Lewisburg, West Virginia
Lewisburg is a city in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, USA. The population was 3,830 at the 2010 census and it is the county seat of Greenbrier County. Lewisburg is located at 37°48′15″N 80°26′25″W, according to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.81 square miles, of which 3.80 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Much of it is within the karst belt and a sinkhole is gated over at an intersection and it is part of the Davis Spring subwatershed, site of the states largest spring with a daily output of one million gallons. Lewisburg is part of the Southern West Virginia region, Historic Lewisburg is centered at the crossroads of U. S. Route 60, historically called The Midland Trail, and U. S. Route 219. Interstate 64s intersection with U. S. Route 219 near the border of the town has drawn most modern development into that area. Greenbrier Valley Airport supports a vibrant general aviation community, and has daily flights on VIA Air to Charlotte. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers, according to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Lewisburg has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated Cfa on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,830 people,1,892 households, the population density was 1,007.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,100 housing units at a density of 552.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90. 5% White,5. 4% African American,0. 3% Native American,1. 9% Asian,0. 1% Pacific Islander,0. 4% from other races, and 1. 4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1. 6% of the population,40. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 18. 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.01 and the family size was 2.73. The median age in the city was 46.1 years. 17. 7% of residents were under the age of 18,8. 5% were between the ages of 18 and 24,22. 5% were from 25 to 44,27. 3% were from 45 to 64, and 24. 1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46. 6% male and 53. 4% female, as of the census of 2000, there were 3,624 people,1,746 households, and 1,000 families residing in the city.
The population density was 951.0 people per square mile, there were 1,929 housing units at an average density of 506.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90. 73% White,6. 68% African American,0. 44% Native American,0. 52% Asian,0. 36% from other races, hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 66% of the population
Huntsville is a city located primarily in Madison County in the central part of the far northern region of Alabama. Huntsville is the county seat of Madison County, the city extends west into neighboring Limestone County. Huntsvilles population was 180,105 as of the 2010 census, the Huntsville Metropolitan Areas population was 417,593 in 2010 to become the 2nd largest in Alabama. Huntsville metros population reached 441,000 by 2014, the National Trust for Historic Preservation named Huntsville to its Americas Dozen Distinctive Destinations for 2010 list. The first settlers of the area were Muscogee-speaking people, the Chickasaw traditionally claim to have settled around 1300 after coming east across the Mississippi. The 1805 Treaty with the Chickasaws and the Cherokee Treaty of Washington of 1806 ceded native claims to the United States Government, the area was subsequently purchased by LeRoy Pope, who named the area Twickenham after the home village of his distant kinsman Alexander Pope. Twickenham was carefully planned, with streets laid out on the northeast to southwest direction based on the Big Spring.
However, due to anti-British sentiment during this period, the name was changed to Huntsville to honor John Hunt, both John Hunt and LeRoy Pope were Freemasons and charter members of Helion Lodge #1, the oldest Lodge in Alabama. In 1811, Huntsville became the first incorporated town in Alabama, the recognized birth year of the city is 1805, the year of John Hunts arrival. The citys sesquicentennial anniversary was held in 1955, and the bicentennial was celebrated in 2005, Huntsvilles quick growth was from wealth generated by the cotton and railroad industries. Many wealthy planters moved into the area from Virginia, Georgia, in 1819, Huntsville hosted a constitutional convention in Walker Allens large cabinetmaking shop. The 44 delegates meeting there wrote a constitution for the new state of Alabama, in accordance with the new state constitution, Huntsville became Alabamas first capital when the state was admitted to the Union. This was a designation for one legislative session only, and the capital was moved to Cahawba, to Tuscaloosa.
In 1855, the Memphis and Charleston Railroad was constructed through Huntsville, Huntsville initially opposed secession from the Union in 1861, but provided many men for the Confederacys efforts. The 4th Alabama Infantry Regiment, led by Col. Egbert J. Jones of Huntsville, distinguished itself at the Battle of Manassas/Bull Run, the first major encounter of the American Civil War. The Fourth Alabama Infantry, which contained two Huntsville companies, were the first Alabama troops to fight in the war and were present when Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox in April 1865. Eight generals of the war were born in or near Huntsville, Huntsville was the control point for the Western Division of the Memphis &Charleston, and by controlling this railroad the Union had a direct connection to Charleston South Carolina. During the first occupation, the Union officers occupied many of the homes in the city while the other men camped on the outskirts
Ely is the largest city and county seat of White Pine County, United States. Ely was founded as a station along the Pony Express. Elys mining boom came than the towns along US50. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,255, Ely was founded as a stagecoach station along the Pony Express and Central Overland Route. Elys mining boom came than the towns along US50. This made Ely a mining town, suffering through the boom-and-bust cycles so common in the West, Ely was home to a number of copper mining companies, Kennecott being the most famous. With a crash in the market in the mid-1970s, Kennecott shut down. The town was first called Ely in 1878 in honor of Smith Ely, with the advent of cyanide heap leaching—a method of extracting gold from what was previously considered very low-grade ore—the next boom was on. Many companies processed the massive piles of overburden that had removed from copper mines. As Kennecotts smelter was demolished, copper concentrate from the mine is now shipped by rail to Seattle, the dramatic increase in demand for copper in 2005 has once again made Ely a copper boom town.
The now-defunct BHP Nevada Railroad ran from the district south of Ruth through Ely to the junction with the Union Pacific at Shafter from 1996–99. Ely is 77 miles east of Eureka, Nevada,153 miles west of Delta, Utah,105 miles north of Pioche, Nevada,139 miles south of Wells, and 120 miles south of West Wendover, Nevada. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 7.1 square miles. Ely experiences a climate, and extreme day-night temperature differences year-round. On average, the first and last dates of freezing temperatures are September 6 and June 18, the monthly mean temperature ranges from 25.3 °F in January to 67.8 °F in July. High temperatures of 90 °F or higher occur on an average of 25.8 days annually, due to the elevation and aridity, extreme temperatures range from 101 °F on July 18,1998 down to −30 °F on February 6,1989. On average, annual precipitation is 9.76 inches, with 75 days of precipitation annually. The wettest calendar year has been 1897 with 16.16 inches, the most precipitation in one month was 5.52 inches in April 1900, and the most in 24 hours was 2.52 inches on September 26,1982
Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan
Marie /ˌsuː seɪnt məˈriː/ is a city in, and the county seat of, Chippewa County in the U. S. state of Michigan. It is situated on the end of Michigans Upper Peninsula, on the Canada–US border. Marie, Ontario, by the St. Marys River, the city is relatively isolated from other communities in Michigan and is 346 miles from Detroit. The population was 14,144 at the 2010 census, making it the second most populous city in the Upper Peninsula, by contrast, the Canadian Sault Ste. Marie is much larger, with more than 75,000 residents, based on more extensive industry developed in the 20th century and an economy with closer connections to other communities. Marie had been settled by Native Americans more than 12,000 years ago and was a crossroads of fishing and trading of tribes around the Great Lakes, French colonists established a fur trading post, which attracted trappers and Native Americans on a seasonal basis. Both Métis men and women were active in the trade and among the elite in the community, a fur-trading settlement quickly grew at the crossroads that straddled the banks of the river.
It was the center of a route of 3,000 miles that extended from Montreal to the Sault. The settlement was a community under French colonial and British colonial rule until 1817. The American and Canadian communities of Sault Ste, Marie were each incorporated as independent municipalities toward the end of the nineteenth century. Sault Sainte-Marie in French means the Rapids of Saint Mary, the Saint Marys River runs from Lake Superior to Lake Huron, what are now the twin border cities are located on either side. No hyphens are used in the English spelling, which is identical to the French. Anglophones say /ˌsuː seɪnt məˈriː/ and Francophones say, in French, the name can be written Sault-Sainte-Marie. On both sides of the border, the towns and the vicinity are called The Sault or The Soo. The two cities are joined by the International Bridge, which connects Interstate 75 in Sault Ste, Marie and Huron Street in Sault Ste. Shipping traffic in the Great Lakes system bypasses the rapids via the American Soo Locks, smaller recreational and tour boats use the Canadian Sault Ste.
The citys downtown was developed on an island, with the locks to the north, Marie Power Canal to the south. People come from around the world to view shipping traffic pass through the locks, the largest ships are 1,000 feet long by 105 feet wide
Frankfort is the capital city of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the seat of Franklin County. Based on population, it is the fifth-smallest state capital in the United States and it is a home rule-class city in Kentucky, the population was 25,527 at the 2010 census. Located along the Kentucky River, Frankfort is the city of the Frankfort, Kentucky Micropolitan Statistical Area. The town of Frankfort likely received its name from an event that took place in the 1780s, American Indians attacked a group of early European-American pioneers from Bryan Station, who were making salt at a ford in the Kentucky River. Pioneer Stephen Frank was killed, and the settlers called the crossing Franks Ford. This name was elided to Frankfort, in 1786, James Wilkinson purchased the 260-acre tract of land on the north side of the Kentucky River, which developed as downtown Frankfort. He was a promoter of Frankfort as the state capital. After Kentucky became the 15th state in early 1792, five commissioners from various counties were appointed on June 20 to choose a location for the capital and they were John Allen and John Edwards, Henry Lee, Thomas Kennedy, and Robert Todd.
A number of communities competed for this honor, but Frankfort won, Frankfort had a United States post office by 1794, with Daniel Weisiger as postmaster. John Brown, a Virginia lawyer and statesman, built a home now called Liberty Hall in Frankfort in 1796, before Kentuckys statehood, he represented Virginia in the Continental Congress and the U. S. Congress. While in Congress, he introduced the bill granting statehood to Kentucky, after statehood, he was elected by the state legislature as one of the states U. S. Senators. In 1796, the Kentucky General Assembly appropriated funds to provide a house to accommodate the governor, the Old Governors Mansion is claimed to be the oldest official executive residence still in use in the United States. In 1829, Gideon Shryock designed the Old Capitol, Kentuckys third and it served Kentucky as its capitol from 1830 to 1910. The separate settlement known as South Frankfort was annexed by the city in January 3,1850, during the American Civil War, the Union Army built fortifications overlooking Frankfort on what is now called Fort Hill.
The Confederate Army occupied Frankfort for a time starting from September 3,1862. On February 3,1900 Governor-elect William Goebel was assassinated in Frankfort while walking to the capitol on the way to his inauguration, former Secretary of State Caleb Powers was found guilty of a conspiracy to murder Goebel. Frankfort has grown considerably since the 1960s, a modern addition to the State Office Building was completed in 1967. The original building was completed in the 1930s on the location of the former Kentucky State Penitentiary, some of the stone from the old prison was used for the walls surrounding the office building
Caving — traditionally known as spelunking in the United States and Canada and potholing in the United Kingdom and Ireland — is the recreational pastime of exploring wild cave systems. In contrast, speleology is the study of caves and the cave environment. Cave diving is a distinct, and more hazardous, sub-speciality undertaken by a minority of technically proficient cavers. Sometimes categorized as a sport, it is not commonly considered as such by long-time enthusiasts. Many caving skills overlap with those involved in canyoning, Caving is often undertaken for the enjoyment of the outdoor activity or for physical exercise, as well as original exploration, similar to mountaineering or diving. Physical or biological science is an important goal for some cavers, virgin cave systems comprise some of the last unexplored regions on Earth and much effort is put into trying to locate and survey them. In well-explored regions, the most accessible caves have already been explored, Caving, in certain areas, has been utilized as a form of eco and adventure tourism.
Tour companies have established a leading and guiding tours into. Depending on the type of cave and the type of tour, in many areas, there are tours led through lava tubes by a guiding service. Some however consider the assistance cavers give each other as a team sport activity. Too much emphasis on the labeling of caving as a sport can narrow the goals of caving as a whole, Caving often puts the needs and welfare of a cave before those of the active participants. Clay Perry, an American caver of the 1940s, wrote about a group of men and this group referred to themselves as spelunkers, a term derived from the Latin spēlunca cave, den, itself from the Greek σπῆλυγξ spēlynks cave. This is regarded as the first use of the word in the Americas, throughout the 1950s, spelunking was the general term used for exploring caves in US English. It was used freely, without any positive or negative connotations, in the 1960s, the terms spelunking and spelunker began to be considered déclassé among experienced enthusiasts.
This sentiment is exemplified by bumper stickers and T-shirts displayed by some cavers, Cavers rescue spelunkers, outside the caving community and spelunkers predominately remain neutral terms referring to the practice and practitioners, without any respect to skill level. Potholing refers to the act of exploring potholes, a word originating in the north of England for predominantly vertical caves, the base term caving comes from the Latin cavea or caverna, meaning simply, a cave. He developed his own based on ropes and metallic ladders. Martel visited Kentucky and notably Mammoth Cave National Park in October 1912, robert de Joly, Guy de Lavaur and Norbert Casteret were prominent figures of that time, surveying mostly caves in Southwest France
The City of Salida is a Statutory City that is the county seat and most populous city of Chaffee County, United States. The population was 5,236 at the 2010 census, a post office has been in operation at Salida since 1881. The community was named on account of its distance from a nearby canyon, the Sawatch Range runs north and south and is located roughly 10 miles west of Salida. Methodist Mountain, which is a feature on Salidas southern horizon, is the northernmost mountain in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. To the north of Salida is the Arkansas Valley and the town of Buena Vista, as of the census of 2000, there were 5,504 people,2,504 households, and 1,449 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,480.1 people per square mile, there were 2,748 housing units at an average density of 1,238.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92. 66% White,0. 05% African American,1. 44% Native American,0. 38% Asian,0. 02% Pacific Islander,3. 29% from other races, and 2. 16% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10. 76% of the population,35. 9% of all households were made up of individuals and 15. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the family size was 2.80. In the city, the population was out with 21. 4% under the age of 18,6. 3% from 18 to 24,27. 5% from 25 to 44,24. 2% from 45 to 64. The median age was 42 years, for every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males, the median income for a household in the city was $28,790, and the median income for a family was $38,240. Males had an income of $30,447 versus $20,867 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,252, about 9. 2% of families and 14. 8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23. 7% of those under age 18 and 13. 7% of those age 65 or over. The city is served by Salida Public Schools, there are two public high school, Salida High School and Horizons Exploratory Academy.
Sally Blane, actress Chris Guccione, Major League Baseball umpire Kent Haruf, novelist Frank H
Alpena /ælˈpiːnə/ is a city in the U. S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Alpena County. It is considered to be part of northern Michigan, the Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary is located in the city. The population was 10,483 at the 2010 census, the population swells with a large number of visitors in the summer. Despite its small population, it is by far the largest city in the sparsely populated Northeast Michigan area and it is considered to be one of the two anchor cities of Northern Michigan, along with Traverse City. MidMichigan Health is a designated rural regional medical referral center. This was part of a larger effort to rename a great many of the Michigan counties at the time. Later the region, like much of Michigan, was shaped by the era of the 1800s. Today, Alpena is known for its quarry, one of the largest in the world. While at one time the largest in the world, the cement plant is now just the largest cement plant for Lafarge in North America with an capacity of almost 3 million tons of cement.
Alpena is the headquarters of Besser Company, a manufacturer of concrete block machines. Tourism is important to Alpenas economy, most of the city was lost in the Great Michigan Fire of 1871. Less than one year later, on July 12,1872, Alpena was hit by fire, the largest in its history. The blaze started in a barn and lasted for two hours, killing at least four people and causing at least $180,000 in damages, Alpena was again hit by a disastrous fire on July 11,1888. In February 2007 Bizjournals ranked Alpena as the hottest retirement destination in the Great Lakes area, the city has a number of notable buildings, including the Art deco Alpena County Courthouse, the I. O. O. F. Centennial Building, and Temple Beth El, one of the oldest synagogues in the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 9.23 square miles. The city is on the shore of Lake Hurons Thunder Bay, access to natural resources and water transportation has been important in development of the community.
Light stations and lighthouses surround Alpena, several islands off the coast in Thunder Bay are part of the Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge, and Scarecrow Island is part of the Michigan Islands Wilderness Area
Camden is a town in Knox County, United States. The population was 4,850 at the 2010 census, the population of the town more than triples during the summer months, due to tourists and summer residents. Camden is a summer colony in the Mid-Coast region of Maine. Similar to Bar Harbor and North Haven, Camden is well known for its community of wealthy Northeasterners, mostly from Boston, New York. Penobscot Abenaki Indians called the area Megunticook, meaning great swells of the sea, part of the Waldo Patent, it remained wilderness until after the French and Indian War. It was first settled about 1771–1772 by James Richards, who built a home at the mouth of the Megunticook River, others soon followed, some making modest attempts to farm the broken and often mountainous terrain. The first home in the area was the Conway House, a Cape Cod style home built in 1770, in 1962, it was purchased and renovated into a history museum. When Castine was held by the British in 1779, Camden became a point and encampment for the Americans.
During a raid, the British burned a sawmill, during the War of 1812, a battery was built atop Mount Battie near the village. It had both a 12- and 18-pounder gun, but no gunner qualified to operate them, the forts appearance of readiness kept the British at bay. When peace returned, Camden grew rapidly, the Megunticook River provided excellent water power sites for mills. In addition to sawmills and gristmills, by 1858 the town had factories and blind factories. There were six shipyards, launching ten to twelve vessels annually, in the 1880s, sportsmen and rusticators, began to discover the natural beauty of Camden during the summer and autumn, becoming seasonal residents. In 1880, Edwin Dillingham built the first purpose-built summer cottages in Camden on Dillingham Point, the summer colony at Camden quickly grew to include some of the wealthiest, most prominent families in the country. The summer people arrived on the Boston Boats or on the Maine Central Railroad at Rockland, local residents, who had formerly gone to sea to earn a living, found jobs as caretakers and carpenters to the rich and powerful.
In November 1892, a fire fed by a strong easterly wind-burned the business district to the ground, Camden businessmen drew together to make the tremendous investment to build 12 large brick buildings, including the Camden Opera House and, the Masonic Temple. The Great Fire, as it known, did not, however. Indeed, in 1897 a road was built to the top of Mt. Battie, in 1898, a group of wealthy summer residents from Philadelphia established the Megunticook Golf Club on Beauchamp Point
New Braunfels, Texas
New Braunfels is a city in Comal and Guadalupe counties in the U. S. state of Texas. It is the seat of Comal County and is a city of the San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan statistical area. The citys population was 57,740 at the 2010 census, New Braunfels was established in 1845 by Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, Commissioner General of the Adelsverein, known as the Noblemens Society. Prince Solms named the settlement in honor of his home of Solms-Braunfels, the Adelsverein organized hundreds of people in Germany to settle in Texas. Immigrants from Germany began arriving at Galveston in July 1844, most traveled by ship to Indianola in December 1844, and began the overland journey to the Fisher-Miller land grant purchased by Prince Solms. Prince Solms bought two leagues of land from Rafael Garza and Maria Antonio Veramendi Garza for $1,111.00. The land was located northeast of San Antonio on El Camino Real de los Tejas and had the strong freshwater Comal Springs, known as Las Fontanas and it was about halfway between Indianola and the lower portions of the Fisher-Miller land grant.
The first settlers forded the Guadalupe River on Good Friday, March 21,1845, as the spring of 1845 progressed, the settlers built the Zinkenburg, a fort named for Adelsverein civil engineer Nicolaus Zink, divided the land, and began building homes and planting crops. Prince Solms would lay the cornerstone for the Sophienburg, a permanent fort, in 1844, Prince Solms was so disillusioned with the logistics of the colonization that he asked the Vereins to remove him as Commissioner-General and appoint a successor. When John O. Meusebach arrived, the finances were in disarray, due in part to Prince Solms lack of business experience, to a larger degree, the financial situation happened because the Adelsverein was an organization of noblemen with no practical backgrounds at running businesses. They were on the side of the world and did not witness the situation with which both Prince Solms and Meusebach were dealing. Henry Francis Fisher had not supplied transport and supplies for which the Verein advanced money to him, Meusebach found Prince Solms in Galveston trying to return to Germany, detained by authorities for unpaid bills.
Meusebach made good on the debts, so Prince Solms could depart, according to Nicolaus Zink, Prince Solms had planned to establish a German feudal state by secretly bringing in immigrants and placing them in military fortresses. Meusebach, who had renounced his own title of nobility, took a different approach, Prince Solms, being an officer of the Imperial Army of Austria, had kept a uniformed military unit at the ready in Indianola. Meusebach converted the unit to a more needed work detail. A finance and business structure for the colony was put in place by Meusebach and he provided for adequate food and shelter for the colonists. On August 11,1845, Hermann Friedrich Seele became the first teacher for the German-English school in New Braunfels, Meusebach established friendly relations with a local tribe of Waco Indians. Upon seeing his reddish-blonde hair, they called him Ma-be-quo-si-to-mu, Chief with the hair of the head
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Marquette is a city in the U. S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Marquette County. The population was 21,355 at the 2010 census, making it the most populated city of the Upper Peninsula, Marquette is a major port on Lake Superior, known primarily for shipping iron ore, and is the home of Northern Michigan University. In 2012, Marquette was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the U. S. by CBS MoneyWatch, the land around Marquette was known to French missionaries of the early 17th century and the trappers of the early 19th century. Development of the area did not begin, until 1844, in 1845, Jackson Mining Company, the first organized mining company in the region, was formed. The village of Marquette began on September 14,1849, with the formation of a second iron concern, the village was at first called New Worcester, with Harlow as the first postmaster. On August 21,1850, the name was changed to honor Jacques Marquette, a second post office, named Carp River, was opened on October 13,1851 by Peter White, who had gone there with Graveraet at age 18.
Harlow closed his post office in August 1852, the Marquette Iron Company failed, while its successor, the Cleveland Iron Mining Company and had the village platted in 1854. The plat was recorded by Peter White, whites office was renamed as Marquette in April 1856, and the village was incorporated in 1859. It was incorporated as a city in 1871, during the 1850s, Marquette was linked by rail to numerous mines and became the leading shipping center of the Upper Peninsula. The first ore pocket dock, designed by a town leader. By 1862, the city had a population of over 1,600, in the late 19th century, during the height of iron mining, Marquette became nationally known as a summer haven. Visitors brought in by Great Lakes passenger steamships filled the citys hotels, the base closed in September 1995, and is now the countys Sawyer International Airport. Marquette continues to be a port for hematite ores and, enriched iron ore pellets, from nearby mines. About 7.9 million gross tons of pelletized iron ore passed through Marquettes Presque Isle Harbor in 2005, the Roman Catholic Bishop Frederic Baraga is buried at St.
Peters Cathedral, which is the center for the Diocese of Marquette. In addition to the Marquette #1 Post Office there is the Northern Michigan University Bookstore Contract Station #384. The first day of issue of a card showing Bishop Frederic Baraga took place in Marquette on June 29,1984. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 19.45 square miles. The city includes several islands in Lake Superior