Dame Emma Thompson is a British actress, activist and comedian. One of the UK's most acclaimed actresses, she is known for her portrayals of enigmatic women in period dramas and literary adaptations, playing matronly characters with a sense of wit, she is the recipient of various accolades, including two Academy Awards, a Primetime Emmy Award, three BAFTA Awards, two Golden Globe Awards. Born in London to English actor Eric Thompson and Scottish actress Phyllida Law, Thompson was educated at Newnham College, University of Cambridge, where she became a member of the Footlights troupe. After appearing in several comedy programmes, she first came to prominence in 1987 in two BBC TV series, Tutti Frutti and Fortunes of War, winning the BAFTA TV Award for Best Actress for her work in both series, her first film role was in the 1989 romantic comedy The Tall Guy, in the early 1990s, she collaborated with her husband and director Kenneth Branagh. The pair became popular in the British media and co-starred in several films, including Dead Again and Much Ado About Nothing.
In 1992, Thompson won an Academy Award and a BAFTA Award for Best Actress for the period drama Howards End. In 1993, she garnered dual Academy Award nominations for her roles in The Remains of the Day as the housekeeper of a grand household and In the Name of the Father as a lawyer. Thompson scripted and starred in Sense and Sensibility, which earned her numerous awards, including an Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, which makes her the only person to receive Academy Awards for both acting and writing, a BAFTA Award for Best Actress. Other notable film and television credits include the Harry Potter film series, Love Actually, Angels in America, Nanny McPhee, Stranger than Fiction, Last Chance Harvey, Men in Black 3, Beauty and the Beast. In 2013, she received acclaim and several award nominations for her portrayal of P. L. Travers in Saving Mr. Banks. Thompson is married to actor Greg Wise, they have one son. She is an activist in the areas of human rights and environmentalism and has received criticism for her outspokenness.
She has written two books adapted from The Tale of Peter Rabbit. She was appointed a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 2018 Birthday Honours by Elizabeth II for her services to drama. Thompson was born in Paddington, London, on 15 April 1959, her mother is the Scottish actress Phyllida Law, while her English father, Eric Thompson, was involved in theatre, was the writer–narrator of the popular children's television series The Magic Roundabout. Her godfather was writer Ronald Eyre, she has one sister, Sophie Thompson, who works as an actress. The family lived in West Hampstead in north London, Thompson was educated at Camden School for Girls, she spent much time in Scotland during her childhood and visited Ardentinny, where her grandparents and uncle lived. In her youth, Thompson was intrigued by language and literature, a trait which she attributes to her father, who shared her love of words. After taking A levels in English and Latin, securing a scholarship, she began studying for an English degree at Newnham College, arriving in 1977.
Thompson believes that it was inevitable that she would become an actress, commenting that she was "surrounded by creative people and I don't think it would have gone any other way, really". While there, she had a "seminal moment" that turned her to feminism and inspired her to take up performing, she explained in an interview in 2007 how she discovered the book The Madwoman in the Attic, "which is about Victorian female writers and the disguises they took on in order to express what they wanted to express. That changed my life." She became a self-professed "punk rocker", with short red hair and a motorbike, aspired to be a comedian like Lily Tomlin. At Cambridge, Thompson was invited into Footlights, the university's prestigious sketch comedy troupe, by its president, Martin Bergman, becoming its first female member. In the troupe were fellow actors Stephen Fry and Hugh Laurie, she had a romantic relationship with the latter. Fry recalled. Our nickname for her was Emma Talented." In 1980, Thompson served as the Vice President of Footlights, co-directed the troupe's first all-female revue, Woman's Hour.
The following year and her Footlights team won the Perrier Award at the Edinburgh Festival Fringe for their sketch show The Cellar Tapes. Scholastically, Thompson graduated with upper second-class honours. In 1982, Thompson's father died as a result of circulatory problems at the age of 52; the actress has commented that this "tore to pieces", "I can't begin to tell you how much I regret his not being around". She added, "At the same time, it's possible that were he still alive I might never have had the space or courage to do what I've done... I have a definite feeling of inheriting space, and power." Thompson had her first professional role in 1982, touring in a stage version of Not the Nine O'Clock News. She turned to television, where much of her early work came with her Footlights co-stars Hugh Laurie and Stephen Fry; the regional ITV comedy series There's Nothing To Worry About! was their first outing, followed by the one-off BBC show The Crystal Cube. There's Nothing to Worry About! Later returned as the networked sketch show Alfresco, which ran for two series with Thompson, Laurie, Ben Elton, Robbie Coltrane.
She collaborated again with Fry and Laurie on the accla
Adam Godley is an English actor. He has been nominated three times for the Olivier Award. Godley was born to Jewish parents in Amersham and grew up in Watford, where he went to Rickmansworth Secondary School He began his acting career at the age of 9, in a BBC radio production of Hemingway's My Old Man, his first stage role came as Prince Giovanni in The White Devil at The Old Vic. His childhood career included work at the National Theatre, in Lillian Helman's Watch on the Rhine, Close of Play, directed by Harold Pinter. Godley achieved national prominence after playing the lead in the 1984 BBC TV adaptation of J. Meade Falkner's Moonfleet. In 1986 Godley joined Alan Ayckbourn's theatre company in Scarborough, where he stayed for three seasons. Productions included June Moon and The Revengers' Comedies, both of which transferred to the West End, Mr A's Amazing Maze Plays, which transferred to the National Theatre, he spent one season as a member of the Royal Shakespeare Company, before creating the role of Cliff in Sam Mendes's production of Cabaret at the Donmar Warehouse.
Several major productions followed, including Mouth to Mouth at the Royal Court, The Front Page at the Donmar, The Rivals in the West End. after which Godley went on to create a series of roles at the National, including Kenneth Williams in Cleo, Camping and Dick. He played Jack Worthing in the West End production of The Importance of Being Earnest and Victor in both the West End and 2001 Broadway production of Noël Coward's Private Lives, he played Lord Evelyn Oakleigh in Roundabout Theatre's multi award-winning Broadway revival of Anything Goes, was Raymond Babitt in the West End production of Rain Man opposite Josh Hartnett. He was most seen in the lead role in a new adaptation by Dennis Kelly of Georg Kaiser's 1912 German expressionist masterpiece, From Morning to Midnight, at the National Theatre. Godley was married to actress Alex Belcourt, he lives in Los Angeles with writer Jon Hartmere. Olivier Award nomination – Best Actor in a Supporting Role in a Play Olivier Award nomination – Best Actor in a Supporting Role in a Play Olivier Award nomination – Best Actor in a Leading Role in a Play Theatre World Award – Outstanding Broadway Debut Outer Critics Circle Award – Best Actor in a Featured Role in a Musical Tony Award nomination – Best Actor in a Featured Role in a Musical Drama Desk Award nomination – Best Actor in a Supporting Role in a Musical Adam Godley on IMDb Adam Godley.
Official London Theatre interview
Christianna Brand was a British crime writer and children's author, born in British Malaya. Christianna Brand was born Mary Christianna Milne in Malaya but spent most of her childhood in England and India, she had a number of different occupations, including model, shop assistant and governess. Brand wrote under the pseudonyms Mary Ann Ashe, Annabel Jones, Mary Brand, Mary Roland, China Thompson. Christianna Brand served as Chair of the Crime Writers' Association from 1972-1973, her first novel, Death in High Heels, was written while Brand was working as a salesgirl, the idea stemming from her fantasies about doing away with an annoying co-worker. In 1941, one of her best-loved characters, Inspector Cockrill of the Kent County Police, made his debut in the book Heads You Lose; the character would go on to appear in seven of her novels. Green for Danger is Brand’s most famous novel; the whodunit, set in a World War II hospital, was adapted for film by Eagle-Lion Films in 1946, starring Alastair Sim as the Inspector.
She dropped the series in the late 1950s and concentrated on various genres as well as short stories. She was nominated three times for Edgar Awards: for the short stories "Poison in the Cup" and "Twist for Twist" and for a nonfiction work about a Scottish murder case, Heaven Knows Who, she is the author of the children's series Nurse Matilda, which Emma Thompson adapted to film as Nanny McPhee. Her Inspector Cockrill short stories and a unpublished Cockrill stage play were collected as The Spotted Cat and Other Mysteries from Inspector Cockrill's Casebook, edited by Tony Medawar, she was the cousin of the illustrator Edward Ardizzone. Death in High Heels Death of Jezebel The Rose in Darkness Heads You Lose Green for Danger OCLC 2881188. Serialised in the United States as Danger List Suddenly at His Residence OCLC 557498732. Serialised in the United States as One of the Family Death of Jezebel London Particular Tour de Force The Spotted Cat and Other Mysteries from Inspector Cockrill's Casebook Cat and Mouse OCLC 557497970 The Three Cornered Halo Court of Foxes The Honey Harlot The Brides of Aberdar What Dread Hand?: The Hornets' Nest Aren't Our Police Wonderful?
The Merry-Go-Round Blood Brothers Dear Mr Editor... The Rose Akin to Love... Death of Don Juan Double Cross The Sins of the Fathers... After the Event Death of a Ghost The Kite Hic Jacet... Murder Game Brand X The Kite The Charm Farm A Bit of Bovver The Blackthorn The Hilltop Bless This House Spring 1941 Murder Hath Charms Pigeon Pie Madame Thinks Quick The ScapegoatBuffet for Unwelcome Guests After the Event Blood Brothers The Hornet's Nest Poison in the Cup Murder Game The Scapegoat No More a-Maying... The Niece from Scotland Hic Jacet... The Merry-Go-Round Upon Reflection From the Balcony... Bless This House Such a Nice Man The Whispering The Hand of God The Spotted Cat and Other Mysteries from Inspector Cockrill's Casebook: Inspector Cockrill After the Event Blood Brothers The Hornet's Nest Poison in the Cup The Telephone Call The Kissing Cousin The Rocking-Chair The Man on the Roof Alleybi The Spotted Cat Welcome to Danger juvenile mystery published as Danger Unlimited Nurse Matilda Nurse Matilda Goes to Town Nurse Matilda Goes to Hospital The Single Pilgrim Starrbelow The Radiant Dove Alas, for Her That Met Me!
A Ring of Roses Take off the Roof Jape de Chine or The Chinese Puzzle Heaven Knows Who Dance Hostess. The Star, 8 April 1939 The Rose; the Tatler, 1939 Gloria Walked down Bond Street. The Tatler, 1939 Shadowed Sunlight. Woman, 7 July to 11 August 1945 Hibiscus Blooms Again. Dear Mr. MacDonald. Cyanide in the Sun. Daily Sketch, August 1958. An edited version was published in an anthology The Rum Punch. Published in Bodies from the Library, ed. by Tony Medawar Mother. Woman, 17 January 1959 Grandad. Woman, 24 October 1959 The Right Man for Tilly. Woman, 12 May 1960 Someone to Love. Woman, 1 October 1960 To Remember with Tears. Woman, 3 May 1962 White Wedding. Woman, 19 May 1962 The Dead Hold Fast Inquest The Little Nun The Mermaid Murder by Dog The Murder Man The Codicil NOFACE The Rum Punch Ball or Skein; the Times, 16 February 1944 The Detective Story Form. Press and Freelance Writer and Photographer, August 1950 May I Introduce Myself?. Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, March 1983 Famous Writers. Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine, July 1983 Naughty Children: An Anthology
Nanny McPhee and the Big Bang
Nanny McPhee and the Big Bang is a 2010 fantasy comedy family film directed by Susanna White, produced by Tim Bevan, Eric Fellner and Lindsay Doran with music by James Newton Howard and co-produced by StudioCanal, Relativity Media, Working Title Films and Three Strange Angels. It is a sequel to the 2005 film Nanny McPhee, it was adapted by Emma Thompson from Christianna Brand's Nurse Matilda books. Thompson reprises her role as Nanny McPhee, the film stars Maggie Gyllenhaal, Ralph Fiennes, Rhys Ifans, Ewan McGregor, Asa Butterfield and Maggie Smith; the film was theatrically released on August 2010 by Universal Pictures. The film received positive reviews from critics and it earned $93.2 million on a $35 million budget. It received a Young Artist Award nomination for Best Performance in a Feature Film; the film was released on DVD and Blu-ray in the UK on 19 June 2010. On a farm during World War II In 1943 while her husband is away at war, Isabel Green is driven to her wits end by her hectic life.
Between trying to keep the family farm up and running and her job in the village shop, run by the mad Mrs. Docherty, she has three boisterous children to look after, Norman and Vincent; when her children's two wealthy cousins and Celia then come to live with them and start fighting with them, Isabel requires childcare help. When the magical Nanny McPhee arrives, the children at first do not listen and carry on fighting, which she soon puts a stop to. Meanwhile, Isabel's brother-in-law, has gambled away his half of the farm, is being chased by two hired female assassins working for casino owner Mrs. Biggles, he attempts to make Isabel sell her half of the farm, using mean and spiteful schemes to leave her no choice. The children leads them to work together to fix it. Isabel takes the children on a picnic during which an ARP Warden, Mr. Docherty, warns them about bombs and how he imagines a pilot might accidentally release his bomb. At the end of the picnic, Uncle Phil delivers a telegram saying Isabel's husband was killed in action.
Isabel and everyone else believes the telegram, but Norman says that he can "feel it in his bones" that his father is not dead. He tells this to Cyril, who at first says it is just because he is upset, but agrees that Norman might be right, so the two boys ask Nanny McPhee to take them to the War Office in London, where Cyril and Celia's father works. There, Nanny McPhee and the boys ask Cyril and Celia's father Lord Gray, important in the War Office, what has happened to Mr. Green. At first Lord Gray sneers at Norman's disbelief at his father's death, but after Cyril blurts out that he knows his parents are getting a divorce, Lord Gray checks what has happened. While he is gone, Cyril tells Norman that he and Celia have been sent away because their parents will be splitting up, Norman asks where Cyril and Celia will live; when Cyril replies that they're parents only want to show each other off, Norman tells Cyril that he and Celia are welcome to live on the farm with the Greens. Lord Gray returns and tells Norman that his father is not dead, but is missing in action, that there is no record of a telegram being sent to his mother.
After the boys leave, Norman deduces. While the boys are at the War Office, Megsie and Vincent try to stop Isabel from signing the papers and selling the farm. Just as she is about to do so, a German pilot accidentally drops a huge bomb; when Nanny McPhee returns with Norman and Cyril, Norman accuses Phil of forgery, which he admits to, Isabel handcuffs him to the stove. The children go out to watch Mr. Docherty dismantle the bomb. Megsie takes over, succeeds with the help of the other children and Nanny McPhee's jackdaw, Mr. Edelweiss. After Nanny McPhee helps to harvest the barley with a little magic, saving Phil from Mrs. Biggles' hitwomen in the process, it is revealed that old Mrs. Docherty is in fact baby Agatha from the first film and that she remembers Nanny McPhee; as Nanny McPhee walks away from the now happy family, the children and Isabel chase after her, only to see Mr. Green, in army uniform with an injured arm, making his way to them, he runs to his family and they embrace. In the mid-credits scene, Vincent's elephant, is seen enjoying the magically operated Scratch-o-matic.
Emma Thompson as Nanny McPhee, the magical nanny who changes the lives of the Green and Gray children. Maggie Gyllenhaal as Isabel Green, the frazzled mother of Norman and Vincent. Rhys Ifans as Phil Green, Norman and Vincent's uncle who tries to sell the farm because he gambled it away at a casino. Asa Butterfield as Norman Green, the eldest of the Green children. Lil Woods as Megsie Green, the middle and only girl of the Green children. Oscar Steer as Vincent Green, the youngest of the Green children. Eros Vlahos as Cyril Gray, the spoiled cousin of Norman and Vincent, he makes friends with Norman. Rosie Taylor-Ritson as Celia Gray, the other spoiled cousin of Norman and Vincent, she becomes kinder throughout the film and makes friends with Megsie. Maggie Smith as Agatha Rose Doherty, the owner of the shop at which Mrs. Green works, she is baby Aggie from the first film grown up. Ewan McGregor as Rory Green, Isabel's husband, Phil's brother and the father of the Greens, away fighting in World War II.
Ralph Fiennes as Lord Gray and Celia's father, high up in the War Office. Sam Kelly as Mr. Algernon Doherty, Mrs. Doherty's husband, an ARP (Air Raid Prec
A stepmother is the current wife of one's natural parent, not one's biological mother. A stepmother-in-law is the step-mother of one's spouse and the wife of one's father-in-law or mother-in-law; the children of the step mother-in-law would be the person's step brothers-in-law and step sisters-in-law. Step parents may face some societal challenges due to the stigma surrounding the "evil stepmother" character. Morello notes that the introduction of the "evil step-mother" character in the past is problematic to stepparents today, as it has created a stigma towards stepmothers; the presence of this stigma can have a powerful, negative impact on stepmothers' self-esteems according to one Christian study. In fiction, stepmothers are portrayed as being wicked and evil; the character of the wicked stepmother features in fairy tales. Stepdaughters are her most common victim, stepdaughter/stepson pairs, but stepsons are victims as in The Juniper Tree—sometimes, as in East of the Sun and West of the Moon, because he refused to marry his stepsister as she wished, or, they may make their stepdaughters-in-law their victims, as in The Boys with the Golden Stars.
In some fairy tales, such as Giambattista Basile's La Gatta Cennerentola or the Danish Green Knight, the stepmother wins the marriage by ingratiating herself with the stepdaughter, once she obtains it, becomes cruel. In some fairy tales, the stepdaughter's escape by marrying does not free her from her stepmother. After the birth of the stepdaughter's first child, the stepmother may attempt to murder the new mother and replace her with her own daughter—thus making her the stepmother to the next generation; such a replacement occurs in The Wonderful Birch and Sister, The Three Little Men in the Wood. In the Korean Folktale Janghwa Hongryeon jeon, the stepmother kills her own stepdaughters. In many stories with evil stepmothers, the hostility between the stepmother and the stepchild is underscored by having the child succeed through aid from the dead mother; this motif occurs from Norse mythology, where Svipdagr rouses his mother Gróa from the grave so as to learn from her how to accomplish a task his stepmother set, to fairy tales such as the Brothers Grimm version of Cinderella, where Aschenputtel receives her clothing from a tree growing on her mother's grave, the Russian Vasilissa the Beautiful, where Vasilissa is aided by a doll her mother gave, her mother's blessing, the Malay Bawang Putih Bawang Merah, where the heroine's mother comes back as fish to protect her.
The notion of the word stepmother being descriptive of an intrinsically unkind parent is suggested by peculiar wording in John Gamble's "An Irish Wake". He writes of a woman soon to die, who instructs her successor to "be kind to my children." Gamble writes that the injunction was forgotten and that she "proved a step-mother." Fairy tales can have variants where one tale has an evil mother and the other an evil stepmother: in The Six Swans by the Brothers Grimm and in The Wild Swans by Hans Christian Andersen, the heroine is persecuted by her husband's mother and in the another one by her stepmother, in The Twelve Wild Ducks, by his stepmother. Sometimes this appears to be a deliberate switch: The Brothers Grimm, having put in their first editions versions of Snow White and Hansel and Gretel where the villain was the biological mother, altered it to a stepmother in editions to mitigate the story's violence. Another reason for the change from a villainous mother to a villainous stepmother may have been the belief that mothers were sacred, as well as the belief that people would not believe that a mother could harbor such ill-will and animosity toward their child.
The Icelandic fairy tale The Horse Gullfaxi and the Sword Gunnfoder features a good stepmother, who indeed aids the prince like a fairy godmother, but this figure is rare in fairy tales. The stepmother may be identified with other evils the characters meet. For instance, both the stepmother and the witch in Hansel and Gretel are concerned with food, the stepmother to avoid hunger, the witch with her house built of food and her desire to eat the children, when the children kill the witch and return home, their stepmother has mysteriously died; this hostility from the stepmother and tenderness from the true mother has been interpreted in varying ways. A psychological interpretation, by Bruno Bettelheim, describes it as "splitting" the actual mother in an ideal mother and a false mother that contains what the child dislikes in the actual mother; however many women died in childbirth, their husbands remarried, the new stepmothers competed with the children of the first marriage for resources. In some fairy tales, such as The Juniper Tree, the stepmother's hostility is overtly the desire to secure the inheritance of her children.
Stepmothers make many appearances in Chinese tales of family. Wicked stepmothers are common. In Classic of Filial Piety, Guo Jujing told the story of Min Ziqian, who had lost his mother at a young age, his stepmother had two more sons and saw to it that they were warmly dressed in winter but neglected her stepson. When her husband discovered this, he decided to divorce her, his son interceded, on the ground that she neglected only him, but when they had no mother, all three sons would be neglected. His father relented, the stepmother henceforth took care of all three children. For this, he was held up as a model of filial piety. Conversely, the exemplary stepmother prefers the stepson to her
Colin Andrew Firth is an English actor who has received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, two BAFTA Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival. In 2010, Firth's portrayal of King George VI in Tom Hooper's The King's Speech won him the Academy Award for Best Actor. Identified in the late 1980s with the "Brit Pack" of rising, young British actors, it was not until his portrayal of Fitzwilliam Darcy in the 1995 television adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice that he received more widespread attention; this led to roles in films, such as The English Patient, Bridget Jones's Diary, for which he was nominated for a BAFTA Award, Shakespeare in Love, Love Actually. In 2009, Firth received widespread critical acclaim for his leading role in A Single Man, for which he gained his first Academy Award nomination, won a BAFTA Award. In 2014, Firth portrayed secret agent Harry Hart in the film Kingsman: The Secret Service.
In 2018, he co-starred as William "Weatherall" Wilkins in the musical fantasy Mary Poppins Returns. His films have grossed more than $3 billion from 42 releases worldwide. In 2011, Firth received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, was selected as one of the Time 100, he was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Winchester in 2007, was made a Freeman of the City of London in 2012. He has campaigned for the rights of indigenous tribal people, is a member of Survival International. Firth has campaigned on issues of asylum seekers, refugees' rights, the environment, he commissioned and co-authored a scientific paper on a study into the differences in brain structure between people of differing political orientations. Firth was born in the village of Grayshott, Hampshire, to parents who were both academics and teachers, his mother, Shirley Jean, was a comparative religion lecturer at King Alfred's College, his father, David Norman Lewis Firth, was a history lecturer at King Alfred's and education officer for the Nigerian Government.
Firth is the eldest of three children. His maternal grandparents were Congregationalist ministers and his paternal grandfather was an Anglican priest; as a child, Firth travelled due to his parents' work, spending some years in Nigeria. He lived in St. Louis, when he was 11, which he has described as "a difficult time". On returning to England, he attended the Montgomery of Alamein Secondary School, which at the time was a state comprehensive school in Winchester, Hampshire, he was the target of bullying. To counter this, he adopted the local working class Hampshire accent and copied his schoolmates' lack of interest in schoolwork. By the time he was 14, Firth had decided to be a professional actor, having attended drama workshops from the age of 10; until further education, he was not academically inclined saying in an interview, "I didn't like school. I just thought it was boring and mediocre and nothing they taught me seemed to be of any interest at all." However, at Barton Peveril Sixth Form College in Eastleigh, he was imbued with a love of English literature by an enthusiastic teacher, Penny Edwards, has said that his two years at Barton Peveril were "among the two happiest years of my life".
After his sixth form years, Firth joined the National Youth Theatre. There, he made many contacts in the acting world, from which he got a job in the wardrobe department at the National Theatre. From there, he went on to study at Drama Centre London. Playing Hamlet in the Drama Centre end of year production, Firth was spotted by playwright Julian Mitchell, who cast him as the gay, ambitious public schoolboy Guy Bennett in the 1983 West End production of Another Country. In 1984, Firth made his film debut in the role of Tommy Judd, Guy Bennett's straight, Marxist school friend in the screen adaptation of the play; this was the start of longstanding public feud between Firth and Everett, resolved. He starred with Sir Laurence Olivier in Lost Empires, a TV adaptation of J. B. Priestley's novel. In 1987, Firth along with other up and coming British actors such as Tim Roth, Bruce Payne and Paul McGann were dubbed the'Brit Pack'; that same year, he appeared alongside Kenneth Branagh in the film version of J. L. Carr's A Month in the Country.
Sheila Johnston observed a theme in his early works of playing those traumatised by war. Firth portrayed real-life British soldier Robert Lawrence MC in the 1988 BBC dramatisation Tumbledown. Lawrence was injured at the Battle of Mount Tumbledown during the Falklands War, the film details his struggles to adjust to his disability whilst confronted with indifference from the government and the public; the film attracted controversy at the time, with criticism coming from left and right ends of the political spectrum. Firth's performance led to a Royal TV Society Best Actor Award and he was nominated for the 1989 BAFTA Television Award. In 1989, he played the title role based on Les Liaisons dangereuses; this did not make a big impact in comparison. The same year, he played a paranoid awkward character in Argentinian psychological thriller Apartment Zero. Firth became a household name through his role as the aloof and haughty aristocrat Mr. Darcy in the 1995 BBC television adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. is an American media company, involved in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs. One of the world's oldest film studios, MGM's headquarters are located at 245 North Beverly Drive in Beverly Hills, California. MGM was founded in 1924 when the entertainment entrepreneur Marcus Loew gained control of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, Louis B. Mayer Pictures. In 1971, it was announced that MGM was to merge with 20th Century Fox, but the plan never came to fruition. Over the next 39 years, the studio was bought and sold at various points in its history until, on November 3, 2010, MGM filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. MGM emerged from bankruptcy on December 20, 2010, at which time the executives of Spyglass Entertainment, Gary Barber and Roger Birnbaum, became co-chairmen and co-CEOs of the holding company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; as of 2017, MGM co-produces, co-finances, co-distributes a majority of its films with Sony Pictures, Paramount Pictures and Warner Bros.
MGM Resorts International, a Las Vegas-based hotel and casino company listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol "MGM", was created in 1973 as a division of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. The company was spun out in 1979, with the studio's owner Kirk Kerkorian maintaining a large share, but it ended all affiliation with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1986. MGM was the last studio to convert to sound pictures, but in spite of this fact, from the end of the silent film era through the late 1950s, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was the dominant motion picture studio in Hollywood. Always slow to respond to the changing legal and demographic nature of the motion picture industry during the 1950s and 1960s, although at times its films did well at the box office, the studio lost significant amounts of money throughout the 1960s. In 1966, MGM was sold to Canadian investor Edgar Bronfman Sr. whose son Edgar Jr. would buy Universal Studios. Three years an unprofitable MGM was bought by Kirk Kerkorian, who slashed staff and production costs, forced the studio to produce low-budget fare, shut down theatrical distribution in 1973.
The studio continued to produce five to six films a year that were released through other studios United Artists. Kerkorian did, commit to increased production and an expanded film library when he bought United Artists in 1981. MGM ramped up internal production, as well as keeping production going at UA, which included the lucrative James Bond film franchise, it incurred significant amounts of debt to increase production. The studio took on additional debt as a series of owners took charge in early 1990s. In 1986, Ted Turner bought MGM, but a few months sold the company back to Kerkorian to recoup massive debt, while keeping the library assets for himself; the series of deals left MGM more in debt. MGM was bought by Pathé Communications in 1990, but Parretti lost control of Pathé and defaulted on the loans used to purchase the studio; the French banking conglomerate Crédit Lyonnais, the studio's major creditor took control of MGM. More in debt, MGM was purchased by a joint venture between Kerkorian, producer Frank Mancuso, Australia's Seven Network in 1996.
The debt load from these and subsequent business deals negatively affected MGM's ability to survive as a separate motion picture studio. After a bidding war which included Time Warner and General Electric, MGM was acquired on September 23, 2004, by a partnership consisting of Sony Corporation of America, Texas Pacific Group, Providence Equity Partners, other investors. In 1924, movie theater magnate Marcus Loew had a problem, he had bought Metro Pictures Corporation in 1919 for a steady supply of films for his large Loew's Theatres chain. With Loew's lackluster assortment of Metro films, Loew purchased Goldwyn Pictures in 1924 to improve the quality. However, these purchases created a need for someone to oversee his new Hollywood operations, since longtime assistant Nicholas Schenck was needed in New York headquarters to oversee the 150 theaters. Approached by Louis B. Mayer, Loew addressed the situation by buying Louis B. Mayer Pictures on April 17, 1924. Mayer became head of the renamed Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, with Irving Thalberg as head of production.
MGM produced more than 100 feature films in its first two years. In 1925, MGM released the extravagant and successful Ben-Hur, taking a $4.7 million profit that year, its first full year. In 1925, MGM, Paramount Pictures and UFA formed a joint German distributor, Parufamet; when Samuel Goldwyn left he sued over the use of his name. Marcus Loew died in 1927, control of Loew's passed to Nicholas Schenck. In 1929, William Fox of Fox Film Corporation bought the Loew family's holdings with Schenck's assent. Mayer and Thalberg disagreed with the decision. Mayer was active in the California Republican Party and used his political connections to persuade the Justice Department to delay final approval of the deal on antitrust grounds. During this time, in the summer of 1929, Fox was badly hurt in an automobile accident. By the time he recovered, the stock market crash in the fall of 1929 had nearly wiped Fox out and ended any chance of the Loew's merger going through. Schenck and Mayer had never gotten along, the abortive Fox merger increased the animosity between the two men.
From the outset, MGM tapped into the audience's need for sophistication. Having inherited few big names from their predecessor companies and Thalberg began at once