click links in text for more info

Nash Bridges

Nash Bridges is an American police crime drama television series created by Carlton Cuse starring Don Johnson and Cheech Marin as two Inspectors with the San Francisco Police Department's Special Investigations Unit. The series ran for six seasons on CBS from March 29, 1996, to May 4, 2001, for a total of 122 episodes. Nash Bridges debuted on March 1996 on the CBS television network; the show starred Don Johnson as the eponymous Nash Bridges, an inspector with the San Francisco Police Department's elite "Special Investigations Unit". As the show begins, he's in his 40s, twice-divorced, dealing with a feisty teenage daughter, Cassidy. Nash convinces retired Inspector Joe Dominguez to return to the force to partner with him. Nash and Joe cruise the streets of San Francisco in Nash's "curious yellow" 1971 Plymouth Barracuda convertible, a gift from Nash's brother Bobby just before Bobby left for the Vietnam War. Bobby Bridges was reported as MIA, but turns up in the season 3 episode'Revelations,' played by Jan-Michael Vincent.

Nash's father Nick suffers from mild dementia and has a habit of getting kicked out of nursing homes. He moves in with Nash, is involved in comic subplots. Aiding Nash in his police work is the technically savvy Harvey Leek, a middle-aged "Deadhead", young, hotheaded Evan Cortez, who has an off-and-on, stormy relationship with Cassidy. In seasons, other inspectors and supporting characters were added to and subtracted from the cast. For the first sixteen episodes, the commander of the SIU was Lieutenant A. J. Shimamura, a character, said to have returned to his native Hawaii after failing to be promoted to captain. Shimamura's departure opened the door for Bridges to be promoted to captain and given command of the SIU. Don Johnson as Inspector/Acting Lieutenant/Captain Nash Bridges: Nash is a seasoned police Inspector in his 40s, with a lifelong devotion to the SFPD. He's got a photographic memory and a tendency to call everyone "Bubba" or "Sister." His personal life isn't as balanced as his professional one, starting with his two divorces and a strained relationship with both his aged father and a feisty daughter.

An amateur magician with a talent for handcuff tricks, Don Johnson is the only member of the cast to appear in all 122 episodes of the series. Cheech Marin as Inspector/Lieutenant Joe Dominguez: At the start of the series, Insp. Dominguez is talked out of retirement to partner with Nash, he is married to a statuesque Swedish woman and together they have a daughter, a son, JJ. Dominguez's character is light-hearted making witty, off-the-cuff observations at crime scenes, he has a penchant for getting involved in get-rich quick schemes having to be rescued by Nash. The details of Nash & Dominguez's relationship is revealed during the course of the series: As a young cop with a bright future, Dominguez ruined his reputation by being busted for a DUI; the only person to stand by him was his partner at the time revealed to be Nash. In seasons, Nash & Joe form a private detective agency to make extra money. James Gammon as Nick Bridges: Nash's retired longshoreman father who lives with him, he sometimes gets into some minor trouble.

He tends to get involved in Joe Dominguez's get-rich-quick schemes. Nick suffers from light dementia, that affectation was dealt with thoughtfully throughout the series. A source of conflict between him and his son was the character's preference for his older son, Bobby Bridges, over Nash. Jodi Lyn O'Keefe as Officer Cassidy Bridges: Nash's 20-something daughter who aspired to be an actress. Cassidy had a tough relationship with Evan that had them reconciling and about to marry, before Evan was killed; this inspired Cassidy to join the SFPD after his death. She was assigned to the SIU as a plain-clothes officer, under her father's command, something that most would not happen in real life. By the end of the series, Cassidy relocated to Paris to be with her mother. Jeff Perry as Inspector Harvey Leek: A die-hard Grateful Dead fan with a technical background, his wife left him after a 1/2 years of marriage because of his commitment to police work. Best friend to Evan and one of Nash's team, passionate about his'72 Ford Ranchero.

The Ranchero is seen in the series as as Nash's Barracuda until the car was irreparably damaged in a shootout near the end of the fifth season. Jaime P. Gomez as Inspector Evan Cortez: Best friend to Harvey and the youngest partner of Nash, who suggested he rejoin working with Joe at the beginning of the series. Evan reminded Nash of, he had a stormy relationship with Cassidy, which after many ups and downs, ended when he was killed in the line of duty. Evan was engaged to her for a Las Vegas wedding. Previous to that, Evan went through a painful period during the fifth season after his breakup with Cassidy and the loss of his job as a drunk on a downward spiral. With Joe's intervention and his own participation in a 12-Step Alcoholics Anonymous program, the character became a Christian and recovering alcoholic. Jaime Gomez appeared in all but six episodes of the series' first five seasons. Annette O'Toole as Lisa Bridges: A caterer by trade, she is Nash's ex-wife and mother of Cassidy, she moved to Paris.

Serena Scott Thomas as Kelly Bridges a socia

Isaac Mitchell (trade unionist)

Isaac Haig Mitchell was a Scottish trade unionist. Born in Roxburghshire, Mitchell remained in school as a pupil-teacher after his classmates left to start work, he completed an apprenticeship in engineering and moved to Newcastle upon Tyne to find work. There, he joined the Amalgamated Society of Engineers, was elected as its delegate to Newcastle Trades Council. Through this, he worked with John Burns in supporting a railway strike. In about 1892, Michell moved to New York City, he joined the Socialist Labor Party of America, the Theosophical Society. He moved back to Galashiels in Scotland in 1894, where he founded a branch of the Independent Labour Party moved on to Glasgow, where he was the ASE's delegate to the Trades Union Congress, he was elected to the Parliamentary Committee of the TUC in 1898, in 1899 became the first general secretary of the General Federation of Trade Unions. In contrast to other leading figures in the GFTU, Mitchell focused on conciliation and attracting new member unions to affiliate.

The Joint Board of the TUC, GFTU and Labour Representation Committee was formed in 1905, Mitchell became its joint secretary. Mitchell was politically active. In 1904, he was elected as a Progressive Party alderman on London County Council, he stood unsuccessfully for the LRC in Darlington at the 1906 general election, although he was only narrowly defeated. In 1907, Mitchell accepted an offer to work as an adviser to the Board of Trade, resigning all his trade union and political offices, he became known as "Haig Mitchell", drew a distinction with his past by growing a beard. He remained with the Board and its successor, the Ministry of Labour until his retirement in 1932, by which time he was the Chief Conciliator, he was notably supportive of increases in the salaries of trade union leaders, led initial investigations into the Clyde Workers' Committee, informing David Lloyd George that the Socialist Labour Party was centrally involved

1985 Swiss referendums

Twelve referendums were held in Switzerland in 1985. The first four were held on 10 March on abolishing primary school fees, abolishing the government contribution to healthcare spending, a federal resolution on education fees and a popular initiative on extending paid leave; the next set of four was held on 9 June on the "right to life" popular initiative, abolishing the cantonal share of profits from banks' stamp duty, a federal resolution on the taxation raised from the sale of spirits, the abolition of grants for the self-supply of breadstuffs. A further three referendums were held on 22 September on a popular initiative to co-ordinate the start of the school year, a federal resolution on giving small and medium enterprises an advantage in cases on innovations, amendments to the Swiss Civil Code; the final referendum was held on 1 December on a popular initiative to ban vivisection, rejected

Spanish cruiser Don Juan de Austria

Don Juan de Austria was a Velasco-class unprotected cruiser of the Spanish Navy that fought in the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish–American War. Don Juan de Austria was built at the naval shipyard at Spain, her keel was laid in 1883 and the ship was launched on 23 January 1887. The cruiser was completed in 1888 or 1889, she had one rather tall funnel. The vessel was rigged as a barque; when the Spanish–American War broke out in April 1898, Don Juan de Austria part of the Pacific Squadron of Rear Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón in Manila Bay. At 1100 hours on 25 April 1898, Don Juan de Austria and five other ships of the squadron set out for Subic Bay, where Montojo hoped to take advantage of minefields and shore batteries in the event of an attack by U. S. Navy forces on his squadron. Arriving there, Montojo found that few of the mines had been laid and the shore batteries had not yet been mounted. At 1030 hours on 29 April 1898, Don Juan de Austria and Montojo's other ships departed Subic Bay to return to Manila Bay, where shore batteries could support Montojo's squadron and where the shallow water might reduce the loss of life if the Spanish ships were sunk.

The squadron anchored that day in Cañacao Bay off Sangley Point, in the lee of the Cavite Peninsula, about eight miles southeast of Manila. Don Juan de Austria made a quick trip to Manila to procure small craft, such as lighters, small boats, barges, to be tied up alongside cruiser Castilla to protect her wooden hull from hostile gunfire; when the U. S. Navy's Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey attacked, early on the morning of 1 May 1898 in the Battle of Manila Bay, Don Juan de Austria was at the extreme end of Montojo's line and at 0445 hours was the first Spanish ship to sight the approaching American warships. Dewey's squadron made a series of slow firing passes at the Spanish squadron. Don Juan de Austria got underway in an unsuccessful attempt to close with the American warships. Although suffering increasing damage as more and more American shells struck her, she came to the aid of Castilla when Castilla was burning out of control and had to be abandoned; when Montojo's flagship, unprotected cruiser Reina Cristina was knocked out of action, Dewey's squadron concentrated its fire on Don Juan de Austria.

With her hull riddled and her steering wrecked, she was scuttled in shallow water, coming to rest on the bottom with her upper works above water. After the battle, a boarding party from gunboat USS Petrel went aboard and set the wreck of Don Juan de Austria on fire. After the war, the U. S. Navy raised and salvaged Don Juan de Austria and commissioned her into the U. S. Navy in 1900 as gunboat USS Don Juan de Austria. Chesneau and Eugene M. Kolesnik, Eds. Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1860–1905. New York, New York: Mayflower Books Inc. 1979. ISBN 0-8317-0302-4. Nofi, Albert A; the Spanish–American War, 1898. Conshohocken, Pennsylvania:Combined Books, Inc. 1996. ISBN 0-938289-57-8; the Spanish–American War Centennial Website: Don Juan de Austria Department of the Navy: Naval Historical Center: Online Library of Selected Images: Spanish Navy Ships: Don Juan de Austria

National Independent Automobile Dealers Association

The National Independent Automobile Dealers Association was founded in 1946, serves as the representative body for over 38,000 used vehicle dealers in the United States. It is the only national level non-profit organization representing the independent motor vehicle industry, it is headquartered in Texas. In 1946, the National Used Car Dealers Association was founded in Chicago, Illinois to lobby for the repeal of the rationing of tires and automotive parts following the end of World War II. After success in Washington in 1947, the NUCDA published a used car dealer "code of ethics." The following year, the headquarters was moved to Michigan. In 1950, suppliers and vendors were featured at the annual NUCDA convention; the NUCDA changed its name to the National Independent Automobile Dealers Association in 1955. During this name change, the NIADA had 2000 members, but continued to grow in size, boasting 7000 members in 1977. In 1975, the NIADA once again moved its headquarters to North Carolina. Lobbying efforts were again strengthened in 1979 when members of the NIADA donated $55,000 to fight against trade rule legislation.

By the 2000s, the NIADA had grown to over 20,000 members. The NIADA states that its mission is to advance both the independent motor vehicle dealer and the consumer by providing relevant information about the motor vehicle industry. In addition, the NIADA aids regulatory and lawmaking bodies by informing of possible consequences of proposed legislation to both the motor vehicle industry and its respective consumers; the NIADA helps and collaborates with state level independent motor vehicle dealer associations. The NIADA provides a range of training programs designed to advance independent dealers via publications, online resources,, the official automotive dealer television network of the NIADA. Since 1999, the NIADA has released an annual used car industry report that details statistics such as dealer lot size, method of acquiring wholesale cars, method of selling wholesale cars; the NIADA collects this information from a group of dealers known as Certified Master Dealers. The NIADA releases its magazine, Used Car Dealer, on a monthly basis.

Used car Official website

Little People of America

Little People of America is a non-profit organization which provides support and information to individuals with dwarfism and their families. LPA was founded in 1957 by actor Billy Barty when he informally called upon people of short stature to join him in a get-together in Reno, Nevada; the original association was known as "Midgets of America." The name was changed to "Midgets and Dwarfs of America" when the people with dwarfism complained that there were more dwarfs than midgets. "Little People" became the accepted term because, the people with dwarfism said there were more dwarfs than midgets so it should be "Dwarfs and Midgets of America." "Midgets of America" was the name until 1960. That original meeting of 21 people evolved into Little People of America, a group which as of 2010 has more than 6,800 members. LPA has 73 local chapters which meet as well as an annual weeklong conference, they publish a quarterly publication national newsletter titled LPA Today. LPA is the first North American'little people' organization, with the Little People of Canada incorporating in Canada in 1984.

During the 2009 National Conference of the Little People of America, a press conference was held to make a public statement regarding the use of the word "midget", considered offensive by many people with dwarfism. The statement was made in direct response to an episode of Celebrity Apprentice which featured multiple uses of the word "midget" and justification of it by one of the celebrities, Jesse James. Members of the LPA have filed a complaint with the Federal Communications Commission over the use of the word midget on broadcast television; the complaint said that "the word'midget' is considered offensive to the dwarfism community and should not be seen or heard on TV or radio". Membership in LPA is limited to people 4' 10" and under, or those with a diagnosed form of dwarfism, their families, or those who "demonstrate a well-founded interest in issues relating to dwarfism". List of restricted growth organisations around the world Little People of America Web site, 2009. Official website