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The term narcotic referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties, euphoric properties as well. In the United States, it has since become associated with opiates and opioids morphine and heroin, as well as derivatives of many of the compounds found within raw opium latex; the primary three are morphine and thebaine. Speaking, the term "narcotic" is imprecisely defined and has negative connotations; when used in a legal context in the U. S. a narcotic drug is one, prohibited, such as heroin, or one, used in violation of governmental regulation. In the medical community, the term is more defined and does not carry the same negative connotations. Statutory classification of a drug as a narcotic increases the penalties for violation of drug control statutes. For example, although federal law classifies both cocaine and amphetamines as "Schedule II" drugs, the penalty for possession of cocaine is greater than the penalty for possession of amphetamines because cocaine, unlike amphetamines, is classified as a narcotic.

The adoption of this Convention is regarded as a milestone in the history of international drug ban. The Single Convention codified all existing multilateral treaties on drug control and extended the existing control systems to include the cultivation of plants that were grown as the raw material of narcotic drugs; the principal objectives of the Convention are to limit the possession, trade, import, export and production of drugs to medical and scientific purposes, to address drug trafficking through international cooperation to deter and discourage drug traffickers. The Convention established the International Narcotics Control Board, merging the Permanent Central Board and the Drug Supervisory Board; the 1961 Convention seeks to control more than 116 drugs. These include: plant-based products such as opium and its derivatives morphine and heroin; the Convention divides drugs into four groups, or schedules, in order to enforce a greater or lesser degree of control for the various substances and compounds.

Opium smoking and eating, coca leaf chewing, cannabis resin smoking and the non-medical use of cannabis are prohibited. The 1972 Protocol to this Convention calls for increased efforts to prevent illicit production of, traffic in and use of narcotics as defined by the Convention, while highlighting the need to provide treatment and rehabilitation services to drug abusers; this document contains the current list of narcotic drugs under international control and additional information to assist governments in filling in the International Narcotics Control Board questionnaires related to narcotic drugs, form A, form B and form C. In medicine, a chemical agent that induces coma, or insensibility to pain. In the context of international drug control, “narcotic drug” means any drug defined as such under the 1961 Convention. 4. Assessment of the definitions of counterfeit medicines in Member States 4.2 The nature of legal definitions: the unambiguity requirement In order to avoid room for difference in interpretation, lawmakers sometimes deviate from etymological definitions.

In doing so, they approach the term from the law enforcement point of view. The best example is the definition of narcotics in the United Nations Conventions. Narcotics are substances and preparations that induce drowsiness, stupor, etc. and that these effects are complicated to prove, e.g. during litigation. Thus, the legal definition of a narcotic is whether or not it is listed on the Schedules of the Convention. If it is on some of the Schedules, it is narcotic; the term refers to opiates or opioids, which are called narcotic analgesics. In common parlance and legal usage, it is used imprecisely to mean illicit drugs, irrespective of their pharmacology. For example, narcotics control legislation in Canada, USA, certain other countries includes cocaine and cannabis as well as opioids; because of this variation in usage, the term is best replaced by one with a more specific meaning. Section 1300.01 Definitions relating to controlled substances: As used in parts 1301 through 1308 and part 1312 of this chapter, the following terms shall have the meanings specified: The term narcotic drug means any of the following whether produced directly or indirectly by extraction from substances of vegetable origin or independently by means of chemical synthesis or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis: Opium, derivatives of opium and opiates, including their isomers, ethers and salts of isomers and ethers whenever the existence of such isomers, esters and salts is possible within the specific chemical designation.

Such term does not include the isoquinoline alkaloids of opium. Poppy straw and concentrate of poppy straw. Coca leaves, except coca leaves and extracts of coca leaves from which cocaine and derivatives of ecgonine or their salts have been removed. Cocaine, its salts and geometric isomers, salts of isomers. Ecgonine, its derivatives, their salts and salts of isomers. Any compound, mixture, or prepara

Ike Woods

Ike Woods was an Australian rules footballer who played with Geelong in the Victorian Football League. A full-forward, small in stature, Woods was capable from outside 50 and became known for his accurate place kicks. Woods debuted late in the 1901 VFL season. By the end of the year he had made five appearances, the last of, a semi-final loss to Collingwood, he topped Geelong's goal-kicking for the first time in 1902, with 16 goals, despite only appearing in the opening eight rounds. In 1903 he played every game and kicked a club high 34 goals, six of them in a win over Essendon at Corio Oval; that season he missed out on winning the VFL Leading Goal-kicker Award by one goal, to Collingwood's Teddy Lockwood. He was Geelong's top goal-kicker with 20 goals and 19 goals respectively, his season ended after eight rounds in 1906, omitted from the team for "inattention to practice". He left for Victorian Football Association club Prahran in 1907. Ike Woods's playing statistics from AFL Tables

Black & Blue Tour

The Black & Blue World Tour was a worldwide concert tour by the Backstreet Boys in support of their fourth album Black & Blue and took place in 2001. The first leg of the tour kicked off January 2001 in the United States; the second leg began June 8 in the group's hometown of Orlando and was temporarily put on hold July 9, in order for group member A. J. McLean to seek treatment for clinical depression which led to anxiety attacks and the excessive consumption of alcohol; the tour resumed August 24 in Milwaukee and wrapped up October 19 in Paradise, Nevada. The Boys continued their tour around the world before it came to a close by the end of 2001, it grossed over US $315 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing concert tour by an artist in general of the year. The tour was sponsored by Kellogg's and Polaroid. On September 11, 2001, band member Brian Littrell's wife Leighanne and the band's crew member Daniel Lee were scheduled to fly from Boston, where the group played their fifth sold-out show the night before, back to Los Angeles aboard American Airlines Flight 11.

Leighanne Littrell canceled her flight the night before as she wanted to spend more time with her husband, but Lee was one of 92 people killed aboard Flight 11 after it was hijacked and crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. Near the end of the concert in Toronto on September 12, 2001, Littrell gave a brief speech about crew member Daniel Lee, on board American Airlines Flight 11, hijacked and deliberately crashed into the North Tower of the World Trade Center on 9/11, led the entire audience in a moment of silence for Lee and all those who died that day. Myra Krystal Harris Destiny's Child Shaggy Sisqó The following songs were performed on March 23, 24, 25, 2001 at Foro Sol, Mexico City, it does not represent all concerts on the tour. "Everyone" "Larger than Life" "Shining Star" "What Makes You Different" "Yes I Will" "More than That" "I Want It That Way" "Not for Me" "Show Me the Meaning of Being Lonely" "Quit Playing Games" "As Long as You Love Me" "I'll Never Break Your Heart" "I Promise You" "How Did I Fall in Love with You" "Time" "The Answer to Our Life" "All I Have to Give" "If You Stay" "Everybody" "Get Another Boyfriend" "The Call"Encore "Shape of My Heart" Festivals and other miscellaneous performances A Wango Tango B The Concert for New York City C United We Stand: What More Can I GiveCancellations and rescheduled shows Lead Vocals: Kevin Richardson, Brian Littrell, Howie Dorough, Nick Carter, AJ McLean Tour Director: Tour Manager: Paul'Skip' Rickert Assistant Tour Manager: Tim Krieg Co-Director: Denise McLean Co-Director: Nicole Peltz Press Liaison: Leila Eminson Tour Accountant: Vincent Corry Staff Photographer: Andre Csillig Musical Director: Costume Design: Jill Focke, Kerstin'Kiki' Theileis, Janine Schreiber Choreographer: Fatima Robinson Assistant Choreographer: Richard "Swoop" Whitebear* Web Master: Leigh Dorough * Billy Evans: Nick's Security Tom LeBrun: Head of Security/Brian's Security Marc Preston: Howie's Security Marcus Johnson: AJ's Security Carlos Cardenas: Kevin's Security John "Q" Elgani: Security Keyboards: Darrell Smith, Dave Delhomme Guitars: Andy Abad, Tariqh akoni Percussion: Raymon Yslas Bass: Sam Sims Drums: Teddy Campbell Shannon Lopez Earl "Sleepy" Manning* Michelle Molchanov Reginald "Reggie" Jackson* Lisa Fraser Richmond "Rich" Talauega** Anthony "Tone" Talauega** Nikki Tuazon Earl "Punch" Wright Russell WrightInfo indicates which dancer appear in the last tour Rich and Tone choreograph the Boys' reminding tours: Never Gone, IAWLT and their Vegas residency Leigh, dating Howie at the time became his wife in 2007 after six years of dating since meeting in December 6, 2000

Jonathan Tiernan-Locke

Jonathan Tiernan-Locke is a British former professional road racing cyclist who last raced for UCI ProTeam Team Sky in 2013. Tiernan-Locke's major breakthrough came from winning four stage races during the 2012 UCI Europe Tour, including the Tour of Britain, while riding for Endura Racing. In 2014, his 2012 Tour of Britain win was stripped following the identification of anomalies in his biological passport data from around the time of that race, he was banned from competition until the end of 2015. Tiernan-Locke started mountain bike racing at the age of 15 before taking up road racing in 2003 when he was 18, he progressed from 4th Category to 1st Category in a matter of months and for 2004 was offered the chance to ride for the French Amateur team U. V. Aube. Within 18 months he was selected for the British U23 National team, competing in the Under-23 road race at the 2004 UCI Road World Championships in Verona and joined the French team CC Étupes for 2005, his impact was immediate, with a win in GP de Rocheville, podiums on all ten of his first ten races.

Months his health deteriorated and he was diagnosed with Epstein-Barr virus. Forced to stop racing altogether, he spent the next three years studying for a degree in product design at the University of the West of England, but did not graduate. After recovering his health he started racing again in 2008 but his season was once more disrupted after he was knocked off his bike by a horse while competing in a Surrey League race and suffered injuries including a broken collarbone and nose. In 2009 he got the chance to return to the pro ranks with the Plowman Craven-Madison team, but once again misfortune struck as the team folded mid season and Jonathan returned to working in a bike shop. In 2010 he was offered the opportunity to ride with Rapha Condor–Sharp for the 2011 season, he won the mountains classification and finished fifth in the general classification in the Tour of Britain. Tiernan-Locke moved to Endura Racing for the 2012 season. At the start of the year he won the Tour Méditerranéen, the Tour du Haut Var, with those results gaining him the lead of the UCI Europe Tour.

Tiernan-Locke placed second to Movistar Team's Nairo Quintana in the Vuelta a Murcia. He suffered a fractured collarbone at the Lincoln Grand Prix in May, but returned to cycling at June's Route du Sud, finishing 22nd overall. In July he won the Tour Alsace overall as well as two stages during the event. Tiernan-Locke led Endura at the Tour of Britain, he finished second to Caerphilly mountain, to take the lead of the race. He held the lead until the end of the race, becoming the first British rider to win a British cycling tour since 1993. Tiernan-Locke represented Great Britain at the road world championships finishing 19th, he further enhanced his reputation by staying in contention with the world class field until the final climb. On 4 October 2012, it was announced that Tiernan-Locke would join UCI ProTeam Team Sky on a two-year contract from the 2013 season onwards. Tiernan-Locke withdrew from the road world championships on 29 September 2013 because of a potential discrepancy in his biological passport data.

He was suspended from racing for Team Sky or taking part in any training activities until he had faced an anti-doping hearing. In July 2014, his ban was announced by the UCI, banning him until 31 December 2015 and stripping his 2012 Tour of Britain and World Championship results. Team Sky terminated his contract. In August 2014, UK Anti-Doping upheld the ban, accepting Tiernan-Locke's claim that he had indulged in binge drinking two days before the positive test but rejecting his contention that he had not rehydrated by the time of the test, given that he was tested on the eve of the 2012 World Championship road race, where he finished 19th. Tiernan-Locke subsequently expressed an interest in returning to professional cycling after the end of his ban. In January 2016, following the end of his ban, Tiernan-Locke indicated that he would return to racing as an independent, rather than with a team, he subsequently expressed dissatisfaction with being awarded a second-category racing licence for his return to competition, after having raced with an elite-level licence from 2003 until his ban.

Tiernan-Locke confirmed that he would ride for the Saint Piran team, which he had co-founded. He finished second on his return to racing in the Primavera Road Race in February 2016, subsequently won the Modbury Spring Road Race in March. In April 2016, he told Cycling Weekly that "I'm realistic that it's a hobby these days, I'm getting by on 10 hours a week training. Realistically, I'm riding at a good level and I'm happy with that". On 24 April 2015 Tiernan-Locke was charged for drunk driving. Analysis of a blood sample found 204 milligrams of alcohol per 100 millilitres of blood, he was sentenced at a magistrates court to a 17-month driving ban. Jonathan Tiernan-Locke at Cycling Archives

Universal polar stereographic coordinate system

The universal polar stereographic coordinate system is used in conjunction with the universal transverse Mercator coordinate system to locate positions on the surface of the earth. Like the UTM coordinate system, the UPS coordinate system uses a metric-based cartesian grid laid out on a conformally projected surface. UPS covers the Earth's polar regions the areas north of 84°N and south of 80°S, which are not covered by the UTM grids, plus an additional 30 minutes of latitude extending into UTM grid to provide some overlap between the two systems. In the polar regions, directions can become complicated, with all geographic north–south lines converging at the poles; the difference between UPS grid north and true north can therefore be anything up to 180°—in some places, grid north is true south, vice versa. UPS grid north is arbitrarily defined as being along the prime meridian in the Antarctic and the 180th meridian in the Arctic; as the name indicates, the UPS system uses a stereographic projection.

The projection used in the system is a secant version based on an elliptical model of the earth. The scale factor at each pole is adjusted to 0.994 so that the latitude of true scale is 81.11451786859362545° North and South. The scale factor inside the regions at latitudes higher than this parallel is too small, whereas the regions at latitudes below this line have scale factors that are too large, reaching 1.0016 at 80° latitude. The scale factor at the origin is adjusted to minimize the overall distortion of scale within the mapped region; as with the Mercator projection, the region near the tangent point on a Stereographic map remains close to true scale for an angular distance of a few degrees. In the ellipsoidal model, a stereographic projection tangent to the pole has a scale factor of less than 1.003 at 84° latitude and 1.008 at 80° latitude. The adjustment of the scale factor in the UPS projection reduces the average scale distortion over the entire zone. Snyder, John P.. Map Projections – A Working Manual.

U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1395. United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. Defense Mapping Agency Technical Manual 8358.1 Datums, Ellipsoids and Grid Reference Systems. Defense Mapping Agency. 1990. TM8358.2: The Universal Grids: Universal Transverse Mercator and Universal Polar Stereographic. Defense Mapping Agency. 18 September 1989. Retrieved 7 March 2010. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Geospatial Sciences Publications GeographicLib provides a utility GeoConvert for conversions between geographic, UTM, UPS, MGRS. Here is an online version of GeoConvert

List of airports in the Montreal area

The following active airports serve the area around Montreal, Canada, lying underneath or adjacent to Montreal's terminal control area: Montréal-Trudeau, handles the scheduled passenger service for Montreal. Mirabel also handled scheduled passenger service, but it has been discontinued and the airport is little used. Saint-Hubert is the major general aviation reliever for the city, though Trudeau sees a lot of general aviation traffic. Plattsburgh International Airport in Plattsburgh, New York, 97 km from Montreal, promotes itself as "Montreal's U. S. airport". It is closer than Trudeau to the South Shore. More than 80% of passengers departing the airport are Canadian