Bhanu Bharti is an eminent Indian theatre director and playwright, the founder-director of Aaj Rangmandal theatre group. Most known for his theatre productions and choreographies with tribal and folk artists, including Pashu Gayatri by K. N. Panikkar, Kaal Katha and Amar Beej all based on rituals of the Bhil tribe of Mewar region of Rajasthan, apart from Chandrama Singh urf Chamku Das and Aks-Tamasha, counting to over 70 plays in a career spanning nearly four decades. Bhanu Bharti was born in 1947 in Rajasthan, he graduated from National School of Drama in 1973, winning the Best all Round student and the best Director awards. He studied traditional theatre of Japan at the University of Tokyo, he has over fifty productions to his credit. His major works are: Chandrama Singh urf Chamku, Ras Gandharva, Azar Ka Khwab, Yamgatha, his productions like Pashu Gayatri, Kai Katha, Amar Beej are based on his study of the performances and rituals of the Bheel tribe of the Mewar region of Rajasthan. He has directed a film on Gavari, the dance theatre of the Bhil.
Bhanu Bharti headed the Drama Department of Rajasthan University, from its inception in 1976 till 1978. He has taught dramatic literature, scenic design, acting in many renowned institutions, including NSD, he has served as the Director of the Shri Ram Centre for Performing Arts and headed Bharatiya Lok Kala Mandal and worked with Bhil tribesmen of the Gogunda belt near Udaipur. He was the Chairman of Rajasthan Sangeet Natak Akademi and the Rajasthan Sahitya Akademi. An artist, perceptive enough to reveal inner psychological world of characters and the inherent philosophic and mythical undercurrents of drama, Bhanu had directed number of plays to provide his view point on many relevant social issues and worked with both rural and urban breed of actors and thus, gave Indian Theatre a new meaning altogether. In 2004, a three-day theatre festival of his plays was held at Chandigarh, his 2010 play, Doobi Ladki brings together three short stories by Russian writer Nikolai Gogol, including May Night, or the Drowned Maiden, The Overcoat, The Nose.
Bhanu Bharti has been honoured with many prestigious National Awards for his contribution to the field of theatre including the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in the year 1997 given by the Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy for Music and Drama, Rajasthan Sahitya Akademi Award and Rajasthan Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. Bhanu Bharti, website
Bahawalpur House is the former residence of the Nawab of Bahawalpur in Delhi. It is located at Bhagwandas Road. After independence, the palace was used temporarily by the American Library from 1969 until February 1974. After that, the National School of Drama made its headquarters in the house; the National Institute of Kathak Dance has a space there. In 2011, the construction of the Delhi Metro threatened the structure. Through protests, the construction plans were amended to circumvent the historic building
Kerala, locally known as Keralam, is a state on the southwestern, Malabar Coast of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, following passage of the States Reorganisation Act, by combining Malayalam-speaking regions. Spread over 38,863 km2, Kerala is the twenty-second largest Indian state by area, it is bordered by Karnataka to the north and northeast, Tamil Nadu to the east and south, the Lakshadweep Sea and Arabian Sea to the west. With 33,387,677 inhabitants as per the 2011 Census, Kerala is the thirteenth-largest Indian state by population, it is divided into 14 districts with the capital being Thiruvananthapuram. Malayalam is the most spoken language and is the official language of the state; the Chera Dynasty was the first prominent kingdom based in Kerala. The Ay kingdom in the deep south and the Ezhimala kingdom in the north formed the other kingdoms in the early years of the Common Era; the region had been a prominent spice exporter since 3000 BCE. The region's prominence in trade was noted in the works of Pliny as well as the Periplus around 100 CE.
In the 15th century, the spice trade attracted Portuguese traders to Kerala, paved the way for European colonisation of India. At the time of Indian independence movement in the early 20th century, there were two major princely states in Kerala-Travancore State and the Kingdom of Cochin, they united to form the state of Thiru-Kochi in 1949. The Malabar region, in the northern part of Kerala had been a part of the Madras province of British India, which became a part of the Madras State post-independence. After the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, the modern-day state of Kerala was formed by merging the Malabar district of Madras State, the state of Thiru-Kochi, the taluk of Kasaragod in South Canara, a part of Madras State; the economy of Kerala is the 12th-largest state economy in India with ₹7.73 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹163,000. Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%. The state has witnessed significant emigration to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, its economy depends on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community.
Hinduism is practised by more than half of the population, followed by Christianity. The culture is a synthesis of Aryan, Dravidian and European cultures, developed over millennia, under influences from other parts of India and abroad; the production of pepper and natural rubber contributes to the total national output. In the agricultural sector, tea, coffee and spices are important; the state's coastline extends for 595 kilometres, around 1.1 million people in the state are dependent on the fishery industry which contributes 3% to the state's income. The state has the highest media exposure in India with newspapers publishing in nine languages English and Malayalam. Kerala is one of the prominent tourist destinations of India, with backwaters, hill stations, Ayurvedic tourism and tropical greenery as its major attractions; the name Kerala has an uncertain etymology. One popular theory derives Kerala from alam; the word Kerala is first recorded as Keralaputra in a 3rd-century BCE rock inscription left by the Maurya emperor Ashoka, one of his edicts pertaining to welfare.
The inscription refers to the local ruler as Keralaputra. This contradicts the theory that Kera is from "coconut tree". At that time, one of three states in the region was called Cheralam in Classical Tamil: Chera and Kera are variants of the same word; the word Cheral refers to the oldest known dynasty of Kerala kings and is derived from the Proto-Tamil-Malayalam word for "lake". The earliest Sanskrit text to mention Kerala is the Aitareya Aranyaka of the Rigveda. Kerala is mentioned in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the two Hindu epics; the Skanda Purana mentions the ecclesiastical office of the Thachudaya Kaimal, referred to as Manikkam Keralar, synonymous with the deity of the Koodalmanikyam temple. Keralam may stem from the Classical Tamil chera alam; the Greco-Roman trade map. According to Tamil classic Purananuru, Chera king Senkuttuvan conquered the lands between Kanyakumari and the Himalayas. Lacking worthy enemies, he besieged the sea by throwing his spear into it. According to the 17th century Malayalam work Keralolpathi, the lands of Kerala were recovered from the sea by the axe-wielding warrior sage Parasurama, the sixth avatar of Vishnu.
Parasurama threw his axe across the sea, the water receded as far as it reached. According to legend, this new area of land extended from Gokarna to Kanyakumari; the land which rose from sea was filled with unsuitable for habitation. Out of respect and all snakes were appo
Mandi State was a native state of British India, within the Punjab. The state of Mandi, which included two towns and 3,625 villages, was part of the States of the Punjab Hills, it was located in the Himalayan range, bordering to the west and east on the British Punjabi district of Kangra. As of 1941, population of Mandi State was 232,598 and area of the state was 1,139 square kilometres. Around 1290 the Rana of Banglaor succeeded to Siokot state; the new capital of the state, was founded and the state took the name of its capital. The last ruler of Mandi signed the accession to the Indian Union on 15 April 1948. By passing of The Himachal Pradesh and Mandi Act, 1954, the Mandi State was dissolved on 1 July 1954 and incorporated into the State of Himachal Pradesh as Mandi district, with an area of 2,950 square kilometres. Raja Chhatar Sen, 2nd Raja of Mandi 1534/1554, had issue. Raja Sahib Sen, 3rd Raja of Mandi 1554/1575 or 1534/1554, married Rani Prakash Devi, daughter of the Raja of Bilaspur, had issue.
Raja Narain Sen, 4th Raja of Mandi 1575/1595 or 1554/1574 Raja Keshab Sen, 5th Raja of Mandi 1595/1616 or 1574/1604, married and had issue. Raja Hari Sen, 6th Raja of Mandi 1616/1637 or 1604/1637, had issue, he died 1637 or 1623. Raja Suraj Sen, 7th Raja of Mandi 1637/1664 or 1623/1658, married, a daughter of Raja Jagat Singh of Nurpur, had issue, he died March 1664. Kumari, married 1658 Raja Shyam Sen, 8th Raja of Mandi 1664/1679 or 1658/1673, married and had issue, he died in 1673, when two concubines and 37 slave girls committed sati. Raja Gaur Sen, 9th Raja of Mandi 1679/1684 or 1673/1678, married, a daughter of Raja Budhi Chand of Sirmur, had issue, as well as illegitimate issue, he died 1684. Raja Sidhi Sen, 10th Raja of Mandi 1684/1727 or 1678/1719, had issue, he died 1727. Tikka Shiv Jawala Sen, married, a daughter of the Rana of Hatli, had issue, he died in 1703 or 1722. Raja Shamsher Sen Raja Shamsher Sen, 11th Raja of Mandi 1727/1781, born 1722, the daughter of Raja Ugar Singh of Chamba, had issue.
He died 1781. Raja Surma Sen, 12th Raja of Mandi 1781/1788, had issue, as well as illegitimate issue, he died 1788. Raja Ishwari Sen, 13th Raja of Mandi 1788/1826, born 1784, married 1stly, a daughter of Mian Fateh Chand Katoch, married 2ndly, a daughter of Raja Uggar Singh of Bashahr, he died in 1826. Raja Zalim Sen, 14th Raja of Mandi 1826/1839, he died in June 1839. Raja Balbir Sen, 15th Raja of Mandi 1839/1851, born about 1817, married several wives, had issue, as well as illegitimate issue, he died 26 January 1851. Raja Bijai Sen, 16th Raja of Mandi 1851/1902, born 1846, he died 10 December 1902. Raja Bhawani Sen, 17th Raja of Mandi 1902/1912, born 17 April 1883, educated at Aitchison Chiefs College, Lahore, he died on 9 February 1912. Interregnum 1912/1913 Maj. HH Raja Sir Joginder Sen Bahadur, 18th Raja of Mandi 1913/1986, son of Mian Kishan Singh Sahib, born 20 August 1904, educated at Queen Mary's College and Aitchison College, Lahore. 3rd/17th Dogra Regiment and Bengal Sappers and Miners, married 1stly, about 1911, a daughter of Thakur Devi Singh of Delath, married 2ndly, 8 February 1923, HH Rani Amrit Kaur, born 1904, died 1948, daughter of Col. HH Farzand i-Dilband Rasikhul-Itiqad Daulat-i-Inglishia *Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur of Kapurthala, his wife, Rani Kanari, married 3rdly, 13 May 1930, Kumari Kusum Kumari, born 27 August 1913, died June 1998, daughter of Kunwar Prithiraj Sinhji of Rajpipla, had issue, two sons and two daughters.
He died 16 June 1986. HH Raja Ashokpal Sen, 19th and current Raja of Mandi List of Indian princely states Media related to Mandi State at Wikimedia Commons
A public university is a university, publicly owned or receives significant public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a national university is considered public varies from one country to another depending on the specific education landscape. In Egypt, Al-Azhar University was founded in 970 AD as a madrassa, making it one of the oldest institutions of higher education in the world, formally becoming a university in 1961, it was followed by a lot of universities opened as public universities in the 20th century such as Cairo University, Alexandria University, Assiut University, Ain Shams University, Helwan University, Beni-Suef University, Benha University, Zagazig University, Suez Canal University, where tuition fees are subsidized by the government. In Kenya, the Ministry of Education controls all of the public universities. Students are enrolled after completing the 8-4-4 system of education and attaining a mark of C+ or above. Students who meet the criteria determined annually by the Kenya Universities and Colleges Central Placement Service receive government sponsorship, as part of their university or college fee is catered for by the government.
They are eligible for a low interest loan from the Higher Education Loan Board. They are expected to pay back the loan after completing higher education. In Nigeria public universities can be established by both the federal government and by state governments. Examples include the University of Lagos, Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Ibadan, University of Benin, University of Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Abia State University, Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Gombe State University, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Federal University of Technology Yola, University of Maiduguri, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, University of Jos, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, University of Ilorin, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University South Africa has 23 public tertiary educational institutions, either categorised as a traditional university or a comprehensive university. Prominent public South African universities include the University of Johannesburg, University of Cape Town, Nelson Mandela University, North-west University, University of KwaZulu-Natal, University of Pretoria, University of Stellenbosch, University of Witwatersrand, Rhodes University and the University of South Africa.
In Tunisia, the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research controls all of the public universities. For some universities, the ministry of higher education coordinates with other ministries like: the Ministry of Public health or the Ministry of Information and Communication Technologies. Admission in a public university in Tunisia is assured after succeeding in the Tunisian Baccalaureate: Students are classified according to a Formula score based on their results in the Baccalaureate; the students make a wishlist with the universities they want to attend on a state website dedicated for orientation. Thus, the high-ranking-students get priority to choose. Examples of Tunisian public universities: Carthage University, Carthage Ez-Zitouna University, Tunis Manouba University, Manouba Tunis El Manar University, Tunis Tunis University, Tunis Université Tunis Carthage University of Gabès, Gabès University of Gafsa, Gafsa University of Jendouba, Jendouba University of Kairouan, Kairouan University of Monastir, Monastir University of Sfax, Sfax University of Sousse, Sousse There are 40 public universities in Bangladesh.
The universities do not deal directly with the government, but with the University Grants Commission, which in turn deals with the government. Many private universities are established under the Private University Act of 1992. All universities in Brunei are public universities; these are major universities in Brunei: University of Brunei Darussalam Brunei Technological University Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University In mainland China, nearly all universities and research institutions are public and all important and significant centers for higher education in the country are publicly administered. The public universities are run by the provincial governments; some public universities are national. Private undergraduate colleges do exist, which are vocational colleges sponsored by private enterprises; the majority of such universities are not entitled to award bachelor's degrees. Public universities enjoy higher reputation domestically. Eight institutions are funded by the University Grants Committee.
The Academy for Performing Arts receives funding from the government. The Open University of Hong Kong is a public university, but it is self-financed; the Shue Yan University is the only private institution with the status of a university, but it receives some financial support from the government since it was granted university status. In India, most universities and nearly all research institutions are public. There are some private undergraduate colleges engineering schools, but a majority of these are affiliated to public universities; some of these private schools are partially aided by the national or state governments. India has an "open" public university, the Indira Gandhi National Open University, which offers distance education, in terms of the number of enrolled students is now the largest university in the world with over 4 million students. There are private educational institutes in Indonesia; the government (Ministry of Re
The United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations based in Paris. Its declared purpose is to contribute to peace and security by promoting international collaboration through educational and cultural reforms in order to increase universal respect for justice, the rule of law, human rights along with fundamental freedom proclaimed in the United Nations Charter, it is the successor of the League of Nations' International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation. UNESCO has 11 associate members. Most of its field offices are "cluster" offices covering three or more countries. UNESCO pursues its objectives through five major programs: education, natural sciences, social/human sciences and communication/information. Projects sponsored by UNESCO include literacy and teacher-training programs, international science programs, the promotion of independent media and freedom of the press and cultural history projects, the promotion of cultural diversity, translations of world literature, international cooperation agreements to secure the world's cultural and natural heritage and to preserve human rights, attempts to bridge the worldwide digital divide.
It is a member of the United Nations Development Group. UNESCO's aim is "to contribute to the building of peace, the eradication of poverty, sustainable development and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture and information". Other priorities of the organization include attaining quality Education For All and lifelong learning, addressing emerging social and ethical challenges, fostering cultural diversity, a culture of peace and building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication; the broad goals and objectives of the international community—as set out in the internationally agreed development goals, including the Millennium Development Goals —underpin all UNESCO strategies and activities. UNESCO and its mandate for international cooperation can be traced back to a League of Nations resolution on 21 September 1921, to elect a Commission to study feasibility; this new body, the International Committee on Intellectual Cooperation was indeed created in 1922.
On 18 December 1925, the International Bureau of Education began work as a non-governmental organization in the service of international educational development. However, the onset of World War II interrupted the work of these predecessor organizations. After the signing of the Atlantic Charter and the Declaration of the United Nations, the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education began meetings in London which continued from 16 November 1942 to 5 December 1945. On 30 October 1943, the necessity for an international organization was expressed in the Moscow Declaration, agreed upon by China, the United Kingdom, the United States and the USSR; this was followed by the Dumbarton Oaks Conference proposals of 9 October 1944. Upon the proposal of CAME and in accordance with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, held in San Francisco in April–June 1945, a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization was convened in London 1–16 November 1945 with 44 governments represented.
The idea of UNESCO was developed by Rab Butler, the Minister of Education for the United Kingdom, who had a great deal of influence in its development. At the ECO/CONF, the Constitution of UNESCO was introduced and signed by 37 countries, a Preparatory Commission was established; the Preparatory Commission operated between 16 November 1945, 4 November 1946—the date when UNESCO's Constitution came into force with the deposit of the twentieth ratification by a member state. The first General Conference took place from 19 November to 10 December 1946, elected Dr. Julian Huxley to Director-General; the Constitution was amended in November 1954 when the General Conference resolved that members of the Executive Board would be representatives of the governments of the States of which they are nationals and would not, as before, act in their personal capacity. This change in governance distinguished UNESCO from its predecessor, the ICIC, in how member states would work together in the organization's fields of competence.
As member states worked together over time to realize UNESCO's mandate and historical factors have shaped the organization's operations in particular during the Cold War, the decolonization process, the dissolution of the USSR. Among the major achievements of the organization is its work against racism, for example through influential statements on race starting with a declaration of anthropologists and other scientists in 1950 and concluding with the 1978 Declaration on Race and Racial Prejudice. In 1956, the Republic of South Africa withdrew from UNESCO saying that some of the organization's publications amounted to "interference" in the country's "racial problems." South Africa rejoined the organization in 1994 under the leadership of Nelson Mandela. UNESCO's early work in the field of education included the pilot project on fundamental education in the Marbial Valley, started in 1947; this project was followed by expert missions to other countries, for example, a mission to Afghanistan in 1949.
In 1948, UNESCO recommended that Member States should make free primary education compulsory and universal. In 1990, the World Conference on Education for All, in Jomtien, launched a global movement to provide basic education for a
M. K. Raina
Maharaj Krishna Raina, popularly known as M. K. Raina, is one of India's best-known theatre actors and directors. M. K. Raina graduated from National School of Drama in 1970 with Best actor award. Since 1972, he has been freelance theater worker and film person, working all over India in many languages and with many traditional forms. Maharaj Krishna Raina was born in Srinagar and Kashmir, India. Maharaj completed his college in Srinagar and moved to NSD in Delhi on a state scholarship. Raina, born into a Kashmiri Pandit family, comes from a family background of engineers, his father was a political activist. After graduating from the National School of Drama in 1970, Raina commenced on his work in Indian parallel cinema 27 Down, in which he plays the lead role of "Sanjay", he has produced over 130 plays in 13 languages. His association with the rural and urban theater across the country has developed into a unique style, where both forms blend together and yet are rich with contemporary meaning and significance.
As an actor, he has worked in more than a hundred plays. He has directed several memorable productions like Kabira Khada Bazar Mein, Lower Depths, Pari Kukh, Kabhi Na Chooden Khet and The Mother, he produced Jasma Odan at Hawaii University in 1986. Shri Raina has conducted many theatre workshops and acted and directed in a number of feature films, including 27 Down, Satah Se Uthta Aadmi, Ek Ruka Hua Faisla, Titli, Tarang, Ankur Maina aur Kabootar, etc, he has been making documentary films for many years. His latest documentary, Sacred Dances at Hemis Festival has been made for Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts. Besides being a practicing actor/director in theater and media, he is known as a cultural activist. Raina believes that culture is a counterpoint to the terrorism around us, he has received the Sanskriti Samman in 1980, the Sahitya Kala Parishad Award in 1981, Best Director of the year by West Bengal Government 1982 and the Best Director's award of Punjabi Akademi, Delhi in 1987. M. K. Raina received the Sangeet Natak Akademi award in 1995 and the Swarna Padak from the Govt. of Jammu and Kashmir in 1996 for his contribution to Indian Theater.
He was awarded one of India's highest theatre awards, the B. V. Karanth award for lifetime achievement in 2007. Raina has two children, a son and a daughter. Noor... Noor's father Aisha... Aisha's father Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi... Taani's father Taare Zameen Par... Principal - Boarding School Lakshya Main Azaad Hoon... Newspaper employee Genesis... The trader Ek Ruka Hua Faisla... Juror #7 New Delhi Times Aghaat Giddh: The Vulture... Masterji Tarang... Abdul Tasveer Apni Apni... Office Manager Satah Se Uthata Aadmi... Keshav 27 Down... Sanjay Kasba... Kashinath An article on Raina An online television series about Upanishads which casts M. K. Raina M. K. Raina on IMDb http://www.koausa.org/Artistes/MKRaina.html https://web.archive.org/web/20070902175130/http://www.hollywood.com/celebrity/M_K_Raina/1487214 http://www.koausa.org/BhandPather/index.html "Beat the bullies". The Telegraph. 14 February 2010