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St. Aloysius Church (Washington, D.C.)

St. Aloysius Catholic Church is a Roman Catholic parish church at 19 I Street in the Near Northeast neighborhood of Washington, D. C.. It is named for St. Aloysius Gonzaga, it is associated with Gonzaga College High School, to which it is physically connected. The church building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2012 the parish was merged with Holy Redeemer church; the church building was constructed in 1859 and catered to many of the Irish Catholics that resided in the surrounding neighborhoods Swampoodle. The New York Times reported that President James Buchanan and several Cabinet members were present for the dedication of the church on October 16, 1859. Jesuit Father Benedict Sestini, a Mathematics teacher at Georgetown University, served as the church's architect; the painting above the main altar, showing Aloysius Gonzaga receiving his first Holy Communion from the hands of Cardinal Charles Borromeo, was the work of the noted Constantino Brumidi, famous for painting the frescoes in the rotunda of the United States Capitol.

Brumidi was a friend of Father Sestini and depicted him and the pastor, Father Bernadine Wiget, in the painting. The model for St. Aloysius' mother was parishioner Adele Cutts Douglas, wife of Illinois Senator Stephen Douglas. On September 9, 1862, three years after the church was dedicated, the District of Columbia's military governor made a requisition to Father Wiget to use the church as a military hospital; this was at height of the Civil War and shortly after the Second Battle of Bull Run. The Pastor made a counter-proposal, within the requirements and time-frame of the military governor. Father Wiget offered to erect a hospital on K Street just north of the church and parishioners completed the 250-bed hospital in only eight days. In appreciation, the hospital was named St. Aloysius to honor the Church; the church, one of the largest in Washington, D. C. has undergone several renovations/restorations. In 1892, the church was repainted, the current solid oak pews were added, upgrades were made the heating system of the massive church.

The church's interior was again painted in the 1930s. In 1958, Gibbons and Associates, a renowned church-decorating firm created a new interior scheme that incorporated mauve and teal with silver leaf accents. By 1964, the area which served the diocese was changing with urban development and high rise office buildings destroying the old neighborhood of small houses, with a black population. In that year, Father Horace McKenna, S. J. was brought from Maryland, to serve as assistant pastor. Through the efforts of Father McKenna and the formal sponsorship of Georgetown University as well as Gonzaga College High School, a new housing development was created, through which the original residents would be given priority in housing. Washington attorney Eugene L. Stewart, a prominent Washington attorney, provided expert technical advice in bringing the project, named Sursum Corda to completion. Located between L and M Streets at First Street, N. W. Sursum Corda's original number of occupants was 1,100, of whom 700 were under 16.

The housing project won architectural awards for the dignity of its design, in recognition that the project had created a village instead of a project. With the development of the new housing, an emergency feeding program grew to a formal organization called SOME. Dr. Veronia Maz, a sociologist at Georgetown University, Father McKenna, Father Ralph Kuehner, Rev. Griffin Smith of EEFO, Father Roger Gallagher and Father James Casey of St. Joseph's Church on Capitol Hill joined together; the first meal was served on July 1, 1971. In the mid 1970s with the majority of the neighborhood surrounded blighted and razed for office building construction, the dwindling congregation abandoned the upper sanctuary and retreated to the basement church for more than twenty-five years. In October 1993, the parish began a complete restoration of the sanctuary, it selected Church Restoration Services as general contractor and decorator under the guidance of architect Duane Cahill. This $1.6 million interior renovation/restoration required scaffolding the entire sanctuary in order to replaster the more than 28,000 s.f. of wall area and installed 28 new ceiling panels with replicated plaster medallions.

The sanctuary area was extended into the nave by removing much of the marble communion rail and building a larger altar area. In this renovation, the church was made handicapped accessible. Under the direction of Stephen J. Ferrandi, the current color scheme incorporating various shades of blue accents over a base of cream colored walls accentuated by 23-carat gold leaf was installed. Upon completion of the restoration, the Painters and Decorators Contractors Association awarded this project the status of Best Restoration in the United States for 1994; the project was completed in July 1994. In 2012, the parish merged with Holy Redeemer Church and the church was maintained and used by Gonzaga College High School; the Father McKenna Center continued to operate in the basement of the church. On April 6, 2017, a tornado caused significant damage to St. Aloysius Church, destroying part of the roof and causing damage to the interior. No one at Gonzaga College High School was hurt. Monagan John S. "Horace: Priest of the People", Washington, D.

C. Rose Hill Books, 1985. Pp. 113–121. Gonzaga College High School Official Site

Jonathan Alden Sr.

Capt. Jonathan Alden Sr. the son of Mayflower immigrants, was a military officer and farm owner in Plymouth Colony. The home he built in the late 1600s is now a National Historic Landmark in Massachusetts. Jonathan Alden was born c. 1632 in the seaside town of Duxbury in Plymouth Colony. He was the fifth of ten children born to John Alden and Priscilla Mullins, who both arrived on the historic 1620 voyage of the Mayflower. John Adlen, a cooper by trade, was a member of the Mayflower's crew and Priscilla Mullins was a passenger. In 1627, about five years before Jonathan Alden's birth, John Alden was granted 169 acres on the south side of the Bluefish River in Duxbury, where he built a home near Eagletree Pond. John and Priscilla Alden raised all their children on their Duxbury farm. Jonathan Alden was made a freeman in 1657, he was asked to survey land and provide a report to the court about routes for a highway in 1685. In 1689, he was elected a selectman for the town of Duxbury. Alden had a long career in Plymouth Colony's military force.

In 1658, at the age of 26, he was made an ensign in the Duxbury company. In the same year, the colony's forces were placed under the command of Major Josiah Winslow. About 17 years Alden fought under Winslow in King Philip's War. In 1681, Alden was made a lieutenant and, in 1689, he was made a captain of the Duxbury company; the Alden family built two homes on the original 1627 grant in Duxbury. The first home—the childhood home of Jonathan Alden and his siblings—was built in 1632 at Eagletree Pond and demolished sometime before 1687, its foundation was discovered in 1960 by archeologist Roland W. Robbins; the second Alden home was constructed 100 yards away and is now a museum at the Alden House Historic Site. The older, east side of the present home, which includes the great room and master chamber, was built by Jonathan Alden in the late 1600s. Recent research suggests it was constructed about the time of Adlen's marriage in 1672, while tradition asserts it was built in 1653. Timbers in the west side of the home were erected in the early 1700s when it was owned by his son John Adlen.

Jonathan Alden's brother John Alden Jr. was convicted and imprisoned for witchcraft in the Salem witch trials in 1692. His sister Elisabeth Alden was the first child of European parents to be born in New England. At the age of 40, Jonathan Alden married Abigail Hallett, daughter of Andrew Hallett, on December 10, 1672, they had six children in Duxbury: Elizabeth, Sarah, John and Jonathan Jr. Jonathan Alden died on February 14, 1697, in Duxbury where he was given a military funeral and "buried under arms." He was interred near his parents in Myles Standish Burial Ground where the original tombstone, now preserved in a concrete frame, still stands. The funeral sermon was delivered by Rev. Ichabod Wiswall: Neighbours and friends, we are assembled this day in a posture of mourning, to solemnize the funeral of the present deceased, to pay our last tribute of respect to a person well known among us. I need not enlarge upon his character, but, in brief, am bold to say thus much, he stepped without the usual stains of vanity.

In his riper years he approved himself a good Commonwealth's man. He could say, in truth, Lord, I have loved the habitation of thy house, he earnestly desired the enlargement of Jerusalem, inwardly lamented that the ways to Zion did mourn, because so few did flock to her solemn feasts. As to his quality in our militia, he was a leader, I dare say rather loved than feared of his company. Fellow Soldiers, you are come to lay your leader in the dust, to lodge him in his quiet and solemn repose. You are no more to follow him in the field. No sound of rallying drum, nor shrillest trumpet will awaken him, till the general muster, when the Son of God will cause that trumpet to be blown, whose echoes shall shake the foundations of the heavens and the earth, raise the dead. Fellow Soldiers, you have followed him into the field, appeared in your arms, stood your ground, countermarched, made ready, advanced and retreated. You have been conformable to his military commands and postures, it is to your credit.

But, let me tell you, this day he has acted one posture before your eyes, your are all at a stand! No man stirs a foot after him! But the day is hastening, wherein you must all conform to his present posture, I mean, be laid in the dust. Fellow Soldiers, oh consider how dreadful it will prove, if, after you have with a matchless bravery of spirit acted the part of soldiers on earth, you should in the meantime forget your Christian armor and discipline, be numbered among those mentioned in Ezek. xxxii. 26, 27, having been the terror of the mighty in the land of the living, yet went down to hell with their weapons of war, their iniquities remaining upon their bones which that you may all escape, follow your deceased leader, as he followed Christ. Notable descendants of Jonathan Adlen Sr. include his 3rd great-grandson, William Cullen Bryant, an American romantic poet and journalist.

Catlins River Branch

The Catlins River Branch was a branch line railway that formed part of New Zealand's national rail network. It ran through the Catlins region in southwestern Otago and was built in sections between 1879 and 1915, it closed in 1971 except for the first four kilometres, which remain open as the Finegand Branch named the Finegand Industrial Siding. Along the line was the Hunts Road tunnel, the southernmost tunnel in New Zealand; the line was built to provide access to timber for logging companies, as access to the thickly wooded Catlins region was difficult at the time. The first contract for construction was let on 29 April 1879, but it was not until 15 December 1885 that the first 12.79 km to Romahapa from the junction with the Main South Line in Balclutha were opened. The next stage to Glenomaru added ten more kilometres to the line and opened on 7 July 1891; the opening of the following section was delayed by difficulties in boring the Hunts Road tunnel, it was on 16 December 1895 that the branch was opened to Tahora.

The present-day largest town in the district, was reached on 22 June 1896, bringing the line to a length of 31.06 kilometres. Three years construction of the line recommenced, but the difficult terrain meant that it wasn't until 1 August 1904 that the next 5.5 km to Ratanui opened. Another five kilometres, another five years; the line reached its ultimate terminus of Tahakopa on 17 February 1915. There were proposals to extend the line to meet the Tokanui Branch, but these were little more than ploys by ambitious politicians; the rugged landscape proved to be a deterrent to serious extension plans and they were abandoned. The following stations were on the Catlins River Branch: Finegand, current end of rails is just beyond the station site at the 4.05 km mark. Otanomomo Romahapa, in the 1890s, a number of bush tramways operated in the immediate vicinity. Glenomaru, second station Glenomaru, original station Hunts Road Tahora Owaka, in the 1890s, a number of bush tramways operated in the immediate vicinity.

Ratanui known as Catlins River and junction with bush tramway to sawmill owned by Goss & Co. Houipapa, junction with Houipapa Sawmilling's bush tramway. Tawanui, junction with Andrew Sharp Ltd's bush tramway. Puketiro Caberfeidh Maclennan, junction with Maclennan Sawmilling Co.'s bush tramway. Stuarts, junction with Latta Bros. bush tramway. Campbell's junction with Leggatt and Campbell's bush tramway. Tahakopa, junction with numerous bush tramways. All bush tramways were closed by the time. Many were closed by 1942; as the line was built, sawmills were established alongside it and extensive logging began of inland areas as only the coastal forests accessible by sea had been logged. Every station was located near at least one sawmill, in the line's first decades, they provided substantial freight traffic. Up to sixteen trains a week would operate mixed trains that carried passengers as well as freight. On Tuesdays, the market day in the Catlins, a dedicated passenger service would run to Balclutha to connect with the express to Dunedin.

Passenger traffic began to decline in the 1930s, although it improved during World War II, the return of peace brought the return of the decline, on 30 November 1958, passenger services on the line were cancelled. A couple of years the locomotive depot in Tahakopa had closed on 12 August 1956; the local residents had strong feelings for their railway, when the last Tahakopa-based engine, A 476, departed the isolated terminus, "Now Is the Hour" was sung and a wreath was placed on the locomotive. With the closure of the Tahakopa depot, trains began operating from Balclutha instead, with the cessation of passenger services, a freight train ran thrice weekly to Tahakopa, a fourth service ran as far as Owaka on Tuesdays; the sawmilling industry had been thriving in the 1930s, but three decades it was in sharp decline, agricultural traffic for farms around Owaka had fallen. The line was dieselised on 5 August 1968. Local residents protested the announcement of the line's closure in July 1970, but the railway administration stood firm and confirmed in October that the date of closure would be 27 February 1971.

A number of final excursions were held, with the last proving to be quite eventful. AB 795 lost its sanding ability as it climbed from Owaka to Takahopa and therefore could not grip the rails. Although repairs were conducted at the terminus, the engine's firebox arch collapsed on the return journey and DJ 1243 had to run the train from Owaka back to Dunedin arriving at 1am the next morning; the line's closure did not affect the first four kilometres to Finegand, which remain open as an industrial siding to a freezing works. Although remnants of closed railways diminish and disappear as a result of both nature and human activity, the Catlins River Branch is a well preserved line due to its isolated location; the Hunts Road tunnel can be walked. Goods sheds and station buildings still stand in Maclennan, Romahapa and Tawanui. Station buildings can be found a

Bernardino de Rebolledo

Bernardino de Rebolledo y Villamizar, Earl of Rebolledo and Graf of the Holy Roman Empire was a Spanish poet and diplomat. He was a descendant of the 1st Count of Rebolledo, don Rodrigo, who received his surname and title from the king of Asturias and León don Ramiro I in 815 during the Reconquista. A distinguished soldier, he fought in the Mediterranean and Flanders. Besides his military commitments, he was a diplomat. Fighting for the Habsburg side, Rebolledo played a prominent role in the Thirty Years War. During the Thirty Years War, Rebolledo was commander in chief for a Spanish army division and defeated the Swedish army at Frankenthal. Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III appointed him Governor of Westphalia and gave him the German noble title Gref av Westphalia länder. De Rebolledo was one of Spanish negotiators of Westphalian Peace Treaty, 1643-48. In 1647 he was appointed Spanish ambassador for Northeastern Europe and Poland, with responsibility to keep an eye on Sweden. Pope Pius IV appointed him as his secret representative for Northern Europe with the mission to reconstruct the Catholic Church in Denmark and Sweden, which he did it.

He became close friend with members of Denmark royal house who invited him to live in one of the royal family castles. He converted duke af Luneborg to Catholicism; the Danish crown honored him with several portraits, now at castles. During the Seven Years Scandinavian war, he served as artillery commander at Danish army. Rebolledo received from Denmark the mission to negotiate with Sweden a Peace treaty to finish the war, he appointed his nephew Antonio Pimentel de Prado as Spanish ambassador to Sweden, who succeeded to build up a confident relation with Queen Christina of Sweden, who did not want to marry, but wanted to abdicate and become a catholic. Christina was the granddaughter of Gustav Vasa, the same who started Lutheran reform against the Catholic Church in Sweden and part of Denmark. Pimentel and others aimed to convert the Swedish Queen Christina, who created in his honour the Amarant Order, a cultural organization still existing. Rebolledo succeeded, helping her to escape from Stockholm in a man disguise to Lübeck, were his Jewish-Spanish friend Moshe Texeira succeeded hiding Christina.

As a poet, he shows a personal tone, due to his military and diplomatic obligations, out of Spain and its literary tendencies. From English-Chilean lineage, Chilean navy admiral Juan Williams Rebolledo, son of English Royal navy commander John Williams Wilson and Spanish-Chilean Micaela de Rebolledo. From Norway lineage poet & writer Torgeir Rebolledo Pedersen, his main poetical work, Ocios, is a large compilation of his poetry. Antwerpen, Officina Plantiniana, 1650. Antwerpen, Officina Plantiniana, 1660. Madrid, Antonio de Sancha, 1778. Edición crítica de los Ocios del Conde de Rebolledo, por Rafael González Cañal, Cuenca: Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, 1997. ISBN 978-84-89492-53-0, he wrote, Selvas dánicas, a poetical genealogy of the Royal House of Denmark, dedicated to Queen Sophie Amalie of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Biography and literary works in the Cervantes Virtual Centre in Spanish. "Rebolledo, Bernardino de". New International Encyclopedia. 1905


Ráckeve is a town on Csepel Island in the county of Pest County, Hungary. Its residents are Magyars, with minority of Serbs; the Serbian Kovin Monastery, the oldest in Hungary and one of two in the Diocese of Buda of the Serbian Orthodox Church, was built in 1487 in the centre of Ráckeve. In central Ráckeve is the Savoy Castle of Prince Eugene of Savoy, built in the baroque style in 1702–50. After the Árpád dynasty was established, the region of today's Ráckeve belonged to the Hungarian king. In the Middle Ages, there was a settlement here called Ábrahámtelke, a monastery built in the 12th century, mentioned in official document in 1212 the first time. In the 15th century many Serb refugees came from the South, fleeing the invasions of the Ottoman Turks. In this time, the settlement was called Kiskeue, to say "Kiskeve" in modern Hungarian. Kiskeve means "Little Keve" in English, the Serbs in the town called it Mali Kovin = "Lesser Kovin", or Gornji Kovin in contrast with the name of other Kovin in the South, where the Serbs had fled from.

In the 16th century, Ráckeve was a respectable mercantile town. The Calvinist variant of Reformation was spread in the town by Szegedi Kis István. In 1541, the town fell under Ottoman rule, most of its population fled towards North. Many Serbs who used to live in the town settled in Komárom; those who stayed in the town elected. In 1567, the town was populated by Serbs. In 1698, after the expulsion of the Turkish, the whole of Csepel Island, thus Ráckeve too, became the land of the victorious Prince Eugene of Savoy; the new landlord had his mansion built in this settlement. In the 18th century, the arrival of German settlers increased the number of inhabitants in the town, thus the settlement became a tri-ethnic location with Hungarians and Germans. Their descendants still refer to the place as Srpski Ratzenmarkt; the end of the 19th century, the Millennium period represented a great upswing in the life of the town. At that time, the original wooden bridge was replaced by a permanent iron bridge and the decision was taken to build a new town hall, erected in the Secession style on the site of the original.

A renowned angling paradise, Angelic Island divides the Danube branch here. The holiday resort areas have been developed in the 1970s, at the same time the hot water spa and lido were established. City status was granted again to Ráckeve in 1984; the Name of Ráckeve in today's form derives from the Hungarian words keve. Rác is a name used in Hungarian to designate Serbs, who lived, among other, in the medieval Serbian state of Rascia at the time Hungarians first met the Serbs. Keve means cemetery in medieval Hungarian. In pre-modern Hungarian it meant little stone, or pebble, put on tombs. There is a theory that the word keve is of Hunnic origin and it was the name of one of the leaders of Attila in the 4th century. Since the 19th century, the name Keve has been used as a personal name among Hungarians, due to the traditional theories among Hungarians on Hun-Hungarian historical relations; the Serbs named the place after the town of Kovin in Banat whence most inhabitants had fled to settle in Ráckeve.

In Serbian, Ráckeve is known as Горњи Ковин / Gornji Kovin, Мали Ковин / Mali Kovin, or Srpski Kovin / Српски Ковин. This is to contrast it in Serbian language with the name of the original town in Vojvodina, known as just Kovin in Serbian and Keve in Hungarian; the Serbian word Kovin comes from the root "ков-" / "kov-" = "smith" Ráckeve is famous for the only Gothic style Serb Orthodox Church in Hungary from the 15th century. The Catholic church was designed by Patay László; the Fresco-secco in the church is worth seeing. The Calvinist church is built in neo-gothic style in 1913. There is an Árpád Museum. There is Hungary's only authentic old Ship mill, it was built only from donations and operated by "Ráckevei Molnár Céh". This is the most visited attraction in the city; the Savoy Castle of Prince Eugene of Savoy in central Ráckeve was built in the baroque style in 1702-1750. Ráckeve is twinned with: Jovan Monasterlija, Habsburg commander Klári Katona, singer Dr. Dušan J. Popović, Srbi u Vojvodini, knjige 1-3, Novi Sad, 1990.

Official website in Hungarian Rackeve, Hungary Page Ráckeve, Home page of the town Home page of the Ship Mill of Rackeve