Namsos is a municipality in Trøndelag county, Norway. It is part of the Namdalen region; the administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Namsos. Some of the villages in the municipality include Bangsund, Ramsvika, Spillum, Sævik, Salsnes, Lund, Namdalseid, Sjøåsen, Statland, Tøttdalen, Sverkmoen; the 779-square-kilometre municipality is the 143rd largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Namsos is the 93rd most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 13,078; the municipality's population density is 17.4 inhabitants per square kilometre and its population has increased by 3.7% over the last decade. The first part of the name comes from the local river Namsen; the last element is os, which means the "mouth of a river". The coat of arms was granted to the town of Namsos on 5 May 1961, they were re-granted on 21 October 1966. The arms show a golden moose head on a red background; the moose was chosen as a symbol for the municipality, since Namsos is the capital of the forest-rich Namdalen region, the moose is the "king of the forest".

The Church of Norway has seven parishes within the municipality of Namsos. It is part of the Namdal prosti in the Diocese of Nidaros. On 1 January 1838, the parish of Vemundvik was established as a municipality. In 1846, the village of Namsos in Vemundvik was established as a ladested. Namsos was located at the mouth of the Namsen river in the Sævik area of Vemundvik; the new ladested was established with 591 inhabitants. This left Vemundvik with 908 residents. In 1865, the town of Namsos became a parish in the Church of Norway, it had been decided to build a church in the city in March 1859. In May 1865, the parish was created, with the sub-parishes of Sævik and Vemundvik within Overhalla parish, was incorporated into Namsos' parish limits. Areas of Vemundvik lying adjacent to the town of Namsos were incorporated within the city limits on numerous occasions. On 1 January 1882, an area with 109 inhabitants was moved to the town. During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee.

On 1 January 1964, the size of Namsos was increased as the neighboring municipalities of Vemundvik and Klinga were incorporated into the town of Namsos. On the same date, the northern part of the neighboring municipality of Otterøy, the Finnanger area of Fosnes municipality were incorporated into Namsos. Namsos, which had a population of 5,224, had its size increased to 10,875 inhabitants. Consisting of wooden houses, it has been burned down to the ground on three occasions during its short history; the first fire was in 1872, caused by two boys playing with matches. The second fire was from an unknown cause; the third time was during World War II when the town was bombed by German airplanes on 20 April 1940. The location by the river and the large forests nearby made the town ideal for sawmills. There were eleven mills in their heyday, but only one remains: Moelven Van Severen. In addition, the Norwegian Sawmill Museum is located at Spillum just south of the town; the museum is located at the now closed and restored Spillum Dampsag & Hovleri sawmill from 1884.

The town has a swimming pool, built inside a mountain. On 1 January 2018, the municipality switched from the old Nord-Trøndelag county to the new Trøndelag county. On 1 January 2020, the three neighboring municipalities of Fosnes and Namdalseid merged to form a new, larger Namsos municipality; this occurred because on 16 June 2016 the three municipalities voted to merge as part of a large municipal reform across Norway. The town is located on a small bay, about 15 miles from the sea, near the head of Namsenfjorden and at the mouth of the river Namsen, one of the richest salmon rivers in Europe; the municipality includes the islands of Otterøya and Hoddøya as well as the southwestern half of Elvalandet island. The main part of the town is built on a low-lying promontory which extends into the bay. To the north, low forested hills rise steeply to over 200 metres. There is a viewpoint from the hills above the city, called Klompen with a height of 114 metres with a road for cars up to the top, open each summer.

To the east extends the wide Namdalen valley. To the south over the bay and mouth of the river Namsen are hills; the climate is maritime. The average temperature in January is −2.4 °C, in July it is 13.3 °C. The all-time high is 33.9 °C recorded on July 27, 2019. The mean annual temperature is 5 °C and the annual precipitation is 1,340 millimetres. All municipalities in Norway, including Namsos, are responsible for primary education, outpatient health services, senior citizen services and other social services, economic development, municipal roads; the municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. The municipality falls under the Frostating Court of Appeal; the municipal council of Namsos is made up of 41 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the council is as follows: Namsos Airport is located just outside the town of Namsos, aroun

Shane Cullinan

Shane Cullinan is a composer and lyricist whose work ranges from compositions for TV and film to orchestral dramas and opera. Born in 1974, Cullinan has worked independently as a composer and arranger since graduating from Nottingham Trent University, his focus for composition for string quartet came in the form of a residency at Princeton University, New Jersey and featured on his first commercial recording, Y=-X2. His film credits include the music to Insight In Mind, The Nuclear Train and The Silent Train, all for Channel 4, his score to Insight In Mind, a short film about mental illness, was screened at the National Film Theatre, London, in 2003. His first orchestral drama, The Pieta, had its world premiere in St James's Church, London in May 2009, featuring actor Frances Barber as the narrator, with a subsequent cast recording being commercially released though Cayos Records.<ref> The work was revived for a performance at Royal Northern College of Music in 2017 The text and score to his work The Magpie was the inspiration behind the play, Dirty Pretty Secrets, which premiered at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 2004.

Cullinan works with his orchestral collective, Tonic Fold, who have released three albums since 2002. They include Numbers Rush By, released in January 2008 and won the Overplay Songwriters Award 2008 and was shortlisted for the UK Songwriters Awards 2008, his album, The Violent Language of Portraits, features guest artists Kathy Burke, David McAlmont, Chris New, Rachel Tucker and Tom Parsons and is being released in late 2012. Cullinan has continued to work for theatre and film and on projects with the Royal Opera House, The Urban Culture Project, Tonic Fold, Cargem Theatre, Hanby & Barrett, Channel 4. in 2017 he was appointed as composer and musical director for the prolific West-End production of Lady Windermere's Fan directed by Kathy Burke starring Jennifer Saunders, Samantha Spiro, Kevin Bishop and Joseph Marcell, produced by Dominic Dromgoole Classic Spring Company at Vaudeville Theatre London. Y=-X2 - Shane Cullinan The Beachcomber - Shane Cullinan Letter to East - Shane Cullinan Demonstration – Shane Cullinan The Run - Tonic Fold The Magdalens - Tonic Fold Numbers Rush By – Tonic Fold The Pieta - Shane Cullinan The Violent Language of Portraits - Tonic Fold Lady Windermere's Fan, Director Kathy Burke, Vaudeville Theatre London The Acid Circus, Castlegate Hall in Nottingham and Town Hall Manchester Dirty Pretty Secrets, Edinburgh Festival Fringe Anthony on a Bench on a Hill, in pre-production Tacitly Type Tabes, Bonnington Gallery, Nottingham The Pieta, St James's Church, London & RNCM Manchester Becca's Earth The Nuclear Train Insight In Mind Y=-X2 - Shane Cullinan The Beachcomber - Shane Cullinan Letter to East - Shane Cullinan Demonstration – Shane Cullinan The Run - Tonic Fold The Magdalens - Tonic Fold Numbers Rush By – Tonic Fold The Pieta - Shane Cullinan The Violent Language of Portraits - Tonic Fold The Acid Circus, Castlegate Hall in Nottingham and Town Hall Manchester, 1998 Dirty Pretty Secrets, Edinburgh Festival Fringe, 2008 Anthony on a Bench on a Hill, in pre-production, 2013 Up The Garden Path, in collaboration with Tim Benzie and Paul Joseph, in pre-production, 2013 Tacitly Type Tabes, Bonnington Gallery, Nottingham, 1999 The Pieta, St James's Church, London, 2008 Becca's Earth, 2006 The Nuclear Train, 2004 Insight In Mind, 2003 Shane Cullinan's official website Shane Cullinan on Soundcloud The Times Interview Review of The Pieta Review of Tonic Fold

Herman H. Hanneken

Herman Henry Hanneken was a United States Marine Corps officer and a recipient of the U. S. military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor. Beginning his career as an enlisted man, Hanneken served in the Banana Wars of the 1920s. During the United States occupation of Haiti, he assassinated the resistance leader Charlemagne Péralte, for which he was awarded the Medal of Honor. Subsequently, granted a commission, Hanneken served in Haiti for several more months and was awarded a Navy Cross for killing another rebel leader, he received a second Navy Cross for his actions during the occupation of Nicaragua in the late 1920s. After a decade of stateside duty, he served in the Pacific Theater of World War II. During this conflict, he was awarded the Silver Star, the Legion of Merit, the Bronze Star, he retired in 1948, after a thirty-four-year career, was promoted in retirement to brigadier general. Herman Henry Hanneken was born on June 1893, in St. Louis, Missouri, he attended the Henrick Preparatory School in that city.

He enlisted in the Marine Corps as a private in July 1914, served the following five years in the enlisted ranks, rising to the rank of sergeant. The United States occupied the country for 19 years. In the years following the initial invasion, rebel forces under Charlemagne Péralte conducted an armed resistance to the occupation. On the night of October 31 -- November 1, 1919, Hanneken assassinated Péralte. Hanneken was disguised and was led into the rebels camp in Northern Haiti by Jean-Baptiste Conze, one of Péralte's officers who betrayed the Haitian leader. In the short skirmish that ensued, Hanneken killed Péralte and about 1,200 of his followers were killed, captured, or dispersed. Hanneken subsequently circulated a photograph of Péralte's half-naked body tied to a door. However, the attempt to intimidate instead evoked sympathy for Péralte. Hanneken was awarded the Medal of Honor for "extraordinary heroism" and "conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in actual conflict with the enemy" and, in December 1919, commissioned as a second lieutenant.

In another raid just five months after the death of Charlemagne, he shot and killed Osiris Joseph, another Haitian rebel leader who succeeded Charlemagne. He was awarded the Navy Cross for this act. Upon appointment as a second lieutenant he was assigned to train the Haitian police force, the Gendarmerie.. He was ordered to return to the United States in April 1920, following his arrival at the Marine Barracks, Virginia, he was assigned to a special course at the Marine Corps Schools; as a member of the 6th Regiment, First Lieutenant Hanneken sailed for Brazil to participate in the Brazilian Exposition. The unit returned to Quantico in the latter part of 1922, several months he was transferred to the Marine Detachment, USS Antares, where he assumed duties as commanding officer. In January 1925, he was transferred to the Marine Barracks, Naval Air Station Lakehurst, New Jersey, in April 1927, was detached to the Marine barracks at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. Again ordered to foreign shore duty in December 1928, he arrived in Corinto, Nicaragua in January of the following year.

Upon his arrival in Nicaragua he was assigned to duty with the 2nd Brigade of Marines. The United States had been occupying it since. A month after his arrival Hanneken captured another leader of the rebel forces resisting the invasion by the United States, he was awarded his second Navy Cross for "bringing in" General José María Jirón Ruano, the Guatemalan Chief of Staff of the Nicaraguan General Augusto César Sandino. In July 1930, Hanneken returned to Quantico to attend the Company Officers' Course at the Marine Corps Schools. Upon graduation in January of the next year, he was transferred to the Marine Corps Base at San Diego, to the Naval Base, at San Pedro, California, his next assignment found him at the Marine Barracks, Mare Island, California, in August 1936, where during his tour of duty he was appointed a major. Major Hanneken was ordered to Quantico in June 1938, two months reported for a course of instruction at that base in the Senior Course, Marine Corps Schools. From June 1939 to December 1940, he was commanding officer, Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, Massachusetts.

He was next ordered to New York to assume command of the Marine detachment aboard the USS Harry Lee with additional duties as Transport Quartermaster. He served with the 1st Marine Division from June 1941 until November 1944, when he returned to the United States to command the 2nd Infantry Training Regiment and the Headquarters Battalion, at Camp Pendleton, California. While with the famed 1st Marine Division his duties were varied. While commander of the 2nd Battalion of 7th Marine Regiment during the Guadalcanal campaign he was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy. Hanneken relieved Colonel Julian N. Frisbie as commanding officer of the 7th Marines and led this regiment during the Peleliu action, where he received the Legion of Merit for meritorious conduct in action, during the Cape Gloucester operation he was decorated with the Bronze Star. In September 1945, he was assigned as commanding officer of the Staging Regiment at the Marine Training and Replacement Command, San Diego Area, prior to his transfer to the Troop Training Unit, Amphibious Forces, Pacific Fleet.

It was as Chief of Staff of that organization that he was transferred to the retired list for M