Bussum is a commuter town and former municipality in the Het Gooi region in the south east of the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. Since 2016, Bussum has been part of the new municipality of Gooise Meren. Bussum had a population of data missing in 2017 and covered an area of 8.15 km2. For a long time Bussum was not more than a hamlet situated amongst the heathlands of Het Gooi and was first mentioned in 1306. In this time, Bussum was a large heathland with many small farms, sheep pens and forests as is shown on old maps. Since Bussum is situated near the fortified town Naarden it was governed by Naarden from 1369 onward. In 1470 Bussum was inhabited by about 250 people. Bussum became independent from Naarden in 1817, yet it was not until the arrival of a railway line in 1874 that Bussum began to flourish. Two train stations were built in the town, that still exist today: Naarden-Bussum and Bussum Zuid, both on the connection between Amsterdam and Hilversum; the stations and the road network fostered the town's status as a satellite town of Amsterdam, allowing for reverse commute to Hilversum.
From 1898 until 1907, Bussum housed the first Dutch socialist colony after the example of Thoreau's Walden, set up by the writer and psychiatrist Frederik van Eeden. In 1951, Bussum hosted the first Dutch national TV broadcast and the national TV studios were located there until 1964. Bussum was set to merge with the local municipalities of Naarden and Muiderberg on 1 January 2016. In October 2014, the combined town councils chose the name Gooise Meren for the new municipality, the other options being Naarden-Bussum and Naardingerland; the last municipal council of Bussum consisted of 23 seats, which were divided as follows: VVD - 5 seats Hart voor Bussum - 4 seats PvdA - 3 seats CDA - 2 seats GroenLinks - 2 seats D66 - 2 seats Gooise Ouderen Partij - 2 seats Partij voor Bussum - 1 seat Fractie Krabbendam - 1 seat GooiDuursaam - 1 seat Freddy Wittop international costume designer Karel Thole and illustrator Paul Biegel, author Willem Duys and television presenter and record producer Thierry Veltman, artist Tineke Lagerberg, swimmer Ronnie Tober and entertainer Charles de Lint, Canadian author and musician Huub Rothengatter, racing driver Raoul Heertje, comedian Anneloes Nieuwenhuizen, field hockey defender E. van der Bovenkampf, Professor at the University of Groningen Ruud Hesp, football goalkeeper Ellen Elzerman, swimmer Thekla Reuten, actress The town of Bussum has two railway stations: Naarden-Bussum and Bussum Zuid.
Media related to Bussum at Wikimedia Commons Bussum travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website A view on the old town of Bussum
Hilversum is a city and municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. Located in the heart of the Gooi, it is the largest urban centre in that area, it is surrounded by heathland, meadows and smaller towns. Hilversum is part of one of the largest conurbations in Europe. Hilversum lies 15 km north of Utrecht; the town is known for its architecturally important Town Hall, designed by Willem Marinus Dudok and built in 1931. Hilversum has one public library, two swimming pools, a number of sporting halls and several shopping centres. Locally, the town centre is known as het dorp, which means "the village". Hilversum is called "media city", since it is the principal centre for radio and television broadcasting in the Netherlands, is home to an extensive complex of radio and television studios and to the administrative headquarters of the multiple broadcasting organizations which make up the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system. Hilversum is home to many newer commercial TV production companies.
Radio Netherlands, broadcasting worldwide via shortwave radio since the 1920s, is based here. The following is a list of organizations that have, or are continuing to, broadcast from studios in Hilversum: NCRV KRO VARA VPRO AVRO RVU IKOR NRU RNW NTS IKON NOT Teleac TROS EO NOS VOO Human NPS BNN MAX PowNed WNL NTR AVROTROS BNNVARA KRO-NCRV One result of the town's history as an important radio transmission centre is that many older radio sets throughout Europe featured Hilversum as a pre-marked dial position on their tuning scales. Dutch national voting in the Eurovision Song Contest is co-ordinated from Hilversum. Hilversum has a variety of international schools, such as the Violenschool and International School Hilversum "Alberdingk Thijm". Nike's, Hunkemöller's and Converse's European headquarters are located in Hilversum. Earthenware found in Hilversum gives its name to the Hilversum culture, an early- to mid-Bronze Age, or 800–1200 BCE material culture. Artifacts from this prehistoric civilization bear similarities to the Wessex Culture of southern Britain and may indicate that the first Hilversum residents emigrated from that area.
The first brick settlements formed around 900, but it was not until 1305 that the first official mention of Hilversum is found. At that point it was a part of the oldest town in the Gooi area. Farming, raising sheep and some wool manufacturing were the means of life for the Gooi in the Middle Ages. In 1424 Hilversum received its first official independent status; this made possible further growth in the village because permission from Naarden was no longer needed for new industrial development. The town grew further in the 17th century when the Dutch economy as a whole entered its age of prosperity, several canals were built connecting it indirectly to Amsterdam. In 1725 and 1766 large fires destroyed most of the town, leveling parts of the old townhouse and the church next to it; the town overcame these setbacks and the textile industry continued to develop, among other ways by devising a way to weave cows' hair. In the 19th century a substantial textile and tapestry industry emerged, aided by a railway link to Amsterdam in 1874.
From that time the town grew with rich commuters from Amsterdam moving in, building themselves large villas in the wooded surroundings, starting to live in Hilversum permanently. Despite this growth, Hilversum was never granted city rights so it is still referred to by many locals as "het dorp," or "the village." For the 1928 Summer Olympics in neighboring Amsterdam, it hosted all of the non-jumping equestrian and the running part of the modern pentathlon event. The Nederlandse Seintoestellen Fabriek company established a professional transmitter and radio factory in Hilversum in the early 1920s, growing into the largest of its kind in the Netherlands. Following the defeat of Allied forces in the Netherlands in 1940, its occupation by Nazi Germany, Hilversum became the headquarters of the German Army in the Netherlands.. In 1948, NSF was taken over by Philips. However, Dutch radio broadcasting organizations centralised their operations in Hilversum, providing a source of continuing economic growth.
The concentration of broadcasters in Hilversum has given it its enduring status as the media city for the Netherlands. In 1964, the population reached a record high – over 103,000 people called Hilversum home. However, the textile industry had started its decline. Another major industry, the chemical factory IFF closed by the end of the 1960s. After the 1960s, the population declined, until stabilising at around 85,000. Several factors other than the slump in manufacturing have featured in this decline: one is the fact that the average family nowadays consists of fewer people, so fewer people live in each house. M. Dudok to the Goois Natuurreservaat (n
Gerrit den Braber
Gerrit den Braber was born in Rotterdam and was a Dutch song writer and lyricist. Braber took lessons at the music in Hilversum, he went into Hospital Radio and joint the Dutch radio and television company VARA in 1955. He wrote the lyrics for three Eurovision Song Contest songs Fernando en Filippo, Ring-dinge-ding and I See a Star, he has worked with former contestants Willeke Alberti, Corry Brokken, Anneke Grönloh, Lenny Kuhr and Conny Vandenbos as well as providing Dutch commentary for the 1985 Eurovision Song Contest, he was married to the mother of his children but they divorced and he went to live with Dutch artist Thérèse Steinmetz. He had five grandchildren with his ex wife, he died from a stroke in 1997. Songs written or performed by Braber "Mirror" "Morgen ben ik de bruid" "De glimlach van een kind" "La Mamma" "Mijn gebed" "Sophietje" "Paradiso" "De Generaal" "Aan de andere kant van de heuvels" "Laat me alleen" "Ritme van de regen" "Een roosje, m'n roosje" "Sjakie van de hoek" http://www.seniorplaza.nl/Beroemdheden2.htm http://www.muziekencyclopedie.nl/action/entry/Gerrit+den+Braber
Net als toen
"Net als toen" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1957 performed in Dutch by Corry Brokken representing the Netherlands. It received 31 points; the song is a classic chanson, with the singer addressing her husband and asking him if he remembers their early days as a couple. The lyrics suggest that the romance has gone out of the marriage, although it had not always been this way. Brokken recorded the song in French and German, as "Tout comme avant" and "Damals war alles so schön". Official Eurovision Song Contest site, history by year, 1957 Detailed info and lyrics, Diggiloo Thrush, "Net als toen"
Nederlandse Omroep Stichting
The Nederlandse Omroep Stichting, English: Dutch Broadcast Foundation, is one of the broadcasting organizations making up the Netherlands Public Broadcasting system. It has a special statutory obligation to make news and sports programmes for the three Dutch public television channels and the Dutch public radio services; the foundation's remit derives from the Dutch Media Act 2008, which stipulates that the NOS produce regular and frequent programming of a public service nature, notably, a full and impartial news service and coverage of parliamentary procedures and debates, as well as reporting on sporting and other national events. The NOS acts as technical co-ordinator for the Dutch public broadcasting system as a whole. In the event of emergencies and/or the breaking of a major news story, it can assume control of the public networks in order to provide co-ordinated coverage of events in co-operation with the other members of the systems; the NOS does have correspondents in multiple countries, including a permanent studio in Washington DC.
Programmes produced by the NOS include radio bulletins, the NOS Journaal. Parliamentary reports are shown from a special studio in The Hague, it supplies news programmes aimed at children and young adults and sports fans. Programmes are made available via television and online; the NOS broadcast text pages and a website, which are both used by the public. The Netherlands Radio Union was established in 1947. After several failed attempts to create a public broadcasting system and link up with a national station, the NRU was created as a union of broadcasting associations that provided operational support; the associations were responsible for their own output, but studios and outside broadcast facilities were managed by the NRU. Weekly radio plays were the domain of the NRU and would run until 1986; the NRU became the Dutch founding member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1950. Meanwhile, the Netherlands Television Service was created in 1951, two years after public television returned to the airwaves.
The NTS served as a similar organization to the NRU, in that broadcast and transmission facilities were supplied to member associations for making programmes. It wasn't until 1956 that the NTS itself produced its first programme, a news bulletin called the NTS Journaal; this was followed by a sports round-up, Sport in Beeld in 1959, in 1967 of Langs de Lijn, a joint production of several broadcasting associations. A new Media Act was passed into law in 1967, merging the Netherlands Radio Union and the Netherlands Television Foundation; the new organization, the Nederlandse Omroep Stichting was created on 29 May 1969. The NOS, as was its predecessors, was tasked with co-ordinating the whole public broadcasting system, as well as providing news and sport bulletins, it inherited the technical and production facilities needed to make and broadcast radio and television programmes. All broadcasting members of the NRU and the NTS were made members of the NOS. On 2 May 1977, a strike by sound engineers affected television news broadcasts.
Upset viewers called on all broadcasters to resolve the situation. On 1 April 1980 the NOS launched its teletext service, in the framework of supplying news and information, it first experimented with teletext in 1977. In 1981. On the 25th anniversary, the NOS aired its first televised youth news bulletin, called the Jeugdjournaal; the Media Act of 1988 meant several changes to the broadcasting system. The Services Department, made up of the technical and transmission facilities of the NOS, was privatised, which meant the broadcasting associations were required to pay to use the facilities; the Netherlands Broadcast Production Company consisted of those facilities based in Media Park in Hilversum. The Media Act required broadcasting association members take up positions on the NOS Board of Directors. A new government commission oversaw content and financial matters, as well as admitting potential new broadcasting associations. In 1995, saw another Media Act enacted which saw the broadcasting duties of the NOS reduced, with the creation of the Nederlandse Programma Stichting.
The NPS took on the programming tasks of the NOS concerning culture, children and ethnic-minorities, whilst the NOS concentrated on news and live events. A new Supervisory Board replaced the Board of Directors in 1998; the previous management was replaced with a three-man board, now charged with developing strategies and responsibility for all public output. Programming co-ordinators were appointed for each television and radio network and channel identities were created replacing the varying on-air presentation of the pillar broadcasters; the broadcasting associations have a degree of input through the Supervisory Board. In 2002, the coordination element of the public broadcast system, administered by the NOS were now made clearer with the creation of an unbrella organization, Publieke Omroep, while programme makers operated under the name "RTV NOS"; the reorganization caused NOS to be loosened from the public broadcasting system, causing it to be a neutral member of NPO, starting to reorganize itself.
In 2005, saw the organization obtain a new corporate identity. The previous NOS logo was in use for 36 years and featured the initials of the company in lower case, with round and obtuse angles; the new logo was designed by graphic designers Lambie-Nairn, complete with new
Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest
The Netherlands has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 59 times since making its debut as one of the seven countries at the first contest in 1956, has missed only four contests so far. The Netherlands hosted the contest in 1958, 1970, 1976 and 1980; the Netherlands has won the contest four times, with Corry Brokken in 1957, Teddy Scholten in 1959, Lenny Kuhr in a four-way tie in 1969 and Teach-In in 1975, finished last in 1958, 1962, 1963, 1968, last in the semifinal in 2011. The Netherlands finished fourth with Sandra & Andres, third with Mouth & MacNeal, fifth with Maggie MacNeal, fifth with Marcha and fourth with Edsilia Rombley. After the introduction of the semifinals in 2004, the Netherlands failed to reach the final for eight years in a row from 2005 to 2012, but have since reached five of the last six finals. By finishing second in 2014, The Common Linnets gave the Netherlands its tenth top five placement and best result since 1975; the Netherlands, presented in the contest as The Netherlands, has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 59 times since making its debut as one of the seven countries competing in the first contest in 1956.
It has missed only four contests so far. The preselection process was done through the Nationaal Songfestival, with the winner qualifying to represent the Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest; the Netherlands has won the contest four times. With four victories, the Netherlands ranks in the top 10 most successful Eurovision countries; the country's first two victories came in the 1950s, with Corry Brokken in 1957 and Teddy Scholten in 1959. The 1960s was a unsuccessful decade for the country, the exception was in 1969, when Lenny Kuhr won a third title for the Dutch with "De Troubadour", winning in a four-way tie with France and the UK. Sandra & Andres finished fourth in 1972 and Mouth & MacNeal were third in 1974, before Teach-In achieved the Netherlands fourth victory in 1975 with Ding-A-Dong; the Netherlands best result of the 1980s was fifth, achieved by both Maggie MacNeal in 1980 and Marcha in 1987. In the 1990s, Ruth Jacott, with sixth place in 1993 and Edsilia Rombley, with fourth in 1998, achieved the Netherlands best results of the decade.
The Netherlands have finished last in the contest final on four occasions, in 1958, 1962, 1963 and 1968. They finished last in the semi-final in 2011. Since the semi-finals were introduced in 2004, the Netherlands has reached the final on six occasions, failing to reach the final for eight years in a row, from 2005–2012. Opting for an internal selection has fared well for the Netherlands since 2013, when Anouk became the first Dutch entry in nine years to qualify for the final, where she finished ninth. In 2014, another internal selection proved to be a success, when country duo The Common Linnets, made up of members Ilse DeLange and Waylon, became the Netherlands' most successful entry since 1975, placing second; the Netherlands once again qualified for the final in 2016 and 2017, finishing 11th both times, in 2018, finishing 18th. The Netherlands has hosted the Eurovision Song Contest four times: in 1958, 1970, 1976 and 1980; the first three times were after winning the previous year, while the 1980 contest was staged in the Netherlands, after Israel declined to organise the event for a second consecutive year.
The Netherlands had declined the right to organise the 1960 contest, as they had hosted the event just two years previously. The Netherlands has missed only four contests in its Eurovision history; the first one was at the 1985 contest, held in Sweden. The contest, held on 4 May conflicted with the Dutch Remembrance of the Dead and therefore the Netherlands withdrew. In 1991 the contest was again held on 4 May, so the Netherlands withdrew for the same reason as six years earlier. There was no Dutch participation in the 1995 and 2002 contests, due to relegation as a result of the country's poor showings in the previous year; the Netherlands did compete in 2000. But at 22:00 on Saturday 13 May, the broadcast was cancelled because of the Enschede fireworks disaster which happened a few hours before; the points awarded by the Netherlands were taken from the back-up jury vote, as there was no televote after the program was cut short. Table key NOTE: The full results for the first contest are unknown, only the winner was announced.
The official Eurovision site lists all the other songs as being placed second. As of 2018, Netherlands' voting history is as follows: Artistic Award Voted by previous winners Voted by commentators Composer Award Over the years NOS/TROS commentary has been provided by several experienced radio and television presenters, including Willem Duys, Ivo Niehe, Pim Jacobs, Ati Dijckmeester and Paul de Leeuw. Willem van Beusekom provided NOS TV commentary every year from 1987 until 2005. However, on November 7, 2005 it was announced that Van Beusekom would quit his role as Dutch commentator saying "It's good to step back", he was replaced by his co-commentator Cornald Maas who commentated on the contest from 2004 until 2010. On June 29, 2010 Maas was sacked as commentator after putting insults on Twitter about Sieneke, Joran van der Sloot and the Party for Freedom. After this, DJ Daniël Dekker, commentating next to Maas, took over together with Jan Smit. In 2014, Maas returned, now himself replacing Dekker, as commentator together with Smit.
^ Douwe Bob, Dutch representative in the 2016 Contest, was the second dual commentator for the second semi-final. All conductors are Dutch except those marked with a flag. Fernando Paggi Dolf van der Linden (musi
Cornelia Maria "Corry" Brokken was a Dutch singer. In 1957, she was the first Dutch winner of the Eurovision Song Contest, one of the high points in a long career as a singer and entertainer in the 1950s and 1960s, during which she scored a number of hits and sang in the popular Sleeswijk Revue with Snip en Snap, had her own television show, she ended her career in 1976 to study law, became an attorney and a judge. Brokken wrote an autobiography, in the 1990s returned to the public eye, writing a weekly column and again performing and recording. Brokken was the first Dutch winner of the Eurovision Song Contest, winning the event in 1957 with the song "Net als toen"; the melody was composed by Guus Jansen and the lyrics were written by Willy van Hemert. She participated in the 1956 contest singing "Voorgoed voorbij", with music and lyrics by Jelle de Vries, in the 1958 contest singing "Heel de wereld", with music and lyrics by Benny Vreden. John Kennedy O'Connor's book, The Eurovision Song Contest - The Official History, notes that Corry is the only singer to have finished both first and last in the contest.
Brokken was one of the most popular women singers of the 1950s and 1960s, performing in the Sleeswijk Revue alongside Snip en Snap and scoring hits, some of which with translated chansons by Charles Aznavour. In 1973, she happened upon a book discussing Roman law, began to get interested in the legal profession. In 1976, Brokken served as the presenter of the contest, in 1997 she announced the results of the Dutch vote for that year's contest. By that time she was no longer active as a singer: she ended her musical career in 1976 to study law. In the 1990s she returned performing on stage and recording an album, she died on 30 May 2016 at the age of 83. Songs"Voorgoed voorbij" "Net als toen" "Heel de wereld" FilmsJenny Redt een kind Uit met Maurice Dean List of Eurovision Song Contest presenters Corry Brokken on IMDb