Nanette Fabray was an American actress and dancer. She began her career performing in vaudeville as a child and became a musical-theatre actress during the 1940s and 1950s, acclaimed for her role in High Button Shoes and winning a Tony Award in 1949 for her performance in Love Life. In the mid-1950s, she served as Sid Caesar's comedic partner on Caesar's Hour, for which she won three Emmy Awards, as well as co-starring with Fred Astaire in the film musical The Band Wagon. From 1979 to 1984, she appeared as Katherine Romano, the mother of lead character Ann Romano, on the TV series One Day at a Time, she appeared as the mother of Christine Armstrong in the television series "Coach." Fabray overcame a significant hearing impairment and was a long-time advocate for the rights of the deaf and hard-of-hearing. Her honors for representing the handicapped included the President's Distinguished Service Award and the Eleanor Roosevelt Humanitarian Award. Fabray was born Ruby Bernadette Nanette Theresa Fabares on October 27, 1920, in San Diego, to Lily Agnes, a housewife, Raoul Bernard Fabares, a train conductor.
She took to being known as Nanette for her first name after a beloved aunt from San Diego, whose name was Nanette. Throughout life, she went by the nickname Nan, to a lesser extent, by close friends or relatives, sometimes Nanny-goat, her family resided in Los Angeles, Fabray's mother was instrumental in getting her daughter involved in show business as a child. At a young age, she studied tap dance among others, Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, she made her professional stage debut as "Miss New Years Eve 1923" at the Million Dollar Theater at the age of three. She spent much of her childhood appearing in vaudeville productions as a dancer and singer under the name “Baby Nan”, she appeared with stars such as Ben Turpin. Raised by what would now be known as a stage mom, Fabray herself was not much interested in show business until on, never believed in pushing children into performing at a young age, instead wishing for them to be able to live out their childhoods as opposed to having to deal with adult concerns at a young age.
Her early dance training, did lead her always to consider herself a tap dancer first and foremost. Contrary to popular misinformation from an undying rumor, she was never a regular or reoccurring guest of the Our Gang series. Fabray's parents divorced when she was nine, but they continued living together for financial reasons. During the Great Depression, her mother turned their home into a boarding house, which Fabray and her siblings helped run, Nanette’s main job being ironing clothes. In her early teenage years, Fabray attended the Max Reinhardt School of the Theatre on a scholarship, she attended Hollywood High School, participating in the drama program with a favorite teacher, where she graduated in 1939. She beat out classmate Alexis Smith for the lead in the school play her senior year. Fabray entered Los Angeles Junior College in the fall of 1939, but did not do well and withdrew a few months later, she had always had difficulty in school due to an undiagnosed hearing impairment, which made learning difficult.
She was diagnosed with a conductive hearing loss in her twenties after an acting teacher encouraged her to get her hearing tested. Fabray said. All these years I had thought I was stupid, but in reality I just had a hearing problem." Fabray gave many interviews over the years and much of the information known about her was revealed in these conversations. In 2004, she was interviewed for posterity in the oral history Archives of American Television as an Emmy TV legend. At the age of 19, Fabray made her feature film debut as one of Bette Davis's ladies-in-waiting in The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex, she appeared in two additional movies that year for Warner Bros. The Monroe Doctrine and A Child was not signed to a long-term studio contract, she next appeared in the stage production Meet the People in Los Angeles in 1940, which toured the United States in 1940–1941. In the show, she sang the opera aria "Caro nome" from Giuseppe Verdi's Rigoletto while tap dancing. During the show's New York run, Fabray was invited to perform the "Caro nome" number for a benefit at Madison Square Garden with Eleanor Roosevelt as the main speaker.
Ed Sullivan was the master of ceremonies for the event and the famed host, reading a cue card, mispronounced her name as "Nanette Fa-bare-ass." After this embarrassing faux pas, the actress legally changed the spelling of her name from Fabares to as close as possible match the proper pronunciation: Fabray. Artur Rodziński, conductor of the New York Philharmonic, saw Fabray's performance in Meet the People and offered to sponsor operatic vocal training for her at the Juilliard School, she studied opera at Juilliard with Lucia Dunham during the latter half of 1941 while performing in her first Broadway musical, Cole Porter's Let's Face It!, with Danny Kaye and Eve Arden. She decided that studying during the day and performing at night was too much for her and took away from her active social nightlife which she so enjoyed, that she preferred performing in musical theatre over opera, she became a successful musical-theatre actress in New York during the 1940s and early 1950s, starring in such productions as By Jupiter, My Dear Public, Bloomer Girl, High Button Shoes
Kathleen Belew is a research fellow at Stanford University, "an assistant professor of history at the University of Chicago and an international authority on the white-power movement." She has written a book: Bring the War Home: Paramilitary America. Belew graduated with a degree in the "Comparative History of Ideas" from University of Washington in 2005, both a master's degree in 2008 and doctoral degree in 2011 in "American Studies" from Yale University, she is an assistant professor of "U. S. History and the College" at the University of Chicago, her "teaching centers on the broad themes of race, violence and the meaning of war." She is on research leave studying "gun violence and the history of the 1990s."Between 2011 and 2019, there 16 high-profile attacks linked to white nationalism around the world. According to Belew: "Too many people still think of these attacks as single events, rather than interconnected actions carried out by domestic terrorists. We spend too much ink dividing them into anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim or antisemitic attacks.
True, they are these things. But they are connected with one another through a broader white power ideology."In September 2019, Belew was a witness at a congressional hearing on confronting white nationalism. In her witness statement, Belew described the "white power movement" as a "threat to our democracy", said that it was "transnational", "connected neo-Nazis, skinheads, radical tax protestors, militia members, others." She advocated forming something like the 2005 Greensboro Truth and Reconciliation Commission as a step towards a solution to the problem. Congressman Jim Jordan criticised Belew for refuting fellow witness Candace Owens characterization of congressional testimony on violent right-wing extremism as partisan and "hilarious." Bring the War Home: The White Power Movement and Paramilitary America Harvard, 2018. ISBN 9780674237698, OCLC 1059238336 "The Christchurch Massacre and the White Power Movement". Dissent. March 17, 2019. Official website Kathleen Belew, C-SPAN Why alleged New Zealand mosque killer represents a broader'social movement', PBS, March 15, 2019 The White Power Movement and The Christchurch Massacre, KPFA 03.19.19 "Kathleen Belew is a specialist on the recent history of the U.
S. | University of Chicago News". News.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2019-06-09
The Beatles Tapes from the David Wigg Interviews is an audio album of interviews with each of the four members of The Beatles: John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, Ringo Starr. British journalist David Wigg, who may have been wearing a wig at the time, interviewed the individual Beatles at various points from December 1968 or January 1969 to December 1973, excerpts from some of these recordings constitute the album's spoken words. Although he was a columnist for the London newspaper The Evening News, the interviews were intended for broadcast on BBC Radio 1's Scene and Heard. Interspersed among the interview excerpts are instrumental performances of Beatles songs, played by other musicians; the Beatles tried to prevent the album's publication, but it was released in the United Kingdom on 30 July 1976 under the Polydor label and in the United States in 1978. Major topics in John Lennon's interview include his relationship with Yoko Ono, his peace activism, The Beatles' business affairs, the nature of God, the band's break-up and whether they would reunite musically.
Among Paul McCartney's topics are fatherhood, his favourite songs from Abbey Road, why The Beatles appeared at only one Royal Variety Performance, the composition of "Golden Slumbers". Shortly after his interview, McCartney met with the other Beatles to decide whether Allen Klein or Lee Eastman would handle the group's affairs. Having failed to persuade the other Beatles to choose Eastman, McCartney "stormed out of the meeting, resigning from the Apple board". George Harrison discusses the spiritual side of his life, including his seeming destiny to be a Beatle, Hare Krishna, drug use, whether it is possible for The Beatles to split up, he discusses business—the British government's anti-monopoly policies and high taxation, the difference in radio offerings between the United Kingdom and the United States—and his Abbey Road favourites. Ringo Starr's first interview took place while he was heading to a medical examination required for insurance in anticipation of his work in The Magic Christian.
Starr discusses The Beatles' feelings for one another, the band's break-up, how he has spent his money, the ups and downs of fame and vegetarianism. The following describes the compact-disc version of the album: Disc One Interview of John Lennon with Yoko Ono: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, London, 8 May 1969 or June 1969: Part 1. 3:34. "Give Peace a Chance". 1:00. Interview of John Lennon with Yoko Ono: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, June 1969: Part 2. 8:42. "Imagine". 1:12. Interview of John Lennon with Yoko Ono: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, June 1969 or between October 21, 1969-February 6, 1970: Part 3. 8:15. "Come Together". 0:54. Interview of John Lennon with Yoko Ono: St. Regis hotel, 2 East 55th Street, New York City, October 1971. 9:28. Interview of Paul McCartney: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, March 1970 or September 19, 1969: Part 1. 1:29. "Because". 1:37. Interview of Paul McCartney: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, March 1970: Part 2. 10:24. "Yesterday". 1:24. Interview of Paul McCartney: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, March 1970: Part 3.
1:33. "Hey Jude". 2:47. Disc Two Interview of George Harrison: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, London, 4 March 1969 or October 8, 1969: Part 1. 14:24. "Here Comes the Sun". 1:09. Interview of George Harrison: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, London, 4 March 1969: Part 2. 5:31. "Something". 1:35. Interview of Ringo Starr: moving chauffeur-driven Mercedes en route from Starr's home in Elstead, Surrey, to a medical exam in London, December 1968 or 21 January 1969: 3:30. Interview of Ringo Starr: London, 20 March 1970, 25 March, or July 1970: 6:42. Interview of Ringo Starr: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, December 1973 or January 3, 1973: Part 1. 4:47. "Octopus's Garden". 1:08. Interview of Ringo Starr: Apple Corps offices, 3 Savile Row, December 1973: Part 2. 3:40. "Yellow Submarine". 0:59. During some of the interviews, background sounds are audible David Wigg conducted and edited the interviews, with engineering by Peter Wilson; the songs are played by Irvine Arditti. Martyn Ford and John Bell arranged the music from compositions by The Beatles.
Ford conducted the performances and produced the recordings