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National Symphony Orchestra

The National Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1931, is an American symphony orchestra based in Washington, D. C.. Its principal performing venue is the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, they were the official orchestra for A Capitol Fourth. For the first period of its history, the NSO performed in Constitution Hall. During the tenure of the first music director, Hans Kindler, the musicians received a salary of $40.00 per week, for three rehearsals and one concert, for five months of the year. The first female member of the NSO was a harpist, Sylvia Meyer, who joined in 1933. Kindler and the NSO made several 78-rpm recordings for RCA Victor, including the two Roumanian Rhapsodies by George Enescu. One of the more unusual RCA recordings with the orchestra was of the complete ballet music from the opera King Henry VIII by Camille Saint-Saëns, one of the few recordings conducted by Walter Damrosch. Years Howard Mitchell made a series of stereophonic recordings with the orchestra for RCA.

Antal Doráti recorded with the orchestra for Decca Records. Mstislav Rostropovich made recordings for Teldec, Sony Records, Erato; the orchestra returned to RCA Victor under Leonard Slatkin, until RCA abandoned new classical recordings. In 1986, the NSO became the artistic affiliate of the Kennedy Center, where it has presented a concert season annually since the Center opened in 1971; the NSO participates in events of national and international importance, including performances for ceremonial state affairs, presidential inaugurations and official holiday celebrations, including the annual National Memorial Day Concert in May and A Capitol Fourth concerts on 4 July. The NSO itself numbers 100 musicians, presenting a 52-week season of 175 concerts each year; these include classical subscription series, pops concerts, educational programs. In addition to these activities, small groups of NSO members develop education programs designed at age levels from pre-kindergarten through high school. Collectively, these ensembles present as many as 100 additional performances a year during the American Residencies and at the Kennedy Center.

Through the John and June Hechinger Commissioning Fund for New Orchestral Works, the NSO has commissioned more than 50 works, including cycles of fanfares and encores. During his tenure, Slatkin founded the National Conducting Institute in 2000. Of note is the National Symphony Orchestra Summer Music Institute. For more than a decade, scholarships provided by the National Trustees of the National Symphony Orchestra have enabled top-level students from across the country and from many nations to come to the nation's capital for several weeks of study with NSO musicians; these participants, selected from a competitive pool of applicants, come from a variety of backgrounds, some enrolled in music conservatories such as Juilliard and others still completing high school. Another important project is the National Symphony Orchestra American Residencies for the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts; this venture encompasses sharing all elements of classical symphonic music with a specific region of the United States, exploring the diversity of musical influences, giving the region a musical voice in the nation's center for the performing arts through exchanges, training programs, commissions.

Established in 1992, the project has taken the NSO to fifteen states. In November 2004, the orchestra announced the conclusion of Slatkin's NSO directorship in 2008. One report spoke of tensions between the conductor and the orchestra, mentioned criticisms of Slatkin's programming and rehearsal styles. With the 2006–2007 season, Iván Fischer became the principal guest conductor of the orchestra. On 13 April 2007, the orchestra announced the appointment of Fischer as the orchestra's principal conductor as of the 2008–2009 season, for two seasons. On September 25, 2008, the orchestra announced the appointment of Christoph Eschenbach as the orchestra's sixth music director, effective with the 2010–2011 season, for an initial contract of four years. In September 2011, the orchestra extended Eschenbach's contract through the 2014–2015 season, in March 2014, his contract was extended through the 2016–2017 season. Eschenbach concluded his tenure as NSO music director at the end of the 2016–2017 season, subsequently became the NSO's conductor laureate.

In 2011, Gianandrea Noseda first guest-conducted the NSO, returned in November 2015 for an additional guest engagement. In January 2016, the NSO announced the appointment Noseda as its next music director, effective with the 2017–2018 season, he is to serve as music director-designate in the 2016–2017 season, his initial contract as music director is for 4 seasons. In September 2018, the NSO announced the extension of Noseda's contract through the 2024–2025 season. Hans Kindler Howard Mitchell Antal Doráti Mstislav Rostropovich Leonard Slatkin Iván Fischer Christoph Eschenbach Gianandrea Noseda National Symphony Orchestra Official site National Symphony Orchestra History National Symphony Orchestra Profile at the Washington Post

Arto Noras

Arto Noras is a Finnish cellist, one of Finland's most celebrated instrumentalists and amongst the most outstanding internationally acknowledged cellists of his generation. At the age of 8, Arto Noras started his studies at the prestigious Sibelius Academy in Helsinki, Finland. After completing his studies with Professor Yrjö Selin at the Sibelius Academy, Arto Noras studied with Paul Tortelier at the Paris Conservatoire where he gained the coveted Premier Prix diploma in 1964. Two years in 1966, he was awarded second prize in the International Tchaikovsky Competition in Moscow, which opened his way to the most important concert halls in Europe and both North and South America where he has performed ever since. Arto Noras won the Danish Sonning Prize in 1967 and Finnish State music prize in 1972. Arto Noras' repertoire covers all the principal works that have been written for his instrument, including those by contemporary composers, he has recorded them extensively for the Finlandia recording label.

In 1970 Arto Noras was appointed Professor of Cello at the Sibelius Academy in Helsinki. Noras has served as a jurist for some of the most important music competitions in the world, including the Tchaikovsky and Cassado competitions, he can be heard as a most distinguished chamber musician as a member of the Helsinki Trio and as a founder member of the Sibelius Academy Quartet as well as with several other groups of distinguished musicians. In 1980, Prof. Noras founded the Naantali Music Festival in Naantali, as of 2013 he is still the Artistic Manager of the festival, he founded in 1991 and remains the Artistic Director of the V Paulo International Cello Competition, whose former winners include internationally renowned French concert cellist Jean-Guihen Queyras and Perttu Kivilaakso, member of the popular cello rock band Apocalyptica

Jacob Mincer

Jacob Mincer, was a father of modern labor economics. He was Joseph L. Buttenwieser Professor of Economics and Social Relations at Columbia University for most of his active life. Born in Tomaszów Lubelski, Mincer survived World War II prison camps in Czechoslovakia and Germany as a teenager. After graduating from Emory University in 1950, Mincer received his Ph. D. from Columbia University in 1957. Following teaching stints at City College of New York, Hebrew University, Stockholm School of Economics and the University of Chicago, Mincer joined Columbia's faculty where he stayed until his retirement in 1991. Mincer was a member of the National Bureau of Economic Research from 1960 through his death. Mincer died at his Manhattan home on August 20, 2006 due to complications from Parkinson's disease, according to his wife, Dr. Flora Mincer, his daughters, Deborah Mincer and Carolyn Mincer. Mincer was considered by many to be a father of modern labor economics; as a leading member of a group of economists known as the Chicago School of Economics and Nobel Laureate Gary Becker helped to develop the empirical foundations of human capital theory revolutionizing the field of labor economics.

During his academic career, Mincer authored four books and hundreds of journal articles and essays. Mincer's ground-breaking work: Schooling and Earnings, published in 1974, used data from the 1950 and 1960 Censuses to relate income distribution in America to the varying amounts of education and on-the-job training among workers. "He calculated, for example, that annual earnings rose by 5 to 10 percent in the 1950s and 1960s for every year of additional schooling. There was a similar, although smaller, return on investment in job training—and age played a role."Mincer's work continues to have a profound impact on the field of labor economics. Papers in the field use Mincerian equations, which model wages as a function of human capital in statistical estimation, and as a result of Mincer's pioneering work, variables such as schooling and work experience are now the most used measures of human capital. In 1967 Mincer was elected as a Fellow of the American Statistical Association. In 1991, he received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Chicago which recognized his seminal work in the economic analysis of earnings and inequality, the labor force decisions of women and of job mobility.

The citation for the degree recognized Mincer's work in this area that has helped guide a generation of economists who study these important social questions. In recognition of his lifetime achievements in economics, Mincer was awarded the first IZA Prize in Labor Economics of the Institute for the Study of Labor; the $50,000 prize was presented to Mincer by more than 100 of his former students at a conference at Columbia University in 2002. In 2004 Mincer received a Career Achievement Award from the University of Chicago's Society of Labor Economists. Mincer was never awarded a Nobel Prize, though he was considered one of the world's greatest economists of the 20th century, was nominated for the award numerous times by admiring colleagues...the decade Jacob and I spent working together was one of the most, if not the most exciting and fruitful in my life. The close blending of theory and data represented in Mincer's work has shaped the direction of labor economics and influenced and inspired all those who have followed him.

His simple formulation fits the data for understanding how earnings are related to educational attainment in every country in every time period. Book chaptersMincer, Jacob, "Labor force participation of married women: a study of labor supply", in Lewis, H. Greg, Aspects of labor economics, Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 63–105. Reprinted as: Mincer, Jacob, "Labor force participation of married women: a study of labor supply", in Humphries, Jane and economics, England Brookfield, Vermont, USA: Edward Elgar, pp. 211–253, ISBN 9781852788438. Mincer, Jacob. Journal articlesMincer, Jacob. "Family investments in human capital: earnings of women". Journal of Political Economy. 82: s76–s108. Doi:10.1086/260293. JSTOR 1829993. IZA Prize in Labor Economics University of Chicago's Society of Labor Economists Mincer Award

Saint-Georges (Paris M├ętro)

Saint-Georges is a station on Line 12 of the Paris Métro in the 9th arrondissement. The station opened on 8 April 1911 as part of the extension of the Nord-Sud company's line A from Notre-Dame-de-Lorette to Pigalle. On 27 March 1931 line A became line 12 of the Métro; the station is named after the Rue Saint-Georges, which became a street in 1734 and leads to the Place Saint-Georges, created in 1824. It was the centre of an estate created by the speculator Dosne, father-in-law of the politician Adolphe Thiers, it was renovated during the early 2000s in imitation of the style adopted by the Nord-Sud Company, the original architects of the station. In fact, the current decorative style only vaguely resembles the original: the station name is no longer shown on large ceramic tablets and does not follow the original colour-coding: the edge of the ceramic name tablets should be brown to designate a non-interchange station, rather than green. Roland, Gérard. Stations de métro. D’Abbesses à Wagram. Éditions Bonneton

Discoverer 24

Discoverer 24 known as Corona 9018A, was an American area survey optical reconnaissance satellite, launched in 1961 but failed to achieve orbit. It was a KH-5 Argon satellite, based on an Agena-B, it was the third KH-5 to be launched. The launch of Discoverer 24 occurred at 21:16 UTC on 8 June 1961. A Thor DM-21 Agena-B rocket was used, flying from launch pad 75-3-4 at the Vandenberg Air Force Base. Thor performance was normal and cutoff and staging occurred on time, but the Agena suffered a massive power supply failure during ascent. Since the power failure had caused loss of Agena telemetry data, it was unclear what happened following staging or if engine start occurred. Radar tracking indicated that the stage was on tumbling, it impacted the Pacific Ocean some 400 miles downrange. Discoverer 24 was to have operated in a low Earth orbit, it had a mass of 1,150 kilograms, was equipped with a frame camera with a focal length of 76 millimetres, which had a maximum resolution of 140 metres. Images would have been recorded onto 127-millimeter film, returned in a Satellite Recovery Vehicle, before the satellite ceased operations.

The Satellite Recovery Vehicle carried aboard Discoverer 24 was SRV-541

Silence the Whisperers

"Silence the Whisperers" is the fourth episode of the tenth season of the post-apocalyptic horror television series The Walking Dead, which aired on AMC on October 27, 2019. At Hilltop, a tree falls across the fence line and onto a barn, trapping people inside while walkers start to invade via the gap. Hilltop's people rally to contain the breach. Connie and Earl suspect that Alpha and the Whisperers had knocked over the tree, Alexandria is alerted to the situation. Michonne leaves with a small group to help out. However, as word in Alexandria spreads that the incident was believed to be caused by the Whisperers, Lydia finds herself being tormented and bullied by Gage and Margo, accusing her of the other Whisperers' deeds. Lydia runs off to hide, only to be found by Negan who helps to comfort her and suggest she retaliate against the bullies. Daryl catches Negan talking to Lydia, warns him that he should stay away from her, as Michonne is worried that Negan's influence may cause Lydia to act irrationally.

Daryl finds "Silence the Whispers" written across his house sometime later. En route to Hilltop, Michonne spots Ezekiel all alone, has the group continue on while she talks to him, she finds Ezekiel has become suicidal, having lost his Kingdom and Carol. Michonne helps to calm him down from the brink of jumping, he thanks her with a brief kiss, before the two rejoin the others; the group soon arrives at Hilltop and help with pushing back the invading walkers long enough for fence repairs to be made. That night at Alexandria, Gage and Margo corner and attack Lydia. Negan arrives to try to break up the fight, but inadvertently pulls Margo off too hard and cracking her skull in the process; when Daryl discovers this, Lydia tries to assert Negan was helping her and didn't mean to hurt Margo. Daryl puts Negan's fate to a vote before the Alexandria council. Gabriel finds the cell empty. Lydia locks herself up. Back in Hilltop, as proper repairs on the fence start, there are reports of a Whisperer near Oceanside.

Michonne heads there with Judith and Luke, but Eugene declines to go and instead offers to stay to help with repairs. A pan across Alexandria shows more graffiti on its buildings, demanding "Silence the Whispers"; the episode was directed by Michael Cudlitz. This is the second episode Cudlitz directed for The Walking Dead, he directed the season 9 episode "Stradivarius". "Silence the Whisperers" received critical acclaim from critics. On Rotten Tomatoes, the episode has an approval rating of 100% with an average score of 7.13 out of 10, based on 15 reviews. The site's critical consensus reads, "'Silence the Whisperers' offers a meditative focus on the developments of some lesser characters, all while continuing this season's compelling narrative thrust." "Silence the Whisperers" received a total viewership of 3.31 million. It was the highest-rated cable program of the night, however, it decreased in viewership from the previous week. "Silence the Whisperers" at AMC "Silence the Whisperers" on IMDb