The National Road was the first major improved highway in the United States built by the federal government. Built between 1811 and 1837, the 620-mile road connected the Potomac and Ohio Rivers and was a main transport path to the West for thousands of settlers; when rebuilt in the 1830s, it became the second U. S. road surfaced with the macadam process pioneered by Scotsman John Loudon McAdam. Construction began heading west in 1811 at Maryland, on the Potomac River. After the Financial Panic of 1837 and the resulting economic depression, congressional funding ran dry and construction was stopped at Vandalia, the capital of the Illinois, 63 miles northeast of St. Louis across the Mississippi River; the road has been referred to as the Cumberland Turnpike, the Cumberland–Brownsville Turnpike, the Cumberland Pike, the National Pike, the National Turnpike. In the 20th century with the advent of the automobile, the National Road was connected with other historic routes to California under the title, National Old Trails Road.
Today, much of the alignment is followed by U. S. Route 40, with various portions bearing the Alternate U. S. Route 40 designation, or various state-road numbers. In 1976, the American Society of Civil Engineers designated the national road as a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. In 2002, the full road, including extensions east to Baltimore and west to St. Louis, was designated the Historic National Road, an All-American Road; the Braddock Road had been opened by the Ohio Company in 1751 between Fort Cumberland, the limit of navigation on the upper Potomac River, the French military station at Fort Duquesne at the forks of the Ohio River, an important trading and military point where the city of Pittsburgh now stands. It received its name during the colonial-era French and Indian War of 1753–63, when it was constructed by British General Edward Braddock, accompanied by Colonel George Washington of the Virginia militia regiment in the ill-fated July 1755 Braddock expedition, an attempt to assault the French-held Fort Duquesne.
Construction of the Cumberland Road was authorized on March 1806, by President Thomas Jefferson. The new Cumberland Road would replace the wagon and foot paths of the Braddock Road for travel between the Potomac and Ohio Rivers, following the same alignment until just east of Uniontown, Pennsylvania. From there, where the Braddock Road turned north towards Pittsburgh, the new National Road/Cumberland Road continued west to Wheeling, Virginia on the Ohio River; the contract for the construction of the first section was awarded to Henry McKinley on May 8, 1811, construction began that year, with the road reaching Wheeling on August 1, 1818. For more than 100 years, a simple granite stone was the only marker of the road's beginning in Cumberland, Maryland. In June 2012, a monument and plaza were built in that town's Riverside Park, next to the historic original starting point. Beyond the National Road's eastern terminus at Cumberland and toward the Atlantic coast, a series of private toll roads and turnpikes were constructed, connecting the National Road with Baltimore the third-largest city in the country, a major maritime port on Chesapeake Bay.
Completed in 1824, these feeder routes formed what is referred to as an eastern extension of the federal National Road. On May 15, 1820, Congress authorized an extension of the road to St. Louis, on the Mississippi River, on March 3, 1825, across the Mississippi and to Jefferson City, Missouri. Work on the extension between Wheeling and Zanesville, used the pre-existing Zane's Trace of old Ebenezer Zane, was completed in 1833 to the new state capital of Columbus, in 1838 to the college town of Springfield, Ohio. In 1849, a bridge was completed to carry the National Road across the Ohio River at Wheeling; the Wheeling Suspension Bridge, designed by Charles Ellet Jr. was at the time the world's longest bridge span at 1,010 feet from tower to tower. Maintenance costs on the Cumberland Road were becoming more. In agreements with Maryland and Pennsylvania, the road was to be reconstructed and resurfaced; the section that ran over Haystack Mountain, just west of Cumberland, was abandoned and a new road was built through the Cumberland Narrows.
On April 1, 1835, the section from Wheeling to Cumberland was transferred to Maryland and Virginia. The last congressional appropriation was made May 25, 1838, in 1840, Congress voted against completing the unfinished portion of the road, with the deciding vote being cast by Henry Clay. By that time, railroads were proving a better method of long-distance transportation, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was being built west from Baltimore to Cumberland along the Potomac River, by a more direct route than the National Road across the Allegheny Plateau of West Virginia to Wheeling. Construction of the National Road stopped in 1839. Much of the road through Indiana and Illinois remained unfinished and was transferred to the states. In 1912, the Cumberland National Road was chosen to become part of the National Old Trails Road, which would extend further east to New York City and west to Los Angeles, California. Five Madonna of the Trail monuments, donated by the Daughters of the American Revolution, were erected alon
WSM Music Group Ltd. is an entertainment company in Hong Kong founded in 1992. The scope of business includes record production and distribution, music publishing & song licensing, audio & video recording licensing, concert organiser, artiste management, professional rehearsal room rental and CD direct sales marketing; the company includes WSM Entertainment Ltd. in artiste management and concert production, WorldStar Music Int’l Ltd.in production & distribution. Record music label musicNEXT, a young iconic brand to create the supernova artistes is the wholly owned subsidiary of WSM Entertainment Ltd. Founded in 2002, WSM Entertainment Ltd. specializes in repackaging classic singers. WSM Entertainment Ltd. artistes include Wan Kwong, Nancy Sit, etc.. Business includes artiste management and concert production to arrange performance for their artistes and singers, as well as advertising spokesperson. Founded in 1992, WorldStar Music Int’l Ltd; the scope of business includes recording, distribution, direct marketing, business of music copyright, music publishing and agency, the introduction and promotion of European and Southeast Asian original classic songs.
Nancy Sit Rosanne Lui Lee Heung-kam Donald Cheung Alice Lau Lau Ying Hung Suzan G Dianna Tse Yang Yan Wan Kwong Jonny Ip Peter Chan Joe Mok Ching Shan Xie Lei Lin Chong Edith Au Amy Wong Angela Au Kellyjackie TikChi Lily Chen Gloria Fred Cheung Stephanie Ho Abo Eunice Chan Official WSM Music Group Ltd. site
The 2019 Louisiana Ragin' Cajuns softball team represented the University of Louisiana at Lafayette in the 2019 NCAA Division I softball season. The Ragin' Cajuns played their home games at Yvette Girouard Field at Lamson Park and were led by second year head coach Gerry Glasco; the Cajuns' season ended in heartbreak after defeating Southeast Missouri State and Ole Miss early in the Oxford Regionals. They would go on to the Championship Game losing to Ole Miss 1-5 and forcing the game 7. In game 7, the Cajuns would rally back from 0-3 by a three-run homerun by Raina O'Neal; the Cajuns would take the lead at 4-3 before losing to Ole Miss after the Rebels scored 2 runs late in the 7th inning. The Sun Belt Conference Coaches Poll was released on February 1, 2019. Louisiana was picked to finish first in the Sun Belt Conference with 98 votes and 8 first place votes. Summer Ellyson Annie Willis Lexie Comeaux Reagan Wright Haleigh Davis Hailey MacKay Katie Webb Kristin Hawkins Kara Gremillion Alissa Dalton Jayden Mount Courtney Dean Sydney McKay Laura Curry Jenny Dodd Sun Belt Conference Preseason Player of the Year Alissa Dalton Sun Belt Conference Preseason Pitcher of the Year Summer Ellyson Schedule Source:*Rankings are based on the team's current ranking in the NFCA/USA Softball poll
Monalisa Changkija is an Indian journalist and poet of Ao Naga ethnicity. She is the founding publisher of the daily newspaper Nagaland Page, she was a member of the Working Group on Women's Empowerment in the Indian National Planning Commission. Tiamerenla Monalisa Changkija was born in Jorhat, Assam on 2 March 1960, her family belongs to the Ao Naga community. She attended school in Kohima, Nagaland, she obtained an undergraduate degree in Political Science from Hindu College, followed by a master's degree from Delhi University. Changkija married Bendangtoshi Longkumer, she has two daughters. Her husband died in 2017. Changkija began her career as a journalist with the Nagaland Times in 1985, she wrote a column The State of Affairs for this paper, another titled Of Roses and Thorns for the weekly paper Ura Mail. Both the papers were based in Dimapur. During the long-running insurgency in Nagaland, Changkija began to write poetry and short stories to protest the violence, to criticise the condition of society that led to the unrest.
Changkija's writings put her in grave risk from the militants. Her editor at the Ura Mail was murdered in 1992. Changkija's poem Not be dead was written to honour his memory. Changkija founded the Nagaland Page in 1999. Focussing on issues affecting the state of Nagaland, she upset both the state government and the militants. An article published in her paper titled State is a reality and sovereignty is a myth led to demands from the terrorists that she disclose the author's name; when she refused, she was threatened with retribution. In 2004, bombing at Dimapur's Hong Kong market resulted in the deaths of hundreds. Changkija's impassioned Child of Cain was printed soon after. Changkija's 2014 book Cogitating for a Better Deal was banned by the Ao Senden, an organisation that claimed to be a statutory apex judiciary body, they accused her of making false allegations against it. In particular, they objected to her statement that it was a non-governmental organisation rather than a mandated arbitrator in Ao tribal affairs.
Weapons of Words on Pages of Pain. 1993. ISBN 978-9380500508. Monsoon Mourning. Dimapur: Heritage Publishing House. 2013. Cogitating for a Better Deal. 2014. ISBN 9789380500614. Chameli Devi Jain Award for Outstanding Woman Mediaperson 30th FICCI Women Achiever of the Year 2013-2014 for Outstanding Contributions as a Journalist Nagaland Page "Bendangtoshi Longkumer passes away". Nagaland Post. 7 November 2017. Subir Bhaumik. "Naga editor's book banned by tribal body". The Hoot. "FICCI award for women achievers". Nagaland Post. 30 April 2014. Indrani Raimedhi. "The Only Man: Monalisa Changkija". My Half of the Sky: 12 Life Stories of Courage. SAGE Publishing India. ISBN 978-93-5150-474-0. Sangeetha Barooah Pisharoty. "Nagaland's fiery female voice". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 June 2018. "Shoma, Monalisa to share Chameli Devi award". The Hindu. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 3 June 2018
Yano, is the debut album of Filipino rock band, Yano. It has 12 tracks and released under Alpha Records in 1994 and re-released under BMG Records Inc. in 1998 with additional two tracks from their second album Bawal. "Kumusta Na" – 3:28 "Tsinelas" – 2:44 "State U" – 2:47 "Banal Na Aso, Santong Kabayo" – 4:25 "Trapo" pejorative term for Traditional Politician. Translates to "dust rag") "Iskolar Ng Bayan" – 2:57 "Kaka" – 2:03 "Esem" – 3:38 "Travel Times" - 4:47 "Mc'Jo" – 2:51 "Coño Ka P're" - 2:21 "Ate" - 2.
Republik Twitter is an Indonesian romantic drama directed by Kuntz Agus released in 2012. Starring Laura Basuki and Abimana Aryasatya, it follows a university student in his quest to be with a beautiful journalist. Work on Republik Twitter began in June 2011, when screenwriter Eddri Sumitra Ito began preparing a script. Based on one of his earlier blog posts, pre-production for the story took four months, with another fourteen days shooting and four months post-production, its themes of social media use in Indonesia were well received. Sukmo, a student based in Yogyakarta, spends much of his time on the computer on Twitter, he falls in love with another user, Hanum, a beautiful journalist whom he has never met face-to-face. Sukmo considers the internet his main way of life, while Hanum finds it an escape from her daily schedule. Sukmo decides to go to Jakarta with his friend Andre and meet Hanum, but is stunned by her beauty and, when he sees her speaking to another man, leaves without introducing himself to her.
Before Sukmo can return to Yogyakarta, he is met by Kemal, a businessman, helping politicians better use Twitter during their campaigns. With the help of Andre and his girlfriend Nadya, Sukmo rises to Twitter stardom and becomes a powerful voice in the political campaigns. With his newfound status, Sukmo is able to approach Hanum and they begin seeing each other. Abimana Aryasatya as Sukmo Laura Basuki as Hanum Ben Kasyafani as Andre Tio Pakusadewo as Kemal Enzy Storia as Nadya Republik Twitter was directed by Kuntz Agus; the Yogyakarta-born director, who had a background in veterinary medicine, had begun filmmaking in 2003, with a focus on documentaries and drawing inspiration from the stylings of Tim Burton and the Coen brothers. Republik Twitter was his first feature film; the script was written by Eddri Sumitra Ito. Ito wrote the screenplay concurrently with his third novel, drawing inspiration from political campaigning in Indonesia and one of his blog posts about Twitter addiction; the film was produced by Kuntz' friend Ajish Dibyo, a manager of the Jogja-NETPAC Asian Film Festival, while the production studios Amalina Pictures and Rupakata Cinema handled other aspects.
Pre-production took four months, beginning when the script was written in June 2011. During the research phase of production and the crew spoke with numerous marketing managers and other professionals who used Twitter for financial gain, they researched the use of fake accounts for marketing, Twitter celebrities for information on the financial benefits of having thousands of followers. Citra Award-winning actress Laura Basuki was cast in the main role of Hanum. At the time of the film's release, Indonesia had 20 million Twitter users, making it the fifth most-represented country on the website; the film underwent another four months of editing. Krisna Purna composed the film's music, while Khikmawan Susanto and Auvarahma Triangga served as sound designer and sound mixer, respectively; the theme song, "Jatuh Hati", was written by Ipang Lazuardi, while Potenzio wrote "Twitter Dunia". Both songs were released as singles in January 2012. Kuntz described Republik Twitter as a film about the Indonesian people and their interconnections, not Twitter or social media.
He considered Twitter changing the way Indonesians interacted, but not enough to cause social change. Instead, he said, the medium was used for self-promotion. Jenée Tibshraeny, in a review for The Jakarta Post, wrote that the film explores "overlaps between the online and offline world", resulting in viewers contemplating social issues in the country. Republik Twitter was released on 16 February 2012, it was the second Indonesian film centred on social media, after I Know What You Did On Facebook in 2010. Tibshraeny described the film as must-see, "if not for a snapshot of Indonesian pop culture for a good laugh at yourself for being a part of it." Irma Manggia, writing for the Semarang-based Suara Merdeka, described the film as light and easy to understand, despite the several schemes shown in the plot. Footnotes Bibliography Republik Twitter on IMDb