National Art Gallery (Caracas)

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Eastern façade of the gallery.

The National Art Gallery (Galería de Arte Nacional; GAN) also known as Gallery of National Art is located in the Plaza Morelos area of Caracas, Venezuela.[1][2] The museum opened in May 1976. In 2009 it moved to a new building designed by Carlos Gómez de Llerena, Venezuela's largest museum building.[3]

History[edit]

The former home of the National Art Gallery, now the Fine Art Museum

The museum was housed until 2009 in a neo-classical building near Los Caobos Park;[4] the building was designed in 1935 for the Fine Art Museum (Museo de Bellas Artes).[5] by Carlos Raul Villanueva, one of the best-known architects of Venezuela.[6] The facade incorporates reliefs by Francisco Narváez, Venezuela's first modernist sculptor.[6]

In 2009 President Hugo Chávez inaugurated a new building for the National Art Gallery, allowing the Fine Art Museum to reoccupy its old building.

Collections[edit]

It features works of art by Venezuelan artists and artists such as Camille Pissarro who spent time in Venezuela; the collections span some five centuries from the colonial days featuring colonial Caracas and the period of Simón Bolívar.[7]

La Pastora, Caracas. Drawing by Pissarro

The museum has been extolled as a “patriotic celebration of national artists” reminiscent Venezuelan society.[2]

There are more than 4,000 pieces in its eleven rooms (arranged in a circular layout), with international and Venezuelan art,[6][3] it has paintings of more than 40 Venezuelan artists.[5][8] The works include pre-Hispanic pieces, colonial-era paintings, sculptures, and Venezuelan works of modern art.

Miranda en La Carraca (1896), Arturo Michelena's depiction of Francisco de Miranda's imprisonment in Cádiz, Spain (oil on canvas, 196.6 x 245.5 cm).

Temporary exhibitions exhibit artistic culture from pre-Hispanic times to the modern kinetic art.[5] Meyer Weismann of Caracas held his first solo exhibition of Venezuelan culture in this museum.[9] Other famous artists whose work is exhibited in the museum are Arturo Michelena, Armando Reverón, Carlos Cruz Diez, Pájaro and Jesús Soto; the museum’s most notable piece is Michelena’s 1896 painting of Francisco de Miranda in a Spanish jail, Miranda en La Carraca.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fodor's South America, 7th Edition. Fodor's Travel Publications. 7 November 2006. pp. 732–. ISBN 978-1-4000-1648-8. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  2. ^ a b Elizabeth Gackstetter Nichols; Kimberly J.. Morse (2010). Venezuela. ABC-CLIO. pp. 281–. ISBN 978-1-59884-569-3. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b c "Galería de Arte Nacional". Lonely Planet. Com. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  4. ^ Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc (7 November 2006). Fodor's South America, 7th Edition. Fodor's Travel Publications. pp. 732–. ISBN 978-1-4000-1648-8. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Kohn, Beth (2007). Lonely Planet Venezuela. Lonely Planet. pp. 68–. ISBN 978-1-74104-545-1. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "National Gallery of Art". The Embassy of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela in the United states of America. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  7. ^ Mercer Human Res Consulting, Inc. (20 March 2009). The Global Manager's Guide to Living and Working Abroad: Western Europe and the Americas: Western Europe and the Americas. ABC-CLIO. pp. 283–. ISBN 978-0-313-35884-5. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  8. ^ "Gallery of National Art". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
  9. ^ Kristin G. Congdon; Kara Kelley Hallmark (2002). Artists from Latin American cultures: a biographical dictionary. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 310–. ISBN 978-0-313-31544-2. Retrieved 27 May 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 10°30′2″N 66°54′9″W / 10.50056°N 66.90250°W / 10.50056; -66.90250