Napoleon "Billy" V. Abueva was known as the "Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture" Through Proclamation No. 1539, He was proclaimed National Artist for Sculpture in 1976 when he was 46, making him the youngest recipient of the award to date. Billy Abueva, as he was fondly called, was born in Tagbilaran, Bohol to Teodoro Lloren Abueva, a Bohol congressman and Purificacion Gonzalez Veloso, president of the Women's Auxiliary Service. Abueva had six other brothers and sisters: Teodoro Jr. Purificacion, Amelia Martinez, Teresita Floro, Antonio. Born Esabelio Veloso Abueva, he was named after the younger sister of his paternal grandmother, Isabel, he assumed the name Napoleon at the age of six, when as a student at the St. Joseph Academy in Tagbilaran, one of the nuns first called him Napoleon after Napoleon Bonaparte; the name stuck, since, Abueva referenced the quote from Napoleon: "If I weren't a conqueror, I would wish to be a sculptor."Abueva graduated in high school at the Rafael Palma College in 1949.
He earned his Bachelor of Fine Arts in Sculpture at the UP School of Fine Arts in 1953 as one of the second batch of Fine Arts students who moved from the old campus in Padre Faura to Diliman. He was mentored by fellow National Artist for Sculpture Guillermo Tolentino. Through scholarship grants, he was able to pursue advanced studies abroad including one from Harvard University. Recognized as the “Father of Modern Philippine Sculpture”, Abueva helped shape the local sculpture scene to what it is now, he used all kinds of materials for his sculptures such as hard wood, metal, stainless steel, marble, iron, alabaster and brass. He was the first Filipino artist to mount a one-man exhibit at the Philippine Center in New York in 1980; some of his major works include Kaganapan, Kiss of Judas, Thirty Pieces of Silver, The Transfiguration, Eternal Garden Memorial Park, UP Gateway, Nine Muses, UP Faculty Center, Sunburst -Peninsula Manila Hotel, the bronze figure of Teodoro M. Kalaw in front of National Library, murals in marble at the National Heroes Shrine, Mt. Samat, Bataan.
Kaganapan Kiss of Judas UP Gateway Thirty Pieces of Silver The Transfiguration Sandugo The Fredesvinda Siyam na Diwata ng Sining UP Faculty Center Sunburst His Sandugo or Blood Compact shrine in Bohol, Tagbilaran City is a landmark at the site of the first international treaty of friendship between Spaniards and Filipinos. His son, Mulawin Abueva, performed the death mask procedure of opposition leader Ninoy Aquino in 1983 while the elder Abueva made the death mask of Fernando Poe, Jr. in 2004. Both masks are now displayed at the Center for Kapampangan Studies, Holy Angels Campus in Angeles Pampanga, he made a death mask of Cardinal Sin. He was married to Cherry Abueva, a psychiatrist, had three children: Amihan and Duero. Before his stroke, he taught at the Industrial Design department of the De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde School of Design and Arts. Abueva was confined at the National Kidney and Transplant Institute in Quezon City for pneumonia from December 31, 2017 until his death on February 16, 2018.
His death was announced by News5 Reporter Maeanne Los Baños on tbe radio program Balita Alas Singko on Radyo5. He was 88. Exhibitions of Napoleon Abueva's work were held in Cebu Plaza. Century 21 Exposition in Seattle, Washington Cultural mission to India Cultural mission to Taipei Arts Council in England - special guest Venice Biennale Fifth International Congress of Art in Tokyo - delegate Sixth International congress of Art in Amsterdam. Biennale de Sao Paulo, Brazil. Art exhibit of the Philippine Pavilion in Expo 70, Japan First Prize, Sculptural Exhibition by the Art Association of the Philippines First Prize in the Fifth Annual Art Exhibition First Prize and Special Award on the Fourth Sculptural Exhibition Awardee, "The Unknown Political Prisoner" in the International Sculpture Competition by the Institute of Contemporary Arts, London First Prize and Special Award, Kaganapan, in the Semi-Annual Art Exhibition by the Art Association of the Philippines First Prize, "Kiss of Judas" in the Religious Art Exhibition in Detroit, Michigan, USA Purchase Prize, "Water Buffalo", in the Annual Show, at St. Louis, Missouri, USA First Prize, "Figure" in the Annual Show of the Art Association of the Philippines Most Outstanding Alumnus of the School of Fine Arts, U.
P. Golden Jubilee Republic Award for Sculpture Ten Outstanding Young Men of the Philippines Awardee in Sculpture Winner, U. P. Gateway Design Competition Winner, Cultural Heritage Award ASEAN Awards for Visual Arts in Bangkok Fourth ASEAN Achievement Award for Visual Arts in Singapore. Lawin Abueva. Death Mask of Benigno S. Aquino, Jr. Mr.&Ms. Cover. November 25, 1983. Fe B. Zamora. Death is but a mask of immortality. Mr.&Ms. page 4. November 25, 1983. Jose Wendell P. Capili. An Interview with National Artist for Sculpture Napoleon Abueva In Focus: About Culture and Arts. November 3, 2003. Abueva, the Artist: National Commission on Culture and the Arts Abueva, The Only Boholano National Artist: Bohol Times Exhibitions Ruel S. De Vera Outstanding in Any Year Philippine Daily Inquirer The Fredesvinda - Roots.sg - National Museum of Singapore
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance. State funerals include much pomp and ceremony as well as religious overtones and distinctive elements of military tradition. State funerals are held in order to involve the general public in a national day of mourning after the family of the deceased gives consent. A state funeral will generate mass publicity from both national and global media outlets. Ahmed Ben Bella Agostino Neto Sir Seretse Khama Sir Ketumile Masire Marc-Vivien Foe Laurent-Desire Kabila Gamal Abdel Nasser Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran who dies in exile in Egypt Anwar Sadat Meles Zenawi Edith Lucie Bongo Omar Bongo Mzee Jomo Kenyatta Michael Kijana Wamalwa Lucy Kibaki Bingu wa Mutharika Samora Machel Afonso Dhlakama Andimba Toivo ya Toivo Chris Hani Nelson Mandela Govan Mbeki Raymond Mhlaba Walter Sisulu Albertina Sisulu Senzo Meyiwa Joost van der Westhuizen Winnie Mandela Julius Nyerere Godfrey Binaisa Mutesa II of Buganda Milton Obote Levy Mwanawasa Frederick Chiluba Betty Kaunda Michael Sata Oliver Mtukudzi In 1952 Eva Perón died at age 33.
She held the title of Spiritual Leader of the Nation of Argentina, granted by the Congress of Argentina. Nearly three million people covered the funeral of Evita in the streets of Buenos Aires. A radio broadcast interrupted the broadcasting schedule, with the announcer reading, "The Press Secretary's Office of the Presidency of the Nation fulfills its sad duty to inform the people of the Republic that at 20:25 hours Mrs. Eva Perón, Spiritual Leader of the Nation, died." Eva Perón was granted a full Roman Catholic requiem mass. On Saturday 9 August, the body was transferred to the Congress Building for an additional day to be publicly viewed; the next day, after a final Sunday mass, the coffin was laid atop on a gun carriage pulled by CGT officials. Following next was Juan Perón, his cabinet, Eva's family and friends, the delegates and representatives of the Partido Peronista Femenino workers and students of the Eva Perón Foundation, her coffin was showered with carnations, chrysanthemums and roses thrown from the nearby balconies as the procession passed through the streets.
Juan Perón died at age 78 on 1 July 1974, after his health progressively deteriorated. His wife and vicepresident, Isabel Martínez de Perón, gave the announcement: "with great sorrow I must convey to the people of Argentina the death of this true apostle of peace and nonviolence." After several days of national mourning, in which the body laid in state at the Argentine National Congress for hundreds of thousands of people, the remains were moved to a crypt in the Quinta de Olivos Presidential. On 17 November 1974 the remains of Evita. While the body was in Congress, over 135,000 people filed past the coffin, while a million Argentines had to bid their farewell to their leader from the outside. Two thousand foreign journalists reported the details of the funeral. Raul Alfonsín died at age 82 on 31 March 2009 after a long battle against lung cancer and. in his last days, broncoaspirativa pneumonia. Argentina's government declared three days of national mourning for the death and his remains were veiled from the early hours of April 1, 2009 in the Blue Room of the National Congress, attended by authorities and politicians of different parties an estimated 80,000 people had to wait in line for five to six hours.
Among the political authorities who attended the event were former presidents Carlos Menem, Eduardo Duhalde, Fernando De la Rua and Nestor Kirchner, President Cristina Fernandez was unable to attend because they were in the G-20 London but sent its condolences. The next day they were taken to a military gun carriage escorted by the Mounted Grenadiers Regiment at Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires; the remains of former President rested temporarily in the vault of the fallen in the Revolution of the Park until 16 May were transferred to a single monument in the cemetery in a place built of gray and beige marble, where there is a cross on top and a bright stained glass by entering a glimmer. Argentina's former President and Secretary General of UNASUR, Néstor Kirchner, died of heart failure on the morning of 27 October 2010 at the Jose Formenti hospital in El Calafate, Santa Cruz Province at the age of 60. Although there was some effort made to revive him, it did not do so His wife, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, was present with him when he died.
He was expected to run for president in 2011. A state funeral was held on November 3, 2010 in Bridgetown for former Barbados Prime Minister David Thompson. State funerals were held for the President-elect of Brazil, Tancredo Neves, who died before taking office; the former Vice President of Brazil, José Alencar, was buried with a head of state's honor, after his passing due to cancer. Other than heads of state, personalities such as the Formula 1 racing champion Ayrton Senna, dead in 1994 after a crash during a race, the architect Oscar Niemeyer, who died in 2012 at the age of 104, among others. In Canada, state funerals are public events held to commemorate the memory of present and former governors general and former prime ministers, sitting members of the Ministry and other prominent Canadians at the discretion of the Prime Minister. With ceremonial and religious elements incorporated, state funerals are offered and executed by the Government of Canada which provides a dignified manner for the Canadian people to mourn a national public figure.
In 2006, the House of Commons voted unanimously, on a motion introduced by the NDP, to hold a state funeral when the last Canadian veteran of the First World War died
Gerardo de León
Gerardo de León, ONA, was a Filipino actor-turned-film director. De León, born Gerardo Ilagan, was a member of the Ilagan clan of Philippine motion pictures, which includes Robert Arevalo, Conrado Conde, Angel Esmeralda, Eddie Ilagan, Ronaldo Valdez, musical scorer Tito Arévalo, his daughter Liberty Ilagan. De León was a medical doctor by profession, he made his acting debut in the 1934 film Ang Dangal. He acted in eight other films before becoming a director; the first film he directed was Bahay-Kubo, starring Fely Vallejo, an actress whom he married. De Leon produced a number of anti-American propaganda films during World War Two, in collaboration with the occupying Japanese forces and Japanese director Abe Yutaka, who chose De Leon for the projects. De Leon was arrested and charged with treason after the Japanese were defeated, was executed by the Filipino government, but at the last minute, he was pardoned when evidence came to light that all during the war, he had secretly assisted the Filipino resistance as well.
Nicknamed "Manong", de León is the most awarded film director in the history of the Filipino Academy of Movie Arts and Sciences' FAMAS Awards. From 1952 to 1971, he was awarded seven FAMAS Awards, three of them received consecutively, his 1961 film The Moises Padilla Story was selected as the Philippine entry for the Best Foreign Language Film at the 32nd Academy Awards, but was not accepted as a nominee. All of the films for which he won Best Director won Best Picture at the FAMAS, namely Sawa sa Lumang Simboryo, Hanggang sa Dulo ng Daigdig, Huwag Mo Akong Limutin, Noli Me Tangere, El Filibusterismo, Daigdig ng mga Api, Lilet. One of his unfinished projects was Juan de la Cruz with Fernando Poe, Jr.. He is known to fans of cult horror films for the handful of 1960s horror movies he directed, some co-directed with his friend Eddie Romero and co-financed with American money; these films included Terror Is a Man, The Blood Drinkers/ Blood is the Color of Night, Curse of the Vampires/ Whisper to the Wind, Brides of Blood, Mad Doctor of Blood Island.
Roger Corman hired him in 1971 to direct his gritty Women in Prison film Women in Cages, featuring Pam Grier as a sadistic prison warden. De Leon died on July 25, 1981 at age 67. Estrellita Maestra, Ang Dawn of Freedom Mameng, iniibig kita Sisa Diego Silang Bagong umaga Python at the Old Dome Pedro Penduko Ifuago Sanda Wong Saigon Bakya mo Neneng Kamay ni Cain/ The Hands of Cain Hanggang sa dulo ng daigdig Terror Is a Man Huwag mo akong limutin/ Don't Let Me Forget Noli me tangere The Moises Padilla Story Noli me tangere El Filibusterismo I Am Justice The Walls of Hell Ang Daigdig ng mga api/ World of the Oppressed The Blood Drinkers a.k.a. Kulay dugo ang gabi/ Blood is the Color of Night. Curse of the Vampires a.k.a. Ibulong mo sa hangin, a.k.a. Creatures of Evil Brides of Blood The Mad Doctor of Blood Island Lilet Women in Cages Fe, Caridad Banaue Gerardo de León on IMDb
Cultural Center of the Philippines
The Cultural Center of the Philippines is a government owned and controlled corporation established to preserve and promote arts and culture in the Philippines. The CCP was established through Executive Order No. 30 s. 1966 by President Ferdinand Marcos. Although an independent corporation of the Philippine government, it receives an annual subsidy and is placed under the National Commission for Culture and the Arts for purposes of policy coordination; the CCP is headed by an 11-member Board of Trustees headed by Chairperson Margarita Moran-Floirendo. Its current president is Arsenio Lizaso; the CCP provides performance and exhibition venues for various local and international productions at the 62-hectare Cultural Center of the Philippines Complex located in the cities of Pasay and Manila. Its artistic programs include the production of performances, exhibitions, cultural research, outreach and publication of materials on Philippine art and culture, it holds its headquarters at the Tanghalang Pambansa, a structure designed by National Artist for Architecture, Leandro V. Locsin.
Locsin would design many of the other buildings in the CCP Complex. Before the turn of the 20th century, artistic performances were held in plazas and other public places around the country. In Manila, the Manila Grand Opera House, constructed in the mid-19th Century, served as the primary venue for many stage plays and zarzuelas and other notable events of national significance. Conditions improve with the construction of the Metropolitan Theater in 1931 and smaller but adequately equipped auditoriums in institutions like Meralco, Philam Life, Insular Life, Ateneo de Manila University and Far Eastern University. In 1961, the Philippine-American Cultural Foundation started to raise funds for a new theater; the structure, designed by Leandro Locsin, was to be built on a 10-hectare lot in Quezon City. In the meantime in 1965, Imelda Marcos at a proclamation rally in Cebu for her husband's bid for the Presidency, expressed her desire to build a national theater. Marcos would win his election bid and work on the theater started with the issuance of Presidential Proclamation No. 20 on March 12, 1966.
Imelda, now the First Lady, persuaded the Philippine-American Cultural Foundation to relocate and expand plans for the still-born theater to a new reclaimed location along Roxas Boulevard in Manila. To formalize the project, President Marcos issued Executive Order No. 60, establishing the Cultural Center of the Philippines and appointing its board of directors. The board would elect Imelda as chairperson, giving her the legal mandate to negotiate and manage funds for the center. Prior to her husband's inaugural, Marcos started fund raising for the Cultural Center; this was, insufficient to cover the projected cost of PH₱15 million needed to construct the theater. Much of the theater's funding came from a war damage fund for education authorized by the US Congress during President Marcos's state visit to the United States. In the end, the theater would receive US$3.5 million from the fund. To make up for the rest of the construction costs, Imelda approached prominent families and businesses to donate to her cause.
Carpets, marble, artworks to decorate the interior of the theater and cement were all donated. Despite the success of the First Lady's fund raising, the project cost ballooned to ₱50 million, or 35 million over the projected budget by 1969. Imelda and the CCP board took a US$7 million loan through the National Investment Development Corporation to finance the remaining amount, a move, criticized by government opposition. Senator Ninoy Aquino objected to the use of public funds for the center without congressional appropriation and branded it as an institution for the elite. Unfazed with the criticism, Marcos went ahead with the project and the Theater of Performing Arts of the Cultural Center of the Philippines was opened on September 8, 1969, three days before the President's 52nd birthday, with a three-month-long inaugural festival opened by Lamberto Avellana's musical Golden Salakot: Isang Dularawan, an epic portrayal of Panay Island. Among those who attended the inaugural night were California Governor Ronald Reagan and his wife, both representing United States President Richard Nixon.
Early into the 1970s, the Center was in the red due to the costs of constructing the Theater of Performing Arts. In 1972, the board of the CCP asked Members of Congress to pass House Bill 4454, which would convert the Center to become a non-municipal public corporation and allow it to use the principal of the CCP Trust Fund to pay off some of its debt; the bill would continually support the center through a government subsidy amounting to the equivalent of 5% of the collected Amusement Tax annually. The proposed piece of legislation was never passed. However, with the declaration of Martial Law on September 23, 1972, Congress was dissolved. 1972 a modified version of the proposed bill. The proclamation expanded the Center's role, from that of being a performance venue to an agency promoting and developing arts and culture throughout the country. Other notable developments during the year included the institution of the National Artist Awards and the foundation of the CCP Philharmonic O
N. V. M. Gonzalez
Néstor Vicente Madali González was a Filipino novelist, short story writer and poet. Conferred as the National Artist of the Philippines for Literature in 1997, he was born on 8 September 1915 in Philippines. González, was raised in Mansalay, a southern town of the Philippine province of Oriental Mindoro. González was a son of a teacher; as a teenager, he helped his father by delivering meat door-to-door across provincial villages and municipalities. González was a musician, he played the violin and made four guitars by hand. He earned his first peso by playing the violin during a Chinese funeral in Romblon. González attended Mindoro High School from 1927 to 1930. González attended college at National University but he was unable to finish his undergraduate degree. While in Manila, González wrote for the Philippine Graphic and edited for the Evening News Magazine and Manila Chronicle, his first published essay appeared in the Philippine Graphic and his first poem in Poetry in 1934. González made his mark in the Philippine writing community as a member of the Board of Advisers of Likhaan: the University of the Philippines Creative Writing Center, founding editor of The Diliman Review and as the first president of the Philippine Writers' Association.
González attended creative writing classes under Wallace Stegner and Katherine Anne Porter at Stanford University. In 1950, González returned to the Philippines and taught at the University of Santo Tomas, the Philippine Women's University and the University of the Philippines. At U. P. González was only one of two faculty members accepted to teach in the university without holding a degree. On the basis of his literary publications and distinctions, González taught at the University of California, Santa Barbara, California State University, the University of Washington, the University of California, Los Angeles, the University of California, Berkeley. On 14 April 1987, the University of the Philippines conferred on N. V. M. González the degree of Doctor of Humane Letters, honoris causa, "For his creative genius in shaping the Philippine short story and novel, making a new clearing within the English idiom and tradition on which he established an authentic vocabulary... For his insightful criticism by which he advanced the literary tradition of the Filipino and enriched the vocation for all writers of the present generation...
For his visions and auguries by which he gave the Filipino sense and sensibility a profound and unmistakable script read and reread throughout the international community of letters..." N. V. M. González was proclaimed National Artist of the Philippines in 1997, he died on 28 November 1999 at the age of 84. As a National Artist, Gonzalez was honored with a state funeral at the Libingan ng mga Bayani; the works of Gonzalez have been published in Filipino, Chinese, German and Indonesian. The Winds of April A Season of Grace The Bamboo Dancers The Land And The Rain The Happiest Boy in The World Bread of Salt "The Tomato Game".1992 A Grammar of Dreams and Other Stories. University of the Philippines Press, 1997 The Bread of Other Stories. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1993. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press, 1981. Denver, Colorado: Alan Swallow, 1964 Look, Stranger, on this Island Now. Manila: Benipayo, 1963 Children of the Ash-Covered Loam and Other Stories. Manila: Benipayo, 1954.
Denver, Colorado: Alan Swallow, 1947 A Novel of Justice: Selected Essays 1968–1994. Manila: National Commission for Culture and the Arts and Anvil, 1996 Work on the Mountain, University of the Philippines Press, 1996 Given a Trophy from A Jokarts company Regents Professor at the University of California at Los Angeles, 1998–1999 Philippines Centennial Award for Literature, 1998 National Artist Award for Literature, 1997 Oriental Mindoro Sangguniang Panlalawigan Resolution "extending due recognition to Nestor V. M. González... the commendation he well deserves..." 1996 City of Manila Diwa ng Lahi award "for his service and contribution to Philippine national Literature," 1996 City of Los Angeles resolution declaring October 11, 1996 "N. V. M. González Day, 1996 The Asian Catholic Publishers Award, 1993 The Filipino Community of California Proclamation "honoring N. V. M. González for seventy-eight years of achievements," 1993 Ninoy Aquino Movement for Social and Economic Reconstruction through Volunteer Service award, 1991 City and County of San Francisco proclamation of March 7, 1990 "Professor N.
V. M. González Day in San Francisco," 1990 Cultural Center of the Philippines award, Gawad Para sa Sining, 1990 Writers Union of the Philippines award, Gawad Pambansang Alagad ni Balagtás, 1989 University of the Philippines International Writer-in-Residence, 1988 Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of the Philippines, 1987 Djerassi Foundation Artist-in-Residence, 1986 Philippine Foreign Service Certificate of Appreciation for Work in the International Academic and Literary Community, at San Francisco, 1983 Emeritus Professor of English, California State University, 1982 Carlos Palanca Memorial Award, First Prize for'The Tomato Game,' 1971 City of Manila Medal of Honor, 1971. Awarded Leverhulme Fellowship, University of Hong Kong, 1969. Visiting Associate Professorship in English, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1968. British Council awa
Leonor Orosa-Goquingco was a Filipino national artist in creative dance. She played the piano, drew art, designed scenery and costumes, acted, directed and choreographed, her pen name was Cristina Luna and she was known as Trailblazer, Mother of Philippine Theater Dance and Dean of Filipino Performing Arts Critics. She died on July 15, 2005 of cardiac arrest following a cerebro-vascular accident at the age of 87. Leonor Orosa-Goquingco was born on July 1917 in Jolo, Sulu, her parents were Sixto Orosa and Severina Luna, both doctors who graduated from the University of the Philippines. She was married to Benjamin Goquinco and had three children: Benjamin, Jr. Rachelle and Regina. Goquingco graduated Elementary in 1929 at Central Philippine University and as the top of her class as valedictorian in Negros Occidental Provincial High School, she entered the Philippine Women's University where she took an ACS course. She earned a diploma in education, majoring in English Literature from St. Scholastica's College Manila and graduated summa cum laude.
The famous national artist took graduate courses in theatre craft and music at Columbia University and Teachers College in New York City, USA. She took professional and teacher courses at the Ballet de Monte Carlo. In 1939, Leonor Orosa-Goquingco was the only dancer sent on the first cultural mission to Japan, at the age of 19, she produced Circling the Dance Panorama in the same year. She created The Elements in 1940, the first ballet choreographed by a Filipino to commissioned music, she created Sports during the same year, featuring cheerleaders, a tennis match and a basketball game. The first Philippine folkloric ballet, Trend: Return to the Native, was choreographed by Goquingco in 1941. After the Second World War, she organized the Philippine Ballet and brought the famous Filipino novel, Noli Me Tángere, to life; the Noli Dance Suite consisted of several dances. Maria Clara and the Leper and Elias, Asalto for Maria Clara and The Gossips are some of the dances found in the Noli Dance Suite.
Leonor Orosa-Goquingco danced during her early years. She danced at the American Museum of Natural History, Theresa Kaufmann Auditorium, The International House and Rockefeller Plaza, just to name a few, she appeared in Planting Rice. Other works she choreographed were "Circling the Globe", "Dance Panorama", "Current events", "Vinta!", "Morolandia", "Festival in Maguindanao", "Eons Ago: The Creation", "Filipinescas: Philippine Life and Lore in Dance", "Miner's Song", "The Bird and the Planters", "Tribal", "Ang Antipos", "Salubong", "Pabasa" and "Easter Sunday Fiesta". She founded the Filipinescas Dance Company in 1958, took it on a world tour in 1961, 1962, 1964, 1966, 1968 and 1970, she was a writer, her articles were published in Dance Magazine, Enciclopedia Della Spettacolo, Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Arts of Asia and the Philippine Cultural Foundation. She wrote Dances of the Emerald Isles and Filipinescas: Philippine Life and Lore in Dance. Leonor Orosa-Goquingco wrote a poem on the Japanese occupation, Lifted the Smoke of Battle.
She is famous for her one-act play, Her Son, Jose Rizal, set during the time Rizal was imprisoned and awaiting his execution. It reveals the emotions going through Rizal's mother at that time and the similarities between Rizal's life and that of Jesus Christ. Goquinco was a critic who wrote reviews, she critiqued works like Tony Perez' Oktubre, Ligaya Amilbangsa's Stillness and Tanghalang Pilipino's Aguinaldo: 1898. Patnubay ng Sining at Kalinangan Award in 1969 and 1964 Rizal Centennial Award in 1962 Republic Cultural Heritage Award in 1964 Presidential Award of Merit in 1970 Tandang Sora Award and the Columbia University Alumni Association Award in 1975 National Artist for Dance on March 27, 1976 She was an Honorary Chairman of the Association of Ballet Academies of the Philippines, the founding member of the Philippine Ballet Theatre and was known as a Zontian and a performing arts critic and columnist of the Manila Bulletin. Orosa, Rosalinda L. Above the Throng: Portraits and Profiles and Silhouettes.
1980. Orosa, Rosalinda L. "My Sister Leonor.", The Philippine Star. July 23, 2005. Roces, Alejandro R. "Leonor Orosa Goquingco: National Artist in Dance.", The Philippine Star. July 19, 2005. "Farewell to National Artist Leonor Orosa-Goquingco". Manila Bulletin. July 18, 2005
Vicente Silva Manansala was a Filipino cubist painter and illustrator. Manansala was born in Pampanga. From 1926 to 1930, he studied at the U. P. School of Fine Arts. In 1949, Manansala received a six-month grant by UNESCO to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Banff and Montreal, Canada. In 1950, he received a nine-month scholarship to study at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris by the French government. Manansala's canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures of the barrio and the city together, his Madonna of the Slums is a portrayal of a mother and child from the countryside who became urban shanty residents once in the city. In his Jeepneys, Manansala combined the elements of provincial folk culture with the congestion issues of the city. Manansala developed transparent cubism, wherein the "delicate tones and patterns of figure and environment are masterfully superimposed". A fine example of Manansala using this "transparent and translucent" technique is his composition, Kalabaw.
Vicente Manansala, a National Artist of the Philippines in Visual Arts, was a direct influence to his fellow Filipino neo-realists: Malang, Angelito Antonio, Norma Belleza and Manuel Baldemor. The Honolulu Museum of Art, the Lopez Memorial Museum, the Philippine Center, the Singapore Art Museum and Holy Angel University are among the public collections holding work by Vicente Manansala. Holy Angel University opened a section of its museum called The Vicente Manansala Collection, holding most of the estate left by the artist, he died on August 1981 in Manila, Philippines due to lung cancer. Madonna of the Slums Jeepneys Kalabaw, oil on canvas, 28.5 inches x 38 inches, 1965 Murals "Stations of the cross " in the Church of the Parish of the Holy Sacrifice Bangkusay Seascape. 1940. Oil on canvas. 14 x 18 inches. Pila Pila sa Bigas, 1980. Oil on canvas. 51 x 84 inches. Planting the First Cross Seal of Arellano University Slum Dwellers Bayanihan Balut Vendors Jansen Rodriguez Pamilya Reclining Mother and Child Dambana Finding Manansala: Tracing the works of a National Artist for Visual Arts