Montclair, New Jersey
Montclair is a township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 37,669, reflecting a decline of 1,308 from the 38,977 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,248 from the 37,729 counted in the 1990 Census; as of 2010, it was the 60th-most-populous municipality in New Jersey. Montclair was first formed as a township on April 15, 1868, from portions of Bloomfield Township, so that a second railroad could be built to Montclair. After a referendum held on February 21, 1894, Montclair was reincorporated as a town, effective February 24, 1894, it derives its name from the French mont clair, meaning "clear mountain" or "bright mountain."In 1980, after multiple protests filed by Montclair officials regarding the inequities built into the federal revenue sharing system, Montclair passed a referendum changing its name to the "Township of Montclair," becoming the third of more than a dozen Essex County municipalities to reclassify themselves as townships to take advantage of federal revenue sharing policies that allocated townships a greater share of government aid to municipalities on a per capita basis.
Montclair, which opened the state's first dispensary in December 2012, joins Bellmawr, Egg Harbor Township and Woodbridge Township as one of the five municipalities that have authorized dispensaries for the sale of medical marijuana. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 6.315 square miles, including 6.308 square miles of land and 0.007 square mile of water. Montclair is on the east side of the First Mountain of the Watchung Mountains; some higher locations in the township provide excellent views of the surrounding area and of the New York City skyline about 12 miles away. Named localities in the township include Church Street, Frog Hollow, Montclair Heights, South End, Upper Montclair and Watchung Plaza. Montclair citizens use two main ZIP codes; the central and southern parts of the township are designated 07042. Upper Montclair lies north of Watchung Avenue and has a separate ZIP code, 07043; because the ZIP codes do not match municipal boundaries, a few homes near the borders with neighboring towns fall into the ZIP codes for those communities.
A few homes in some adjoining municipalities use one of the two ZIP codes assigned to Montclair, as does HackensackUMC Mountainside, whose campus straddles the border with Glen Ridge. Small areas in the southeast of the township fall into the Glen Ridge ZIP code 07028. Several streams flow eastward through Montclair: Toney's Brook in the center, Nishuane Brook in the southeast, the Wigwam Brook in the southwest, Pearl Brook in the northwest, Yantacaw Brook in the northeast – all in the Passaic River watershed. Yantacaw and Toney's brooks are dammed in parks to create ponds. Wigwam and Toney's brooks flow into the Second River, the others flow into the Third River. Montclair lies just north of the northernmost extent of the Rahway River watershed; the southern border of Montclair is a straight line between Eagle Rock, on the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain, the point where Orange Road begins at the foot of Ridgewood Avenue. The eastern border is a straight line between that point and a point just southwest of where Broad Street crosses the Third River.
The western border runs along the ridge of the First Watchung Mountain between Eagle Rock and the Essex County/Passaic County border. The northern border is the border between those two counties. Montclair has a temperate climate, with warm-to-hot, humid summers and cool to cold winters, as is characteristic of the Köppen climate classification humid continental climate. January tends to be the coldest month, with average high temperatures in the upper 30s Fahrenheit and lows averaging 21. July, the warmest month, features high temperatures in the mid-80s and lows in the 70s, with an average high of 86 degrees. From April to June and from September to early November, Montclair experiences temperatures from the lower 60s to the lower 70s. Montclair gets 50 inches of rain per year, above the United States average of 39 inches. Snowfall is common from December to early March, totals about 30 inches annually; the number of days each year in Montclair with any measurable precipitation is 90. Montclair is one or two degrees warmer than the neighboring towns of Verona and Cedar Grove because of the mountain between them, which sometimes blocks winds and clouds, including warmer air from the ocean to the east.
The township has long celebrated a feature that has attracted many to the community. The African American population has been stable at around 30% for decades, although it fell from 32% in 2000 to 27% in 2010. Montclair has attracted many who work for major media organizations in New York City, including The New York Times and Newsweek. A March 11, 2007, posting in the blog Gawker.com listed some of those who work in the media and live in Montclair. Many residents are commuters to the Metro Area; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,669 people, 15,089 households, 9,445.714 families residing in the township. The population density was 5,971.2 per square mile. There were 15,911 housing units at an average density of 2,522.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the township was 62.16% White, 27.16% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 3.81% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, 4.50% f
Ira Michael Heyman
Ira Michael Heyman was a Professor of Law and of City and Regional Planning, was Chancellor of University of California and Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. Heyman was born in 1930 in New York City, he graduated from the Bronx High School of Science, in 1951 from Dartmouth College. At Dartmouth he joined the Theta Chi men's fraternity. After serving as a U. S. Marine Corps officer during the Korean War, he entered Yale Law School, where he became editor of the Yale Law Journal. Following his graduation in 1956, he served as a law clerk for Judge Charles Edward Clark of the U. S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, from 1958 to 1959 he was a clerk for Chief Justice Earl Warren, he joined the law faculty at Berkeley in 1959, he became Vice Chancellor in 1974. He was named Berkeley's sixth Chancellor and served in that capacity from 1980 to 1990, he returned to teaching law after leaving the Chancellorship. He was Counselor to the Secretary and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Policy at the U.
S. Department of Interior, from 1993 to 1994. During his Berkeley years he became a member of the Bohemian Club, at which his closest associates included Caspar Weinberger, Ronald Reagan's Secretary of Defense. After having smoked a few packages of cigarettes a day for many years, he died of emphysema in 2011. I. Michael Heyman from the Smithsonian Institution Archives "Conversations with History:", Institute of International Studies, UC Berkeley "Ira M Heyman", The Los Angeles Times "Ira Michael Heyman, Former Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Dies at 81", Smithsonian Magazine, November 22, 2011
Michael Dana Gioia is an American poet and writer. He spent the first fifteen years of his career writing at night while working for General Foods Corporation. After his 1991 essay "Can Poetry Matter?" in The Atlantic generated international attention, Gioia quit business to pursue writing full-time. He served as the chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts between 2003 and 2009. Gioia has published five books of poetry and three volumes of literary criticism as well as opera libretti, song cycles and over two dozen literary anthologies. Gioia is the Judge Widney Professor of Poetry and Public Culture at the University of Southern California, where he now teaches. In December 2015 he became the California State Poet Laureate, he divides his time between Los Angeles and Sonoma County, California. Michael Dana Gioia was born in Hawthorne, the son of Michael Gioia and Dorothy Ortez. Of Italian and Mexican descent, Gioia grew up in Hawthorne, "speaking Italian in a Mexican neighborhood", he said.
He attended Catholic schools including Junipero Serra High School in Gardena. His younger brother is jazz historian Ted Gioia. Gioia was the first person in his family to go to college and earned a Bachelor of Arts from Stanford University in 1973, a master's degree from Harvard University in 1975, a Master of Business Administration from Stanford Business School in 1977; as both a graduate and undergraduate, Gioia was editor of Stanford's literary journal the Sequoia Magazine. After business school, Gioia joined General Foods in 1977, where he became vice president of marketing, he was on the team that invented Jell-O Jigglers and is credited with helping reverse a long-running sales decline for Jello. In 1992, Gioia resigned from his position as a vice president at General Foods to pursue a full-time career as a poet. Although Gioia writes in both free and formal verse, he is classified as one of the "New Formalists", who write in traditional forms and have declared that a return to rhyme and more fixed meters is the new avant-garde.
He is a particular proponent of accentual verse. While working at General Foods, Gioia wrote in the evenings, producing several books of poetry and translation. Gioia has written several collections of criticisms. In his landmark 1991 essay "Can Poetry Matter?" Gioia objects to how marginalized poetry has become in America. He believes that university English departments appropriated the field from the public:The voluntary audience of serious contemporary poetry consists of poets, would-be poets, a few critics. Additionally, there is a larger involuntary and ephemeral audience consisting of students who read contemporary poetry as assigned course work. In sociological terms, it is significant that most members of the poetry subculture are paid to read poetry: most established poets and critics now work for large educational institutions. Over the last half-century, literary bohemia had been replaced by an academic bureaucracy. Gioia has written or co-written over two dozen literary anthologies and college textbooks, including An Introduction to Poetry.
He has written many essays and reviews. He wrote a column for San Francisco magazine as their music critic, it was as a poet that Gioia first began to attract widespread attention in the early 1980s, with frequent appearances in The Hudson Review and The New Yorker. In the same period, he published a number of essays and book reviews. Both his poetry and his prose helped to establish him as one of the leading figures in the New Formalist movement, which emphasized a return to traditional poetic techniques such as rhyme and fixed form, to narrative and non-autobiographical subject matter; as a result, Daily Horoscope, his first collection, was one of the most anticipated and discussed poetry volumes of its time. Its contents range in form and theme. Among its more notable—and reprinted—pieces are "California Hills in August", "In Cheever Country", "The Sunday News"; the Gods of Winter, his second collection contains "Planting a Sequoia" about the tragic loss of his infant son, as well as the long dramatic monologues, "Counting the Children", in which an accountant has a disturbing interaction with a grotesque doll collection, "The Homecoming", in which a murderer explains his motivations for returning home to commit one more murder.
Published in Britain, it was chosen as the main selection of the U. K. Poetry Book Society. Interrogations at Noon, Gioia's third collection, was the winner of the 2002 American Book Award, it includes both translation and many original poems in which contemplative and wistful notes predominate, as in the concluding stanza of "Summer Storm": "And memory insists on pining / For places it never went, / As if life would be happier / Just by being different." His poem "Words" explores the power and limits of language to understand the world. Many of the other poems examine the lives of poets and composers. Pity the Beautiful marked Gioia's return to poetry after his term in public office as chairman of the NEA; as with his previous books of poetry, it featured free verse. "Special Treatments Ward" garnered notice for its description of a pediatric cancer ward. "Haunted", the central poem in the collection, is a long dramatic monologue, both love story and ghost story. 99 Poems: New & Selected is Gioia's latest book of poetry.
It collects his old poems along with several new poems. It was the winner of the 2018 Poets' Prize. In December 2015, Gioia was named Poet Laureate of California; as Poet Laureate, Gioia intends to visit each of the state's 58 counties
Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. Elizabeth was born in London as the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York King George VI and Queen Elizabeth, she was educated at home, her father acceded to the throne on the abdication of his brother King Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake public duties during the Second World War, serving in the Auxiliary Territorial Service. In 1947, she married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Prince of Wales; when her father died in February 1952, she became head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries: the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Ceylon. She has reigned as a constitutional monarch through major political changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation, the decolonisation of Africa. Between 1956 and 1992, the number of her realms varied as territories gained independence and realms, including South Africa and Ceylon, became republics.
Her many historic visits and meetings include a state visit to the Republic of Ireland and visits to or from five popes. Significant events have included her coronation in 1953 and the celebrations of her Silver and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, 2012 respectively. In 2017, she became the first British monarch to reach a Sapphire Jubilee, she is the longest-lived and longest-reigning British monarch as well as the world's longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state, the oldest and longest-reigning current monarch and the longest-serving current head of state. Elizabeth has faced republican sentiments and press criticism of the royal family, in particular after the breakdown of her children's marriages, her annus horribilis in 1992 and the death in 1997 of her former daughter-in-law Diana, Princess of Wales. However, support for the monarchy has been and remains high, as does her personal popularity. Elizabeth was born at 02:40 on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V.
Her father, the Duke of York, was the second son of the King. Her mother, the Duchess of York, was the youngest daughter of Scottish aristocrat the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, she was delivered by Caesarean section at her maternal grandfather's London house: 17 Bruton Street, Mayfair. She was baptised by the Anglican Archbishop of York, Cosmo Gordon Lang, in the private chapel of Buckingham Palace on 29 May, named Elizabeth after her mother, Alexandra after George V's mother, who had died six months earlier, Mary after her paternal grandmother. Called "Lilibet" by her close family, based on what she called herself at first, she was cherished by her grandfather George V, during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery. Elizabeth's only sibling, Princess Margaret, was born in 1930; the two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess, Marion Crawford.
Lessons concentrated on history, language and music. Crawford published a biography of Elizabeth and Margaret's childhood years entitled The Little Princesses in 1950, much to the dismay of the royal family; the book describes Elizabeth's love of horses and dogs, her orderliness, her attitude of responsibility. Others echoed such observations: Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as "a character, she has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant." Her cousin Margaret Rhodes described her as "a jolly little girl, but fundamentally sensible and well-behaved". During her grandfather's reign, Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the throne, behind her uncle Edward and her father. Although her birth generated public interest, she was not expected to become queen, as Edward was still young. Many people believed he would have children of his own; when her grandfather died in 1936 and her uncle succeeded as Edward VIII, she became second-in-line to the throne, after her father.
That year, Edward abdicated, after his proposed marriage to divorced socialite Wallis Simpson provoked a constitutional crisis. Elizabeth's father became king, she became heir presumptive. If her parents had had a son, she would have lost her position as first-in-line, as her brother would have been heir apparent and above her in the line of succession. Elizabeth received private tuition in constitutional history from Henry Marten, Vice-Provost of Eton College, learned French from a succession of native-speaking governesses. A Girl Guides company, the 1st Buckingham Palace Company, was formed so she could socialise with girls her own age, she was enrolled as a Sea Ranger. In 1939, Elizabeth's parents toured the United States; as in 1927, when her parents had toured Australia and New Zealand, Elizabeth remained in Britain, since her father thought her too young to undertake public tours. Elizabeth "looked tearful", they corresponded and she and her parents made the first royal transatlantic telephone call on 18 May.
In September 1939, Britain entered the Second World War. Lord Hailsham suggested that the two princesses should be evacuated to Canada to avoid the frequent aerial bombing; this was rejected by Elizabeth's mother. I won't leave wit
National Library of the Czech Republic
The National Library of the Czech Republic is the central library of the Czech Republic. It is directed by the Ministry of Culture; the library's main building is located in the historical Clementinum building in Prague, where half of its books are kept. The other half of the collection is stored in the district of Hostivař; the National Library is the biggest library in the Czech Republic, in its funds there are around 6 million documents. The library has around 60,000 registered readers; as well as Czech texts, the library stores older material from Turkey and India. The library houses books for Charles University in Prague; the library won international recognition in 2005 as it received the inaugural Jikji Prize from UNESCO via the Memory of the World Programme for its efforts in digitising old texts. The project, which commenced in 1992, involved the digitisation of 1,700 documents in its first 13 years; the most precious medieval manuscripts preserved in the National Library are the Codex Vyssegradensis and the Passional of Abbes Kunigunde.
In 2006 the Czech parliament approved funding for the construction of a new library building on Letna plain, between Hradčanská metro station and Sparta Prague's football ground, Letná stadium. In March 2007, following a request for tender, Czech architect Jan Kaplický was selected by a jury to undertake the project, with a projected completion date of 2011. In 2007 the project was delayed following objections regarding its proposed location from government officials including Prague Mayor Pavel Bém and President Václav Klaus. Plans for the building had still not been decided in February 2008, with the matter being referred to the Office for the Protection of Competition in order to determine if the tender had been won fairly. In 2008, Minister of Culture Václav Jehlička announced the end of the project, following a ruling from the European Commission that the tender process had not been carried out legally; the library was affected by the 2002 European floods, with some documents moved to upper levels to avoid the excess water.
Over 4,000 books were removed from the library in July 2011 following flooding in parts of the main building. There was a fire at the library in December 2012. List of national and state libraries Official website
Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey, was an Australian pharmacologist and pathologist who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Sir Ernst Chain and Sir Alexander Fleming for his role in the development of penicillin. Although Fleming received most of the credit for the discovery of penicillin, it was Florey who carried out the first clinical trials in 1941 of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford on the first patient, a constable from Oxford; the patient started to recover but subsequently died because Florey was unable, at that time, to make enough penicillin. It was Florey and Chain who made a useful and effective drug out of penicillin, after the task had been abandoned as too difficult. Florey's discoveries, along with the discoveries of Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain, are estimated to have saved over 200 million lives, he is regarded by the Australian scientific and medical community as one of its greatest figures. Sir Robert Menzies, Australia's longest-serving Prime Minister, said, "In terms of world well-being, Florey was the most important man born in Australia".
Howard Florey was born in Malvern, a southern suburb of Adelaide, South Australia, the youngest of three children and the only son. His father, Joseph Florey, was an English immigrant, his mother Bertha Mary Florey was a second-generation Australian. Florey was educated at Kyre College Preparatory School and St Peter's College, where academically, he excelled in chemistry and physics, but not mathematics, he played various sports for the school: cricket, football and tennis. He studied medicine at the University of Adelaide from 1917 to 1921, paid by a state scholarship he won. Florey continued his studies at Magdalen College, Oxford as a Rhodes Scholar under the tutelage of Sir Charles Scott Sherrington, receiving the degrees of BA in 1924 and MA in 1935. In 1925, he left Oxford to attend the University of Cambridge, during which time he won a fellowship from the Rockefeller Foundation and studied in the United States for ten months, he returned to England in 1926 and was elected to a fellowship at Gonville and Caius College, a year he received the degree of PhD.
After Cambridge, Florey was appointed to the Joseph Hunter Chair of Pathology at the University of Sheffield in 1932. In 1935 he returned to Oxford, as Professor of Pathology and Fellow of Lincoln College, leading a team of researchers. Working with Ernst Boris Chain, Norman Heatley and Edward Abraham, he read Alexander Fleming's paper discussing the antibacterial effects of Penicillium notatum mould. In 1941, he and Chain treated their first patient, Albert Alexander, who had had a small sore at that corner of his mouth, which spread leading to a severe facial infection involving Streptococci and Staphylococci, his whole face and scalp were swollen to the extent that he had had an eye removed to relieve some of the pain. Within a day of being given penicillin, he started recovering. However, the researchers did not have enough penicillin to help him to a full recovery, he relapsed and died; because of this experience and of the difficulty in producing penicillin, the researchers changed their focus to children, who could be treated with smaller quantities.
Florey's research team investigated the large-scale production of the mould and efficient extraction of the active ingredient, succeeding to the point where, by 1945, penicillin production was an industrial process for the Allies in World War II. However, Florey said that the project was driven by scientific interests, that the medicinal discovery was a bonus: People sometimes think that I and the others worked on penicillin because we were interested in suffering humanity. I don't think it crossed our minds about suffering humanity; this was an interesting scientific exercise, because it was of some use in medicine is gratifying, but this was not the reason that we started working on it. Developing penicillin was a team effort. Florey shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Ernst Boris Chain and Alexander Fleming. Fleming first observed the antibiotic properties of the mould that makes penicillin, but it was Chain and Florey who developed it into a useful treatment. In 1958 Florey opened the John Curtin School of Medical Research at ANU in Canberra.
In 1965 the Queen made him Lord Florey and he was offered, accepted, the role of Chancellor of the Australian National University. On 18 July 1944 Florey was appointed a Knight Bachelor. In 1947 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Royal Society of Medicine, he was awarded the Lister Medal in 1945 for his contributions to surgical science. The corresponding Lister Oration, given at the Royal College of Surgeons of England that year, was titled "Use of Micro-organisms for Therapeutic Purposes". In 1946, the University of Sao Paulo awarded him an honorary doctorate. Florey was elected a member of the Royal Society in 1941 and became president in 1958. In 1962, Florey became Provost of Oxford. During his term as Provost, the college built a new residential block, named the Florey Building in his honour; the building was designed by the British architect Sir James Stirling. On 4 February 1965, Sir Howard was created a life peer and became Baron Florey, of Adelaide in the State of South Australia and Commonwealth of Australia and of Marston in the County of Oxford.
This was a higher honour than the knighthood awarded to penicillin's discoverer, Sir Alexander Fleming, it recognised the monumental work Florey did in making penicillin available in sufficient quantities to save millions of lives in the war, despite Fleming's doubts that this was
Kappa Alpha Theta
Kappa Alpha Theta known as Theta, is an international sorority founded on January 27, 1870 at DePauw University Indiana Asbury. Kappa Alpha Theta was the first Greek-letter fraternity for women and was founded by four female students (Bettie Locke Hamilton, Alice Allen Brant, Bettie Tipton Lindsey, Hannah Fitch Shaw; the organization has 147 chapters at colleges and universities in the United States and Canada. Theta's total living initiated membership, as of January 23, 2017, was more than 270,000. There are circles worldwide. Theta's colors are black and gold and the symbol is the kite; the official flower is black pansy. Kappa Alpha Theta is a member of the National Panhellenic Conference, an umbrella organization that encompasses 26 social sororities found throughout North America; the organization's own headquarters are located in Indiana. Kappa Alpha Theta was founded in 1870 at Indiana Asbury, now DePauw University, three years after the university began to admit women; the fraternity's founding members were Elizabeth McReynolds Locke Hamilton, Alice Olive Allen Brant, Elizabeth Tipton Lindsey, Hannah Virginia Fitch Shaw.
Kappa Alpha Theta's ritual, organizational structure and coat of arms were drawn in part upon two fraternities with which Bettie Locke had close connections: Beta Theta Pi, her father's fraternity, Phi Gamma Delta, her brother's fraternity. Locke had many friends in FIJI, when the members asked her to wear their badge she asked if it meant she was a member of their fraternity, they informed her, "no" it would be as a "mascot" or token of her friendship. Locke declined, she said she could not wear it as she did not know the purposes the badge represented. The brothers of FIJI took a vote to determine whether to admit and initiate Locke as a full member of FIJI, they decided they wished to remain an all-male fraternity, gave Locke a silver fruit basket instead as a symbol of their special relationship with her. At the suggestion of her father, a professor at Indiana Asbury, Locke investigated whether any fraternities for women existed with whom she could establish a chapter at Indiana Asbury. Discovering that only literary societies for women existed at the time, Locke established Kappa Alpha Theta as the first Greek-letter women's fraternity.
Locke and her friend Alice Allen together wrote a constitution, planned ceremonies, designed a badge, sought out women on campus to become members. Along with Hannah Fitch and Bettie Tipton, they were initiated in secret on Jan. 27, 1870, creating the Alpha Chapter of Kappa Alpha Theta. In 1887, Theta became an international organization with the establishment of the Sigma Chapter at The University of Toronto; this became the first Canadian women's fraternity. G. William Domhoff, writing in Who Rules America?, listed Kappa Alpha Theta as one of "the four or five sororities with nationwide prestige" in the mid-1960s. Kappa Alpha Theta's colors are gold; the official symbols are both the kite and twin stars, while the official flower is the black and gold pansy. The fraternity does not recognize an official stone. Theta's Grand Convention voted to establish a magazine in 1885 and place its editorship with Kappa Chapter at Kansas. In the intervening years, Kappa Alpha Theta's magazine has undergone a change of title, a change of publication schedule.
Today, The Kappa Alpha Theta Magazine is published in April, June and December of each year. Kappa Alpha Theta has more than 143 active college chapters and more than 212 alumnae chapters across the United States and Canada. Alumnae chapters are alumnae groups; the following is a list of the chapters of Kappa Alpha Theta: Some notable alumni of Kappa Alpha Theta include Laura Bush, Barbara Bush, Jenna Bush, Tory Burch, Amy Holmes and Sheryl Crow. Laura Bush was a member of the Beta Sigma chapter at Southern Methodist University, her daughters Barbara and Jenna Bush were members at Smith University at Texas Austin. Tory Burch, an American fashion designer, business woman, philanthropist was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta at the University of Pennsylvania. Amy Holmes, an American journalist and political commentator was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta at Princeton University. Sheryl Crow was a member at the University of Missouri; the Kappa Alpha Theta Foundation was founded in 1960 and is the philanthropic arm of the organization.
The Theta Foundation awards annual undergraduate and graduate scholarships to its members, awarding more than $1.1 million per year. In addition to scholarships, the Theta Foundation supports the sorority's educational programs as well as the its international philanthropy, Court Appointed Special Advocates. Court Appointed Special Advocates are community volunteers who serve as the voice for abused and neglected foster care children who are going through the court system. CASA's are appointed by a judge and their purpose is to ensure all legal actions made are in the child's best interest. In 2000, the chapter at the University of Cincinnati was temporarily suspended for hazing; the pledges were forced to endure several demeaning tasks, one of which included crawling up the steps of the sorority house for the amusement of their big sisters. In 2000, the chapter at Rollins College was shut down after a drinking party sent newly pledged members to the hospital. One member was placed on a respirator that night.
In 2008, the chapter at Colgate University was suspended for four years after an alcohol-hazing related incident. In 2014, the