The National Naval Aviation Museum known as the National Museum of Naval Aviation and the Naval Aviation Museum, is a military and aerospace museum located at Naval Air Station Pensacola, Florida. The museum is devoted to the history of naval aviation, including that of the United States Navy, the United States Marine Corps, the United States Coast Guard, its mission is "to select, collect and display" appropriate memorabilia representative of the development and historic heritage of United States Naval Aviation. More than 150 aircraft and spacecraft are on display, including four former Blue Angels A-4 Skyhawks, the Curtiss NC-4, U. S. Coast Guard helicopters, biplanes, a K-47 Airship control gondola and tail fin, an aircraft that President George H. W. Bush trained in, the S-3 Viking used to transport President George W. Bush to the USS Abraham Lincoln in 2003; these historic and one-of-a-kind aircraft are displayed both inside the Museum's 300,000 square feet of exhibit space and outside on the Museum's 37-acre grounds.
The museum functions in coordination with the Naval Air Systems Command as the Navy's program manager for nearly all other retired Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard aircraft on display aboard U. S. military installations in the United States or overseas, or in numerous other museums or public displays. In a similar manner to U. S. Air Force aircraft on loan from the NMUSAF's collection which remain under official USAF ownership, these other American-preserved naval aircraft continue to remain the property of the Department of the Navy and are identified at these locations as being "On Loan from the National Naval Aviation Museum." In addition to the displays, the museum features a Giant Screen Theater, flight simulators, Blue Angels 4D Experience, museum store, cafe. The Cubi Point Café is itself an exhibit as it displays squadron memorabilia from the closed NAS Cubi Point Officers' Club. Adjacent to the museum is the National Flight Academy, a four-story simulated aircraft carrier housing over 30 networked flight simulators.
Throughout the summer, more than 200 students per week from across the nation attend the National Flight Academy's 6-day program, designed to inspire attendees to pursue a future in STEM. The museum is supported by a 501 educational non-profit organization, the Naval Aviation Museum Foundation. Since 1966, this foundation has raised tens of millions of dollars to construct the museum, build exhibits and restore aircraft, develop educational programs like the National Flight Academy. Practice demonstrations by the United States Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron, the Blue Angels, may be viewed from the museum most Tuesday and Wednesday mornings between March and November; these practices are weather permitting, a tentative practice schedule may be viewed on the Blue Angels' website. Captain Robert L. Rasmussen, a retired Navy captain, former Navy fighter pilot and former Blue Angels demonstration pilot, was the former director and reported to the Naval History & Heritage Command, he hand-sculpted many of the statues and painted many of the watercolor and oil paintings in the museum as well.
He was replaced by Captain Sterling Gilliam, Jr.. The museum was established 14 December 1962 with the initial facility located in a cramped 8,500 square foot building aboard the air station, erected during World War II and, dedicated in June 1963; the Phase I portion of the current facility was dedicated Sunday 13 April 1975, although it had been informally open since November 1974. Construction of the new location began in November 1972; the Phase II portion was completed in 1980, followed by the Phase III portion in 1990. The museum and some of its aircraft on display outside were damaged by Hurricane Ivan in September 2004. Naval Aviation Hall of Honor Aeronauticum, German naval aviation museum, Nordholz Fleet Air Arm Museum, United Kingdom museum of naval aviation, Somerset Fleet Air Arm Museum, Australian museum of naval aviation, New South Wales Naval Aviation Museum, Indian naval aviation museum, India Shearwater Aviation Museum, Canadian naval aviation museum, Nova Scotia. Pacific Aviation Museum, US Pacific Fleet and Japanese aviation, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
Flying Leatherneck Aviation Museum List of maritime museums in the United States United States Marine Corps Aviation U. S. Navy Museum National Museum of the United States Air Force United States Army Aviation Museum A and T Recovery R. G. Smith Award List of aerospace museums "Newly completed museum traces naval aviation history over 64-year span", Grumman Plane News, 34, pp. 1, 4, 6, 12 September 1975, retrieved 18 December 2017 National Naval Aviation Museum official website National Flight Academy
Myrmecocystus mexicanus is a species of ant in the genus Myrmecocystus, one of the six genera that bear the common name "honey ant" or "honeypot ant", due to curious behavior where some of the workers will swell with liquid food until they become immobile and hang from the ceilings of nest chambers, acting as living food storage for the colony. Honey ants are found in North America and Africa. Ant species belonging to the genus Myrmecocystus reside in North America. M. mexicanus in particular is found in parts of Mexico. Workers range from 3–7 mm in length and have a light tan thorax and darker head with black mandibles; the gaster is brownish-gray. Queens are 9 mm in length; the head and mandibles are a reddish brown. The thorax is yellowish brown, the gaster is a lighter shade of yellow; the legs are a dull yellow. Males are about 6 mm long and have a small black head and black thorax, except a reddish-brown pronotum; the gaster is a dark brown, the legs are gray. Males are winged. M. mexicanus like many ant and bees, is a eusocial insect species.
Eusocial insects are characterized by distinct caste systems, where some individuals breed and most individuals are sterile helpers, overlapping generations so mother, adult offspring and immature offspring are all living at the same time. In a eusocial colony, an individual is assigned a specialized caste before they become reproductively mature, which makes them behaviorally distinct from other castes; the honey pot ants exhibit all of these characteristics within a colony: a queen and males make up the reproductive caste, the rest of the individuals are sterile female workers. Among other ant species, in degraded grassland in southern Arizona, the M. mexicanus colonies average a life span of 8.9 years and have a maximum life span of 23 years. Only two castes in the queens and the males. Workers tend to the queen and brood. Mating occurs during nuptial flights, where winged males swarm outside the nest; the reproductives emerge from preexisting nests several days prior to nuptial flights, are encouraged back into the nest by workers.
Some reproductives die after not returning to their nest. Hours before the nuptial flight, queens and workers emerge from the nest and swarm around the entrance hole. Workers will nip at queens on the ground to encourage them to take flight. To mate, M. mexicanus winged queens and males emerge from an existing colony and swarm in nuptial flights. These flights occur in late July in the evening at about the same time of day when the colony workers begin foraging; the flights occur the day after a rain. A normal nuptial flight lasts about an half. After the flight, unmated queens and males return to the nest; the fact that some queens and males return from these flights unmated suggests that aerial union is difficult. The mated queens lose their wings, the mated males die. After mating, a queen digs a nest chamber. About two days after her flight, she seals the nest chamber. Conway found that many mated queens after digging and sealing nest chambers did not reappear on, which could indicate a high mortality rate among newly mated queens.
Around five days after the flight, the queen lays eggs in clusters of 5–10. The larvae hatch around 20 days, begin pupating in cocoons around 10 days after that. Adult workers emerge. Larvae are cared for by the queen and workers, it is believed that the larvae may be fed eggs and dead workers. The workers in the first brood tend to be smaller than workers in subsequent broods, believed to be an adaptation to promote rapid population growth; the average worker lives from 11 to 170 days. Ant colonies consist of a queen mother and her offspring, a majority of which are sterile female workers; these workers gather food, tend to the brood and defend the colony, while the queens' main responsibility is to continue laying eggs. Conway surveyed sixty six M. mexicanus nest colonies located near Garden of the Gods, Colorado Springs, CO. He found. About 75% to 78% of the total population consisted of workers. About 22 -25% of the colony population consisted of replete workers. In preparation for nuptial flights, nests produce a large number of reproductives.
100-110 males were found in one nest, 209 queens were found in another. The name honeypot ant comes from the peculiar development of replete workers, whose abdomens become so swollen with food that they are used by the rest of the colony as living food storage, they are "drained" during famine the wintertime, to sustain the colony. This behavior is an example of the caste system within other eusocial insects. Repletes are a subset of the sterile "helper" caste. In M. mexicanus, replete workers develop from the largest workers in the colony. In fact, if the repletes are removed from a colony, the next largest workers become repletes. Typical workers and callows can develop into repletes in about two weeks. Other workers feed the developing repletes with plant nectar collected in the evenings; the repletes become so swollen that they become immobile, hang from the ceilings of dome chambers in the underground nest. When a replete worker fills with food, her crop, or portion of her digestive tract and displaces other abdominal organs.
The crop of replete workers expands about four to five times its normal linear dimension when they are engorged with food." In M. mexicanus, the size of a replete worker’s abdomen ranges from 6–12 mm in length. As repletes are drained of their food stores, they be
The European Cockpit Association is an organization that represents European pilots. Founded in 1991, it works to improve European policies in all areas of aviation that affect pilots, such as safety, pilot licensing, air operations, fair competition, international air traffic agreements, air traffic management and employment conditions. ECA represents over 40,000 European pilots from the National Pilot Associations in 36 European states; the ECA headquarters are located in the City of Brussels. In January 2003, the ECA carried out a public protest against flight-time limitations drafted by the European Union, with concerns that some of the proposed duty periods may have been too long and could cause pilot fatigue. In 2012, the ECA published a study on pilot fatigue, finding that four in ten pilots had fallen asleep in the cockpit. In January of the same year, together with the European Transport Workers' Federation, the ECA organised an EU-wide demonstration against the new flight-time rules proposed by the European Aviation Safety Agency.
International Federation of Air Line Pilots' Associations
The Hawaii Rainbow Warriors college football team competes as part of the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, representing the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa in the Mountain West Conference. Since the establishment of the team in 1909, Hawaii has appeared in 11 bowl games. Hawaii has an appearance in a Bowl Championship Series game as a "BCS Buster" for the 2008 Sugar Bowl against Georgia; the latest bowl occurred on December 2019, when Hawaii beat BYU 38 -- 34 in the 2019 Hawaii Bowl. The win brought the Rainbow Warriors' overall bowl record to six losses. GeneralNational Collegiate Athletic Association. "Bowl/All-Star Game Records". 2012 NCAA Division I Football Records. NCAA.org. Retrieved February 10, 2013. Specific
Miejski Klub Sportowy Znicz is a football club based in Pruszków, Poland. The best known player from Znicz Pruszków is Robert Lewandowski, who played for Znicz from 2006 to 2008, being top scorer of the league in both his seasons in the club and helping the team achieve promotion to the I Liga in the 2007. Pruszków-born local Radosław Majewski started his professional career at the club, going on to play in the Ekstraklasa and Nottingham Forest among others with some success; the club has a sporadic active fan movement and attendances are low as for most of its history the club has languished in the lower leagues, furthermore the locals either follow the much larger Legia Warsaw, or concentrate on the much more successful basketball section of the club. As of 3 August 2019. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Official website Unofficial website Znicz Pruszków on 90minut.pl
Scott Alexander Young was a Canadian journalist, sportswriter and the father of musicians Neil Young and Astrid Young. Over his career, Young wrote 45 books, including novels and non-fiction for adult and youth audiences. Born in Cypress River, Young grew up in nearby Glenboro, where his father, Percy Andrew Young, owned a drug store, his mother was Jean Ferguson Paterson. After his father went broke in 1926, the family moved to Winnipeg, but were unable to afford to stay there, his parents separated in 1930, he went to live with an aunt and uncle in Prince Albert, for a year before moving back to Winnipeg to live with his mother. He began working for a tobacco wholesaler. Young began writing while in his teens, submitting stories to various publications, most of which were rejected. At the age of 18, in 1936, he was hired as a copyboy at the Winnipeg Free Press and was soon made sports reporter, he met Edna Blow "Rassy" Ragland in 1937 and the two were married in 1940. Unable to get a raise at the Free Press, Young moved to Toronto in 1941, covering news and sports for the Canadian Press news agency.
His first son, Bob Young, was born in 1942 and five months Young was sent to England to help cover World War II for CP. He came back a year and joined the Royal Canadian Naval Reserves, where he served as a Communications Officer until his release from the service when the war ended in 1945. Young soon joined Maclean's magazine as an assistant editor, his second son, Neil Young, was born in Toronto in November 1945. Young began to sell fiction to publications in Canada and the United States including the Saturday Evening Post and Collier's, he quit his job at Maclean's in 1948 to write short stories full-time. In 1949, Young bought a house in Omemee, near Peterborough; the family's finances would vary with Young's success in selling his stories and he began taking assignments from Sports Illustrated. His first novel The Flood was published in 1956. Young moved to Pickering and spent a year working in public relations for a jet engine company before joining The Globe and Mail as a daily columnist in 1957 and moving back to Toronto.
In 1959, Young met Astrid Mead while on assignment in British Columbia and, soon after, he and his wife separated. Following Young's divorce in 1961, he and Mead were married, they had a daughter, Astrid Young, in 1962. He was a host on Hockey Night in Canada until getting on the wrong side of Toronto Maple Leafs co-owner John Bassett; the Leafs threatened HNIC's advertising agency until they agreed to fire Young. In 1967, Young built a house there. In 1969, he asked to be transferred to the Globe's news bureau in Ottawa. Shortly after arriving in Ottawa, he got into a dispute with his paper over the publication rights to excerpts from a book he had just written with Punch Imlach; the rights had been acquired by the Toronto Telegram, but the Globe wouldn't allow Young's writing to appear in a competing newspaper. He quit the Globe and accepted a job offer from Bassett to become sports editor and columnist at the Telegram, moving back to Toronto within weeks of his move to Ottawa. Young remained at the Telegram until the paper folded in 1971.
He rejoined the Globe and Mail. Young and his second wife separated in 1976, in the fall of 1977, he moved in with fellow Globe writer Margaret Hogan; the two married in 1980. At the same time, Young had a falling out with the Globe over stories critical of Imlach written by Donald Ramsay and quit, he worked with former Toronto Maple Leafs owner Conn Smythe on Smythe's autobiography, which would be published after Smythe's death in November 1980. In 1988, Young received the Elmer Ferguson Memorial Award from the Hockey Hall of Fame as selected by the Professional Hockey Writers' Association, he was inducted into the Manitoba Hockey Hall of Fame. Young and his wife sold the farm in the late 1980s and moved to Howth, Ireland, a suburb of North Dublin. In 1990, Young received an honorary doctorate from Trent University and donated many of his papers to the university's archives; the Youngs returned to Omemee in 1992 and repurchased their old farm, which Young owned for the rest of his life. Scott Young Public School in Omemee was named in his honour in 1993.
His autobiography, A Writer's Life, was published in 1994. He and Margaret moved to Kingston, Ontario, in 2004, where he died the following year at the age of 87. CBC Profile on Young Scott Young Public School Scott Young papers at Trent University Scott Young at Find a Grave