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Naoto Kan

Naoto Kan is a Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan and President of the Democratic Party of Japan from June 2010 to September 2011. Kan was the first Prime Minister since the resignation of Junichiro Koizumi in 2006 to serve for more than one year, with his predecessors Yukio Hatoyama, Tarō Asō, Yasuo Fukuda, Shinzō Abe either resigning prematurely or losing an election. On 26 August 2011, Kan announced his resignation. Yoshihiko Noda was elected as his successor. On 1 August 2012, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced Kan would be one of the members of the UN high-level panel on the post-2015 development agenda. Kan was born in Yamaguchi, as the son of Hisao Kan, an executive for a glass manufacturer, he graduated in 1970 from the Tokyo Institute of Technology and became a licensed benrishi in 1971. After graduating from college, Kan worked at a patent office for four years, he engaged in civic grassroots movements for years and served on election campaign staff for Fusae Ichikawa, a women's rights activist.

After having lost in the 1976 and 1979 general elections and 1977 Upper House election, Kan achieved a seat in the lower house in 1980 as a member of the Socialist Democratic Federation. He gained national popularity in 1996, when serving as the Minister of Health and Welfare, admitting the government's responsibility for the spread of HIV-tainted blood in the 1980s and directly apologized to victims. At that time, he was a member of a small party forming the ruling coalition with the Liberal Democratic Party, his frank action was unprecedented and was applauded by the media and the public. In 1998, his image was affected by allegations of an affair, vigorously denied by both parties, with a television newscaster and media consultant, Yūko Tonomoto. After Yukio Hatoyama resigned as the leader of the Democratic Party of Japan, Kan again took over the position. In July 2003, the DPJ and the Liberal Party led by Ichirō Ozawa agreed to form a united opposition party to prepare for the general election, anticipated to take place in the fall.

During the campaign of the election of 2003, the DPJ called the election as the choice of the government between the ruling LDP-bloc and the DPJ, with Kan being presented as the alternative candidate to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi. His face was used as the trademark of the campaign against the LDP. However, in 2004 Kan again resigned the position of leader. On 10 May 2004, he announced his resignation and made the Shikoku Pilgrimage; the Ministry of Health and Welfare spokesman apologized, saying the unpaid record was due to an administrative error. In mid-October 2005, who turned 60 in 2006, proposed the creation of a new political party to be called the "Dankai Party"; the initial intent of the party was to offer places of activity for the Japanese baby boomers – 2.7 million of whom began to retire en masse in 2007. He believes the Japan Self-Defense Forces should play a more prominent role on the international stage. On 6 January 2010, he was picked by Yukio Hatoyama to be the new finance minister, assuming the post in addition to deputy prime minister.

He replaced Hirohisa Fujii as finance minister. In his first news conference, Kan announced his priority was stimulating growth and took the unusual step of naming a specific dollar-yen level as optimal to help exporters and stimulate the economy: "There are a lot of voices in the business world saying that around ¥95 is appropriate in terms of trade". Hatoyama appeared to rebuke Kan. "When it comes to foreign exchange, stability is desirable and rapid moves are undesirable. The government shouldn't comment on foreign exchange," he told reporters. On 2 June 2010, Yukio Hatoyama announced his intention to resign as the leader of the Democratic Party of Japan and as prime minister saying that he had urged his backer in the party, Ichirō Ozawa, to resign as Secretary General; the Cabinet resigned en masse on 4 June. Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada and Land and Transport Minister Seiji Maehara, though once considered to be possible successors to Hatoyama, announced their support for Naoto Kan. Kan, at his age of 63, won the leadership of the DPJ with 291 votes to 129, defeating a unknown Ozawa-backed legislator Shinji Tarutoko, 50, leading the environmental policy committee in the lower house of the Diet.

Subsequently, on 4 June, Kan was designated prime minister by the Diet. On 8 June, Emperor Akihito formally appointed Kan as the country's 94th prime minister, the 29th postwar prime minister, his cabinet was formed on the day. Kan's approval ratings fell in the month of June after he proposed an increase in the sales tax rate from 5% to 10%, his sales tax increase proposal was opposed by Ichirō Ozawa, amongst others in the DPJ, the proposal was scaled back by Kan. The botched sales tax increase proposal was blamed for the DPJ's disappointing results in the July House of Councillors election, where the DPJ lost its majority and was forced to work with smaller, unaffiliated parties in order to secure passage of bills in the House of Councillors. In August, Kan apologised to the Republic of Korea on the 100th anniversary of the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty. Ozawa challenged Kan's leadership of the DPJ in September. Although it was believed that Ozawa had a slight edge among DPJ members of parliament, in the final vote Kan garnered the support of 206 DPJ lawmakers to Ozawa's 200.

Local rank-and-file party members and activists overwhelmingly supported Kan, according to opinion polls the wider Japanese public preferred Kan to Oz

London flu

In December 1972 reports began to circulate of cases of'London Flu' throughout the United States.'London Flu' was a particular form of Influenza caused by an influenza virus which had first been identified in India in 1971, but was first identified as a distinct strain in England early in 1972. On 14 December it was reported by the federal Center for Disease Control that there were cases in five states: Memphis, Kansas City, Baltimore and Seattle. By 22 December, it was described as a variant of Hong-Kong flu,'A-England 72' with outbreaks in 2 colleges in South Massachusetts. By 29 December it was reported as present in 14 states, with'thousands' of cases, with San Francisco Bay the latest to be hit. On the next day a further state was reported to be affected. A TV report on 8 January 1973 announced that 18 states were affected, in the United Kingdom there had been over 1,000 deaths. On 13 January the New York Times announced that the CDC considered that the outbreak exceeded epidemic level, with California hard hit.

On 3 February, London flu deaths in the US reached 1,027, according to the National Center for Disease Control, nearing the previous year's death toll for Hong Kong flu. The World Health Organization reported outbreaks in the Soviet Union, the Netherlands, Switzerland and Lebanon, with localised outbreaks in four other countries. Subsequent statistical analysis indicated that by the following season, influenza type B was predominating over type A strains by a factor approaching 4:1

Reuben Meade

Reuben Theodore Meade is a retired politician from Montserrat who served as the island's first Premier between 2010 and 2014. He served as Chief Minister between 1996 and 1999 and 2009 to 2010. A member of the Movement for Change and Prosperity, he led the now-defunct National Progressive Party, he launched his election campaign on 28 July 2009. His party won the majority, garnering six of the nine seats up for grabs, while former chief minister Dr Lowell Lewis and two other independents took the remaining seats. Meade was congratulated by his political opponent and said that the revival of the economy of Montserrat would be his main priority; the 2014 elections saw the defeat of the MCAP. Meade finished seventh in the vote total, retaining his seat in the Legislative Assembly