In archaeogenetics Proto-Mongoloid refers to a suggested group, considered to be part of the Paleo-Mongoloid group. Notable examples of fossils exhibiting proto-Mongoloid phenotypes are found in Late Pleistocene fossils, notably the Minatogawa skeletons and the Liujiang crania; the Jōmon people as well as Paleoamericans retain some plesiomorphic traits derived from Proto-Mongoloids. Modern East Asians represent their the most direct descent. While the Jōmon are short, have finely chiseled features, most times double eyelids, much body hair and wavy hair which resemble pseudo-Caucasoid traits, the Proto-Mongoloids are described as "straight-haired type, medium in complexion, jaw protrusion, nose-breadth, inclining to round-headedness". Professor of anthropology, Akazawa Takeru at the International Research Center for Japanese Studies, said that there are Neo-Mongoloids and Paleo-Mongoloids. Akazawa said Neo-Mongoloids have "extreme Mongoloid, cold-adapted features" and they include the Chinese, Buryats and Chukchi.

In contrast, Akazawa said. He said Burmese, Polynesians, Jōmon and the indigenous peoples of the Americas were Paleo-Mongoloid. While it is suggested that the proto-Mongoloid group belonged to the Sundadont dental structure, it is more that it they belonged to their own Mongoloid dental structure. C. G Turner II shows with his analysis of 2016 that Sundadonty is the proto-Mongolid dental morphology and is not connected to the "Australoid dental morphology", he shows that Sinodonty is predominant in Native Americans. Analysis on the Sinodonty and Sundadonty of New world groups by G. R. Sott et al. shows the distinction between East Asians and Southeast Asians is not big and that the Mongoloid dental structure can be seen as one "super-dental structure". Recent genetic researches suggest that the closest relatives of Proto-Mongoloids are Neo-Mongoloids, their ancestors split tens of thousands of years ago. An admixture between different groups in early times, which formed the so called Proto-Mongoloids remains a possibility."Neo-Mongoloid" migration to Japan is associated with the Yayoi people.

The Yayoi interbreeding with the indigenous populations formed the stock of the modern Japanese people. Modern Japanese have about 10% Jōmon ancestry. However, the origin of the Jōmon people is still disputed as most scientists suggest that the Jōmon were not a single homogeneous people but an admixture of two distinct populations. Mongoloid Sinodonty and Sundadonty Archaeogenetics Ancient North Eurasian European early modern humans Recent human evolution

Flesh and the Devil

Flesh and the Devil is a romantic drama silent film released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and stars Greta Garbo, John Gilbert, Lars Hanson, Barbara Kent, directed by Clarence Brown, based on the novel The Undying Past by Hermann Sudermann. In 2006, Flesh and the Devil was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant"; the film is a romantic melodrama about two childhood friends and Ulrich, who grow up to be soldiers in Germany. Leo becomes infatuated with the wife of a powerful count; the count calls for a duel of honor with Leo, but insists that it be done under the false pretense that the quarrel was due to angry words exchanged between the two at a card game in order to protect the count's reputation. Leo kills the count in the duel, but is punished by the military, being sent to Africa for five years. Due to Ulrich's intervention, Leo only serves three years before being recalled home. On his return journey, he focuses on his dream of being reunited with Felicitas.

Before he left for Africa, Leo had asked Ulrich to take care of Felicitas' needs. Ulrich -- unaware that his friend is in love with Felicitas -- marries her. Upon his return, Leo finds himself torn between Felicitas — which the woman encourages — and his friendship for Ulrich. Condemned by a local pastor for continuing to associate with Felicitas, Leo loses control of his emotions, leading to a climactic duel between the two boyhood friends. While racing to stop the duel, Felicitas falls through a layer of thin ice and drowns. Meanwhile, the friends reconcile. Flesh and the Devil, produced in 1926, premiered at New York's Capitol Theater on January 9, 1927) and marked a turning point for Garbo's personal and professional life, she refused to participate in the film. She had just finished The Temptress and was tired, plus her sister had died of cancer and she was upset that her contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer did not allow her to take the long trip back to Sweden. A sternly worded letter from MGM warned her of dire consequences.

This was a rehearsal of sorts for a pitched battle Garbo would fight against studio heads after Flesh and the Devil was completed, which ended up with Garbo becoming one of the highest-paid actresses in Hollywood up to that time. The romantic chemistry between Garbo and Gilbert was a director's dream; the two actors became involved in their own romantic affair and before production of the film was completed had moved in together. Hollywood legend has it that it was during production that Gilbert proposed to Garbo. Paris disputes. Regardless of the chronology and the Devil marked the beginning of one of the more famous romances of Hollywood's golden age, they would continue making movies together into the Sound Era, though Gilbert's career would collapse in the early 1930s while Garbo's soared. Garbo was so impressed with Clarence Brown's direction and William Daniels's cinematography that she continued to work with both of them in her subsequent films at MGM, she was insistent on the use of Daniels as her prime cinematographer.

The film earned $1,261,000 worldwide. The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists: 2002: AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions – Nominated Flesh and the Devil was restored and released to DVD with The Temptress in September 2005 as part of a collection by Turner Classic Movies entitled Garbo Silents. The DVD includes an upbeat ending. Flesh and the Devil on IMDb Flesh and the Devil at the TCM Movie Database Flesh and the Devil at AllMovie