Rider University is a private and nonsectarian university located chiefly in the Lawrenceville section of Lawrence Township in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States. It consists of five academic units: the College of Business Administration, the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the College of Continuing Studies, the Westminster College of the Arts. In addition to regional accreditation, the undergraduate and graduate programs in business are accredited by AACSB, the professional education graduate programs are accredited by NCATE; as of 2014 there are 5,400 graduate students attending. The school was founded as Trenton Business College on October 1, 1865, by Henry Beadman Bryant and Henry D. Stratton, operators of the Bryant and Stratton chain of private business schools; the school was located in Temperance Hall at the corner of South Broad and Front Streets in Trenton, New Jersey. Andrew J Rider was appointed as its first president. President Rider owned 500 acres of cranberry bogs near New Jersey.
According to tradition, this is why the school colors are white. The school periodically moved to larger quarters. In 1896 women were admitted. In 1896 the school was renamed Rider Business College. President Rider stepped down the following year. In 1920 the institution moved to East State Street in Trenton and became known as Rider College. In 1922 the New Jersey Board of Education granted Rider College permission to confer the degrees of Bachelor of Accounts and Bachelor of Commercial Science. In 1957 Rider Business College introduced liberal studies leading to a Bachelor of Arts degree.in 1959 Rider College moved its campus to a 283-acre suburban tract on Route 206 in Lawrence Township, N. J. On November 15, 1961, President Franklin F. Moore announced the gradual reorganization of the college into five separate schools, each headed by a dean who would report to the provost; the changes took effect with the 1962-63 academic year. The five schools included a new School of Liberal Arts and Sciences.
Rider College merged with nearby Westminster Choir College, located in Princeton, New Jersey, in 1991-92. The campus of Westminster became the Princeton campus of Rider College. On April 13, 1994, the college became Rider University. In 2007 President Mordechai Rozanski announced the creation of the School of Fine and Performing Arts to integrate the Lawrenceville and Princeton campuses and expand programming for the arts. Today, Rider’s Lawrenceville campus is home to its College of Business Administration. In recent years President Rozanski announced new financial aid resources. In 2019, Cynthia Newman, the dean of the College of Business at Rider University resigned after the school banned Chick-fil-A from opening on campus due to the restaurant's Christian values. Dr. Newman stated she was "a committed Christian" and that the university denouncing Chick-fil-A due to its Christian faith and values was disturbing; the university claims. U. S. News & World Report ranked Rider University tied for 22nd in the Regional Universities North category in 2016.
Rider University is listed by the Princeton Review in the 2014 edition of its annual college guide, The Best 379 Colleges, where it was ranked #19 in the category,'Is That a Dorm'? Forbes ranked Rider University 485th on its "America's Top Colleges" list in 2015; the 280-acre Lawrenceville campus is in a suburban area three miles north of Trenton and five miles south of Princeton. Facilities are clustered and within easy walking distance of one another on the large park-like campus. There is a man-made lake with a bridge; the Westminster campus is in New Jersey. There is a shuttle. Memorial Hall, the Science and Technology Center, the Fine Arts Center, Joseph P. Vonna Academic Annex, the Stephen A. Maurer Physical Education Building, Anne Brossman Sweigart Hall, North Hall contain the classrooms and laboratories for all curricula. A general access lab containing terminals and laser printers is located in the Fine Arts Center. Central VAX systems provide electronic mail and Internet access tools.
The Princeton Community Japanese Language School teaches weekend Japanese classes for Japanese citizen children abroad to the standard of the Ministry of Education, Sports and Technology, it has classes for people with Japanese as a second language. Courses are taught at Memorial Hall; the main office of the school is in Princeton although the office used on Sundays is in Memorial Hall. Rider University has 18 residential halls on their Lawrenceville campus. Of those 18, 12 of them are traditional dorms designed for all undergraduate students along with 1 apartment style building, available to students via a lottery system. Of the 12 standard residence halls only 8 of them have a designated "Learning Community". A learning community means. Which is determined by major; the remaining five houses on Rider's Lawrenceville campus are designated to those students who are members of Greek Life. The University has four sorority houses, one for each sorority.
Nathanael Barnes is an Australian rugby league footballer. Barnes is the Tweed Heads Seagulls leading try scorer of all time, he scored. In 2012 he was named in the Queensland Residents side. In 2012, he played for the Wynnum Manly Seagulls and trialed for the Brisbane Broncos, before joining the North Sydney Bears in the New South Wales Cup, he returned to Tweed Heads Seagulls. Player Profile
College of West Africa
The College of West Africa is a Methodist high school in Monrovia, Liberia. The school was opened in 1839, it has produced many of Liberia's leaders and includes among its alumni Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the first woman elected as president in an African state, Liberian Vice President Joseph Boakai. The College of West Africa's main building is named in memory of Melville B. Cox, a Methodist missionary from Edenton Street United Methodist Church, a founder of the College. A historic stained glass window in the College's auditorium reads: "Though a thousand fall, let not Africa be given up"; the Cox family was active in the Methodist Society from its beginning. In March 1821 Melville Cox was licensed to preach by the Kennebec District Conference, received his first appointment in 1822. Ill health, forced Cox to return to Maine in 1825. Cox moved south in November 1826 to avoid the Maine winter and recover his health, he preached on until 1828, when he married and located. During the next two years he was editor of The Itinerant in Baltimore, until his wife's death in December 1830.
Cox returned to the ministry. By mid-1831 Cox had become interested in missions; the Methodist Episcopal Church had formed a Missionary Society in 1819, but no suitable foreign missionary had yet been found. Cox offered himself to Bishop Elijah Hedding for the South American field. Instead, Hedding asked if he would go to Liberia, established on Africa's west coast for freed American slaves. Cox sailed from Norfolk on November 6, 1832, arriving in Monrovia on March 8, 1833. Melville B. Cox of Maine was the first Methodist missionary to Liberia, his vision for his work in Liberia included establishing a mission house, a school, a seminary for young Christian converts, churches. His accomplishment to realizing these dreams was the purchasing of a house, the property of the Basel Missionary Society. S, he held camp meeting, started regular worship and Sunday school, developed mission strategies all within a few weeks of his arrival, but his health was not up to the task, he died of malaria on July 21, 1833 after three months of decline.
Although his career was painfully brief, Cox's story inspired many in the early missions movement. Before he sailed for Liberia, Cox told a friend that should he die in Africa, the friend should write his epitaph. What, asked the friend, should the epitaph say? Cox replied, "Let a thousand die before Africa be given up." In 1816 the General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church institutionalized the course of study for candidates to the ministry... persons desiring to be admitted into full connection would have to complete the course of study. It therefore became imperative, thus the Monrovia Seminary was established in 1839. The Rev. Jabez A. Burton was commissioned the Seminary's first principal after its establishment; the Rev. Alexander P. Camphor, was appointed Principal in 1896. At the end of his first year of administration, he began the re-organization of the seminary to include a high school. In 1897 Camphor presented his plans to the Liberian Annual conference where it carried a majority vote for the transformation of the Monrovia Seminary to the College of West Africa with the following as its charter:- that it be the one central and leading school of all Methodist educational institutions.
For the next ten years Rev. Camphor worked to implement this new plan as voted upon at the 1897 session of the Liberian Annual Conference, his first project in this new plan was the erection of the school building to be named the Cox Memorial Auditorium - In 1904, by an act of the Liberian Legislature, the college was recognized and confirmed as the College of West Africa. By 1925, as a result of the grave personnel and financial difficulties, political interference, the College was forced to close its collegiate department, but continued to function as a secondary school with the appointment of the Rev. R. L. Embree as its new president. Rev. Embree reorganized the curriculum and programs of the school to continue the college preparatory courses though it was now a high school, he continued. As a result of his efforts, grounds-breaking ceremonies were held on May 25, 1927. Construction was completed and ready for dedication on March 7, 1933; the name “College of West Africa” was retained because of its charter to serve as a degree-granting institution - a mandate it carried out, granting associate degrees in Business and Finance.
The school is 100% owned and operated by the Liberian Annual Conference of the United Methodist Church. Charles McArthur Emmanuel, son of Charles Taylor Solomon Carter Fuller, physician. Alexander B. Cummings Jr. politician. Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, politician. Joseph Boakai, politician. Joseph Rudolph Grimes, statesman. Mary Antoinette Brown-Sherman, educator. Togba-Nah Tipoteh, politician. Emmanuel Shaw, businessman. Patricia Jabbeh Wesley and writer. George Klay Kieh, politician
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Pace University is a private university with campuses in New York City and Westchester County, New York. It was established in 1906 by the brothers Homer St. Clair Pace and Charles A. Pace as a business school. Pace enrolls about 13,000 students in master's and doctoral programs, it offers about 100 majors at its six schools. The university offers an MFA in Acting through The Actors Studio Drama School and is home to the Inside the Actors Studio television show, its main schools are the College of Health Professions. The school runs a women's justice center in Yonkers, a business incubator and is affiliated with the public school Pace High School. Pace operated out of the New York Tribune Building in New York City, spread as the Pace Institute, operating in several major U. S. cities. In the 1920s, the school divested facilities outside New York, maintaining its Lower Manhattan location, it purchased its first permanent home in Manhattan in 1951, opened its first Westchester campus in 1963. Pace opened its largest building, 1 Pace Plaza, in 1969.
Four years it became a university. In 1906, brothers Homer St. Clair Pace and Charles Ashford Pace founded the firm of Pace & Pace to operate their schools of accountancy and business. Taking a loan of $600, the Pace brothers rented a classroom on one of the floors of the New York Tribune Building, today the site of the One Pace Plaza complex; the Paces taught the first class of women. The school grew and moved several times around Lower Manhattan; the Pace brothers' school was soon incorporated as Pace Institute, expanded nationwide, offering courses in accountancy and business law in several U. S. cities. Some 4,000 students were taking the Pace brothers' courses in YMCAs in the New York-New Jersey area; the Pace Standardized Course in Accounting was offered in Boston, Washington, D. C. Buffalo, Detroit, Grand Rapids, Kansas City, St. Louis, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Seattle. In the 1920s, concerned about quality control at distant locations, the Pace brothers divested their private schools outside New York and subsequently devoted their attention to the original school in lower Manhattan to become one of the campuses of Pace University.
Pace Institute in Washington, D. C. became Benjamin Franklin University. In 1927 the school moved to the newly completed Transportation Building at 225 Broadway, remained there until the 1950s. After Charles died in 1940 and Homer in 1942, Homer's son Robert S. Pace became the new president of Pace. In 1947, Pace Institute was approved for college status by the New York State Board of Regents. In 1951, the college purchased its first campus building: 41 Park Row in Lower Manhattan; this building, designated a landmark by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in March 1999, was the 19th-century headquarters of The New York Times. In 1963, the Pleasantville Campus was established using land and buildings donated by the then-president of General Foods and Pace alumnus and trustee Wayne Marks and his wife Helen; the school is now celebrating their 50th anniversary. In 1966, U. S. Vice President Hubert Humphrey and New York City Mayor John Lindsay broke ground for the One Pace Plaza Civic Center complex, with Pace president Edward J. Mortola.
The former New York Tribune Building at 154 Nassau Street, across from 41 Park Row, was demolished to make way for the new building complex. The New York State Board of Regents approved Pace College's petition for university status in 1973. Shortly thereafter, in 1975, the College of White Plains consolidated with Pace and became the White Plains campus which at the time was used to house both undergraduate courses and Pace's new law school created in that same year. In September 1976, Pace began offering courses in Midtown Manhattan in the Equitable Life Assurance Company building on Avenue of the Americas, moved once before moving to its current location in 1997. Briarcliff College became the Briarcliff campus. A graduate center was opened in 1982 in White Plains, New York, in 1987 the Graduate Center moved to the newly built Westchester Financial Center complex in downtown business district of White Plains. In 1994, all undergraduate programs in White Plains were consolidated to the Pleasantville-Briarcliff campus, the White Plains campus on North Broadway was given to the law school.
In 1997, Pace purchased the World Trade Institute at 1 World Trade Center from the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. On March 5, 2006, Pace students, alumni and staff from all campuses convened on the Pleasantville Campus in a University-wide Centennial Kick-Off Celebration. Former President Bill Clinton received an honorary doctorate of humane letters from Pace during the ceremony, held at the Goldstein Health and Recreation Center. Following reception of the honorary degree, he addressed the students, faculty and staff of Pace, of
Charles Taylor (Liberian politician)
Charles McArthur Ghankay Taylor is a Liberian war criminal and former politician who served as the 22nd President of Liberia from 2 August 1997 until his resignation on 11 August 2003. Born in Arthington, Montserrado County, Taylor earned a degree at Bentley College in the United States before returning to Liberia to work in the government of Samuel Doe. After being removed for embezzlement, he arrived in Libya, where he was trained as a guerrilla fighter, he returned to Liberia in 1989 as the head of a Libyan-backed rebel group, the National Patriotic Front of Liberia, to overthrow the Doe government, initiating the First Liberian Civil War. Following Doe's execution, Taylor gained control of a large portion of the country and became one of the most prominent warlords in Africa. Following a peace deal that ended the war, Taylor was elected president in the 1997 general election. During his term of office, Taylor was accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of his involvement in the Sierra Leone Civil War.
Domestically, opposition to his government grew, culminating in the outbreak of the Second Liberian Civil War. By 2003, Taylor had lost control of much of the countryside and was formally indicted by the Special Court for Sierra Leone; that year, he resigned, as a result of growing international pressure, went into exile in Nigeria. In 2006, the newly elected President, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, formally requested his extradition, he was detained by UN authorities in Sierra Leone and at the Penitentiary Institution Haaglanden in The Hague, awaiting trial by the Special Court. He was found guilty in April 2012 of all eleven charges levied by the Special Court, including terror and rape. In May 2012, Taylor was sentenced to 50 years in prison. Reading the sentencing statement, Presiding Judge Richard Lussick said: "The accused has been found responsible for aiding and abetting as well as planning some of the most heinous and brutal crimes in recorded human history." Taylor was born in Arthington, a town near the capital of Monrovia, Liberia, on 28 January 1948, to Nelson and Bernice Taylor.
He attended The Newman School in his early years. He took the name "Ghankay" on to please and gain favor with indigenous Liberians, his mother was a member of the Gola ethnic group, part of the 95% of the people who are indigenous to Liberia. According to most reports, his father was an Americo-Liberian who worked as a teacher, sharecropper and judge. In 1977, Taylor earned a degree at Bentley University in Waltham, United States. Taylor supported the 12 April 1980 coup led by Samuel Doe, which resulted in the murder of President William R. Tolbert Jr. and seizure of power by Doe. Taylor was appointed to the position of Director General of the General Services Agency, a position that left him in charge of purchasing for the Liberian government, he was sacked in May 1983 for embezzling an estimated $1,000,000 and sending the funds to an American bank account. Taylor fled to the United States but was arrested on 21 May 1984 by two US Deputy Marshals in Somerville, Massachusetts, on a warrant for extradition to face charges of embezzling $1 million of government funds while the GSA boss.
Citing a fear of assassination by Liberian agents, Taylor fought extradition from the safety of jail with the help of a legal team led by former US Attorney General Ramsey Clark. His lawyers' primary arguments before US District Magistrate Robert J. DeGiacomo stated that his alleged acts of lawbreaking in Liberia were political rather than criminal in nature and that the extradition treaty between the two republics had lapsed. In response, Assistant United States Attorney Richard G. Stearns argued that Liberia wished to charge Taylor with theft in office, rather than with political crimes, that any international political decisions that could hold up the trial should be made only by the US State Department. Stearns' arguments were reinforced by Liberian Justice Minister Jenkins Scott, who flew to the United States to testify at the proceedings. While awaiting the conclusion of the extradition hearing, Taylor was detained in the Plymouth County Correctional Facility. On 15 September 1985, four other inmates escaped from the jail.
Two days The Boston Globe reported that they sawed through a bar covering a window in a dormitory room, after which they lowered themselves 20 feet on knotted sheets and escaped into nearby woods by climbing a fence. Shortly thereafter and two other escapees were met at nearby Jordan Hospital by Taylor's wife and Taylor's sister-in-law, Lucia Holmes Toweh, they drove a getaway car to Staten Island in New York. All four of Taylor's fellow escapees, as well as Enid and Toweh, were apprehended. In July 2009, Taylor claimed at his trial that US CIA agents had helped him escape from the maximum security prison in Boston in 1985; this was during his trial by the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone in The Hague. The US Defense Intelligence Agency confirmed that Taylor first started working with US intelligence in the 1980s but refused to give details of his role or US actions, citing national security. Taylor escaped undetected from the United States and shortly thereafter it is believed that he reached Libya.
He took part in guerrilla training under Muammar Gaddafi, becoming Gaddafi's protégé. He left Libya and traveled to the Ivory Coast, where he founded the National Patriotic Front of Liberia. In December 1989, Taylor launched a Gaddafi-funded armed uprising from the Ivory Coast into Liberia to overthrow the Doe regime, leading to the First Liberian Civil War. By 1990, his forces soon controlled most of th
Liberia the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast. It is bordered by Sierra Leone to its northwest, Guinea to its north, Ivory Coast to its east, the Atlantic Ocean to its south-southwest, it has a population of around 4,700,000 people. English is the official language and over 20 indigenous languages are spoken, representing the numerous ethnic groups who make up more than 95% of the population; the country's capital and largest city is Monrovia. Liberia began as a settlement of the American Colonization Society, who believed black people would face better chances for freedom and prosperity in Africa than in the United States; the country declared its independence on July 26, 1847. The U. S. did not recognize Liberia's independence until February 1862, during the American Civil War. Between January 7, 1822, the American Civil War, more than 15,000 freed and free-born black people who faced legislated limits in the U. S. and 3,198 Afro-Caribbeans, relocated to the settlement.
The black settlers carried their tradition with them to Liberia. The Liberian constitution and flag were modeled after those of the U. S. On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a wealthy, free-born African American from Virginia who settled in Liberia, was elected as Liberia's first president after the people proclaimed independence. Liberia was the first African republic to proclaim its independence, is Africa's first and oldest modern republic. Liberia retained its independence during the Scramble for Africa. During World War II, Liberia supported the United States war efforts against Germany and in turn, the U. S. invested in considerable infrastructure in Liberia to help its war effort, which aided the country in modernizing and improving its major air transportation facilities. In addition, President William Tubman encouraged economic changes. Internationally, Liberia was a founding member of the League of Nations, United Nations, the Organisation of African Unity; the Americo-Liberian settlers did not relate well to the indigenous peoples they encountered those in communities of the more isolated "bush".
The colonial settlements were raided by the Grebo from their inland chiefdoms. Americo-Liberians developed as a small elite that held on to political power, the indigenous tribesmen were excluded from birthright citizenship in their own lands until 1904, in a repetition of the United States' treatment of Native Americans; the Americo-Liberians promoted religious organizations to set up missions and schools to educate the indigenous peoples. Political tensions from the rule of William R. Tolbert resulted in a military coup in 1980 during which Tolbert was killed, marking the beginning of years-long political instability. Five years of military rule by the People's Redemption Council and five years of civilian rule by the National Democratic Party of Liberia were followed by the First and Second Liberian Civil Wars; these resulted in the deaths of 250,000 people, the displacement of many more, shrunk Liberia's economy by 90%. A peace agreement in 2003 led to democratic elections in 2005, in which Ellen Johnson Sirleaf was elected President.
National infrastructure and basic social services have been impacted by previous conflict, with 83% of the population living below the international poverty line. The Pepper Coast known as the Grain Coast, has been inhabited by indigenous peoples of Africa at least as far back as the 12th century. Mende-speaking people expanded westward from the Sudan, forcing many smaller ethnic groups southward toward the Atlantic Ocean; the Dei, Kru and Kissi were some of the earliest documented peoples in the area. This influx of these groups was compounded by the decline of the Western Sudanic Mali Empire in 1375 and the Songhai Empire in 1591; the area now called Liberia was a part of the Kingdom of Koya from 1450 to 1898. As inland regions underwent desertification, inhabitants moved to the wetter coast; these new inhabitants brought skills such as cotton spinning, cloth weaving, iron smelting and sorghum cultivation, social and political institutions from the Mali and Songhai empires. Shortly after the Mane conquered the region, the Vai people of the former Mali Empire immigrated into the Grand Cape Mount County region.
The ethnic Kru opposed the influx of Vai, forming an alliance with the Mane to stop further influx of Vai. People along the coast built canoes and traded with other West Africans from Cap-Vert to the Gold Coast. Arab traders entered the region from the north, a long-established slave trade took captives to north and east Africa. Between 1461 and the late 17th century, Portuguese and British traders had contacts and trading posts in the region; the Portuguese named the area Costa da Pimenta but it came to be known as the Grain Coast, due to the abundance of melegueta pepper grains. European traders would barter goods with local people. In the United States there was a movement to resettle free-born blacks and freed slaves who faced racial discrimination in the form of political disenfranchisement and the denial of civil and social privileges in the United States. Most whites and a small cadre of black nationalists believed that blacks would face better chances for freedom in Africa than in the U.
S. The American Colonization Society was founded in 1816 in Washington, DC for this purpose by a group of prominent politicians and slaveholders, but its membership grew to include people who supported the abolition of slavery. Slaveholders wanted to get free people of color out of the South, where they were thought to threaten the stability of the slave societie