National Library of Indonesia

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Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia
(National Library of Indonesia)
Logo Perpusnas.png
National Library of Indonesia (Salemba branch).jpg
National library building in Salemba, Jakarta
Established May 1980, 17 (37 years ago) (17-05-1980)[1]
Location Jakarta, Indonesia
Coordinates 6°11′54.7″S 106°51′7.5″E / 6.198528°S 106.852083°E / -6.198528; 106.852083
Other information
Director Sri Sularsih[2]
Website www.pnri.go.id

The National Library of Indonesia (Indonesian: Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia, PNRI) is the legal deposit library of Indonesia. It serves primarily as a humanities library alongside several others holding national responsibilities for science and agriculture, the national library was established in 1980 through a decree of the Ministry of Education and Culture and the consolidation of four different libraries. It maintains the status of a non-departmental government institution and is responsible to the President of Indonesia, the earliest collections originated from the library of the National Museum, opened in 1868 and formerly operated by the Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences. A new library building was opened in 1988 with financial support from Madam Tien Suharto, the newest building was inaugurated by Indonesian president Joko Widodo on 14 September, 2017 which is arguably the tallest library building in the world.[3]

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

Museum of the Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, now the National Museum of Indonesia, c. 1875–1885

The origins of the national library date back to the 1778 foundation of the Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, the first of its kind in Asia. Through its promotion of scholarship in the Dutch East Indies, the society created numerous publications and accumulated a number of collections, including establishing a library, after increasing its collections during the first half of the 19th century, the society and its library moved in 1868 to a new location at the current National Museum at Merdeka Square. Attempts to divert some collections to the new Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV) were resisted by members. Between 1846 and 1920, the library's collection grew from 1,115 items to over 100,000.[4]

The Society's library survived the years of conflict during and following World War II.[5] Japanese forces occupying Indonesia during the war years were impressed by the number Japanese scholars in the society and did not interfere with the affairs of the museum, because authorities also upheld the library's powers of legal deposit, it holds a substantial collection of official wartime publication. Following independence, the society was renamed the Indonesian Institute of Culture (Lembaga Kebudayaan Indonesia) before being dissolved in 1962, the library was then placed under the museum's jurisdiction.[6]

National library[edit]

Library collection of the Royal Batavian Society of Arts and Sciences, c. 1896

Although a plan for a national library was included in the 1961 First National Development Plan, it was not sustained in the following years; in 1973, Mastini Hardjoprakoso, an employee of the National Museum library, developed a concept for the national library, but it was not immediately adopted by the Ministry of Education and Culture. However, the plan caught the attention of the National Development Planning Agency (Bappenas) and other information services. When a new culture director took office in 1978, the ministry finally gave its support for the project. Funding for the library was also provided by Madam Tien Suharto, who was impressed by a 1968 exhibition of colonial and national newspapers at the National Museum.[6]

The National Library of Indonesia was created through a 1980 decree by the Minister of Education and Culture Daoed Joesoef.[1][7] Four libraries were consolidated in the process: two departments of the Library Development Centre (the Library of Political and Social History, founded in 1952, and the Department of Bibliography and Deposits, founded in 1953); the library of the Jakarta regional office of the Ministry of Education and Culture, founded in 1953; and the library of the National Museum. In addition to the establishment of a national library system, the decree granted the library powers of legal deposit,[8] the library was placed under the jurisdiction of the Directorate General for Culture within the ministry.[1] The new library building opened in 1988.[6]

Under Presidential Decree 11 of (6 March) 1989, the National Library fully subsumed the assets of the Library Development Centre and became a non-departmental government institution, it no longer reports to the ministry and is responsible to the President of Indonesia through the State Secretariat.[1][9] The library's operations were once again revised through a 1997 decree in order to meet the needs of globalization.[1]

New building[edit]

The new library building is 130 meters tall, which has 27 floors. Standing on an area of 11,975 square meters, this building has uniqueness and specification on every floor.The building looks like a window from outside, the inside also includes spacious spaces with energy-saving concepts that have many windows. One is the special floor of children and other floors of interest, namely the floor for the culture of foreign archipelago as well as general reading, this national library also has a variety of facilities, such as reading rooms devoted to the blind and elderly.

At the entrance of the main building, there is a plaza, where four hall rooms located, two each on the right and left, displaying the history of Indonesian reading, the Script Room displays a map of Indonesia on a digital screen on one side of the wall. The screen comes with a voice telling chronologically the people of Indonesia know the letters. Next to the Script Room, there is a room that presents an explanation of the development of writing media as well as items that bear witness to history, such as bamboo writing media, alim wood, lontar leaves, gebang, dluwang daluwang, European paper to Chinese paper. And in the hallway to the new building, the original archipelago script is displayed in glass boxes. There is Nagarakretagama by Empu Prapanca's ahsyur masterpiece, and Babad Diponegoro which self-written by Prince Diponegoro. Both are included in the UNESCO world cultural heritage list; in the museum's pavilion there are also books about the first president of the Republic of Indonesia Soekarno, complete with photographs.Out of the museum pavilion, there is a green open space with colorful flowers leading to the new building. Rows of paintings of the presidents of the Republic of Indonesia hanged at the lobby of the new building; in the middle of the main lobby hall stood a bookcase that rose to the fourth floor. Above it there is a ceiling illustrated map of Indonesia.[10]

Services[edit]

The library serves the entire Indonesian people and is primarily a humanities library. National responsibility for science belongs to the Centre for Scientific Documentation and Information (Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah). The Centre for Agricultural Library and Technology Dissemination (Pusat Perpustakaan dan Penyebaran Teknologi Pertanian), formerly part of the Bogor Botanical Gardens, holds the responsibility for an agriculture library.[6] Other libraries of national importance include the library of the Bandung Institute of Technology and the University of Indonesia medical faculty library.[11]

Under the national library, Indonesia began its own International Standard Book Number and Cataloging in Publication programs. The library maintains bibliographies of the state ideology Pancasila and Javanese manuscripts, it also develops an independent computer housekeeping system and implements the MARC standards. Both the United States Library of Congress and the National Library of Australia maintain regional offices in Jakarta.[6]

In January 2017, the National Library of Indonesia partnered with Neliti, a freely available repository of publications from Indonesian research institutions.[12]

Library system[edit]

The 1980 ministerial decree also outlined a library system for the country. Aside from the national library, the decree established libraries at the provincial and other administrative levels, it outlined plans for an integrated system of school, academic/university, and mobile libraries.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Saputro 2005
  2. ^ "Mendiknas Lantik Dirjen Dikti dan Kepala Perpustakaan Nasional" (in Indonesian). Ministry of Communication and Information. Public Information Agency. 15 June 2010. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "Jokowi Resmikan PNRI, Perpustakaan Tertinggi di Dunia". Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Massil 2001, p. 520
  5. ^ Massil 1994, p. 274
  6. ^ a b c d e Massil 2001, p. 521
  7. ^ a b Hardjoprakoso 1995, p. 222
  8. ^ Massil 2001, p. 519
  9. ^ Hardjoprakoso 1995, p. 223
  10. ^ "Menjelajahi gedung baru Perpustakaan Nasional". Antara. Retrieved 22 September 2017. 
  11. ^ Massil 1994, p. 275
  12. ^ "Neliti - Indonesia's Think Tank Database". www.neliti.com. Retrieved 2017-01-22. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]