oblivion Records with partner Tom Pomposello, releasing LP's by Mississippi Fred McDowell and Joe Lee Wilson.

He produced several dozen jazz and blues albums for independent companies such as Muse Records, JCOA Records, Birth Records. Seibert was an early employee of New Music Distribution Service, a non-profit distributor of musician owned record company started by composers Carla Bley and Michael Mantler, before going on the road with Bley's big band as sound engineer and road manager. After a late 1970s stint with media promotion innovator Dale Pon at New York's WHN Radio, Seibert began his work at MTV Networks in 1980. Seibert was MTV's first creative director and guided its original voice and visual identity, creating hundreds of promotions and station IDs for the channel, responsible for a rethinking of how television channels promoted themselves as "brands." He commissioned and approved the mutating MTV logo, despite network executives objections to a logo that did not remain constant. He led the team that developed "I Want My MTV!", one of the most famous advertising campaigns of the late 20th century.

In 1984, with partner Alan Goodman at Fred/Alan Inc. Seibert overhauled the then-floundering children's cable channel Nickelodeon, moving it from worst to first in the ratings in six months. Seibert continued involvement with the cable TV industry for several years, he was employed by Turner Broadcasting as the last president of Hanna-Barbera Cartoons as a consultant for 15 years at MTV Networks, as a producer of several animated series for Nickelodeon and Cartoon Network. From 1992 until 1996, as the last president of the Hanna-Barbera cartoon studio, Seibert was able to reinvigorate the company's creative reputation with the establishment of the animation incubator What a Cartoon!. Modeled on the Golden Age of mid-20th century cartoons, the 48 short films from creators around the world, Hanna-Barbera was able to launch seven hit series after a dry spell since the launch of the Smurfs in 1981 for NBC; the shows included Genndy Tartakovsky's Dexter's Laboratory, David Feiss' Cow and Chicken and I Am Weasel, Van Partible's Johnny Bravo, John R. Dilworth's Courage the Cowardly Dog, Craig McCraken's The Powerpuff Girls.

After Ted Turner included Hanna-Barbera's in Turner Broadcasting's 1996 sale to Time Warner Seibert established Frederator Studios as an independent animation producer based in Burbank, California. Frederator has established itself as a major American independent with several series on Nickelodeon, Cartoon Network, Cartoon Hangover, Kevin Kolde's production of Castlevania for Netflix. Frederator has created the Internet channels Channel Frederator, Cartoon Hangover, Next New Networks. After starting Frederator Studios in 1997, Seibert brought together a group of investors in a failed attempt to save the troubled underground/alternative comics publisher Kitchen Sink Press. In March 1999, MTV Networks CEO Tom Freston tapped Seibert to become the first president of the new MTV Networks Online, soon to split into MTV Interactive and Building on this new media success, in 2007 Seibert conceived and founded Next New Networks, the leading online television company, with over 2 billion all time video views and over 200 million views every month.

Along with their affiliated Indy Mogul, Barely Political, Channel Frederator and several other networks, the company's superdistribution has allowed it to become among the most distributed video in the world, to become YouTube's top professional content provider. By the end of 2010, Next New Networks had the globe's top two videos viewed on YouTube. In March 2011, Next New Networks was acquired by YouTube. In 2004 David Karp interned at Frederator Studios at its first New York City location, built the company's first blogging platform. In 2007 he launched Tumblr from a rented desk at Frederator Studios' Park Avenue South offices, with chief engineer Marco Arment. Seibert was one of Tumblr's first bloggers, an angel investor in the company, served on its board before its acquisition. Seibert and his Frederator Networks partnered with John Betaworks; the company shutt

Betty Go-Belmonte Street

Betty Go-Belmonte Street is a street located in New Manila district of Quezon City, Philippines. It is a notable road in a northwest-southeast orientation between the junction with E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue in New Manila and the junction with N. Domingo Street in New Manila, it is served by Betty Go-Belmonte station of the Manila Line 2. The street was named after a notable Filipino journalist, an institution with her contributions in the writing press during the Martial Law period as well as one of the founders of two of the major broadsheet newspaper in the country namely The Philippine Daily Inquirer and The Philippine Star, she was the wife of former Quezon City Mayor and now Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Philippines, Feliciano Belmonte Jr. Until 1997, the street located in Mariana and Immaculate Conception was called Valley Road. In 2016, a resolution was passed by the Quezon City Council to name the full length of the street to N. Domingo Street as Betty Go-Belmonte Street.

Betty Go-Belmonte Street commences at the intersection with E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue in the north, it heads due southeast, crossing Ilang-Ilang Street. It straightens up and crosses Cannon Street and Bougainvilla Street, it travels southeast again crossing with Lantana Street and Acacia Street. It turns east and crosses Rosal Street and Rosario Drive before turning south again before it crosses Aurora Boulevard. After crossing Aurora Boulevard, Betty Go-Belmonte goes further southeast again crossing with Manggahan Street, it terminates at the junction with N. Domingo Street wherein a short turn in the southwest it continues further as P. Tuazon Boulevard. A notable establishment on Betty Go-Belmonte Street is Holy Spirit School Cubao. Aurora Boulevard


Chikaar is a high plain and gateway to Darkot Pass The border between Chitral District and Ghizer District of Gilgit-Baltistan. It is a small village of around 200 families. Landscape around the village offers superb scenery of sky piercing peaks. In the last decade it has got significant importance due to the easy route that it offers towards Darkot Pass. Climbers and trekkers take porters from this point towards Darkot base camp. Though electricity is not available but few of the houses have solar panels to run home appliances. Trekkers take the benefit out of their hospitality and get their electronic equipment i.e. phone, camera etc. charged through solar panels. An upper and next stage is Darkoot base-camp. Chikaar base-camp is located at the left side of the accumulation zone of the Darkoot glacier. Trekkers and climbers make stopovers here to start their journey towards Darkot pass from Darkot glacier. Distance from Chikaar to Darkot Base-camp takes an ascending hike of 5–6 hours. Darkot Pass Baroghil Valley

Young Tiger

George Browne, better known as the Young Tiger, was a Trinidadian calypso musician. Born Edric Browne in Port of Spain, Trinidad & Tobago, where his childhood was imbued with the African traditions of Shango and Spiritual Baptist Shouting, he assumed the name George E. Browne in homage to his mentor and family friend, Richard E. Braithwaite, whose library introduced him to works of black history and activism. Browne joined a Norwegian tanker at the age of 20 and, after a brief stay in Australia, signed off in Scotland in 1941. After befriending other expatriate Trinidadians in Glasgow he relocated to London and began to earn his living as a musician. In 1943 he found luck with a surprise hit, "Christmas Calypso." In 1947-48 he co-founded the Three Just Men group and toured in Europe and North Africa with the trio the following year. During the same time, Browne worked with a minstrel show headlining Westminster's Central Hall involving himself as a vocalist in the chorus of a West End revival of the musical Show Boat.

Afterwards, he earned extra money with a small group covering current American pop tunes. Utilizing the calypsonian tradition of social commentary, while playing with a rhumba band at the posh Orchid Room, he put together an extemporary few bars in honor of guest Prince Philip; the staff and proprietor were aghast, but when he returned to play the next night, London's upper crust showed up for that reason. Browne had scrapped the song after being lectured by an irate manager of the Orchid Room staff. With this success behind him, he toured Paris, returning to London in 1951. In 1952 Tiger signed to the first British company to record calypso music, he inherited the name Young Tiger from the calypsonian Growling Tiger when in 1953 he recorded a cover version of Tiger's song "Single Man". Young Tiger's hits dating from that same year include "Calypso Be" and "I Was There" - the latter being his observations about the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II - and "Mamzelle Josephine". On 31 January 1955, he participated along with fellow calypsonian Kitchener in a concert billed as "The First Caribbean Carnival in London", held at the Royal Albert Hall.

Subsequently, embracing jazz music, Browne recorded with a number of bands, including Humphrey Lyttelton's Paseo Jazz Band. In the 1960s he pursued an acting career for a time - he played the role of Jesus Christ in a passion play produced at the First World Festival of Negro Arts in Senegal in 1966. Abandoning calypso soon after for jazz, Browne collaborated with longtime friend and mentor Lauderic Caton at the underground Soho venue Club du Faubourg and headlined at Oxford and Cambridge University balls. In 1970 he gave up music to open a London restaurant and health club with his wife; when forced to close it because of rent increases, they moved to the United States, where for a time they had restaurants in Florida and California. He returned to the UK in the late 1980s, living in retirement in Croydon and making ends meet by playing the stock market, his calypso "I Was There" featured on the 2002 Honest Jon compilation London Is the Place for Me 1: Trinidadian Calypso in London, 1950-1956.

Following the re-release of his "Calypso Be" on London Is the Place for Me, Vol. 2, Browne played at the BBC "Electric Proms" festival in 2006, performing a few songs together with the London is the Place for Me Allstars. Featured on the Honest Jon's compilations were "African Dream" and "Chicken and Rice". Browne returned to London, on 26 October 2006 played a live set for the release of the calypso retrospective London Is the Place for Me, Vol. 2, bringing his name to a new generation of calypso fans. Browne died on 23 March 2007, at the age of 82, with obituaries ranging from West Indies music magazines to mainstream press such as Mojo and Rolling Stone. Mighty Sparrow Roaring Lion Growling Tiger Lord Kitchener Lord Invader Lord Mouse and the Kalypso Katz Attila the Hun Val Wilmer, Obituary of Young Tiger, The Guardian, 7 April 2007. Charlie Gillett, "George Browne aka Young Tiger", The Sound of the World. 29 March 2007. Reprints obituary by Jon Lusk for The Independent, 10 April 2007. Overview of Young Tiger by Jason Ankeny